Tag Archives: Opus Dei

Francis cardinal George and pedophiles in the Roman Catholic Church’s clergy

Francis cardinal George (Chicago, 2012)

Francis cardinal George (Chicago, 2012)

Chicago’s Cardinal Francis George has issued a letter (read here and here) stating same-sex marriages are “a legal fiction” and that gay people must live celibate lives or risk the vengeance of a hate-filled, holocaust sanctioning and murderous God whose idea of love is sadistic: complete with the killing of babies and fetuses, denial of education to the masses, and demands that the poor give the godhead their wealth in exchange for salvation gained only by caving into eternal extortion, robbery, and mutilation.  Among the most biblically ignorant men in the Roman Catholic Church who possesses no stellar academic credentials, Cardinal George, published the abhorent birlling letter New Year’s Day in advance of an upcoming Illinois bill that would make same-sex marriages legal.  The craven cardinal added that the Church will refuse to bow to the will of the majority on marriage equality, but falsely foreswears that the Roman Catholic Church is not anti-gay—it cannot be—as there are too many priests, nuns, bishops, cardinals, and popes throughout history who have been homosexuals and lesbians—and are today.

Francis cardinal George of Chicago

Francis cardinal George of Chicago

“Civil laws that establish ‘same-sex marriage’ create a legal fiction,” George wrote. “The State has no power to create something that nature itself tells us is impossible,” the Cardinal schizophrenically stated, apparently forgetting that corporations are people and states are corporations and therefore can perform marriages at will.  George argued that marriage between a man and a woman follows “natural law”.  Six auxiliary bishops: Francis J. Kane (two bachelor degrees) Vicariate II, John R. Manz (M. Div.), Vicariate IV, Joseph Nathaniel Perry (M. Div. with coursework in canon or church law) Vicariate VI, George J. Rassas (MA) Vicariate I, Alberto Rojas, Vicariate III (originally educated in seminaries in Mexico); Andrew P. Wypych (M.Th, Poland), Vicariate V), none with any exemplary education or respectable publications showing in-depth research or investigation, and their sermons being plagiarized for the most part, penned: “Marriage comes to us from nature [sic; animals mate and plants cross-pollinate, but nothing in nature but mortal beings marry; read here and here and here and here for a legal challenge]. The human species comes in two complementary sexes, male and female. Their sexual union is called marital. It not only creates a place of love for two adults but also a home for loving and raising their children [sic: not all of nature cares for its young, as with salmon spawning, as do turtles, cukkoos, butterflys, frogs, flys, worms and rattle snakes, etc.]. It provides the biological basis for personal identity [sic]”.

University of Chicago law professor Geoffrey R. Stone wrote in The Huffington Post: Cardinal George insists that same-sex marriage is incompatible with ‘nature.’ One might just as easily say the same about celibacy. There is such a thing as right and wrong, but invocations of what ‘nature’ commands is no way to get there.” 

Bishop Thomas John Paprocki (Chicago)

Bishop Thomas John Paprocki (Chicago)

Chicago’s auxiliary bishops quickly sided with the cardinal, as their own tarnished history of removing pedophile (defined as any adult who is sexually attracted to children (male or female) priests has dulled any luster their ministry might have had. Thomas J. Paprocki, one of George’s auxiliary bishops in Chicago who heads the Springfield diocese, wanted to be a bishop as a child and played at saying Mass, had a priest Father Tom Donovan from Springfield, Illinois, an outspoken opponent of same-sex marriages, get caught gagged and in handcuffs in his rectory.  Paprocki, who has a degree in secular law degree and a church license in canon law, gave a sermon October 15, 2007, for the Red Mass: a gathering of lawyers and jurists, in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The bishop scorned the church’s escalating financial losses to victims of predatory priests. “The church is under attack,” Paprocki declared, comparing the civil litigation to Henry VIII’s seizure of “church property and kill[ing] those who did not accept his notion of the supremacy of the crown” and warned all listeners of “intrinsic evils” in the Democratic Platform.  Paprocki also examined the Republican Party platform and found that it has “nothing in it that supports or promotes an intrinsic evil or a serious sin.”  The platform’s support for allowing courts the option of imposing the death penalty in capital murder cases is not inherently opposed to Church teaching, the bishop claimed in agreement with Thomas Aquinas’ stand (following the Holocausts prescribed in the bible, especially the bloodthirsty Ps. 100:8, Aquinas argued that the death penalty (Summa Theologiae, II, II, q. 64, art. 2) was merited in cases of heresy (Summa contra gentiles, Book III, chapter 146) in the same manner as Sharia law mandates death for heretics, apostates and unbelievers, following Augustine (De Civitate Dei contra Paganos, Book 1, chapter 21), that would be used by Pope Pius V in his demonic Horrendum illud scelus (August 30, 1568, in Bullarium Romanum, Roma:  Typographia Reverendae Camerae Apostolicae, Mainardi, 1738, chapter 3, p. 33) that demanded that all homosexual priests be put to death (cp. Fifth Lateran Council chap. 4, X, V, 31), and would be followed my Martin Luther (Vom Schem Hamphoras und vom Geschlecht Christi), and other “reformers”), and cravenly cited the Catechism of the Catholic Church’s teaching that the death penalty is permissible if it is the only possible way to defend human life that has nothing in common with any teaching by the Jesus of the New Testament, but fulfills Pauline Christianity as invented by the Emperor Constantine I in 325 CE. Jesus of the New Testament was forgotten by the end of the First Century CE.

Catholic League president Bill Donohue

Catholic League president Bill Donohue

Priests who sexually molest little boys and little girls are not defrocked unless there is sufficient public outcry, an arrest, and a trial—but even these civil and criminal actions do not always lead to the Roman Catholic Church exiling, expelling, defrocking, or denying pedophile priests access to children because, as Bill Donohue of the Catholic League stated: “The refrain that child rape is a reality in the Church is twice wrong: let’s get it straight—they weren’t children and they weren’t raped … the most common abuse has been inappropriate touching (inexcusable though this is, it is not rape).” Those who are “post-puberty”, according to Bill Donohue’s definition, is that they are “young adults” who seek to entrap priests, bishops and cardinals in carnal knowledge and satanic sex (read here and here in following and defending despotic denials by Father Benedict Groeschel

Father Benedict Groeschel claims children seduce priests for sex (2012)

Father Benedict Groeschel claims children seduce priests for sex (2012)

Groeschel told the National Catholic Register that in a “lot of the cases, the youngster — 14, 16, 18 — is the seducer.”).  Little girls are especially dangerous as the Daughters of Eve who lead the Sons of Adam into sin (read here and here). Priests, bishops, and cardinals actually molest more little girls than boys (read here and here and here and here and here and here for Father Uriel Ojeda confessed to sexually molesting a teenage girl:  while Father Jaime Duenas admitted to giving “massages” to teenage girls; the Transportation and Security Administration (TSA) hired a priest (Thomas Harkins) who was accused of sexually assaulting two school girls in the Philadelphia archdiocese) convicted of molesting girls to pat down” children before it completed a thorough background check. 

Father Felix Owino (West Virginia)

Father Felix Owino (West Virginia)

Father Felix Owino, originally from Nairobi, Kenya, is a member of the Apostles of Jesus missionary congregation, an African congregation of priests and brothers and a philosophy teacher at Wheeling Jesuit University in West Virginia and as an associate pastor at St. Paul Roman Catholic Church in Weirton, West Virginia attacked an eleven-year-old girl who reported the assault to her parents.  Young boys receive more news coverage (read here for a conservative response that disagrees and here for more information).

Bishop Paprocki with John Paul II

Bishop Paprocki with John Paul II

Displaying the callousness that has cursed so many Catholic bishops for so long, Paprocki insulted the victims of the scandals, as well as the attorneys and judges in their cases, with these words: “We must use our religious discernment to recognize that the principal force behind these attacks is none other than the devil.”  It was as if Paprocki was living in the cloistered world of Umberto Eco’s Name of the Rose and is even more vile than John Paul II.  The speeches match those of Roman Catholic bishops who supported Adolf Hitler, as when Hitler greeted Ludwig Müller the “[Protestant/Lutheran] Bishop of the Reich” and the Roman Catholic bishops, led by Michael cardinal Faulhaber, praised Hitler “as a man of peace” (October 2, 1938)  in the Völkischer Beobachter, the official newspaper of the Nazi Party (cf. Billig, Joseph (1964).  Alfred Rosenberg dans l’action idéologique, politique et administrative du Reich hitlérien, Paris: Editions du Centre; Piper, Ernst (2005).  Alfred Rosenberg: Hitlers Chefideologe. Munich: Blessing).

Bishop Juan Arzuba (d. January 11, 2008)

Bishop Juan Arzuba (d. January 11, 2008)

Chicago underground papers list three of the auxiliaries in Chicago as being frequent visitors to gay bars within the city. Interestingly, as of 2009 the bishops who have been publicly alleged for sexually abusing minors include Juan A. Arzube of Los Angeles was accused of molesting an 11-year-old boy and forced the Church to pay out one of its greatest settlements.  Tod D. Brown of Orange, CA repeatedly sexually abused a 12-year-old boy in the name of giving the juvenile “faith”. Robert Brom from Duluth MN to San Diego CA,  molested a seminarian to teach the consequences of sin.  Paul Dudley was accused of molesting a woman in Florida. 

Bishop John McCormack (Manchester) and NH Attorney General pressing charges

Bishop John McCormack (Manchester) and NH Attorney General pressing charges

John McCormick of NH won a distinction from the NH GOP leader who referred to the bishop as a “pedophile pimp”.  Thomas Dupré, himself a pedophile, introduced his victims to pornography prior to sex; he retired a day after being accused of sexually assaulting 12- and 13-year-old boys.  Joseph Ferrario of Hawaii who covered up Rev. Arthur O’Brien, the pedophile pastor’s penchant for ten-year-old boys (read here and here).  Louis E. Gelineau of Providence RI, similarly ignored accusations against pedophile priests including one suffering from schizophrenia.  Francis Joseph Green of Tucson, Arizona, had a keen fondness for youth as did Timothy Harrington (read here and here

Bishop Joseph Hart

Bishop Joseph Hart

Bishop Joseph Hart of Cheyenne, Wyoming had six sexual assault charges filed against him, filed by victims who were attacked when they were pre-teenagers, with at least one assault taking place at St. Regis Church in Kansas City, Mo.  There were at least two charges officially launched against the bishop.

Bishop Joseph Hart (1975-1976 at the time of the sexual assault)

Bishop Joseph Hart (1975-1976 at the time of the sexual assault)

Hart also molested three children while bishop of Wyoming and though retired still has access to small children.  Hart’s crimes were covered up from 1977 – 2004 by Diocese of Kansas City-St. Joseph Bishop Raymond J. Boland, and its Vicar General the Rev. Patrick Rush.

Howard Hubbard of Albany, NY molestation led to the exposure of Edward cardinal Egan whom Father Robert Hoaston, a priest, declared was an “active homosexual” and consistently covered up pedophile priests.  Anthony J. O’Connell (10 May 1938 – 4 May 2012, last diocese was Palm Beach, FL) allowed known pedophiles to serve on vocation committees, and admitted to molesting boys at St. Thomas Seminary in Hannibal, MO, where he served as rector or more than two decades, before resigning his bishopric in 2002.

Bishop James Rausch

Bishop James Rausch

James Rausch, bishop of Phoenix was named with two priests in pedophile cases and molested Brian F. O’Connor (whose drug addiction was halted by Msgr. Robert C. Trupia).  Later O’Connor and Trupia had a sexual relationship while O’Connor was growing into adulthood.

Msgr. Robert C. Trupia

Msgr. Robert C. Trupia

 Trupia had a history of child sexual abuse that Rome covered-up for eighteen years at the demand of John Paul II.  John Paul II sought “forgiveness” for pedophiles and only toward the end of his pontificate began to feel any pain for the suffering of the victims of pedophile priests that preyed upon young boys and girls from Ireland to South America, the USA to the Philippines.

Rev. Paul R. Shanley entering San Diego courtroom.

Rev. Paul R. Shanley entering San Diego courtroom.

The Rev. Paul R. Shanley, who was indicted for child rape, kept quiet until recently about his own experience of being raped by a cardinal (Bernard Law).  George E. Rueger an Auxiliary Bishop of Worchester MA was the subject of a civil suit for running a pedophile ring and covering for pedophile priests (read here and and here.  It is claimed that Rueger was especially adept at getting young boys to go to clerical cottages and homes to offer “services” to “desperate priests”.  Rueger expected to get a “kickback” from any revenues the young received for their time and talents.

Bishop Daniel L. Ryan

Bishop Daniel L. Ryan

Bishop Daniel L. Ryan of Springfield, IL (read here and here) was especially active.  He liked males of any age, especially priests and male prostitutes.  He had no fondness for females and was always willing to pay using donations ot the church or save as funds for the poor.

 

Bishop William S. Skylstad greets students

Bishop William S. Skylstad greets students

William Skylstad, had been a parish priest since 1974 where he had been a co-pastor with Father Patrick O’Donnell.  Father O’Donnell was accused of sexually abusing young children, and some of O’Donnell’s victims claim that they had informed then-Father Skylstad in the 1970s that they were sexually abused by Father O’Donnell.  Skylstad took no action, but the memories and whispers about the abuse grew and filtered out of the parish and across the state. 

When sex abuse became common knowledge in the Spokane diocese where Skylstad was its fifth bishop, and had taken an active role in reaching a financial settlement with the victims, Skylstad was asked to resign by prominent Spokane, WA,  Roman Catholics Donald Herak, Thomas Tilford, James Workland, and Ronald Caferro.  The four pillars sustaining the church of Spokane informed the prelate that they refused to pay “one dime to this unfortunate, costly and mistaken mediated settlement of $48 million dollar settlement” that led the diocese into bankruptcy for covering-up pedophile priests in the diocese. Skylstad claimed that the laity were the blame for the “sins of the clergy”.
 

Iowans want answers from Catholic Church

Iowans want answers from Catholic Church

Iowa’s Roman Catholic clergy and bishops have a long history of sexual abuse of little boys and little girls, and of women almost exceeds that of Pentecostal pastors in the state. Laurence (also spelled Lawrence) Soens of Sioux City, IA, himself a pedophile (read here and here). 

Bishop Lawrence Soens (Sioux City, Iowa)

Bishop Lawrence Soens (Sioux City, Iowa)

Bishop Lawrence Soens was charged with 31 cases of sexual abuse against young boys (read here page 2 middle of chart with allegations of sexually abusing students at Iowa City Regina High School in the 1950s and 1960s, and at St. Ambrose Seminary).  

Joseph Keith Symons of Palm Beach, FL, resigned his diocese after admitting to sexually abusing five boys during his 40 year ministry.   Many in the diocese stood behind him and claimed that the accusastions were false, despite testimony from the youths that the bishop attacked.  There was the mentality that youth encourage priests and nuns to abuse them as another means of demonstrating their own vulnerability to sin.

Bishop Christopher J. Weldon

Bishop Christopher J. Weldon

Christopher J. Weldon, Springfield, MA, abused William E. Burnett three times when Burnett was between ten- and 13-years-old at St. Michael’s Cathedral before Burnett committed murder and accused the bishop of molestation when he was nine years old.  There is a problem with the Burnett account, as the molestation occured in the 1950s, and was by more than one priest.  Other priests named include Revs. Bernard L. Doheny, George A. Berthiaume [deceased 12/3/1985], James T. Walsh and Oscar Gatineau, and a relative: Msgr. Raymond Page who, it was alleged, introduced him to the other priests.   J. Kendrick Williams of Lexington, KY, abused no less than 100 under-age males. 

Archbishop Rembert Weakland

Archbishop Rembert Weakland

Archbishop Rembert Weakland, Milwaukee, resigned over sex scandals on May 23, 2002, paying $450,000 in hush money to cover up long-term abuse allegations and resigned. He admitted to being gay in 2009 and did nothing to stop pedophile priests in Milwaukee (read: Weakland, Rembert (2009). A Pilgrim in a Pilgram Church: Memoirs of a Catholic archbishop. Grand Rapids, Mich. : William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co; Weakland is also the author of Faith and the Human Experience: a Post-Vatican II Vision. Maryknoll, N.Y. : Orbis Books, 1992), and three books on Catholic teaching and US economic policy).

Father Francisco Xavier Ochoa-Perez ministered to Latino Catholics in Sonoma County (2000-2006).

Father Francisco Xavier Ochoa-Perez ministered to Latino Catholics in Sonoma County (2000-2006).

Daniel F. Walsh brought to his Santa Rosa, CA, diocese a self-admitted pedophile priest:  Jesuit Father Xavier Ochoa.  Ochoa told the bishop he had engaged in rape and oral sex with young boys.  He had given full details of the encounters, but did not state that the youngest was age 5 or the oldest age 14–and he had been arrested with child pornography and cocaine.  They did not bother Bishop Walsh, who worried more about the priest than the victims.  Instead of turning the priest over to the legal authorities, Bishop Walsh allowed Ochoa to flee to Mexico. Lawrence Welsh spent most of his energy in protecting pedophile priests whom he ordered to undergo counseling and prayer. 

Bishop Bad Boy (cover)

Bishop Bad Boy (cover)

George Patrick Ziemann, who was known in gay circles known as Bishop Bad Boy and was arrested for “shaking down a priest for sex” in Santa Rosa, CA, has been considered for higher offices in the Roman Catholic Church by the Vatican and John Paul II, even after stepping down for several other dioceses.  A police report reveals that Ziemann had a young priest orally copulate him on the eve of their joint celebration of a special Sunday Mass, while continuing to have the support of San Francisco Archbishop William J. Levada and Los Angeles Cardinal Roger M. Mahony who was elevated to the cardinalate by John Paul II in 1999. In clerical circles of pedophiles Ziemann, Levada and Mahony, who all went to St. John’s Seminary College in Southern California, were known as the Tricking Trinity, with Ziemann passing on to his South American toy boys who he took to seminaries in California to study for the priesthood while he was plagued with venereal infections. 

Bishop G. Patrick Ziemann (before resigning 1999)

Bishop G. Patrick Ziemann (before resigning 1999)

Carefully plotting, in order to cover up seductions, Ziemann began to pay out, on a grand scale, to those who threatened to report the preying prelate to the authorities.  One-night trysts were rewarded with $50 or $100 notes, despite having a long-time lover: Father Jorge Hume Salas who he brought into California from South America and raised to the priesthood. Father Hume Salas won a settlement from the diocese of Santa Rosa in the amount of $535,000 when Father Jorge Hume Salas claimed that Bishop G. Patrick Ziemann demanded sex in return for covering up Salas’ theft from his Ukiah church.  Hume Salas’ theft was ignored.

When professionals put together a learned study on how to end pedophilia in the clergy, the Doyle Manual was ignored.  Instead bishops, archbishops, and cardinals throughout the USA began to clamor against gay marriages since, homosexuality was only considered “friendship with benefits” as intoned by Chicago’s pseudo-primordial primate Francis cardinal George while letting pedophiles stay in his house, with the claim that the unsaintly John Paul II (read here and for the Amnesty International report here and on the connection with Pope John Paul II here and Benedict XVI here).  More vile, vitriolic  and criminal than Opus Dei founder Jeanmarie Escrivá or his pathetic pandering protégé Juan Luis cardinal Cipriani Thorne of Lima (Perú), John Paul II did nothing, and appeared to have approved of his actions (read here and here and here).  On Benedict XVI’s connection, read here.

Cardinal George declared that gays “invited obvious comparison” with the KKK since they did not follow the Roman Catholic Church’s objections. George told Chicago Fox affiliate: “You don’t want the gay liberation movement to morph into something like the Ku Klux Klan, demonstrating in the streets against Catholicism.”  The Chicago cardinal wrote:

the organizers invited an obvious comparison to other groups who have historically attempted to stifle the religious freedom of the Catholic Church. One such organization is the Ku Klux Klan which, well into the 1940′s, paraded through American cities not only to interfere with Catholic worship but also to demonstrate that Catholics stand outside of the American consensus. It is not a precedent anyone should want to emulate

The Chicago Church’s handling of priestly cases with cardinal George ignoring complaints from parents (read here and here) . This short survey does not include bishops accused of sexual misconduct with adults, such as Archbishops Robert F. Sanchez, Eugene Marino, or Theodore Mc Carrick nor Bishops Manuel D. Moreno or James F. McCarthy (read here and here and here and here and here). The crass cavernous of Christianity in general reflects, embeds, and reduces homophobic religion to an absurdity that many will leave. The greatest error is the lack of knowledge of pedophilic overtures, actions, and results, as most victims and their abusers are unwilling to discuss their afflictions and inflictions. This must stop. The Roman Catholic Church’s regular release of statements on pedophile priests and pedophile nuns and protecting the young of the church are worthless (read here and here with the Irish government’s Commission report here:  cp. here and here).

What has not been said or printed by the mainstream media is the number of gay and lesbian “confessors and martyrs” who have been raised to the altar by popes as saints within the Roman Catholic Church.  This goes back to the original founding of the Christian Church (Paulinity) in the fourth century with recognition of same-sex marriages back to the first century CE.

The youth protection charter says that a priest accused of child abuse must be removed until his case is resolved. For bishops who conceal or move or condone such priests, there is no penalty. Bishops, archbishops, cardinals and auxiliaries serve at the pleasure of the pope. The problem has been that many popes throughout the history of the Roman Catholic Church have been pedophiles and/or homosexuals (i.e. John XII (r. 955-964) , Benedict IX: (r. 1033-1045; 1047-1048), Paul II (r. February 23 – August 30, 1471 who died in a homosexual activity (he was being sodomized by a teenage page in the Vatican); Deschner, Karlheinz (2007). Storia criminale del cristianesimo (tomo VIII), Ariele, Milano, p. 216.  Cawthorne, Nigel (1999).  Das Sexleben der Päpste. Die Skandalchronik des Vatikans, Benedikt Taschen Verlag, Köln, p. 171. Kühner, Hans (1977). Das Imperium der Päpste, Classen Verlag, Zürich 1977, p. 254. Rendina, Claudio (1983)  I Papi, Storia e Segreti, Newton Compton, Roma, 1983, p. 589), Sixtus IV (Francesco Della Rovere, 1414-84; reigned 1471-84; his nephew, who was his lover, persauded the pope to build the Sistine Chapel that, ultimately Michelangelo would paint passages from the Bible on the ceiling and walls).

Pope Benedict IX, age 20

Pope Benedict IX, age 20

Benedict IX (c. 1012 – c. 1056), born in Rome as Theophylactus of Tusculum, he was a nephew of Pope Benedict VIII and Pope John XIX and was Pope on three occasions between 1032 and 1048, the first time being a gift from his father,  Alberic III, Count of Tusculum.  One of the youngest popes in the official list ofpopes (he was 18 or 20, in the Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913–although some records have him being age 11 or 12 (Russel, Bertrand (1945).  History  of Western Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster, p. 412)–the first time he was enthroned).  Benedict was known for repeated sodomies that he “forced him” to proclaim it was proof of his election as a superior man given his “staying power”, and “other irregularities” that included the actual sale of the papacy.  The pope had a desire for any one who was sufficiently “ample”; cf. Damian, Liber Gomorrhianus; “Cuius vita quam turpis, quam freda, quamque execranda extiterit, horresco referre”), Pope Victor III (1934). Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Libelli de lite (Dialogi de miraculis Sancti Benedicti Liber Tertius auctore Desiderio abbate Casinensis ed.). Hannover: Deutsches Institut für Erforschung des Mittelalters. pp. 141, cf. Bishop Benno, “Post multa turpia adulteria et homicidia manibus suis perpetrata, postremo, etc.” Dümmler, Ernst Ludwig (1891). Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Libelli de lite. I (Bonizonis episcopi Sutriensis: Liber ad amicum ed.). Hannover: Deutsches Institut für Erforschung des Mittelalters. pp. 584).  He flaunted his homosexuality and delighted in orgies in churches, “adulteries and murders” making himself unwelcomed everywhere (“Post multa turpia adulteria et homicidia manibus suis perpetrata, postremo, etc.”Dümmler, Ernst Ludwig (1891) (in Latin), Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Libelli de lite, I (Bonizonis episcopi Sutriensis: Liber ad amicum ed.), Hannover: Deutsches Institut für Erforschung des Mittelalters, pp. 584).
 

Pope Benedict XII

Pope Benedict XII

Benedict XII (de Rosa, Peter (1988/2000). Vicars of Christ: The Dark Side of the Papacy. Dublin:  Poolbeg Press, pages 211-215), like other Pope Benedicts, Benedict XII preferred to hide his sexual excesses.  Born at Saverdun in the province of Toulouse, France, and christened with the name of Jacques Fournier (he is also known as Jacques Bertrand de Got).  Son of Pope John XXII and grandson of Pope Clement V, Jacques became a Cistercian, and ultimately the third of the Avignon Popes, when his father Pope John XXII died on December 4, 1334.  Jacques the younger was made Pope by the now dominant French Cardinals fourteen days later on December 20th 1334 at the age of 27 and reigned from 1334 to 1342, dying at the age of 35.  Benedict XII  issue papal bulls that were heretical on previous well established doctrine of the Catholic Church including a Papal Bull (since destroyed) denouncing the concept of Immaculate Conception since it has no biblical foundation. Contemporary records note that he opened churches for sexual orgies, and enjoyed the torture of children as an entertainment while he dined and was known for sexual exploitation of very young girls and boys. In  1337, Benedict XII sent soldiers into Bavaria, Austria and Poland to attack 51 Jewish towns. 

Pope Julius II (by Titian)

Pope Julius II (by Titian)

Julius II (r. 1503-1513) the warrior Renaissance pope who commissioned Michelangelo and other artists, sculptors and silverworkers (read here and here) had a fondness for soldiers in uniform. Julius was universally known as a passive sodomite and the quickest way to rise in both the armed forces of the Vatican states or in the hierarchy of the church was to be active in all things, especially in bed. Most of the cardinals he appointed “came from the papal bedchamber” after “suitable and audible” groaning.  One characteristic that most pedophiles have had in the past and today, is Julius always kept a choir of young male voices in his bedroom to sing to him when he was weary or wanted company.

Pope Leo X

Pope Leo X

Leo X (r. 1513-1521; Falconi, Carlo (1987).  Leone X: Giovanni de’ Medici, Milano: Rusconi, 1987) who was pope at the time of Martin Luther (who also had at least one male friend), and believed Luther to be a “mad monk” who could be enticed with Vatican “appeal” to denounce his own theses.  Leo X was convinced that he could win the allegiance of Luther with well-placed gifts.  He was the last “non-priest” (he was not a priest at the time of his election, only a deacon) to be elevated to the papal throne.  Francesco Guicciardini, considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance (cf. Gilbert, Felix (1985). Machiavelli and Guicciardini: Politics and History in Sixteenth-Century Florence (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press), wrote, “At the beginning of his pontificate most people deemed him very chaste; however, he was afterwards discovered to be exceedingly devoted – and every day with less and less shame – to that kind of pleasure that for honour’s sake may not be named”.  Bishop and writer, Paolo Giovio, explained that Leo seemed to have “an improper love for some of his chamberlains” especially the very young and those with a “well turned [muscular] thigh” (McCabe, Joseph (1939). History of the Popes. London, UK: Watts & Co., p. 409).

Pope Julius III

Pope Julius III

Julius III (1550-1555; Burkle-Young, Francis A., and Michael Leopoldo Doerrer. The Life of Cardinal Innocenzo del Monte: A Scandal in Scarlet, Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen, 1997) was a a homosexual pedophile who  preferred males 11 to 13 year of age, unlike many of his crony heterosexaul pedophile cardinals who preferred young girls.  One notable scandal surrounded his adoptive nephew (“nephew” was a title, not a family distinction in the Renaissance), Innocenzo Ciocchi Del Monte, a 13 or 14-year old beggar-boy whom the future Pope had picked up off the streets of Parma some years earlier and with whom he had allegedly fallen in love.  The pope showered the youth with gifts and found no place too sacred to have sex.  Julius III ultimately making Innocenzo a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church and primary pimp in the Vatican.

Throughout the sordid history of the papacy, the popes have protected themselves by protecting other pedophiles. While traditional marriage advocates cite Scripture as the basis of their objections to civil unions and gay marriage (while in the Bible there is no rule that marriage is reserved for one man + one woman; read here and here), Roman Catholic leaders have been highlighting their belief that same-sex relationships violate natural law, which it does not as more than 1500 species practice homosexuality regularly and repetitively (read here and here and here; cp. Sommer, Volker & Paul L. Vasey (2006). Homosexual Behaviour in Animals, An Evolutionary Perspective. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press) and is especially common among herding animals (where both genders are available). According to the tradition of “natural law”, every human being must seek a fundamental “good” that corresponds to the natural order to flourish and propagate, that Francis George bases on Tomas Aquinas Dark Ages ideology (Summa Theologica IaIIae 91, 2, 94, 4; 94, 6, but were modified by Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan, xv, ¶35, ¶36, ¶41).  Natural-law proponents say heterosexual intercourse between a married man and a woman serves two intertwined good purposes: to procreate and to express a deep, abiding love. Based on that absurd definition and there are species that experience “virgin births” (parthenogenesis: παρθενος, “virgin”, + γενεσις, “birth”.  The primary objection by religion is that it takes away the necessity of there being a male in the birth cycle; theologically it means that no man would have been necessary any more than any deity for Mary to conceive and give birth as it would be a dividing and evolution of cells), they say, homosexual relationships are not equal to heterosexual ones.  That fact is that there are fewer gay divorces than there are straight divorces. “It is physically impossible for two men or two women to consummate a marriage, even when they share a deep friendship or love,” George writes in psychological and intellectual ignorance (Kurdek, Lawrence A.; Schmitt, J. Patrick (1986). “Relationship quality of partners in heterosexual married, heterosexual cohabiting, and gay and lesbian relationships”. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.51.4.711 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 51(4), October, pp. 711-720; the stagnation between differences (heterosexual and homosexual) are the focal point of Greenberg, Leslie S. Goldman, Rhonda N. , (2008). “Emotion-focused couples therapy: The dynamics of emotion, love, and power,” (pp. 111-134), in Greenberg, Leslie S.; Goldman, Rhonda N. Culture and Gender. doi: 10.1037/11750-006 Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, x, 405 pp.  Cp. Kurdek, Lawrence A. (1992). “Assumptions versus standards: The validity of two relationship cognitions in heterosexual and homosexual couples”. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.6.2.164. Journal of Family Psychology, Vol 6(2), December, pp. 164-170) in his letter, meant for inclusion in parish bulletins distributed on the weekend.  At the same time, Chicago’s cardinal George, President of the US Council of Roman Catholic bishops in 2007 (he retained the post until 2010 when Timothy Dolan was elected because of his open denunciation and extreme denunciations that are reminiscent of the speeches of senior NAZIS from 1933-1945 of the LGBT community (Rector, Frank. Nazi Extermination of Homosexuals. New York: Stein and Day, 1981. pp. 105-107; Giles, Geoffrey J. (1992), “‘The Most Unkindest Cut of All’: Castration, Homosexuality and Nazi Justice,” Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 27 (1992): pp. 41–61; Giles, Geoffrey J. (2002). “The Denial of Homosexuality: Same-Sex Incidents in Himmler’s SS”, Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 11, No. 1/2, Special Issue: Sexuality and German Fascism (January – April), pp. 256–290 and cp. here and here and here); on Dolan’s lack of canonical qualification for the episcopacy and contempt for those who report pedophile priests, read here), continues to cover up the increasing number of cases against pedophile priests.

When Father Andrew D. McCormick of Philadelphia was arrested for molesting one boy and later confessed to molesting five boys, the cardinal of Philadelphia did nothing, but followed precedent. McCormick made a number of trips to Poland with parish boysMcCormick made a number of trips to Poland with parish boys, and it is believed he molested several.

Father Patrick G. McCormick of Philadelphia was arrested for “patronizing a prostitute.”  The priest tried to bully parishioners into “forgiving” abusive clergy, but many would not.

The same is true when Father Daniel McCormick of Chicago was arrested in 2007, for molesting boys (plural), but in the case with the cardinal of Chicago involved, George fired the principle, Barbara Westrick (read here and here and here), who reported the abuses to the police since the cardinal refused to do anything (but later said he was not informed of the molestation), and changed the name of the school from Our Lady of the Westside School to St. Agatha’s School (named after a lesbian saint).  Daniel McCormick was ultimately transferred to a mental health center as a sexually violent person in Rushville, IL. This came after October 2005, when George ignored his own archdiocesan review board’s recommendation to remove McCormack.

George allowed the self-admitted pedophile priest to continue teaching and coaching. George’s ever increasing ignorance and pretense of lack of knowing what was going on in schools to his own house cost the Chicago archdiocese $3.2 million to one victim, another $1.5 million to pay off one of the young male victims, with some declaring that the cardinal was in bed with an altar boy while the money from congregations continued to hemorrhage for more than 186 victims from the torn tithing extorted from ignorant faithful who supported their cavorting cardinal.

George’s payoffs were quickly matched or exceeded by other bishops throughout the USA, including Bishop Tod Brown of Orange County paying $100 million to 90 victims, Cardinal Roger Mahoney of Los Angeles paying $660 million to settle 500 cases, Bishop Robert Brom of San Diego paying $198 million to 140 cases, Bishop William Skylstad of Spokane paying $48 million to settle a non-disclosed number of victims, Bishop Martin Amos of Davenport, Iowa, paying $37 million for 157 cases, and the Society of Jesus in Oregon paying $50 million for 110 cases (read: Jason Berry “Is the Church really this blind?” Los Angeles Times. 11-11-07 on-line.  Paul A. Likoudis (2002).  Amchurch Comes Out – The U.S. Bishops, Pedophile Scandals and the Homosexual Agenda,” Petersburg, Illinois: Roman Catholic Faithful, Inc, inside cover. The New York Times online, February 2, 2005). George still refuses to admit the seriousness of the problem of pedophile priests, and even invited several to stay in his house in Chicago over the protest of parishioners who knew what the guests had done in previous. “People live out their sexual identity in different ways, but the Church offers the means to live chastely in all circumstances, as the love of God both obliges and makes possible,” George’s letter states, meaning gay people should live celibate lives or risk going to Hell.  John Paul II rejected the existence of a literal (real) hell. On July 28, 1999, Pope John Paul II noted that the Scriptural references to hell and the images portrayed by Scripture are only symbolic and figurative of “the complete frustration and emptiness of life without God. ” He added, “Rather than a physical place, hell is the state of those who freely and definitively separate themselves from God, the source of all life and joy.” He said hell is “a condition resulting from attitudes and actions which people adopt in this life.”  Benedict XVI brought back a physical hell to further intimidate dissenters.

Curiously, Cardinal George’s letter, which was also signed by six Illinois Bishops, adds that if same-sex marriage becomes legal in Illinois, it will be challenging for him and, supposedly, all Catholics, to maintain their respectability. George is worried same-sex marriage equality will make the public label Catholics who don’t support the new law “bigots.” The dictionary defines “bigot” as “a person who is utterly intolerant of any differing creed, belief, or opinion.” (Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition 2009). “We will all have to pretend to accept something that is contrary to the common sense of the human race. Those who continue to distinguish between genuine marital union and same sex arrangements will be regarded in law as discriminatory, the equivalent of bigots. This proposed legislation will have long term consequences because laws teach; they tell us what is socially acceptable and what is not, and most people conform to the dictates of their respective society, at least in the short run.” George, mocking the very concept of civil rights, also pretends that the Bible gives him this authority (this is a rank misreading of Matthew 16:18: κἀγὼ δέ σοι λέγω ὅτι σὺ εἶ Πέτρος καὶ ἐπὶ ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρᾳ οἰκοδομήσω μου τὴν ἐκκλησίαν καὶ πύλαι ᾅδου οὐ κατισχύσουσιν αὐτῆς, a verse that was transmogrified in a ninth century monastery in Dark Europe with a papal reinforement of the nineteenth verse: καὶ δώσω σοι τὰς κλεῖς τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν καὶ ὃ ἐὰν δήσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται δεδεμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς καὶ ὃ ἐὰν λύσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται λελυμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς), and that his bigotry is merely “God’s law,” and the law of nature: “If we ignore in law the natural complementary of man and woman in creation, then the natural family is undermined. Our individual lives become artificial constructs protected by civil “rights” that destroy natural rights. Human dignity and human rights are then reduced to the whims of political majorities. When the ways of nature and nature’s God conflict with civil law, society is in danger. It is to that danger that we direct your attention.” He adds: Marriage [defined as a social union or legal contract] comes to us from nature (but animal: fowl, beast, fish, etc. do not marry, and 90% of all observed birds (especially trumpeter swans) do mate for life as a source of sex and because of altricial offspring, which require large amounts of parental care for survival (like humans), demand the efforts of two parents and therefore are more likely to be found in monogamous species, but marriage is not natural as there is no record of any observation of a ceremony being performed by or for any animals, save the one case in Lima, Peru, where former Congresista and erotic dancer Suzy Diaz married had her dog marry another dog. Marriage is manmade). The human species comes in two complementary sexes, male and female. Their sexual union is called marital [sic; it actually means “married man”. Haviland, William A.; Prins, Harald E. L.; McBride, Bunny; Walrath, Dana (2011). Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge (13th ed.). Cengage Learning. Bell, Duran (1997). “Defining Marriage and Legitimacy”. Current Anthropology 38 (2): 237–254. Bell describes marriage as “a relationship between one or more men (male or female) in severalty to one or more women that provides those men with a demand-right of sexual access within a domestic group and identifies women who bear the obligation of yielding to the demands of those specific men.” This inbreeds the ignorance of the writers of the Letters of “Paul” and early misogynism as in Colossians 3:18 Αἱ γυναῖκες ὑποτάσσεσθε τοῖς ἰδίοις ἀνδράσιν ὡς ἀνῆκεν ἐν κυρίῳ, cp. mulieres subditae estote viris sicut oportet in Domino and Nevestelor, fiţi supuse bărbaţilor voştri, cum se cuvine în Domnul, and Жены, повинуйтесь мужьям своим, как прилично в Господе] or the 1569 version of the Sagradas Escrituras Casadas, estad sujetas a vuestros propios maridos, como conviene en el Señor. It not only creates a place of love for two adults but also a home for loving and raising their children. It provides the biological basis for personal identity.” Exposing extreme ignorance of the reality of psychology and science, George finalized: “It is physically impossible for two men or two women to consummate a marriage, even when they share a deep friendship or love.’ George ignores that LGBT people engage in sexual intercourse and have the same commitment and emotions as heterosexual couples (Herek, Gregory M. (2007). “Science, public policy, and legal recognition of same-sex relationships”. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.7.713b. American Psychologist, Vol 62(7), October, pp. 713-715; Thyer, Bruce A. (2007). “Psychologists’ advocacy for the legal recognition of same-sex relationships”. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.7.713a. American Psychologist, Vol 62(7), October, p. 713.; Herek, Gregory M. (2006). “Legal recognition of same-sex relationships in the United States: A social science perspective”. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.61.6.607.  American Psychologist, Vol 61(6), September, pp. 607-621; Solomon, Sondra E.; Rothblum, Esther D.; Balsam, Kimberly F. (2004).  “Pioneers in Partnership: Lesbian and Gay Male Couples in Civil Unions Compared With Those Not in Civil Unions and Married Heterosexual Siblings”. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.18.2.275. Journal of Family Psychology, Vol 18(2), Jun 2004, 275-286; and on relationship interchange, read Kurdek, Lawrence A.; Schmitt, J. Patrick (1986). “Relationship quality of partners in heterosexual married, heterosexual cohabiting, and gay and lesbian relationships”.  doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.51.4.711.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 51(4), October, pp. 711-720).  There is no substantative evidence or information by psychologists or psychiatrists that support the Chicago cardinal Frances George after 1979, except among reparative therapists all of which are discredited by the American Psychological Association, the American Psychiatric Association, the American Pediatric Association and numerous other professional groups that require peer review of articles before publishing, unlike the Regenerus Report published in the Journal of Marriage and Family that was printed without peer review (read here and here where studies show that gay parents tend to be more motivated that heterosexal parents, and here on studies showing that academic scores are higher in same-sex parents’ households, and Kate Kendell Esq.’s comments “It was financed by a staggering $785,000 in grants from two far-right foundations, the Witherspoon Institute and the Bradley Foundation. Even Regnerus himself acknowledges he wasn’t comparing apples to apples: “I realize that one same-sex relationship does not a lesbian make, necessarily. But our research team was less concerned with the complicated politics of sexual identity than with same-sex behavior.”‘ are elaborated here).

What the Roman Catholic Church in the USA is doing, is what is happening in Germany today–with the German hierarchy stopping all investigations into child abuse by its religious leaders: priests, nuns, bishops, archbishops and cardinals.  In an interview with public broadcaster “Deutschlandfunk,” Christian Pfeiffer, the head of the KFN institute accused Church officials of hampering his team’s research efforts by continually attempting to intervene in and control the investigation. In an interview with the Süddeutsche Zeitung newspaper he spoke of censorship.In an interview with public broadcaster “Deutschlandfunk,” Christian Pfeiffer, the head of the KFN institute accused Church officials of hampering his team’s research efforts by continually attempting to intervene in and control the investigation. In an interview with the Süddeutsche Zeitung newspaper he spoke of censorship.

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Filed under Bullying, Christian Terrorists, Church history, Homosexuality, Leo X (Pope), Papacy, Roman Catholicism

Politicians in judicial robes: the Lawless US Supreme Court

There has never been a more corrupt, pandering, and vile court in the history of the USA before the tragedy of the Roberts Court that is guilty of more crimes against humanity than any other tyranny.  The US Supreme Court deserves nothing less and nothing more than to be held in total contempt not only by the people of the USA but by the world for its support of torture, cruelty, corporate fraud and idiocy.

Supreme Court Justice Antonin (“Niño” or Nino) Scalia had cast-off any semblance of objectivity and partisanship.  He openly admits to siding with the ultra-conservative right-wing of the Republican Party, when he bellied up to Arizona on the racist infamous “where are your papers” law against Latinos and Latinas in the Court’s draconian decision on Arizona immigration law (SB 1070).  While the decision did increase, proportionately, the powers of the Federal government, Scalia’s brief argued for the superiority of state law over federal  law—siding with Arizona and its wealth who contribute heavily to his “funds” and is the heralded darling of the Koch Brothers’ and their labor to dismantle the Constitution of the USA and dissolve the rights of all workers.  This is done with Scalia and Clarence Thomas’ deliberate misreading the Commerce (Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3, read here) and Establishment clauses in the Constitution in their elevation of corporations as people (Citizens United v. FEC read here and here).

Silent, sedentary and stolid with the least keen intellect of anyone who has ever sat on the bench of the highest court in the land, Clarence Thomas’ vote was assured once conservative billionaires paid his most recent wife, Virginia (who has studied law but ignores the fine points concerning harassment and aspersions bordering on libel), over $700,000 that Thomas conveniently forgot to include in his federal IRS tax return (read here and here).  Various indiscretions have called for Thomas’ impeachment, the Virginiagate (that had upset many conservatives) proving to be a major obstacle in most minds that anyone could get a fair hearing in front of  Thomas, with most seeing the US Supreme Court as the arm of corporate America.

Both Justices Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas have flaunted their ties to conservative activist organizations. Virginia Thomas, the justice’s wife, works as a conservative activist and fundraiser. Both hold the US Constitution in open contempt.  Both reactionaries reject all past Supreme Court rulings that do not fit the political agenda of the Koch Brothers who amply award their lap-dogs special treats after rulings in their favor, and deny justice to those abused or tortured with Clarence Thomas claiming a prisoner who was slammed to a concrete floor and punched and kicked by a guard after asking for a grievance form — but suffered neither serious nor permanent harm — has no claim that his constitutional rights were violated.

Manhattan Institute honors Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels for his attack on labor unions, women’s right of choice, and minorities 2012

The pretense that Justices Scalia, Roberts, and Thomas are neutral has regularly, consistently, and patently been disproved, especially when Scalia and Thomas attended a secret conservative meeting of fascist-tilting Think Tanks and expressed outrage at laws aimed to assist the middle class and paid Thomas’ wife hundreds of thousands of dollars. With Samuel Alito, another ultra-conservative Supreme Court justice of modest intellectual ability, Thomas attended and Alioto spoke at political fundraisers for Koch-backed politicians where guests were required to pay $5000 to attend. 

Georgia Pacific (Koch Industries) polluting fresh water ways 2012

In 2008, Justice Thomas headlined the Manhattan Institute’s Wriston Lecture.  Last October, Justice Alito was the headline speaker for the same event.  Both spoke of profits; neither mentioned the cost to the planet or to the workers as many jobs were already outsourced and working families had lost their homes to big banks attending the secret meetings while Koch Industries continued their pollution the air, water, and lands of the USA.

Georgia Pacific polluting Coffee Creek river AR (Koch Industries)

Georgia Pacific polluting Coffee Creek river AR (Koch Industries)

The Manhattan Institute, funded by major corporations like CIGNA (a health insurance company with no interest in patient rights), Koch Industries (the biggest polluter as with Coffee Creek, AR that takes the brunt of solid waste from the Georgia-Pacific plant) and ExxonMobil and Chevron, petroleum companies (Chevron named an oil tanker after Condoleezza Rice who sat on its Board of Directors and plotted to push a pipeline through Afghanistan even though she knew such action would involve the USA in a war for oil, but prepared for it by planning military action in Iraq based on the lie of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) that would enhance profits for Halliburton and its CEO Vice President Dick Cheney.  Bush knew there were no WMDs, but saw the invasion of a nation whose leader, Saddam Hussein, was installed by Donald Rumsfeld (video) at the order of Ronald Reagan.

Chevron’s oil tanker: The Condoleezza Rice

Today Rice is headlining fundraisers for Mitt Romney and still working for an international war that was not realized with the wrongful invasion of Iraq, as she has always been a hawk for war (the CIA had warned her about 9/11 and al-Qaeda’s attack, and she said and did nothing).  Noting its profits regardless of the cost of human life, Rice delights in human carnage and suffering if profits role into her conservative colleagues coffer or into her pocket when paid for vitriolic, horrible, harridan speeches).  Although Rice boasts a doctorate in Soviet Union studies (eleven years after it ceased to exist) she has never been in tune with reality and ignored every single Islamic movement, assuring Chevron and other Big Oil that Bush would conquer and, with Halliburton, reap unthinkable revenues as it raped the Middle Eastern nations of their natural resources returning only pennies on the dollar, in keeping the theology of the Koch Brothers and other billionaire barons.  There is insurmountable evidence that Rice is guilty of numerous crimes against humanity and must be held accountable, tried, and when convicted, executed (read here, view here).  She approved tortures used at Abu Gharib prison and instructed interrogators to use them. 

US female soldiers torturing Iraqi at Abu Gharib prison

Her crimes are no less odious and evil than those of the women guards at Nazi death camps and American female soldiers who pulled out eyes, finger nails, and humiliated Iraqi civilians at Abu Gharib prison (tortures that she approved of when informed of them and waterboarding by Professor John Yoo of UC Berkeley and advisor to George W. Bush), and in most cases far more blood-thirsty. 

US soldiers forcing mothers to watch US military torture their sons at Abu Gharib prison in Iraq

Rice had the whispered backing of Antonin Scalia (who was appointed by Ronald Reagan in 1986 to the Supreme court) and the other hate mongers and hawks on the US Supreme Court who squelched the voters choice and installed the village idiot, George W. Bush, as president of the USA (barring a recount in Florida) beginning the downfall of the people’s confidence in the Supreme Court of the USA (the Florida court ruled for Gore, and Bush appealed to his friends on the US Supreme Court to overturn the Florida’s court).

Scalia began “teaching” Republicans and Tea Party legislators, at the bequest and expense of Koch Industries that are polluting fresh water reservoirs and the atmosphere, how to reinterpret the Constitution so that they could give corporations more power and attack the rights of the poor and middle class. Scalia has gone so far as to go on record to argue that the 14th amendment does not make women equal to men and that women have no equal rights under the US constitution.  This pleased woman-stagnifying Phyllis Schlafly.

Equal Rights Amendment introduced 1923

Phyllis McAlpine Stewart Schafly (born 1924) had made a lucrative career out of fighting against equal rights for women since her days at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri.  She crusades against federal money going to education (claiming it does not “create jobs”), was highly critical of arms-agreements with the then Soviet Union, and other ultra-conservative causes to increase the wealth of a few.

Phyllis Schlafly

Antonin Scalia claimed that women just had the right to vote.  His astonishing comment brought vocal celebration by the Phyllis Schlafly and her Eagle Forum; Schlafly.  Schlafly, an attorney, argues that a woman’s place is in the home–for all women except herself.  She has campaigned not only to stop the Equal Rights Amendment (first introduced in 1923), to take “secularism” out of public schools, and to “restore” the USA to its original intent [sic] of being a “Christian nation” (that would later be repeated by former US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor.  The USA was never founded as a Christian nation–although a few communities were established as theocracy, as under the Mathers (read here and here).  Two of the men (there were no women at the Continental Congress in any capacity) who signed the Declaration were deists, there were a few Roman Catholics and the rest nonjudgmental Protestants: Unitarians, Congregationalists, Episcopalians, Quakers and Anglicans. None proclaimed, wrote, or said, as did O’Connor and Schlafly, that they were forming a “Christian nation”; on the contrary, the goal was to establish a Republic with equal justice for all white, landowning males.

Phyllis Schlafly in 2011 (Photo by Gage Skidmore)

Now, eighty-eight years old, Phyllis Schlafly continues to distort and destroy history in feigned aspiration of protecting the nation she would transmogrify into a police state.  Her son, Andrew, has already established his Conservapedia on the web to issue “conservative alternatives” to established facts and entrench the false idea that Christianity in particular, and religion in general, played a positive role in the shaping of the USA; it is tantamount to telling that Billy Graham is the original Elmer Gantry in fiction.

Reagan and G.H.W. Bush

At the Koch Industries secret meeting, one of the seminars dealt with enriching the wealthy and pacifying the poor with buzz-words and catch-phrases with several prominent billionaires chortling that the “poor are so stupid that they believed [billionaire] Ross Perot’s win of the White House would see a trickle-down of his wealth into their pocketbooks”—the trickle down theory argued by the disgraceful presidency of President Ronald Reagan (read here  and here and here) and his voodoo economics (read here and here), as initially detailed by his future Vice President George Herbert Walker Bush.  There was no mention of a middle class at the conservative-minded Koch event; just the wealthy and the poor.  

 Antonin Scalia speaking to a group of wealthy conservatives (February 2012)

Scalia, a member of the odious opportunistic Opus Dei theological terrorist organization created by Roman Catholic priest and self-flagalating Jose Maria Escrivá of Spain that claims that it will reconstitute the USA into a theocracy, pontificates that his interpretation is based on the misogynism of the Bible, especially in the gyneophobic writings of the legendary St. Paul—a comment heralded by Representative Michelle Bachmann (R-MN; read here and watch here).  Scalia is more than theocrat, and is controlled by the Vatican, but more over he is determined to shovel civilization back to the days of Torquemada and the Inquisition.  What is easily and quickly noted is Scalia’s decisions are based for the most part on the testament The Way written by the psychotic Escrivá: bowing to the decrees and regulations set off by “a higher power” (corporations), following directives set down by those considered to be superior, and maintaining a near-caste-like grouping, with those whose election to a heaven is demonstrated by the amassment of wealth and position (cp. Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth, June 1889).  For centuries the Roman Catholic Church defended its enormous wealth as a sign of its stewardship on earth, promising that the wealth was to help all people. Councils were called, synods held, and those who objected to the wealth of bishops, cardinals and popes were sent to the Holy Fires of the Inquisition, so graphically pictured by Umberto Ecco in his Name of the Rose; compare this to the preacher Todd Coontz and his Gospel of Wealth and Election.  Most evangelicals who praise wealth support the Tea Party and the Republican candidates for office, finding in their participation a key to salvation (Coontz declares “your seed is your hook” into heaven).  Coontz is matched by Houston mega-pastor Joel Olsteen who promises that the faithful who give generously will gather generously and can “expect God’s favor” in financial returns. One look at the lavish buildings owned by Opus Dei in New York City and Rome, there is no doubt about the “message of millionaires” of Jesus. Escrivá was able to buy his seat in heaven, and with a compliant pope (John Paul II) did not have long to wait to be entered into the Book of Saints as Opus Dei sent out its claws into schools and communities to bring those “hungering for salvation” into its nummaries and assorted odd cells.

Cheney (L) and Scalia (R)

Antonin Scalia’s betrayal of the US Constitution and appropriate judicial behavior is legendary: from the days he went hunting with then Vice President Dick Cheney just before the case went to the US Supreme Court and who, unhesitantly, ruled in favor of Cheney when he agreed with the former CEO of Halliburton Industries that Cheney was “beyond the law’s reach” in Walker v. Cheney (read here and here and here and here  and  here and  here).

John Roberts, the Chief Justice of the despicable US Supreme Court is not only a crook and liar, but one of the most tainted and corrupt justices in USA history, being second to lies only by Associate Justice Samuel Alioto.  Both psychotic sycophants, Roberts and Alito would pay such obeisance to the doctrine of stare decisis (Latin for “to stand by things [that have been settled)” that is, by dictionary definition: the doctrine that rules or principles of law on which a court rested a previous decision are authoritative in all future cases in which the facts are substantially the same, which Alito declared “a fundamental part of our legal system” when being interviewed by the Judicial committee before he was elevated to the Supreme Court. This principle, he explained, “limits the power of the judiciary” and “reflects the view that courts should respect the judgments and the wisdom that are embodied in prior judicial decisions” in order to get themselves confirmed.  Since their confirmations they have been legislating law with out majority consensus—the vast number of “overturns” of past court rulings have been handed down by simple majorities of 5-4, with Kennedy the swing vote. 

Justice David Souter

Justice David Souter openly declared that Roberts and his ilk were working to overturn the Constitution of the USA create a plutocracy.  Souter was chosen, originally, for his New England conservatism.  In time, Souter showed himself to be more compassionate with the people. Souter accused Roberts of “violating the Courts own procedures to engineer the result[s] he wanted.” 

Chief Justice Roberts (AP Photo by Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Roberts publicly stated that not only does he want to take down the Great Society of LBJ but also void FDR’s New Deal and all social programs, returning the USA to the bankrupt Gilded Ages of the nineteenth century when corporations ruled, controlling Congress, initiating legislation, and controlling the courts that they heavily financed for trips, homes, and entertainment.  It was during the Gilded Age in the USA when corporations controlled the courts that venomous Supreme Court ruled in 1886 that the 14th Amendment protected businesses and corporations from lawsuits. 

Lochner with wife, son, and three female employees

In 1905, the slithering soldiers of Big Business ruled in Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Company118 U.S. 394 and Milwaukee v. Koeffler – 116 U.S. 2219 and Milwaukee v. Koeffler – 116 U.S. 219 that corporations had greater rights than their workers or people.  In Lochner v. New York 198 U.S. 45, 25 S. Ct. 539, 49 L. Ed. 937) the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) struck down in 1905 a New York law limiting bakery workers to a six-day 60-hour week (read a summary here), declaring that such regulations to be a breach of contract rights, an “unreasonable, unnecessary and arbitrary interference with the right of the individual to his personal liberty or to enter into those contracts in relation to labor which may seem to him appropriate or necessary for the support of himself and his family.”

According to all recognized legal scholars, Stare decisis the bedrock principle of the rule of law applies universally, not only does it promote stability and encourage judges to decide cases based on principle rather than on a preference for one or another of the parties before them.  Furthermore, the bar association has argued that Stare decisis also serves to reduce the politicization of the Court. That point is what frightens and offends the Roberts conservative colleagues as it moderates ideological swings and preserves both the appearance and the reality that the Supreme Court is truly a legal rather than a political institution.

Lt. John Pike of University of California Davis pepper sprays mace into eyes of demonstrators

Lt. John Pike of UC Davis pepper sprays mace into eyes of demonstrators

There is no true justice in the USA.  Democracy in the USA is a bad joke.  There is no freedom, as shown at the University of California at Davis Occupy Wall Street (OWS) sit-in when uniformed thugs shot lethal pepper-spay into the mouths and eyes of protesters and kicked a late-term pregnant woman in the uterus, led by the lethal Lt. John Pike of UC Davis who pepper sprayed peaceful student protesters who were sitting on the ground on protesting peacefully. This qualifies as a crime against humanity and Pike should be imprisoned for life. What little comes from state courts and reinforced by federal appellate courts have been quickly overturned by the most corrupt justices in the history of the USA at the Supreme Court level with an untempered record of anti-civil rights and opposed to all human rights. 

Personhood and corporations in Mississippi

Among the most graphic examples of court corruption is the case of “personhood” of corporations (and later, as in Mississippi, of fertilized eggs in the uterus or vagina) ruled by the Roberts court in defiance of over 200 years of legislation and court ruling (read here and read) with a draconian attack on the State of Montana’s that had throughout its history rejected corporate interference in state elections (read here  and here).

Samuel Alito disagrees during President’s speech

Samuel Alioto’s ties with Big Oil (especially Shell and Chevron) and Big Agribusiness has made him a defender of both and he consistently argues that corporations should not be faced with liability claims even if they pollute the planet, use forced-labor, or deny basic human rights like other people.  Alioto claims that the personhood of corporations applies only to their unlimited donations to control elections and buy judges and “justice”.  In every other case, corporations are to be exempt.

Protests against Kiobel and Shell for expoding gas

In Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum, a case that began in the Ogoni region of the Niger Delta and brought by bout a dozen Nigerians who contended that Shell Oil’s parent company aided and abetted the Nigerian government in its violent suppression of environmental and human rights protesters resisting Shell’s operations there in the 1990s. Alito sided with the corporation against those raped, tortured, and abused.  The Conservative Five politicians in judicial robes sitting on the bench of the US Supreme Court’s ruling now is taken as a measurement in cases brought against Exxon, Firestone and Rio Tinto for similar alleged atrocities.

The majority of the citizens of the USA justifiably hold the US Supreme Court in contempt and see nothing of value coming from it (read here and here and here and here).  It is widely believed by most citizens of the USA that justice like law and legislation is or sale to the highest bidder with the Koch Brothers pulling all strings on the marionette of the USA. This opinion matches the view of other nations that view the USA as an imperialist nation equal to the Third Reich that assumes it has the authority to try anyone anywhere for any crime that its courts judges  has been committed (read here and for the greatest pretense of the court system read here).  

US Supreme Court justices and what corporations own them

It is commonly understood that in the decaying USA, justice can be bought as the justices sitting on the US Supreme Court are open to bribes, regularly accept “gifts” from major donors, such as the Koch Brothers, and industries such as GE, ExxonMobile, McDonald’s, Chevron, Bank of America and others that are outsourcing jobs and destroying what use to be the American way of life and the American dream that is no longer possible.  By June 7, 2012, the Roberts Supreme Court approval was barely 44% and racism (read here and here and here) in the USA was at all-time high in every state of the Union including in college towns such as Ames, Iowa (read here and here; Iowa ranks as the most racist state in the northern tier of states), Boulder, Colorado which is ranked as the most racist state in the west, and especially in Chicago and Massachusetts (especially under Governor Mitt Romney who publicly criticized the legislature’s unanimous passage of a minimum wage for lacking cost-of-living indexing; Romney argued that workers only deserve a quarter an hour raise, a claim he repeated in March 2012)—not just in the rural areas of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and other impoverished areas that live in home of a better life to come.  This comes along with statistics showing that 98% of all USA citizens have no idea of who is sitting on the Supreme Court—they only know the adverse effects of Supreme Court rulings (read here and here  and  here).

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Apostolic Succession and the Papacy–separating fact from fiction

No “bishop of Rome” or “Roman pontiff” existed before the second century—with the first record of their being a Linus, successor of Peter, a fictional character in the Bible who was the least saintly of all the alleged Apostles.  The word “pontiff” never had the meaning of “pope” (papa, which is Latin from the Greek: πάππας (pappas), a child’s word for father) but in Rome came from the term “pontifex maximus” (ἱεροδιδάσκαλος, ἱερονόμος, ἱεροφύλαξ, ἱεροφάντης) but was a “heathen” title for high priests (their number swelled from four: Livy, X.6,9: Livy, X.6, to at least sixteen)  of the College of Pontiffs (Collegium Pontificum) in ancient Rome. The position of pontifex maximus was the most important position in the ancient Roman religion, but was open only to patricians until 254 BC when a plebian (Tiberius Coruncanius: Livy, Epit. 18) occupied the position; Sulla increased the number to 15 in 81 BCE: Livy, Epit. 89; Julius Cesar, who was elected Pontifex Maximus in 63 BCE, raised that number to sixteen (Dion Cassius XLII.51).  The last to use the title was Gratianus (Orelli, Inscript. n1117, 1118).  The rulers styled Pontifex Maximus were:

712 BCE

Numa Pompilius It was claimed that the office began during the tenure of the Kings of Rome. The first Pontifex Maximus is recorded as Numa Marcius but it is difficult to determine if it was a different person, or the actual second king of Rome.

509 BCE

Papirius Complete dates in office unknown.

449 BCE

Furius Complete dates in office unknown.

431 BCE

Cornelius Cossas Complete dates in office unknown.

420 BCE

Minucius Complete dates in office unknown.

390 BCE

Follius Flaccinator Complete dates in office unknown.

332 – 304 BCE

Cornelius Callissa  

304 – ? BCE

Cornelius Scipio Barbatus Complete dates in office unknown.

254 – 243 BCE

Tiberius Coruncanius First Plebeian Pontifex Maximus

243- 221 BCE

Caecilius Metellus  

217 – 213 BCE

Cornelius Lentulus Caudinus  

212 – 183 BCE

Licinius Crassus Dives  

183 – 180 BCE

Servilius Geminus  

180 – 152 BCE

Aemilius Lepidus  

152 -150 BCE

No Pontifex Maximus  

150 – 141 BCE

Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum  

141 – 132 BCE

Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio Plutaech describes Serapio as the first Pontifex to break the religious law not allowing him to leave Italy.

132 – 130 BCE

Licinius Crassus Dives Mucianus Also noted as the first to leave Italy, during the social disorder of the Gracchi Brothers, after which, it became increasingly common and certainly not against the law for the Pontifex to leave Italy.

? – 115 BCE

P. Mucius Scaevola Complete dates in office unknown, but assumedly shortly after his predecessor.

114 – 103 BCE

Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus  

103 – 89 BCE

Domitius Ahenobarbus  

89 – 82 BCE

Q. Mucius Scaevola  

81 – 63 BCE

Caecilius Metellus Pius  

63 – 44 BCE

Gaius Julius Caesar  

44 – 13 BCE

Aemilius Lepidus  

12 BCE

Augustus With Augustus’ accession, the election of the Pontifex Maximus ceased as each successive emperor held the office. In 382 CE, when the Eastern emperor Theodosius established Christianity as the official religion of the empire, the Western Emperor Gratian relinquished the office to the Christian bishops of Rome, who have held it since that time.

The College of Pontiffs, the antecedent to the College of Cardinals, lasted until Constantine outlawed it with his creation of his imperial catholic [universal] church in 325 CE (Arnobius IV.35). 

Ancient Roman pontiffs were known for luxurious living, maintenance of “nephews” who were known as secretaries or pontifices minores: “quos nunc minores pontifices appellant” as Livy detailed (XXII.57; compare Jul. Capitol. Opil. Macrin. 7; Cicero (de Harusp. Resp. 6) mentions the name of three minor pontiffs) and abandoned (licentious) living un unexcelled luxury (Quintus Horatius Flaccus (Horace): Horat. Carm[ina]. II.14.26] Martiales. XII.48.12:

Non Albana mihi sit comissatio tanti

Nec Capitolinae pontificumque dapes;

Inputet ipse deus nectar mihi, fiet acetum

Et Vaticani perfida vappa cadi.

 cp. Macrob. Sat. II.9), similar to that of Alexander VI, Julius II and other renaissance popes.  Emperors frequently assumed the title of Pontifex Maximus as late as 238 CE, when the two emperors Maximus and Balbinus assumed this dignity (Capitol. Maxim. et Balb. 8).

A Roman pontifex did officiate at religious ceremonies, but that was only one duty. A pontifex, like all the members of the great priestly colleges, was permitted by law hold any other military, civil or priestly office, provided the different offices did not interfere with one another. Thus we find one and the same person being pontiff, augur, and decemvir sacrorum  were elected for life. Their chief duty was to take care of the Sibylline books, and to inspect them on all important occasions, by command of the senate, as recounted by Livy at XL.42:

Eodem anno L. Duronius, qui praetor anno superiore, ex Illyrico cum decem nauibus Brundisium rediit. inde in portu relictis nauibus cum uenisset Romam, inter exponendas res, quas ibi gessisset, haud dubie in regem Illyriorum Gentium latrocinii omnis maritimi causam auertit: ex regno eius omnes naues esse, quae superi maris oram depopulatae essent; de his rebus se legatos misisse, nec conueniendi regis potestatem factam. uenerant Romam legati a Gentio, qui, quo tempore Romani conueniendi regis causa uenissent, aegrum forte eum in ultimis partibus fuisse regni dicerent: petere Gentium ab senatu, ne crederent confictis criminibus in se, quae inimici detulissent. ad ea Duronius adiecit multis ciuibus Romanis et sociis Latini nominis iniurias factas in regno eius, et ciues Romanos dici Corcyrae retineri. eos omnes Romam adduci placuit, C. Claudium praetorem cognoscere, neque ante Gentio regi legatisue eius responsum reddi.

Inter multos alios, quos pestilentia eius anni absumpsit, sacerdotes quoque aliquot mortui sunt. L. Ualerius Flaccus pontifex mortuus est: in eius locum suffectus est Q. Fabius Labeo. P. Manlius, qui nuper ex ulteriore Hispania redierat, triumuir epulo: Q. Fuluius M. f. in locum eius triumuir cooptatus, tum praetextatus erat. de rege sacrifio sufficiendo in locum Cn. Cornelii Dolabellae contentio inter C. Seruilium pontificem maximum fuit et L. Cornelium Dolabellam duumuirum naualem, quem ut inauguraret pontifex magistratu sese abdicare iubebat. recusantique id facere ob eam rem multa duumuiro dicta a pontifice, deque ea, cum prouocasset, certatum ad populum. cum plures iam tribus intro uocatae dicto esse audientem pontifici duumuirum iuberent, multamque remitti, si magistratu se abdicasset, uitium de caelo, quod comitia turbaret, interuenit. religio inde fuit pontificibus inaugurandi Dolabellae. P. Cloelium Siculum inaugurarunt, qui secundo loco nominatus erat. exitu anni et C. Seruilius Geminus pontifex maximus decessit: idem decemuir sacrorum fuit. pontifex in locum eius a collegio cooptatus est Q. Fuluius Flaccus:inde pontifex maximus M. Aemilius Lepidus, cum multi clari uiri petissent; et decemuir sacrorum Q. Marcius Philippus in eiusdem locum est cooptatus. et augur Sp. Postumius Albinus decessit: in locum eius P. Scipionem, filium Africani, augures cooptarunt.

Cumanis eo anno petentibus permissum, ut publice Latine loquerentur et praeconibus Latine uendendi ius esset.

Instances of a pontifex maximus being at the same time consul, are very numerous (Liv. XXVIII.38; Cic. de Harusp. Resp. 6; compare Ambrosch, Julius Athanasius (1839). Studien und Andeutungen im Gebiet des altrömischen Bodens und Cultus. 1es Hft. Breslau: Hirt, p. 229, note 105; in German).

Petronilla daughter of Peter (13th century)

Not only was Peter different from the other Twelve Apostles (he was married (Mark 1:29-31, cp. Matthew 8:14; cf. Clement of Alexandria, Stromata III.vi, ed. Dindorf, II, 276) and had a legendary daughter named Petronilla (De Rossi, Giovanni Battista (1864-1877). Roma sotterranea cristiana. Roma, Italia: Cromo-litografia pontificia. vol. I, pp. 180-181; in Italian) who was the source of the story of the maiden Rapunzel locked in a tower to be rescued by a handsome prince; this legend became the hagiography for St. Barbara, and by the tenth century story was the insipriation of the Persian tale of Rudāba, included in the epic poem Shahnameh (شاهنامه) by Ferdowsi (whose poetry has been praised as being equal to the heavenly Eden: در بهشت عدن فردوسی نگر). Rudāba offers to let down her hair from her tower so that her lover Zāl can climb up to her) and the daughter is mentioned in the Gnostic apocryphal Acts of St. Peter, dating from the 2nd century but no name is given (Lipsius, Richard Adelbert  (1887). Die apokryphen Apostelgeschichten u. Apostellegenden:  ein Beitrag zur altchristlichen Literaturgeschichte 2,1 in II, i, Braunschweig, Germany: Schwetschke, pp. 203 sqq.). 

Having children was commonplace.  It was expected of the early “bishops of Rome” (culminating with Siricius) for they were married and expected to having numerous children (with the exception of Alexander I).  This gave rise to the belief that Roman Catholic families had to be large and birth control discouraged. In spite of this, Siricius, it is written, wrote a letter to Bishop Himerius of Tarragona (c. 385 CE) to stop cohabiting / living with their wives: Coustant, Pierre (1721) ed. Epistolae Romanorum pontificum: et quae ad eos scriptae sunt, a S. Clemente I. usque ad Innocentium III … Tomus 1, abanno Christi 67 ad annum 440. Parisiis [Paris] France: L. D. Delatour, A. U. Coustelier, et P. Simon, 1721; reprint by Farnborough, 1967, pp. 623-638, no. 16, 9-12 (it is a forgery)—but the Epistle, No. 8, also talks about rampant sexual abuse among the clergy, especially with young girls; the text can be read in Somerville, Robert and Brasington, Bruce (1998). Prefaces to Canon Law Books in Latin Christianity.  New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press, 1998), pp. 36-39; I am using my copy of the original Latin version printed in 1721), but was the first to deny his relationship with the Jesus of the New Testament (John 21:15-17, Mark 14:70-72, Luke 22:60-62), had limited (Mark 14:38), if any, faith in the New Testament Jesus (Matthew 14:28-29 where Peter walks on water—and sinks, Mark 14:66-68), was overly boastful without substance (Mark 14:69-70), etc.

Simon bar Jonas (or, Peter: Greek: Πέτρος, or Cephas: Greek: Κηφᾶς; they are sometimes combined as in the Syriac ܫܶܡܥܽܘܢ ܟ݁ܺܐܦ݂ܳܐ) was anything but a saint.  He was proclaimed a saint only because he allegedly suffered martyrdom that he could have avoided, making his martyrdom a deliberate suicide (there is no contemporary record of any Simon or Peter being executed in Rome, but would have been in the imperial records by law; the earliest record of this alleged death appears in Tertullian at the end of the second century CE (hardly a reliable source) and then of Origen Adamantius (born in Egypt and died in Phoenicia in the third century) in Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica III.1, written in the fourth century).  While Christian apologists cite these records, their reliability is at best questionable since they are written hundreds of years after the event, and there is no record of the crucifixion of Peter in the Bible–the Book of Acts of the Apostles drops all mention of Peter less than half-way through, as the writers turn their attention to Saul of Tarsus/Paul.  (No legitimate historian would use one book to prove the contents of the same books; this fact makes the Bible an untrustworthy source as it is not history nor its contents verified elsewhere during the times it was written. 

Peter walking on water (painting by Francois Boucher, 1766)

As for Peter being the stone or rock for believers, that fiction is rejected in Acts 4:8-12 (cf. Matthew 16:18 that is mistranslated, as Peter and stone are the same word in Greek: πετρος).  Furthermore, the advent of this “rock” is but a reflection on the birth of the god Mithras, favored by Rome’s soldiers, who was born out of a rock (Vermaseren, Maartan J. (1951). “The miraculous Birth of Mithras”, in László Gerevich. Studia Archaeologica: Publicationes Instituti archaeologici Academiae scientiarum Hungaricae. Red.: L[ászló] Gerevich 0. Besitzerspezifische Fußnote. Budapest, Hungary; reissued as Studia Archaeologica: Gerardo van Horoon Oblata (Studia von Horoon), a festschriften, Leiden, Netherlands: E J Brill. pp. 93–109).

God Enki walks out of the water to the land

Various religions in the days that it is claimed that Peter lived have similar accounts of miracles and walking on water–as the records are about how the earth was formed and how people were born.  The legend of Peter “walking on water”, as it appears in current Bibles, is nothing new in the world’s religious literature, and it did not occur only with the Jesus of the New Testament nor with Peter.  It is not a story of faith but of the power of the god(s) current at the time.

Walking on water is found in universal non-Christian theologies: Egyptian (Horus and his son Hapy who ruled over the Nile, and Naunet who was the god of wells and later of all water, especially the ocean, (a prototype for Neptune / Poiseidon) in Etruscan theology and known as Nethuns), Hindu (Huang-Po), Greek (Orion), Canaanite (in Mesopotamia, Enki was god of water and walked on it and saw it to be the “birth water” that flowed out of his wife, calling faithful fishermen from their boats to walk on water to prove their faith; and in numerous Asian religions, the gods were avatars—those who control elements—and walked on water),

Pre-Inca (Peru) God of creation who walks on water

which also appears in Pre-Inca (Peru) theology as Viracocha (also known as Apu Qun Tiqsi Wiraqutra) who created the world flood while the Inca god Kon controlled the rain.  Pre-Inca theology had Virachocha as “a man of medium height, white and dressed in a white robe like an alb secured round the waist, and that he carried a staff and a book in his hands” (De Gamboa, Pedro Sarmiento.  History of the Incas translated by Clements Markham, Cambridge, MA, USA: The Hakluyt Society 1907, pp. 28-58).  Virachocha (the name means “sea foam”) had one son (Inti) and two daughters, a trinity, who destroyed the earth and all the animals on it with a universal flood because of the sinfulness of people, pardoning only two people to bring civilization to the rest of the world: Manco Cápac, the son of Inti (sometimes taken as the son of Viracocha), which name means “splendid foundation”, and Mama Ocllo, which means “mother fertility”.  In another account, Viracocha had two sons, Imahmana Viracocha and Tocapo Virachocha. After the Great Flood and the Creation, Viracocha sent his sons to visit the tribes the sons created to the Northeast and Northwest to determine if they still obeyed his commandments (Viracocha traveled North). During their journey, Imaymana and Tocapo gave names to all the trees, flowers, fruits and herbs (there was no first woman). They also taught the tribes which of these were edible, which had medicinal properties, and which were poisonous. Eventually, Viracocha, Tocapo and Imahmana arrived at Cuzco (in modern-day Peru) and the Pacific seacoast where they walked across the water until they disappeared.

At the time the Gospels were being written, Asian theology was present in the Roman world), and throughout the Scandinavian world (with Ahti the most important water deity, but also Thor, Odin, etc who ruled over everything), and O-Wata-Tsu-Mi of Japan, Chac in Mayan theology, and so forth.  

Moschophoros (Athens 570 BCE)

“Borrowing” religious symbolism was common and took on an unusual urgency by the middle of the fourth century for the emerging groups of “brethren” who would people the congregations of “the lovers” when the Emperor Constantine decided to formally create his catholic [universal] church, calling a council of warring bishops to Nicaea to thrash out details and decide on a uniform code.  From this, and other such state-controlled councils in the East, symbolism played a critical role, such as the symbolism of Jesus carrying a lamb which is a part of the theology of Attis, Dionysus, Mithras, Apollonius of Tyana, and so forth, and is known both as μοσχάρι-κομιστή: calf-bearer and αρνί-κομιστή: lamb-bearer (Hermes: Ἑρμῆς. is the lamb-bearer (Hermes Kriophoros: Ερμής αρνί-κομιστή) and one of the crucified saviours of the ancient world).  In each case the lamb carrier /calf carrier is representative of a shepherd or cowherder who was in charge of protecting the flocks from predators (from the Latin praedātor:  plunderer and was used for “flock stealing” or taking from one religion to another by using lies).  From this symbol those who would proclaim themselves (or be proclaimed by others) as leaders (bishops: ἐπίσκοποι episkopoi, but does not become a recognized category until 108 CE, as defined by Ignatius of Antioch who held that a bishop had greater authority than a priest) or council of advisers (presbyters who exercised teaching, priestly, and administrative functions; from the Greek πρεσβύτερος (presbuteros), the comparative form of πρέσβυς (presbus), “old man”) determined that they would have to ensure purity of faith by expelling (and ultimately killing) heretics and apostates.

Justin Martyr (acclaimed a saint under the most dubious of circumstances, rewrote the Bible on his own, substituting Latin words that were/are not the equivalent of the Greek Koine) wrote in his First Apology 21: “When we say that the Word, who is the first-birth of God, was produced without sexual union, and that He, Jesus Christ, our Teacher, was crucified and died, and rose again, and ascended into heaven, we propound nothing different from what you believe regarding those whom you esteem sons of Jupiter.”  The actual New Testament text matches that of Buddhism.

Linus does not appearing in any document before the highly questionable writings of Irenæus of Lyons (d. 200 CE).  Linus is not mentioned again until Eusebius, the Arian bishop of Caesarea (ca. 339 CE).  In fact the original (old) Liber Pontificalis (Book of Popes: the oldest copy that I have in my private library is emended/edited by de Lutiis, Jacobi [bishop of Cajazzo] and Burckardi, Joannis (1497-16 Aug), Liber Pontificalis. Romae, Italia: Stephan Plannck, (dated) 16 Aug. 1497; the actual imprint reads: Per Magistrum Stephanum Plannck sedente Alexandro. vj. Pontifice Maximo, anno eius. v. M. CCCC.lxxxxvij. [1497] Die xvj. Augusti; text is in Latin and is published in two parts: I: the Popes to 715 CE, and II: Popes to 817 CE) bound in signatures) does not list Linus—but Clement (who never claimed to be a papa); Linus does not appear until the third-century spurious document Apostolic Constitutions surfaces (VII.iv.xlvi). 

There was no monoarchical Episcopal structure of church government in Rome until the fourth century (McBrien, Richard P (2005). Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI.  San Francisco, CA, USA: Harper, pp. 33-34).  There is but one mention of a Linus in the New Testament (2 Timothy 4:19-21: Greet Priscilla and Aquila and the household of Onesiphorus…: 19Ἄσπασαι Πρίσκαν καὶ Ἀκύλαν καὶ τὸν Ὀνησιφόρου οἶκον. 20Ἔραστος ἔμεινεν ἐν Κορίνθῳ, Τρόφιμον δὲ ἀπέλειπον ἐν Μιλήτῳ ἀσθενοῦντα. 21Σπούδασον πρὸ χειμῶνος ἐλθεῖν. Ἀσπάζεται σε Εὔβουλος καὶ Πούδης καὶ Λίνος καὶ Κλαυδία καὶ οἱ αδελφοὶ.  The majority of the new converts were women who had women leaders.  In the Letter to Timothy,  Linus plays a minor role and is recorded only as an afterthought (as is found in an early fifth century scroll in my private collection). 

There is no reference there that Linus was ever a bishop or ever at Rome—the closest one can speculate is the Linus mention in 2 Timothy (4:21) lived in Corinth, along with Pudens, Claudia (a female prophet/priest), “and all the brethren” (brethren was a word for “believers”).  More precisely, since others were mentioned before Linus, that situation shows that he was not considered “first” even among equals—but was a minor player in the emerging community.

Tertullian of Carthage (Africa)

Contemporary papalography is filled with errors. Lopes (Lopes, Antonino (1997), The Popes: The lives of the Pontiffs through 2000 years of History. Roma: Futura Edizoni, p. 1) makes the error of writing “Tertullian maintains that Cletus and not Linus was the successor to St. Peter”, while, in fact, Tertullian lists Clement (in some redactions Tertullian argues that the succession went first through Polycarp (Tertullian, De Prescriptionibus, in Patrologia Latina, xii; cf. Jerome, De vir. III., xv), not Cletus as the successor (Liber de praescriptione haereticorum).  Tertullian, however, does not use the word “papa” nor πάππας (pappas).  The first to carry the title of pope was the Patriarch of Alexandria, Pope Heracleus (232–249 CE), the 13th Alexandrine Patriarch.  The first historical first record is assigned to Pope Heraclas of Alexandria in a letter written by the bishop of Rome, Dionysius, to Philemon: τοῦτον ἐγὼ τὸν κανόνα καὶ τὸν τύπον παρὰ τοῦ μακαρίου πάπα ἡμῶν Ἡρακλᾶ παρέλαβον (I received this rule and ordinance from our blessed pope, Heraclas), as recorded by Eusebius the Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine, Historia Ecclesiastica VII.vii.7. 

Irenæus of Lyons, in his Adversus Haereses (III.iii.2-3, written about 180 CE–which makes it less valuable as it is not an eye-witness account nor a verifiable historical record of an incident that took place, allegedly, around 120 years earlier)—is on the order of the fable of George Washington cutting down a cherry tree—a tree that Japan would not send to the USA until 1912; the first trees imported in 1910, had to be destroyed because of an infection.  Irenæus bases his list upon tradition and there are no dates for his entries; his only reference to Linus, is in reference to Paul’s mention of Linus in his Letter of Timothy (itself of dubious origin).  Irenæus is not a reputable or valid source, for he claims, in error, that Paul and Peter started the church in Rome, but in Romans 15:20, Paul claims that he “should [not] build upon another man[’s] foundation (cf. Sullivan, F. A. (2001), op. cit., pp. 35, 147). Even more startling is Irenæus claim that “Peter and Paul” did not ordain or commission Linus, but appointed him, as Irenæus did not see either Peter or Paul as bishops (Sullivan, op. cit., p. 148). 

Ignatius of Antioch makes no mention of Linus or other successors in any of his writings, including his Letter of Polycarp of Smyrna.  Polycarp, who thinks well of Ignatius, makes no mention of Linus, Cletus or anyone who became “bishop of Rome” nor does he acknowledge in any of his eight epistles any “bishop of Rome” by name or title.  The Didache (Teaching of the Twelve Apostles) does not mention Linus, Cletus or anyone who became “bishop of Rome.”  At best, Rome was led by a college of presbyters (Sullivan, op. cit., pp. 13-15)—or teachers that included women.

Clement of Rome never declared himself to be a “bishop of Rome” nor did he ever sign any letter with that title (cf. Duffy, Eamon (2001). Saints & Sinners: A History of the Popes (2nd ed.) London, UK: Yale University Press, pp. 9-10, 13), and he made no reference to a Linus as a bishop—not even as an elder—of the church in Rome. The Roman Catholic scholar J. P. Kirsch (1910) writing in The Catholic Encyclopedia (vol. IX), notes that “Linus…his pontificate dates from the death of the Apostles Peter and Pau, which, however, is not known for certain…”  Even the “tomb” of Linus is rejected as historical (De Rossi, Giovanni Battista (1857) Inscriptiones christianae urbis Romae septimo saeculo antiquilores, Romae: Ex Officina Libraria Pontifica [real date: 1861]-1888, vol. II (published 1888), pp. 23-27).  In short, there is no historical evidence for either Peter or Linus. 

This is made clearer when reading the writings of John the Beloved—who, allegedly, was alive throughout the first century.  At no time, in no epistle or gospel, does John mention a “bishop of Rome” or a “vicar of Christ” by title.  No where is the name Linus found in any writing of John.

If there had been a bishop of Rome, a far more appropriate choice would have been John (if he even lived), as tradition tells us that he was the last of the Apostles (as with all the Twelve Apostles, who represented the known twelve constellations, there is no physical evidence that John ever lived nor wrote). John, however, would not accept such a pretension as it would be apostasy in his age.  Not even the madman John of Patmos (a creation of writers), who was definitely not John the Beloved but frequently confused as being the same man, in the Apocalypse makes no mention of a “bishop of Rome” nor the writings of any “pope”.  The only comment Patmos makes of the “leadership of the church” is the church that exists in Asia Minor (Revelation 1-3) with its leadership going back to the elders of Jerusalem, Antioch, and so forth.  Rome is not mentioned.

Various Roman Catholic scholars equally contest the assertion that Peter founded the Roman Catholic Church and established a see in Rome.  F. A. Sullivan (Sullivan, Francis (Alfred) (2001). From Apostles to Bishops: the Development of the Episcopacy in the Early Church.  Mahwah, NJ, USA: Newman Press; and, New York: Newman Press, pp. 80, 221-222) notes: “the available evidence indicates that the church in Rome was led by a college of presbyters, rather than by a single bishop, for at least several decades of the second century.”  Sullivan is supported by Richard P. McBrien (Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI. San Francisco, CA, USA: Harper, 2005, p. 34).  McBrien writes: “Early sources, including Eusebius, claim Linus held office for twelve years, but they are not clear about the exact dates or his exact pastoral role and authority.  …the Episcopal structure of church governance … still did not exist in Rome at this time.”

Contrary to the apologists for Linus and the myth of apostolic succession, history does not record either a “pope” or a “bishop of Rome” until late in the fourth century CE.  Such a pretentious claim does not appear until Siricius (384-399) who took the Greek word for father (papa) as his title (Lopes, A., op. cit., p. 13; cp. Epistle vi in Patrologia Latina (Migne, Jacques-Paul [1844-1891?]. Patrologiae cursus completes. Series Latina: sive bibliotheca universalis … omnium ss. Partum, doctorum scriptorium que ecclesiasticorum qui ab aevo apostolic ad usque Innocentii III tempora floruerunt. Parisiis [Paris, France]: Apud Garnien Fratres, editors et J.-P. Migne successors; hereafter cited as PL) XIII, col. 1164.)

No superiority was accounted for the “papa” in Rome.  Rome’s bishop, a personage slow to emerge, was but one “father” or priest (countering my own 1968 thesis An Apology for the Petrine Doctrine. Cedar Falls, IA, USA: University of Northern Iowa).  Rome’s bishop, once one was declared, was never considered infallible on any teaching or question of morality (infallibility does not become an article of faith in the Roman Catholic Church until 1870 at the First Vatican Council, and then over the protestations of the majority of clergy (cp. the bull Qui quorundam (1324) that condemned the doctrine of papal infallibility put forth by Franciscans as the “work of the devil”: Hasler, August Bernhard, (1981) How the Pope Became Infallible: Pius IX and the Politics of Persuasion (Doubleday; Garden City, NY), pp. 36-37); he was never seen as primate over other bishops nor even “first among equals” (Latin: Primus inter pares; Greek: Πρῶτος μεταξὺ ἴσων) and does not appear in Western tracts until 1054 (cf. D’Agostino, Michele Giuseppe (2008).  Il Primato della Sede di Roma in Leone IX (1049–1054). Studio dei testi latini nella controversia greco-romana nel periodo pregregoriano. Cinisello Balsamo, Italia: Edizioni San Paolo). It was blasphemy to consider such a pretender as supreme even in the early Middle Ages; cp. Bayer, Axel. Splatung der christenheit das sogenannte morgenlandische schisma von 1054. Köln : Böhlau Verlag, 2002) when the bishop of Rome attempted to impose his own interpretation on the “filioque” clause, and whether leavened or unleavened bread should be used in the Eucharist (cf. Hergenröther,  Joseph (1869) Monumenta Graeca ad Photium eiusque historiam pertinentiam, quae ex codicibus manuscriptis… Regensburg, Germany: Georg Tos. Manz, pp 62–71, reissued Farnborough: Gregg, 1969, who argues that Photius attempted to insert this divisive issue into the controversy; and, Hans-Georg Beck, Byzantinisches Lesebuch, München 1982, pp 245–247).  Rome had the “prerogative of honor” only because Rome was the imperial capital–until the New Rome (Constantinople) was built in Turkey (Second Ecumenical Council, Canon III), but that was heatedly debated that numerous other councils were called to wrestle with it.  The only bishops existed in Jerusalem by the end of the first century, and in Asia Minor by the second century.

Linus’ alleged successor Cletus (Anacletus: a Roman, also called, in error, Anencletus: a Greek; Irenæus, Eusebius, Augustine, Optatus, use both names indifferently as of one person) is also fiction.  There is significant work necessary to understand the name of this alleged pope, as in ancient Greek, Cletus translates as “one who has been called” while “Anacletus” translates as “one who has been called back.” Tertullian never mentions him, nor does anyone else within the first two centuries, yet later apologia, praises this pope that even the Bible does not mention nor any civil record, for requiring “priestly dress”—but there is no record of a priestly costume until the days of Constantine in the fourth century (Braun, Joseph (1912). Vestments translated by Michael T. Barrett, in The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. XV, New York, NY, USA: Robert Appleton Company).

What is clear is that there never was an “apostolic succession” as later popes claimed, as there is no record of direct succession, nor even agreement of who were popes. The entire Roman Catholic hierarchical structure is based on lies, mistranslations and pseudo-interpretations of documents: the majority of which are forged or redactions incorporating glosses into the text.  It was the same for the fabrication of persecutions in the early church, that even Roman Catholic scholars have been admitting for more than one century,  For example: “For between Nero and Domitian there is no mention of any persecution of the Roman Church; and Irenæus (1. c., III, iv, 3) from among the early Roman bishops designates only Telesphorus as a glorious martyr” (read: Kirsch J.P (1910). Transcribed by Gerard Haffner. Pope St. Linus. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IX) notes:

Hic temporibus suis, rogatus a quadam matrona Lucina, corpora apostolorum beati Petri et Pauli de Catacumbas levavit noctu: primum quidem corpus beati Pauli accepto beata Lucina posuit in praedio suo, via Ostense, iuxta locum ubi decollatus est; beati Petri accipit corpus beatus Cornelius episcopus et posuit iuxta locum ubi crucificus est, inter corpora sanctorum episcoporum, in templum Apollinis, in monte Aureum, in Vaticanum palatii Neroniani, III kal. iul.

(read: Edmundson, George (1913). The Church in Rome in the First Century: an Examination of Various Controverted Questions relating to its history, chronology, literature and traditions; eight lectures preached before the University of Oxford in the Year 1913 on the foundation of the Lat Reve. John Bampton known as The Bampton Lectures for 1913; London, UK and New York, NY, USA: Longmans, Green).

All those who died between Nero and Domitian, who were very few in number despite the histrionics of papal apologists, of and have subsequently been called and praised as “saints” (a title for anyone who, living or dying, believes in “the Christ”–it was not yet a part of the name of the Jesus of the New Testament in the first century–as found in 2 Corinthians 5:17; Ephesians 3:14-19; 2 Corinthians 13:5; in the Christian Bible there is only one person who is declared to be a saint: Aaron the brother of Moses Psalms 106:16-18, as even Saul of Tarsus/Paul said he was no saint:  Ephesians 3:8) left no record of testifying, and many sought death to end their earthly existence (suicide), yet their “martyrdoms” becoming the backbone of the Roman Catholic church and cause célèbreof Roman Catholic persecution of non-Roman Catholics—especially as seen in the unholy life and actions of the odious opportunistic founder of Opus Dei, Josemaria Escriva (among the greatest liars and propagandists within the Roman Catholic Church who required unwavering

Josemarie Escriva: the end justifies the means

and absolute obedience in all things; Josemarie Escriva, founder of Opus Dei wrote in his The Way: the faithful will use secrecy to obtain end results (The Way, No. 839), compromise is a form of laziness and weakness (The Way, No. 54), true Roman Catholics must follow blindly “in obedience” all Church teachings (The Way, No. 617 and in 941): “Blind obedience to your superior, the way of sanctity. Obedience in your apostolate, the only way; for, in a work of God, the spirit must be to obey or to leave.” Submission to religious authority is understood to be a good in itself, while calling non-Catholic schools, “pagan schools” (The Way, No.866). Escrivá de Balaguer, José María [also Josemaria] (1954, 1962 and 1979). The Way. Chicago, IL, USA: Scepter), Opus Dei cardinals (especially in the USAwhere deception is the rule, and Latin America where

Juan Luis Cipriani of Lima, Peru

thinking for one’s self (dissent) is rejected and denied as defended by the Peru College of [Roman Catholic] Bishops, whereas before 1971, dissent was recognized and even championed; this all was stopped with the elevation of nefarious Juan Luis Cipriani as archbishop of Lima who has even attacked the Pontifical University in Lima as “not Catholic” enough to suit his Opus Dei following, for he is a staunch member of the Opus Dei movement that seeks to suppress freedom of speech, inquiry, and advancement of the individual) and parasitic popes Urban II, Alexander VI, Leo X, Pius IX, Pius XII, John Paul II, and the ultimate predator propagandist Benedict XVI. 

Christianity took its concept of saints from Hinduism, a polytheistic religion that considers holy people to be “saints” derived from the Sanskrit sat (सद) (truth, reality) has overlapping usages, its root meaning being “one who knows the truth” or “one who has experienced Ultimate Reality” and ennobles them with the term Mahatma, Paramahamsa, or Swami, or with the titles Sri or Srila (cf. Pruthi, Raj and Ram, S(2008). Hindu Saints and Mysticism.New Delhi : Crescent Pub. Corp.; cp. Lāla, Rāma; Poddar, Hanuman Prasad; and Sampūrnānanda (1957). Bhārata ke santa-mahātmā : Bhārata ke 114 santa-mahātmāom ke jīvana kī rūparekhā. Bambaī : Vorā enda Kampanī Pabliśarsa; in Hindi).  What most Roman Catholics either do not know or reject is that “St. Cletus” was removed from the office General Roman Calendar as a saint in 1969 (although he does continue to appear in the Roman Martyrology as one of many saints of April 26; cf. Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), p. 121).

Clement of Rome

The fourth “bishop of Rome” is equally a phantasmal being.  Contemporary lists of popes give Clement as the fourth successor or Peter—but the only Clement in the Bible is found as an afterthought in Philippians 4:2-3: coming after (showing that Clement had little status) the salutations to the women Eudodia and Synthyche—but the reference is to a worker—not to an elder, presbyter or a bishop.  No where does it (or any contemporary document) say Clement was a preacher, priest or pope, not even in Rome.  Instead the text only claims that Clement resided in the Greek city-state (polis: πολίς) of Philippi.

Clement is not mentioned by John or any secular source in the first century.  Jerome comments that a Clement was “the fourth bishop of Rome after Peter” not in the sense of fourth successor, but fourth in a series that included Peter, and adds that “most of the Latins think that Clement was second after the apostle” but makes no affirmation of the rightness of this claim but in a redaction indicates that he came fourth—but without serious agreement (this disagreement is read easily in Irenæus’ Adversus Haereses III.iii.3).  Most of the biographical references to Clement were written in the fourth century as defense works attempting to justify the existence of an emerging bishopric of Rome, and there is no tie between this Clement and the Clement mentioned by “Paul” in Philippians 4:3 until the late third and into the fourth century CE. It is stated that Clement instituted the formulary of “the Trinity” for the Old Testament “The Lord lives”.  The Trinity is far older than Christianity.  

Osiric Trinity of ancient Egypt (Horus, Osiris, Isis)

The word Trinity is not found in the Bible.  The concept is far older–as old as ancient Egypt.  The Egyptians more than 3000 years ago had a belief in a life after death, a divine judgment, heaven and hell, and gave prayers to their gods with the invocation “the Lord lives” long before there were Hebrews or Christians. 

Much of what ancient Egypt had fashioned in its theology was plagiarized by the second century Christian church–when it did not take from its Jewish roots those parts it found economically beneficial in winning converts.

In Egyptian theology the trinity is a concept that  proclaims the inseparability of Osiris, Isis, and Horus.  Horus, the son, is recorded as having said, “My father [Osiris] and I are one” (cp. John 10:30). 

By the time of Judas Maccabeus the Egyptian Trinity was heralded as Isis (goddess of creation), Ra (god of the sun), El (husband or teaching spirit): Is-Ra-El (Yahweh was a war-god from the southern desert regions of Palestine, and later fashioned into an agricultural god that married the Canaanite goddess Asherah: Astarte; cf. Delitzsch, Friedrich (1903). Babel und Bibel. Leipzig, Germany: J. C. Hinrich and his Anmerkungen zu dem Vortrag Babel und Bible, 1903; Delitzsch was an Assyrian specialist).  Closer to Christianity is the Hindu Trinity, consisting of the TriGods:  Lord Brahma (the creator), Lord Vishnu (the preserver) and Lord Shiva (the destroyer). They are aspects of Iswara the manifest Brahman, the highest God of Hinduism.  The Hindu Trinity is not native to the Vedas, but were a part of the ancient Indian culture, and is thought to have appeared at least 2000 years before the advent of Vedic Aryans who settled in the north.  The Hindu Trinity is one god with three different abilities or personalities / purposes–much like the Christian Trinity.

“In Scripture [the Bible] there is as yet no single term by which the Three Divine Persons are denoted together…The word trias (of which the Latin trinitas is a translation) is first found in Theophilus of Antioch about A.D. 180…Afterwards it appears in its Latin form of trinitas in Tertullian (“De pud.” c. xxi)”. (The Blessed Trinity. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XV, 1912 by Robert Appleton Company. New York, NY, USA: Robert Appleton Company).

Clement is also noted for the introduction of liturgical vestments—but they did not exist at that time, nor even at the time of Stephen I (254-257), as noted by Mann (Mann, H. (1912) transcribed by Kenneth M. Caldwell, “Pope St. Stephen I” in The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. XIV. New York City, NY, USA: Robert Appleton Company), who wrote: “In his days the vestments worn by the clergy at Mass and other church services did not differ in shape or material from those ordinarily wore by the laity.”

The idea that Clement had authority over any other presbyter is absurd, especially by those who claim such a stature based on Epistle from Rome to the Corinthians that is surreptitiously ascribed as 1 Clement.  As Sullivan wrote, “1 Clement certainly does not support the theory that before the apostles died; they appointed one man as bishop in each of the churches they founded. This letter witnesses rather to the fact that in the last decade of the first century, the collegial ministry of a group of presbyters…was still maintained in the Pauline church of Corinth. This was most likely also the case in the church in Rome at this period” (Sullivan F.A. From Apostles to Bishops: op. cit. pp. 91, 101).

The fourth pope is alleged to have had the name of Evaristus.  He is not mentioned in the Bible or in any other document (civil or ecclesiastical). It is claimed that he instituted a group of seven deacons (one for each of the hills of Rome) to write down “the popes utterances” to avoid disputes over what each said, but these decretals are now known as Peudo-Isidore and considered forgeries and the general consensus is that they were written in the ninth century by Carolingian supporters to free the church and bishops from interference by the state and metropolitan archbishops (Kirsch J. P. (1909). Transcribed by Gerard Haffner. Pope St. Evaristus. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. V. New York, NY, USA: Robert Appleton Company; cp. Williams, Schafer (1973). “Codices Pseudo-Isidoriani, A Palaegraphico-Historical Study,” Monumenta Iuris Canonici Series C vol. 3, New York, NY, USA: Fordham University).  Nothing that the seven recorders where to have written down survives—nor a list of any popes, not even Evaristus—who was allegedly martyred, but there is no mention of any persecution in the Roman Church at this time (Irenæus, op. cit., 1.c. III, iv. 3).

Evaristus is alleged to have been followed by Alexander.  The only mention of an Alexander who followed Evaristus appears in one place: Irenæus, Adversus Haereses III, iii,3.  Legend has it that Alexander was only 20 years old when he was elected pope, and was quick to institute the use of Holy Water (dating from prehistoric and Paleolithic religions, known as chernips among ancient Greeks, the ancient Jews used it to determine purity in a woman (Numbers

Amrit Sanskar

5:12-31), the Sikhs use the term (Punjabi: ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ) for a ritual baptism ceremony known as Amrit Sanskar or Amrit Chhakhna.  It was popular among Mithraists from which Alexander took the concept; and, it would later be a part of Shi’a Islam as it is thought that by drinking the “healing water” the person would be cured of both physical and spiritual illnesses (Virani, Shafique (2007). The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, A Search for Salvation. New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press. p.107-108). 

Legend states that Alexander also prescribed that the “host” (bread) be made from unleavened dough (without yeast)–which would erupt into a battle of words and swords between Christians in the West and East.  The only other thing he is noted for is the continuation of ancient Roman superstition, such as the custom of purifying a house from evil influences by sprinkling salt on the structure and its rooms (constituit aquam sparsionis cum sale benedici in habitaculis hominum).  

Holy Water for Purification in the theology of the Goddess Isis

Duchesne and Tillemont (Duchesne, Louis; Vogel, Cyrille (1886). Liber Pontificalis, Paris, France: E. Thorin, I, 127. Tillemont, Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de (1693-1712), Memoires pour server à l’histoire ecclesiastique des six premiers siecles, par le Sieur D.T. [i.e De Tillemont]. Paris, France: Chez Charles Robustel, II, 590 sqq) both claim that Alexander came up with neither the idea of holy water or salt or similar superstitious practices, as none are biblically sanctioned—and none are in any contemporaneous records.  Holy Water and salt to purify a home, person, or temple is found in ancient Egypt with the worship of the Goddess Isis, in Pompeii and Rome–thousands of years before the invention of Christianity or any writing by its apologists.  Both were regularly used in places of worship, homes, businesses, and even public baths.

 Why Alexander, the alleged bishop of Rome was beheaded is unanswered in ancient records, but there is a subtle inference that he died because he was a young man who was subject to military service and refused to fight.  This would, in most cases, lead to execution.  A stronger argument against Alexander is that he could have been beheaded because of his age (he was, according to legend, the youngest–some claimed he was only 20 years-old–bishop of Rome, and there exists graffiti suggesting scandal during his term) and being single, which was seen as a threat to the Roman family and continuation of its people as with the dwindling population, reproduction was expected: celibacy and chastity were equally seen as unnatural and abnormal behavior.  It may have been that Alexander was seen as an Archigallus by the Romans. 

Priest of Cybele (courtesy of V Roma) Archigallus burning incense to the Magna Mater terra-cotta relief of the Isola Sacra cemetery 3rd century CE

The priesthood of the Archigallus is described as either being instituted sometime during the Imperial reign of Claudius (41-54 CE) or Antoninus Pius (137-161 CE). The Archigallus was always a Roman citizen chosen by the Quindecemviri Sacris Faciundis (fifteen [quindecim] members of a college (collegium) with priestly duties, from which, ultimately, would come cardinals–cardinālis–a word that originally meant ” door hinge” on which the gates to heaven swing open and shut), whose term of service lasted for life and the Archigallus was forbidden to be celibate or avoid human sexuality.  It was through the Archigallus and his rites that the Magna Mater’s blessings of health and well-being were conferred on the Emperor, the Imperial family, the Senate, the army and the Roman State and people as a whole, and to avoid sexuality and stay a virgin would bring down the wrath of the gods. This was especially critical as by the time of the death of Marcus Aurelius (180 CE), a plague—most likely smallpox—spread fast, killing approximately 2000 people a day.

The next pope, Sixtus I (originally spelled Xystus) is a further illusion—one with the least credibility. There is no existing records to his existence or the claims that he ordered holy furnishings be touched only by priests, the triple chant of Sanctus (common in ancient Etruscan theology and later imported into ancient Roman rituals where it was known as carmen (Putnam, Michael C. J. (2001). Horace’s Carmen Saeculare. New Haven, CT, USA and London, UK: Yale University Press. p. 133; Frances Hickson Hahn, “Performing the Sacred: Prayers and Hymns”, in Rüpke, Jörg (2007) A Companion to Roman Religion. Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell Publishers); it even was a part of the Hawaiian Kahunas before the unfortunate invasion by Christian missionaries), or the writing of two letters that are now considered universally to be apocryphal.     

Sixtus may never have existed, but was a part of numerology that was a part of all world religions.  The earliest list of bishops of Rome to survive is the one supplied by Irenæus who was known as a systematic writer who put everything into order.  The first twelve “popes” represented the twelve original Apostles, but with the loss of Judas Iscariot, there was vacancy, and that vacancy was the sixth from which the Latin name Sixtus comes. (Duffy, Eamon. Saints & Sinners: A History of the Popes. Yale University Press, New Haven (CT), 2002, p.14).                

Telesphorus is the eighth pope recorded after the fourth century by Eusebius of Caesarea: Historia Ecclesiastica iv.7; iv.14, in Greek: Εκκλησιαστική ιστορία), but that record we only have far later redactions on, as the originals were “lost”—most likely burned by apologists for Rome.  It may be have been, in part, reconstructed from later chronographers of the Byzantine school who made excerpts from the work. The tables of the second part have been preserved completely in a Latin translation by Jerome, but the Latin shows serious flaws with knowledge of the Greek and polemics did play a part in the translation and copying of the work. Both parts are still extant in an Armenian translation) places the beginning of his pontificate in the twelfth year of the reign of Emperor Hadrian (128–129) and gives the date of his death as being in the first year of the reign of Antoninus Pius (138–139). 

What other references to Telesphorus that exist are fragments—and are only recorded (as such) by later writers, such as Eusebius (for example: in a fragment of a letter from Irenæus to Pope Victor I during the Easter controversy in the late 2nd century, preserved by Eusebius, Irenæus testifies that Telesphorus was one of the Roman bishops who always celebrated Easter on Sunday, rather than on other days of the week according to the calculation of the Jewish Passover), who claims, as it is alleged by many Roman Catholics today, Telesphorus created the Christmas Eve Mass and its songs.  There is no proof of this, as both Irenæus and Tertullian (the latter who ultimately renounces Christianity and becomes a Manichean) omit Christmas Eve from their list of feasts–and they wrote the earliest records on the history of the church. 

Origen was insulted by the idea, claiming in Lev. Hom (Homilies on Leviticus) viii (Migne, Patrologia Graeca, XII, 495) that only sinners, not saints, celebrate their birthday.  Arnobius (VII, 32, in PL, V, 1264) ridicules such “birthdays” as reminiscent of pagan gods—which had as its source ancient Egyptian rites (Clement of Alexandria, Stromata, I, xxi in P.G., VIII, 888) says that certain Egyptian theologians “over curiously” assign, not the year alone, but the day of Christ’s birth, placing it on 25 Pachon (20 May) in the twenty-eighth year of Augustus (Martindale C (1908). Transcribed by Susanti A. Suastika. Christmas. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume III.  New York, NY, USA: Robert Appleton Company).   

All references to Telesphorus in the Liber Pontificalis are considered to be forgeries.  The Feast of Lent, and its fasting, does not appear anywhere before the fifth century CE.  Lent is a Teutonic word that denotes the forty days’ fast preceding Easter, originally meant no more than the spring season culminating in the worship of the goddess Oester (Easter).  (Thurston H (1910). Transcribed by Anthony A. Killeen. A.M.D.G. Lent. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IX. New York, NY, USA: Robert Appleton Company).    Until the 600s, Lent began on Quadragesima (Fortieth) Sunday, but Gregory the Great (c.540-604) moved it to a Wednesday, now called Ash Wednesday, to secure the exact number of 40 days in Lent—not counting Sundays, which were feast days. Gregory, who is regarded as the father of the medieval papacy, is also credited with the ceremony that gives the day its name, and is credited with establishing chanting as a way of appeasing god. 

Irenæus knows nothing about lent, and most contemporaries condemned it and chanting as pagan (it has existed in nearly every ancient religion, and is common in Buddhism, Hinduism (Vaishnavism where chanting is included to free the body from “sins” especially by calling on the god Krishna, known as “the Christ”, where it is written: “One who fasts, follows the Janmastami vow, and keeps an all-night vigil on this day becomes freed from the sins of ten million births”,  all Mesopotamian/Abrahamic religions, and now in Islam where it is known as Ramadhan), as with Arnobius:

“What say you, O wise sons of Erectheus? What, you citizens of Minerva? The mind is eager to know with what words you will defend what it is so dangerous to maintain, or what arts you have by which to give safety to personages and causes wounded so mortally. This is no false mistrust, nor are you assailed with lying accusations: the infamy of your Eleusinia is declared both by their base beginnings and by the records of ancient literature, by the very signs, in fine, which you use when questioned in receiving the sacred things,—” I have fasted, and drunk the draught; I have taken out of the mystic cist, and put into the wicker-basket; I have received again, and transferred to the little chest”

(Arnobius [of Sicca]. Adversus Paganos or Against the Heathen (also known as Against the Pagans and as Against the Gentiles), V.26; the original is in Latin; a good translation, in German, is Des Afrikaner’s Arnobius sieben Buecher wider die Heiden Landshut: v. Vogel, 1842).

Arnobius further notes: The feast of Jupiter is tomorrow. Jupiter, I suppose, dines, and must be satiated with great banquets, and long filled with eager cravings for food by fasting, and hungry after the usual interval (Adversus Paganos, VII.32).  The emerging Christian communities rapidly adopted the heathen custom of having great banquets at the end of Lent.

Alexander Hislop was among the first to write of Lent’s pagan antecedents:

The forty days’ abstinence of Lent was directly borrowed from the worshippers of the Babylonian goddess. Such a Lent of forty days, “in the spring of the year,” is still observed by the Yezidis or Pagan Devil-worshippers of Koordistan, who have inherited it from their early masters, the Babylonians. Such a Lent of forty days was held in spring by the Pagan Mexicans, for thus we read in Humboldt, where he gives account of Mexican observances: “Three days after the vernal equinox…began a solemn fast of forty days in honour of the sun.” Such a Lent of forty days was observed in Egypt, as may be seen on consulting Wilkinson’s Egyptians. This Egyptian Lent of forty days, we are informed by Landseer, in his Sabean Researches, was held expressly in commemoration of Adonis or Osiris, the great mediatorial god. At the same time, the rape of Proserpine seems to have been commemorated, and in a similar manner; for Julius Firmicus informs us that, for “forty nights” the “wailing for Proserpine” continued; and from Arnobius we learn that the fast which the Pagans observed, called “Castus” or the “sacred” fast, was, by the Christians in his time, believed to have been primarily in imitation of the long fast of Ceres, when for many days she determinedly refused to eat on account of her “excess of sorrow,” that is, on account of the loss of her daughter Proserpine, when carried away by Pluto…

Babylonians honored the resurrection of their god, Tammuz

Among the Pagans this Lent seems to have been an indispensable preliminary to the great annual festival in commemoration of the death and resurrection of Tammuz, which was celebrated by alternate weeping and rejoicing, and which, in many countries, was considerably later than the Christian festival, being observed in Palestine and Assyria in June, therefore called the “month of Tammuz”; in Egypt, about the middle of May, and in Britain, some time in April. To conciliate the Pagans to nominal Christianity, Rome, pursuing its usual policy, took measures to get the Christian and Pagan festivals amalgamated, and, by a complicated but skilful adjustment of the calendar, it was found no difficult matter, in general, to get Paganism and Christianity–now far sunk in idolatry–in this as in so many other things, to shake hands…

Lupercalia: the ancient custom of Lent

Let any one only read the atrocities that were commemorated during the “sacred fast” or Pagan Lent, as described by Arnobius and Clemens Alexandrinus, and surely he must blush for the Christianity of those who, with the full knowledge of all these abominations, “went down to Egypt for help” to stir up the languid devotion of the degenerate Church, and who could find no more excellent way to “revive” it, than by borrowing from so polluted a source; the absurdities and abominations connected with which the early Christian writers had held up to scorn. That Christians should ever think of introducing the Pagan abstinence of Lent was a sign of evil; it showed how low they had sunk, and it was also a cause of evil; it inevitably led to deeper degradation. Originally, even in Rome, Lent, with the preceding revelries of the Carnival, was entirely unknown; and even when fasting before the Christian Pasch was held to be necessary, it was by slow steps that, in this respect, it came to conform with the ritual of Paganism. What may have been the period of fasting in the Roman Church before sitting of the Nicene Council does not very clearly appear, but for a considerable period after that Council, we have distinct evidence that it did not exceed three weeks.

(Hislop, Alexander (1862). The Two Babylons, or, The papal worship proved to be the worship of Nimrod and his wife: with sixty-one woodcut illustrations from Nineveh, Babylon, Egypt, Pompeii, &c. Edinburgh, Scotland: James Wood, pp. 104-106, a revision of the 1858 publication that was printed privately in Edinburgh under the title The two Babylons: their identity, and the present antichrist also the last).

Telesphorus was, allegedly, succeeded by Hyginus.  Of him or his reign there is neither evidence nor the claim that he decreed that all children were to be baptized with godparents in attendance.  The only reference for Hyginus is in Eusebius’ Historia Ecclesiastica IV.xv-xvi, but it is not credible, being written two hundred years after the alleged bishop of Rome reigned.  Baptism is among the most ancient practices in all primitive religions, predating Christianity by at least 5000 years. Homer describes baptism as a “full body immersion” that initially was reserved for the gods, then the demigods (such as Achilles), and ultimately for mortals; baptism could be by water or fire (war, and flames).  The Tablets of Maklu saw baptism as a “spiritual cleansing” in the cult of Enke, lord of Eridu. 

Book of Going Forth by Day (Papyrus of Ani) preparing for Baptism

In the Book of Going Forth by Day in ancient Egypt, an entire treatise is devoted to baptizing newborn children to purify them of any blemishes acquired in the womb—an ideology that had as its source the theology of Osiris drowning in the Nile and being brought back to life by the washing of the water over his entire body. 

Ritual instruments for a crucified saviour (Cairo Egypt) 1285 BCE XIXth Dynasty

This ultimately led to the crucifixion of Osiris, as well as the invention of a special house to hide the god or the resurrection when he was not being worshipped.

Miniature shrine XVIIIth Dynasty ca 1325 BCE darkness to hide deity

Supreme Priests/Pontiffs, such as Seti I would oversee the receipt of special tithes and gifts to the crucified god.

Seti I consecrating offerings ca 1285 BCE XIX Dynasty

In the cult of Cybele—which became one of the parts of the great God Mithras—baptism was by blood in the right of sacrificing the bull (Taurobolium) to give the faithful greater vitality and virility (baptism has always had a sexual context, from rising from the water symbolizing the fetus leaving the womb to become a baby, to being covered with blood to endure hardships such as being wrongly beaten or being crucified, as with the ancient Akkadians: אַכַּד). 

Commemorative Taurobolium Altar (Rome ca 295 BCE)

The Emperor Theodosius the Great made Mithraism the only religion in the empire at the expense of Christianity, although the inscription appears no later than 134 CE and was widespread: from Asia Minor, Middle East, and so forth (Vermaseren, Maartan J. (1977).  Cybele and Attis: the Myth and the Cult. London, UK: Thames and Hudson p. 102).  By being baptized, the one receiving the water or blood gained “eternal life, being born again”.  The pagan origin of baptism was even noted in the early Christian communities that adopted the rite into their own ritual and rules:

“[Non-Christians] ascribe to their idols the imbuing of waters with the self-same efficacy [of purification]. … For washing is the channel through which they are initiated into some sacred rites–of some notorious Isis or Mithras…

Moreover, by carrying water around, and sprinkling it, they everywhere expiate country-seats, houses, temples, and whole cities: at all events, at the Apollinarian and Eleusinian games they are baptized; and they presume that the effect of their doing that is their regeneration and the remission of the penalties due to their perjuries.

Among the ancients, again, whoever had defiled himself with murder, was wont to go in quest of purifying waters.” –i.e. Washing away sin! [Tertullian, On Baptism, 5.]

Facts show that every sacrament, every act, every canon in the early Church was taken from ancient (“pagan”) religions and incorporated into Christianity before it became Paulinity.  This is seen in the legends laurelled around the first century popes—for whom there is no evidence, as Christianity borrowed salvation, baptism (including baptism of the dead in ancient Corinth (DeMaris, Richard (1996). Corinthian Religion and Baptism for the Dead (1 Corinthians 15:29): Insights from Archaeology and Anthropology. Provo, UT, USA: Maxwell Institute, p. 675) that gave rise to the ideology of the Mormons: Hugh Nibley, “Baptism for the Dead in Ancient Times,” in Nibley, Hugh; Compton, Todd; and Ricks, Stephen (1987). Mormonism and Early Christianity (Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Deseret Book and FARMS [Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies]), pp. 100-167), the Eucharist, heaven, hell, a virgin born Son of God—and more—from ancient Pagan religions. This matured under the mythological Pius I.

Legend has Pius I following Hyginus as pope. Concerning Pius I, there is no concrete information and no records.  The claim that he established Easter as a Christian celebration is wrong; that he decreed that Jews who converted to Christianity and” should be admitted and baptized) are forgeries.  It is said that Pius was influenced by Justin Martyr—but Justin has not been universally accepted as a Christian as he was judgmental, xenophobic and as his Dialogue with Trypho (especially chapter 80) shows, Justin was out of touch with the Greek world where Christianity began.  The only existing record of Pius I comes from a spurious source: Shepherd of Hermas (also known as The Pastor), written between the late second century and early third century and thus of no value to the discussion, save to note that it includes the line “The Pastor, moreover, did Hermas write very recently in our times in the city of Rome, while his brother bishop Pius sat in the chair of the Church of Rome.” The problem with the Pastor is that the author claims he was a former slave—and if he was the brother of Pius, both would have been slaves, which would be a stumbling block towards the papacy. (Caius, translated by S.D.F. Salmond, in Muratori, Lodovico Antonio (1738-1742) V.C. Antiquitates Italicae Medii aevi. Sive dissertations de moribus, ritibus, religion, regimine, aliisque faciem … Mediolani, Italia: Ex typographia Societatis Palatinae in regia curia. Vol. 3, col 854). Outside of that one line, nothing else exists.

Anicetus, it is claimed, followed Pius I.  Everything attributed to this claimant who has no documentation of having been a bishop or even having lived, can be traced to a different pretender or a later innovator. Anicetus’ main claim to fame was that he “dealt with” the Gnostic “heresy”—a heresy that lasted for generations more (Irenæus. Adversus Haereses III.iv.3 and iii.4).  What the Gnostic texts show is that few Roman Christians and no “bishop” had power over neither the Gnostics nor their theological interpretations. Other heretics included Justin Martyr (Eusebius Historia Ecclesiastica  IV.11). Justin, for example, did not believe in the immortality of the soul:

Trypho: “‘Therefore souls neither see God nor trans-migrate into other bodies; for they would know that so they are punished, and they would be afraid to commit even the most trivial sin afterwards. But that they can perceive that God exists, and that righteousness and piety are honourable, I also quite agree with you,’ said he.

Justin: “‘You are right,’ I replied.

Trypho: “‘These philosophers know nothing, then, about these things; for they cannot tell what a soul is.’

Justin: “‘It does not appear so.’

Trypho:“‘Nor ought it to be called immortal; for if it is immortal, it is plainly unbegotten.’ …

Justin: “God alone is unbegotten and incorruptible, and therefore He is God, but all other things after Him are created and corruptible. For this reason souls both die and are punished: since, if they were unbegotten, they would neither sin, nor be filled with folly, nor be cowardly, and again ferocious; nor would they willingly transform into swine, and serpents, and dogs and it would not indeed be just to compel them, if they be unbegotten” (Dialogue. IV-V).

Justin argued that the Jews (from which all Christians descended) erased parts of the Old Testament:

“And I wish you to observe, that they have altogether taken away many Scriptures from the translations effected by those seventy elders who were with Ptolemy…

Trypho remarked, “Whether [or not] the rulers of the people have erased any portion of the Scriptures, as you affirm, God knows; but it seems incredible.”

“Assuredly,” said I, “it does seem incredible”

(Justin Martyr. Dialogue with Trypho, LXXI, LXXIII). If “Scripture cannot be broken” (John 10:35), how can Justin claim parts were lost?  Furthermore, while the early Christians assumed that Jesus was a “new man”, the congregations held that the world was only about 3000 years old, yet Justin wrote: “And He was predicted before He appeared, first 5000 years before, and again 3000, then 2000, then 1000, and yet again 800; for in the succession of generations prophets after prophets arose” (The First Apology. XXXI).

Justin did have much in common with other pagan religions, especially Mithras, in his claim that Jesus was born in a cave:

And when those who record the mysteries of Mithras say that he was begotten of a rock, and call the place where those who believe in him are initiated a cave…they have attempted likewise to imitate the whole of Isaiah’s words?…’he shall dwell in the lofty cave of the strong rock. Bread shall be given to him, and his water [shall be] sure…’ (Trypho, LXX).

But when the Child was born in Bethlehem, since Joseph could not find lodging in that village, he took up his quarters in a certain cave near the village; and while they were there Mary brought forth the Christ and placed Him in a manger, and here the Magi who came from Arabia found Him. I have repeated to you what Isaiah foretold about the sign which foreshadowed the cave (Trypho LXXVIII).

The greatest apostasy found in Justin Martyr is his claim that Jesus died on a cross  (crux):

“And the physiological discussion concerning the Son of God in the Timæus of Plato, where he says, He placed him crosswise in the universe, he borrowed in like manner from Moses; for in the writings of Moses it is related how at that time , when the Israelites went out of Egypt and were in the wilderness, they fell in with poisonous beasts, both vipers and asps , and every kind of serpent, which slew the people; and that Moses, by the inspiration and influence of God, took brass, and made it into the figure of a cross , and set it in the holy tabernacle , and said to the people, If you look to this figure, and believe, you shall be saved thereby. And when this was done, it is recorded that the serpents died, and it is handed down that the people thus escaped death. Which things Plato reading, and not accurately understanding, and not apprehending that it was the figure of the cross, but taking it to be a placing crosswise, he said that the power next to the first God was placed crosswise in the universe. And as to his speaking of a third, he did this because he read, as we said above, that which was spoken by Moses, that the Spirit of God moved over the waters. For he gives the second place to the Logos which is with God, who he said was placed crosswise in the universe; and the third place to the Spirit who was said to be borne upon the water, saying, And the third around the third. And hear how the Spirit of prophecy signified through Moses that there should be a conflagration. He spoke thus: Everlasting fire shall descend, and shall devour to the pit beneath” (First Apology, LX).

The cross, however, comes from Plato’s Timaeus (Robert Grigg, “Symphōnian Aeidō tēs Basileias”: An Image of Imperial Harmony on the Base of the Column of Arcadius” The Art Bulletin 59.4 (December 1977:469-482) p. 477, note 42).

Martyr is a cornucopia of absurdities who went so far as to have Jesus becoming equal to the god Prometheus:

“And then, when Jesus had gone to the river Jordan, where John was baptizing, and when He had stepped into the water, a fire was kindled in the Jordan” (Dialogue. Chapter LXXXVIII).

There is no fire in mentioned in any biblical account of Jesus’ baptism (see Matthew 3:1-17; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22; John 1:29-34). Justin simply taught this without biblical support.

The actual attack on those who twisted reality came from other groups or individuals, such as Polycarp of Smyrna.

While one can labor over all the other popes that the Roman Catholic Church claims to have sat in the chair of Peter (a chair more mythological than real), none can claim the title before Siricius (d. 398) who was the first to use it (Epistle VI in P. L. XIII, 1164), and then only with imperial permission. The Bishop of Rome (later called the Pope) the senior religious figure in the Western Empire which was drifting into a Dark Age of superstition while enlightened thinking and dialogue continued strong in the East at Constantinople. 

Siricius

The Bishop of Rome was seen officially as the chief Christian cleric only by imperial proclamation postulated in 380 by the Edict of Thessalonica. The fact that Siricius did not to set himself apart, but assumed the role of a spiritual father or leader—unlike today’s bishops, cardinals and popes who have made the outlandish, unbiblical and unhistorical claim initiated by Pius IX that they speak infallibly and have primacy over other bishops, endeared him to the imperial house and to the people. The claim that all bishops of Rome spoke infallibly, based on Matthew 16:18, is neither biblical nor provable by history in any of its facets.

The only Supreme Pontiff was the Emperor, as Justin Martyr noted: 

The Emperor Caesar Titus Ælius Adrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, Supreme Pontiff, in the fifteenth year of his tribuneship, Consul for the third time, Father of the fatherland, to the Common Assembly of Asia, greeting: I should have thought that the gods themselves would see to it that such offenders should not escape. For if they had the power, they themselves would much rather punish those who refuse to worship them; but it is you who bring trouble on these persons, and accuse as the opinion of atheists that which they hold, and lay to their charge certain other things which we are unable to prove. But it would be advantageous to them that they should be thought to die for that of which they are accused, and they conquer you by being lavish of their lives rather than yield that obedience which you require of them. And regarding the earthquakes which have already happened and are now occurring, it is not seemly that you remind us of them, losing heart whenever they occur, and thus set your conduct in contrast with that of these men; for they have much greater confidence towards God than you yourselves have. And you, indeed, seem at such times to ignore the gods, and you neglect the temples, and make no recognition of the worship of God. And hence you are jealous of those who do serve Him, and persecute them to the death. Concerning such persons, some others also of the governors of provinces wrote to my most divine father; to whom he replied that they should not at all disturb such persons, unless they were found to be attempting anything against the Roman government. And to myself many have sent intimations regarding such persons, to whom I also replied in pursuance of my father’s judgment. But if any one has a matter to bring against any person of this class, merely as such a person, let the accused be acquitted of the charge, even though he should be found to be such an one; but let the accuser he amenable to justice.

(The First Apology. LXVIII; Epistle Of Antoninus To The Common Assembly Of Asia). The letter (epistle) is considered spurious.  A future bishop of Rome would not usurp this title until late in the fourth century. 

The earthquakes were interpreted by many early Christians as a sign of the End Times when god would return to the earth and purge it of evil and evil-doers, leading to a great war—a war that fleshes out the horror story of John Patmos.  The letter argues that such a thought is nonsense and that End Times is a concept created by those who feel themselves persecuted.  The Emperor was not a Christian, as noted in his words, “some others also of the governors of provinces wrote to my most divine father, to whom he replied that they should not at all disturb such persons, unless they were found to be attempting anything against the Roman government.”  The word “atheists” meant anyone (basically the various Christian cults) who did not accept the official gods; it should be translated as “without the gods” not as “against god”; the problems of translation and interpretation are numerous here as the people to whom this letter was addressed were basically illiterate and seeking immediate answers written down for them, without having to use their own marginal reasoning intellectual powers.

While numerous historians consider the character of Antoninus a success and his reign “a blessing”, there are others who take a different, unfavorable view, as with Schiller, Hermann (1887). Geschichte der rom. Kaiserzeit. (Handbücher der Alten Geschichte: Ser. 1., ; 3. Abt. 2) II, p. 138. Eusebius op. cit. IV.26.10; Marcus Aurelius forbade “spontaneous” outbreaks of violence against Christians as it was disruptive of the pax or peace of the realm, loc. cit. IV.13, which later Christian apologists have attempted to define as an acceptance of Christianity and subtle reference to imperial approval—that is a misreading of the document—as Christians did die, either because of being found guilty of inciting others, or because of their determination to commit suicide, which “the brethren of believers” declared to be “martyrdoms” even though the deaths did not qualify as martyrdom—a situation that even present day apologists acknowledge:

“The pages of the contemporary apologists, though lacking in detail, are ample proof that capital punishment was frequently inflicted. The passive attitude of Antoninus had no small influence on the internal development of Christianity. Heresy was then rampant on all sides; consequently, in order to strengthen the bonds of discipline and morality, and to enforce unity of doctrine, concerted action was called for. The tolerant attitude of the Emperor made possible a broad and vigorous activity on the part of the Christian bishops, one evidence of which is the institution of synods or councils of the Christian leaders, then first held on an extensive scale, and described at some length by Eusebius in his Church History. In this way, it may be said, the Emperor contributed to the development of Christian unity”

gives the contemporary reader more insight into the charges brought against Christians as being “workers” against the empire, withdrawn, exclusive, and unsupportive.  The synods were anything but peaceful, with bishops drawing weapons, congregants screaming, participants impeaching opposition parties and philosophies and theologies, and the bans against “heresies” returned in kind and extent.  Under stronger secular rulers, such nonsense and barbarity of the early congregations was not tolerated (Tertullian, Ad Scapulam, ix: the last treatise Tertullian wrote as a Christian before he left the cult in disgust and became a “born again pagan”, being attracted to the New Prophecy (Montanism with a theology similar to contemporary Pentecostalism and the New Apostolic Reformation; as Eusebius wrote:

“And he [Montanus] became beside himself, and being suddenly in a sort of frenzy and ecstasy, he raved, and began to babble and utter strange things, prophesying in a manner contrary to the constant custom of the Church handed down by tradition from the beginning.”

Eusebius, op. cit., V.xvi,7, who noted such actions have no biblical foundation; later Tertullian in De Resurectione Carnis (On the Resurrection of the Flesh) argued that the New Prophecy cleared up ambiguities in scripture, which the traditional church rejected; recognized female bishops and presbyters, and other “worldly” activities denounced by Epiphanius, Against Heresies, 49.2.5, thereby acknowledging its existence) despite being the teacher of Cyprian (and predecessor of Augustine); cf. Quacquarelli, Antonio (1957). Tertulliani Ad Scapulam. Prolegomeni, Testo Critico e Commento. (Opuscula Patrum, i.) pp. 131. Paris, France: Desclée et Cie., 1957; the only existing copies are dated from the fifteenth century.  My personal copy is Q. Septimii Florentis Tertulliani Apologeticus et Ad scapulam liber: accessit M. Minucius Felicis Octavius Cantabrigiæ: Ex officina Joan. Hayes … : impensis Henr Dickinson & Rich. Green …, 1686 . [8], 135 p.).  What is unique in this document is the introduction of “holy oil” to be used by and for extreme unction by “the brethren” facing death (Tertullian, Ad Scapulamiv): an old and pagan custom going back at least 3000  years from Pharaonic Egypt (the

Hieroglyphic at Abyd

Pharaoh is depicted being anointed by Horus (sun-god and “father” of Pharaoh) and Thoth (god of wisdom), the oil of which is symbolically depicted as a stream of ankh); the Abhishekionians believed that the virtues of one killed could be transferred to survivors if the latter rubbed themselves with his caul-fat: the fatty membrane that surrounds internal organs; such anointing has a long history in Hindu theology, as well as most other religions.  It was a major part of Gnosticism and is discussed in the Gospel of Philip as well as the Acts of Thomas.  In Buddhism, butter (including that of yak) is commonly used.  Hindus use anointing oils to get rid of illness and bad luck as well as demonic possession.

The Gods anointing, sanctifying, and bestowing authority on Egyptian Pharaohs

Anointing is not unique to Judaism nor Christianity, but was incorporated into both by “pagan” cultures and theologies.  Judaism adopted it for the ritual of enthroning a king from the Pharoahs, Hyksos and ancient Sumerians, while Christianity incorporated it from the various rituals current in Alexandria, Egypt and the cult of Horus where much of the Jesus story is found.

What can be discovered in existing records is not only the absence of information for apostolic succession and the papacy, but equally important is the reality that most of what is allegedly Christian is far older than the Bible.  Its message is found throughout the Roman Empire in earlier civilizations.  The creation of the Bible was nothing less than an attempt to revise or rewrite history so as to control an ignorant people.

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Filed under Ancient Egypt, Bible, Bishop of Rome, Church history, Roman Catholicism

Psychology of Suicide and Bullying–and how religion, school/classmates and family affect both

Katherine van Wormer, MSSW, PhD and Chuk Odiah, M.Sc, PhD of the University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, presented a study on suicide-murder and the death penalty, in 1999 (van Wormer, Katherine and Odiah, Chuk (1999). “The Psychology of Suicide-Murder and the Death Penalty” in Journal of Criminal Justice, 27(4), pp. 361-370). The UNI professors detail suicide to be not only a violent act but an act that is frequently the result of violence.

Violence is perpetrated by bullies: parents, children, religious and government figures, schools (teachers, principals, classmates, and so forth) and at the workplace by coworkers, supervisors, bosses, and owners.  Violence is also the weapon used by others who wish to appear and take on the trappings of authorities. 

Bullying leads some people to commit violent acts against others in quest of paying the supreme penalty for their actions: “Suicide, in other words, [is] not as the consequence of murder but, rather, … its cause”, van Wormer and Odiah claim.  Those who want to die, but are afraid of the believed pain in suicide, will seek out someone to kill them: either by putting themselves in harm’s way, paying an assassin, killing another person in hopes that law enforcement officials will end their existence, or killing and then taking their own life in fear that state retribution could be more painful.

As I noted in my earlier book, Evangelical Terrorism, suicides and violence are especially prevalent among fundamentalists groups and those that preach hatred is peace and tolerance is weakness, as found in Islam, Pentecostalism, The FAMiLY, and Latter Day Saints and is increased among evangelical fundamentalists to the point that they form a psychological dictatorship that destroys hope and personal self-esteem (Ide, Arthur Frederick (1986). Evangelical Terrorism: censorship, Falwell, Robertson, & the Seamy side of Christian Fundamentalism. Irving, TX, USA: Scholars Books).  Religion, while many psychologists have not commented on it because they have not studied it and its effect on others, is one of the greatest tools for subordination of people and the illusion(s) it fosters can weigh heavily leading many into reprehensible acts or violence, as with the jihad movement in Islam and Christian terrorists in India, Norway, and elsewhere.

Suicide is never the “coward’s way out” as popular legend has it–suicide takes courage.  It is not an action that is haphazard nor accidental.  It is not committed rashly, or suddenly.  It is premeditated, and is usually a response to violence that the victim can no longer endure, or is the product of neglect. The suicide victim sees no alternative and no place to go as the family, church, school, and coworker offers no understanding, help, or proffer solutions, and as said earlier, usually are the reason for the suicide.

Bullying in groups

Most young suicide victims take their own lives because they feel estranged and left-out of a significant circle of others, or are harassed and ridiculed by others for any number of reasons, as I will detail. 

Those who ultimately commit suicide frequently see themselves as outcasts.  Older students bully younger students; better built students bully those who are frail and appear unable to take care of themselves.  Older girls will bully younger boys: especially within families where the older child is the girl and the victim is a second son who appears as a threat to the ranking order of the siblings, since in many families there was a partiality or preference for a male child. The same is true if the first-born is a boy, the second born is a girl, and the third and subsequent are either gender but when the first-born is a boy, the boy tends to look upon others within the family as rivals unless the family unit treats all children equitably.  It is a primitive animalistic form known as a “pecking order” as is common with poultry and other animals where the senior member retains control rights by pecking at new members of the group or those introduced into the group without the consent of the leader.  Alfred Adler, who worked with Sigmund Freud, called it Ichgebundenheit.

Older children will bully younger children

When the suicide victim feels abandoned or neglected by his or her family there is ans increased potentiality and possibility of the lowering of self-esteem in the estimation of the one contemplating suicide.  If the one contemplating suicide believes that he or she is ostracized by a religious, fraternal or familial group, or is being bullied by someone who feels that by bullying another he or she is superior (whereas in reality they are suffering from an inferiority complex) the potential suicide victim withdraws more from the family or fraternal circle, finds escape in cyberspace and makes “friends” (acquaintances) who can be imaginary or implants by those who oppose the individual and desire that he or she commits suicide. 

Stronger and larger people will bully weaker and smaller people

Suicide is seen as a way of escape, as well as a way of asserting the victim’s final right of control over the self and to leave the confines of the primary unit: the family, church, school, or group, which the future suicide victim  internalizes, consciously (openly), subconsciously, or unconsciously as a way of fighting the bully by depriving the bully of his or her conquest over the victim.  The victim of bullying is afraid to, justifiably, strike out and hit the bullying parent, grandparent, son or daughter, niece or nephew, uncle or aunt, religious leader, teacher, or classmate regardless of age, gender or physical condition of the bully.  The idea of “respecting one’s elders” and “authority figures” has been ingrained by all religions as a way of maintaining their hold over the congregant (e.g. Sirach 3:1, ‘Mata Pita Guru Daivam’ in Hinduism, Exodus 20:12, Koran 4:36 and 6:151, Ephesians 6:12), but none of the world’s religions consider the reality that some parents are bad people, hurt and harm their children (Abraham did attempt to slay his own son: Genesis 22:5, Koran 37:100-111, a prototype for John 3:16, where god demands that Abraham “sacrifice a son” to him) to the point where the child commits suicide (it is a statistic that 44% of all suicides are the result of abuse at home; while the statistics vary from 60-90% accusing the father as being less sympathetic, especially in Australia, there is little mention of the social climate the father was brought up in, as in most patriarch societies, the male is taught to be aggressive and violent).  By not striking back as some victims are now doing by learning judo and other self-defense techniques including carrying pepper spray or weapons (read here and here and here and here), suicide becomes the last resort, especially when the future suicide victim believes that his or her religion rejects protestations against bullies if they are in the family or the religious center.  This is equally true when the person contemplating suicide is castigated or slammed because of a perceived lifestyle that is labeled as being outside the scope of what the faith has codified as acceptable and there is no one to talk to about personal matters.

Bullying by grade level (USA)

The rise in cases of bullying are getting more notice.  There are new studies and demographics illustrating this paralyzing phenomena.

Bullying can be emotional or psychological as well as physical.

Until recently, few have looked at the bully and what motivates bullying. The bully is anyone: a parent, classmate, religious figure, sibling, etc. Because bullies are found in every walk of life, every vocation, every religion and social outlet, it is critical to understand the psychology of a bully if we are to better understand the psychology of the person committing suicide. 

A bully is any individual struggling for attention, authority, and sadistically revels in causing emotional, psychological, and/or physical pain. The bully can be a narcissistic bully, imitative bully, impulsive bully, accidental bully.  What they have in common is low self-esteem and the desire to control–which is the reason for such bully organizations as Opus Dei (international, but originally started in Spain) and the Tea Party in the USA. This is especially true among religions seeking absolute control over the individual as occurred in the Roman Catholic Spanish Inquisition that led to the death of millions and thrives to this day in such nefarious groups as Opus Dei, Councils of Bishops or Elders, one-dimensional religious groups such as  the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Church (WELS), Pentecostalism, Mormons and evangelical communities such as within the New Apostolic Reformation of the twenty-first century.  It is found from Poland to Peru, the USA to UK, Canada to Chad, and throughout the world. 

With today’s advances in technology, sadism of the bully is made easier.  Sadism is a mental disease (Holt, S. E., Meloy, J. R., & Strack, S. (1999). “Sadism and psychopathy in violent and sexually violent offenders”. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. vol 27(1) 1999, 23-32), and most sadists are mentally ill, especially those who use religion as a cover for their hatred and bullying: seeking pleasure by creating, watching, and continuing suffering in those who submit to their cruelty (Kernberg, O. F. (1983). “Paranoid regression, sadistic control, and dishonesty in transference.” Revista de Psicoanalisis Vol 40(2) Mar-Apr 1983, 323-328; Lloyd, D. W. (1991). “Ritual child abuse: Understanding the controversies”.  Cultic Studies JournalVol 8(2) 1991, 122-133; and, Radomski, J., & Sulestrowska, H. (1988). “Aggressive-sadistic behavior as a major symptom in schizophrenic psychosis in a 13-year-old boy”.  Psychiatria Polska vol 22(3) May-Jun 1988, 269-271; the role that sadism plays in religion is acute, especially in such sadistic groups as Opus Dei; cf. Sorensen, A. (2003). “Evil between ontology and inner experience – Georges Bataille”. Psyke & Logosvol 24(1) 2003, 361-389, and Hammand, J. (2000). “The Rod of Discipline: Masochism, Sadism, and the Judeo-Christian Religion,” Journal of Religion and Health. vol. 39.4,  pp. 319-328, as found in Proverbs 13:24, and enjoined by such sadists as the Roman Catholic church–especially Opus Dei, Martin Luther (Luther, Werk 54:157, 234-235, in German) and Jean Calvin (who defined anyone who rebelled against religious authority as a child, and decreed that “children can be executed” for rebellion, with young children being hanged, and very young children being hanged by the arms; Picot, History of Geneva, in 8 vols., t. II, p. 264, p. 355, cf. Robert M. Kingdon, Adultery and Divorce in Calvin’s Geneva. Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press, 1995, pp. 355-357 seq; Calvin also demanded the death sentence for adultery and blasphemy: “Sur les paillardises, adulteres, blasphemes, juremens et despitemens de Dieu”), most Protestant groups, and Islam, and hate groups such as Focus on the Family and the state legislature of Michigan). Today’s bullies can cause irreparable mental anguish and suffering by spewing hate messages on the internet: the most common means of choice being Facebook, MySpace, or other popular sites. 

What is a bully?

The bully has a distinctive pattern of deliberately harming and humiliating others in order to get what the bully wants: attention, subjugation of others to order them around as he or she wishes, adulation, and reverence.  To this end the greatest bullies in the world are members of the clergy, and those who claim to be defending “the faith”, who insist on a common lifestyle of and among the faithful, with the leaders of religions being the most bellicose, braying “you must stay married even if your partner has no love for you,” “you must marry to keep the precepts of god to ‘go forth, be fruitful, multiply,” “you must carry an unwanted zygote/fetus even if it is the product of rape, incest, has little to no chance for survival, or will be complete at the time of its birth,” and so forth (cp. Chernus, Ira (2006). Monsters to Destroy: the Neoconservative War on Terror and Sin. Boulder, CO, USA: Paradigm Publishers). 

Realities of bullying

Religion, in most cases is a shield to protect the sadism of the bully.  Those who bully in the name of religion use their assorted scripture to justify their actions.  They claim that what they want, their deity also wants. The bully sees himself or herself as the hand of god–a god of raw vengeance and cruelty whose will must be done if there is to be peace on the planet (cp. Luke 22:42 and Psalm 40:7-8).  Furthermore, the bully uses the idea of his or her god as his or her way of spreading the faith, being obedient to the faith, and having unquestioned loyalty to the faith: the basic foundation of the most odious and opportunistic organization known as Opus Dei.

Opus Dei New Hampshire protesting abortion

Abortion is among the favored bully clubs of the conservative religious, especially among the Roman Catholic hierarchy where none of the men could become pregnant (if they could, as I have written earlier, abortion would be proclaimed a sacrament), but still belt out “No abortion!” This mantra is ministered to those without measure, regardless if it is a child who has been repeatedly raped by a family member, or been sexually assaulted

Children abandoned on streets of Peru

by a classmate, teacher, religious official, or any other person—even though carrying the fetus to term can irreparably scar the student emotionally and psychologically. Children who are raped and become pregnant are abandoned on the streets of towns and cities, from Los Angeles, California to Lima, Peru–and beyond (The Consortium for Street Children’s State of the World’s Street Children: Violence report (2007) p. 17).  While the “Pro-Life” forces want to “protect the unborn” they do nothing to help it once it is born and, in the case of Roman Catholic countries, abandon the baby and the mother to poverty and life in the street–with the sole source of income frequently being prostitution, but the infant, if it survives its early years, is set to work in bazaars and open air markets.  The churches, schools, and communities do nothing but bully the abandoned children, especially those who become pregnant, by screaming “No abortion.” Those who are born have little chance of any future in any nation, and are subject to bullying.

Abandoned girl working in market in Peru

Many poor, around the world, turn to drugs before contemplating suicide. 

Glue sniffing in Peru

While drugs are expensive, they can be stolen, purchased with prostitution, or found in inexpensive formats, such as glue sniffing that is becoming increasingly popular among the poor in Latin America and other Roman Catholic controlled countries.

Bullies seek out those who lack assertiveness and radiate fear—telltale signs that bullies gravitate to in the same manner as sadists and masochists find each other.  After religion and religious leaders, the second greatest number of bullies comes from within the family: with the bullies being older siblings in most cases.  Sex is often a criteria, with older siblings worried that younger ones will masturbate and will either encourage or take the child to a prostitute—the reason being that the sin of Onan was masturbation (it was coitus interruptus: Genesis 38:8-10), while prostitution is referenced repeatedly in the Old Testament, even with Onan’s father having sex with his daughter-in-law in Genesis 38:15-16, and so forth).  The story of Onan and his “sin” has become a mainstay for Opus Dei.

Opus Dei is the greatest and most powerful organized hate group in the world, its tentacles reaching out and controls schools around the world, strangling personal identities and suffocating the flicker of democracy and freedom, teaching hate and doing nothing to counter bullying.  It continues to live the story of Judah and his whoring ways while distorting reality and rifling in on human sexuality as a target to control people. 

In Perú bullying is especially common in Opus Dei colegios, and in other religious schools—where celibacy and virginity are preached as admirable goals but seldom practiced and little is said unless a girl comes to class pregnant (some as young as the age of ten and eleven)—and then to be bullied for becoming pregnant while at the same time denied an abortion or offered comfort if the fertilized zygote/fetus is the result of rape or (more commonly) incest.  When I taught, for a short time, at one of the more exclusive Roman Catholic secondary schools in Lambayeque Province in Peru, it was common to hear 12 and 13 year-old girls warn female classmates that if they did not have sex with boys they would not be allowed to participate in their groups.  Those who refused the orders barked out by the wealthier students were hounded both on the patios and open areas, chided as being lesbians, and were physically attacked: their hair pulled, stomachs punched, and notes slipped to them urging them to commit suicide; when I reported this to the principal—who has since been transferred to Rome—the religious Order in charge of the school did nothing.  The priest only nodded and returned to his prayers. 

When I complained to those who claimed to be psychologists, I was informed “it is the culture, here” and instructed to say nothing.  Sexuality was far higher than contraceptive use because of religious leaders’ disapproval, and it was not on infrequent occasions that I would enter the restroom to find students from ages 12 to 18 engaged in sexual acts.  

After reminding students who were openly fondling one another during a video in the library that such action was inappropriate behavior and I would not accept it, I was denounced by the students as being against “our culture” as such action “is better than homosexuality.”  There is such an overwhelming fear of homosexuality, with the Biblical story of Onan being used as an example of incorrect sexual activity, that anyone who is not involved in heterosexual sex is automatically ridiculed, bullied and, as I heard on numerous occasions, told that they would “be better off dead”—statements that brought a rigid orthodoxy of concurrence from the priests.

The cruelty of bullying in school

Students who did not conform to the sexual code of the school had their lockers vandalized, obscene graffiti sprayed on the doors and on their personal belongings, books destroyed, and material stolen.  This matched what I had heard at other parochial (basically Roman Catholic, but equally prevalent in Baptist, Adventist, and other Protestant centers), private, and secular schools, and was intense at public schools. More than 70% of all students (85% female, 60% male) had gone through this form of sexual harassment and bullying, with teachers and classmates equally prone to bullying those believed to be “virgins”.  While I was teaching in the provinces, the same was common in Lima, but the percentage was higher in the shanty towns surrounding the capital city–especially in the public schools where education is at best a farce (the teachers are unprepared, their educational background minimal, their understanding of engaging students nonexistent, and their purpose for teaching was to earn money), as demonstrated when Antonio Chang, then Minister of Education, tested 300,000 teachers in 2005, and only 151 barely passed (surprisingly, 76% of the population approved of the testing).  I quit within a few days and began publishing on corruption in Perú’s education system and schools and universities.

The twisted standards on human sexuality were everywhere I taught: not to be engaged in heterosexual sex brought bullying, becoming pregnant presaged bullying, and seeking out and possibly obtaining an abortion did not assuage the bullying but intensified it frequently leading to the rape/incest victim to committing suicide even though abortion to save a woman’s life is technically legal although Cipriani (a close friend and supporter of the Peruvian dictator Fujimori and his daughter Keiko and son Hiro, as Cipriani’s goal has always been total and complete control over all of Peru; read Footnote 1, below) continues to chortle that such an abortion is murder (while the cardinal has been investigated as an accomplice in murder in Lima, and regularly interferes with the private life of all Peruvians—including non-Catholics) even if the carrier of the fetus dies (there are between 350,000 and 400,000 abortions each year in Peru) and is supported by 53% of the people polled, there is the other side that notes: Este tipo de discrepancias revelan las verdaderas intenciones de la ley. … controlar la capacidad de las mujeres de tomar decisiones sobre su cuerpo. Permitimos que el aborto se practique, pero no de manera abierta porque esto último daría demasiada libertad a las mujeres en una decisión que sentimos que afecta el sostenimiento de la sociedad. [Such discrepancies reveal the true intentions of the law. … control the ability of women to make decisions about her body. We allow abortions to be carried out, but not in an open manner because that would give too much freedom to women in a decision that we feel that affects the sustainability of society] also read here.  The youngest female became a mother at age five

Women in Peru protest in favor of abortion

Watch what happens in Peru here: http://vimeo.com/15606635 given the current ignorance of Carlos Alberto Tejada Noriega, Head of the Ministry of Health in Peru.  It is past time to say no to the Roman Catholic church that is destroying Peru and Latin America by its antiquated and illogical ideology that is not supported by medical science.  Bans on abortion risk the lives of women and increase poverty: twin goals sought by Lima’s cardinal Cipriani and Opus Dei.  In Peru and Latin America, religion is the greatest and most deadly bully with the bully club swung against the young by Opus Dei and Lima’s Juan Luis Cipriani. 

Josemaria Escriva (founder of Opus Dei)

Opus Dei uses sex, intimidation, religion and its assorted paranoia of promises of perdition and persecution in this world and “the next” as a means to control its members and those people with whom its members associate.  The leaders of Opus Dei have declared war on dissent, demand censorship of books, magazines, articles, even open forums at universities.  While Dan Brown’s book The Da Vinci Code is fiction, the account of Opus Dei is based on fact (read Footnote 2, below), including the claim that scruples and traditional values are to be rejected if it can lead to converting anyone to “the faith” and self-flagellation required of believers, while the flagitious founder of Opus Dei—Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer y Albás (9 January 1902 – 26 June 1975) who had the support and endorsement of Karol Józef Wojtyła—the agathokakological man who would become Pope John Paul II and was instrumental in declaring Escriva a saint as a political move depraved of any charitable characteristics—wrote in his book The Way that the faithful will use secrecy to obtain end results (The Way, No. 839), compromise is a form of laziness and weakness (The Way, No. 54), true Roman Catholics must follow blindly “in obedience” all Church teachings (The Way, No. 617 and in 941): “Blind obedience to your superior, the way of sanctity. Obedience in your apostolate, the only way; for, in a work of God, the spirit must be to obey or to leave.” Submission to religious authority is understood to be a good in itself, while calling non-Catholic schools, “pagan schools” (The Way, No.866).  Modern enlightened thinkers, such as Voltaire (The Way, No. 849) were/are instruments of darkness.   Opus Dei is like the Vatican has spent its history on suppressing truth, distorting what was said, and codifying rules to maintain a docile following. Private interpretation of anything is forbidden; students engaged in interpretation must interpret and translate according to the dictates of the Roman Catholic Church. Bullying of those who do not conform or follow The Way is at the forefront, especially if celibacy is determined for a student by a numerary (one of the chosen followers of Opus Dei whose election is foretold: John Allen (2005). Opus Dei: An Objective Look Behind the Myths and Reality of the Most Controversial Force in the Catholic Church. New York, NY, USA: Doubleday Religion; while the complete list of Opus Dei members is not available to the public, some lists do exist).  

As corrupt as is Opus Dei, Opus Dei is equally matched in the USA by numerous certified hate groups:  Focus on the Family, The FAMiLY, Americans for Prosperity, Lion and Lamb Ministries, Eagle Forum, and so forth, where bullying is seen as a challenge to “fight back with the gospel” and those who complain are considered weak for not “offering their pain to Jesus.”

The third greatest number is found in the workplace or school (a typical bully is Donald Trump, who was known as a bully since he was age 13).   Bullying in the workplace is on the rise: the bullies being coworkers, supervisors, managers, corporate leaders, and owners (cf. Sperry, Len (ed., 2009). “Workplace Mobbing and Bullying” in Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research. 61.3 (September), pp. 190-201; cp. Kilburg, Richard R. loc. cit., pp. 268-275; and, MacDoanld, Geoff and Jensen-Campbell, Lauri A. (2010), Social Pain: Neuropsychological and Health Implications of Loss and Exclusion. Washington, DC, USA: American Psychological Association). 

Women are among the greatest offenders of bullying on the job

Frequently it is “the boss” who is the bully, making unreasonable demands, telephoning the employee at the employee’s home at unusual hours, and requiring evaluations only to ridicule them showing the boss’ insecurity and frequently inability to do the work required, while self-glorifying himself or herself by degrading the individual who does the most, has the greatest talent and offers the soundest solutions that could profit and benefit the company and coworkers.  Forms of workplace bullying include: moving employes without advanced notice,  replacing long-existing contracts with new short-term contracts on less favourable terms with the accompanying threat of “agree to this or else”, increasing workloads, changing work schedules, changing roles and assignments of employees, blocking or terminating career progression paths, making sexual demands, insisting on conformity, requiring “favors” including menial and demeaning tasks. At the same time as bullying is increasing in the workplace, so, too, are workplace suicides, mass murders followed by the killer taking his or her own life.  In Canada, one out of every six people are bullied in the workplace, and for many it is god’s vengeance and the fulfillment of the promise of Opus Dei.  In the USA, 70% of all employees experience bullying at work, while Spain records only 14% report being bullied (but that is because Spanish workers are afraid to come forward and admit to being bullied and have been threatened by employers and the churches if they speak out against bullying, as employers and religious leaders claim that such actions are the will of god).  Most bullied people consider god to be the architect and enforcer of bullying.

Lori Drew and daughter Sarah Drew

Many of those who are bullied are not only bullied at work or in school, but it is increasingly more common to be bullied in cyberspace: over the internet.  Cyberbullying has led to numerous suicides, and the cyber bullies are not just other classmates or coworkers, but their friends and family, as is the case with 50-year-old Lori Drew of Missouri who was found guilty cyberbullying in a federal court for her role in the suicide of 13-year-old Megan Meir (United States vLori Drew, 259 F.R.D. 449 (C.D. Cal. 2009). The judge later acquitted Drew who admitted to her instigating the bullying, claiming that she did it to protect her family and was working to help her daughter Sarah take action against the friend who had decided against remaining a friend of her daughter after transferring to a local Roman Catholic school and had made new friends.  Drew knew Megan Meier personally: the

Megan Meier

young girl lived only four houses down the street from the Drews. This led the Drews to create a fictitious internet lover: Josh Evans.  Drew, who wrote as if she were Josh, wrote to Megan that the world would be a better place if she killed herself–a common ploy among cyber bullies.  Megan, after reading the e-mail from Josh was found a few minutes later having hanged her self in her bedroom closet.  This repeated itself in Missouri when Elizabeth Thrasher (age 41) cyber bullied the 17-year-old daughter of her ex-husband in May 2009 by putting the teenager’s photo, workplace, e-mail address and cell phone number on a section of Craigslist for people seeking sexual encounters.

Elizabeth Thrasher

Suicide is the eleventh largest killer in the USA.  It has equally astonishing statistics worldwide.  No less than one million people succeeding in killing themselves every year around the world. It is the third main reason for deaths among the young: ages 15 to 24, with suicides now occurring even in those who are in their pre-teenage years.  To actually commit suicides depends on factors such as fearlessness and being able to tolerate pain and to act impulsively.  Fearlessness is a conditioned response that leads to enduring abuse: whether from abuse by others or by their own hands, and it grows gradually until the suicide has grown tolerant of physical discomfort but cannot cope with the mental anguish that bullies from the pulpit, at the table, in the classroom or school yard heap out like sewage from their own twisted mentality to torture those least able to understand aspersions and defamation and have no one to whom he or she could turn for succor or for understanding. 

Cyber bullying

While most adults age 40-65 turn to suicide as a way to avoid facing financial bankruptcy, job or family loss.  In the USA it is primarily an escape route for men, with in the US is 17.7 per 100,000 among men compared to 4.5 per 100,000 women committing suicide in 2005

Women, more than men, attempt to harm themselves (which is wrongly labeled as attempted suicide) because of living in overcrowded conditions, conflict with their families (extended and internal), with disrupted childhoods, history of drinking, criminal behavior, and violence. Individuals under these stresses become anxious and depressed and then, usually in reaction to a single particular crisis, they attempt to harm themselves and frequently their children. 

Bullying statistics

Children commit suicide because they are ridiculed about their weight, size, perceived sexual orientation, or academic and social performance.  Those most responsible for suicide among children are classmates, teachers, and family members.  Religion has its role as well, in child suicides, especially in Islam where children are openly recruited to be suicide bombers to prove their love for their god (Allah).  The rise in child suicides in Muslim lands in the Middle East has grown sharply, with children as young as four and five committing suicide in religious devotion.

Child suicide bomber in Muslim world encouraged by the family

Suicide affects both the victim and those who remain after the death. The most common response is denial.  The immediate family, most commonly, rejects that there was any estrangement within the family, arguing that all were happy and mutually loving, and that the act was not suicidal, but the result of an unfortunate accident.  Research shows the opposite:  the suicides are frequently the result of family bullying: a parent or sibling or other relative attempting to control a weaker member or a member who is different from the bully or the family.  This is commonly the case with a homosexual member who is bullied by heterosexuals in the family into having a “companion” of the opposite gender. 

In many Latin and Muslim communities the presumed homosexual family member is taken to a prostitute if a male as early as age ten, or raped if the suspected homosexual is female (Hovey, JD (1999). “Religion and suicidal ideation in a sample of Latin American immigrants.” Psychological Reports 85:171–177; the article further notes fear of religion stops many Latin Americans from completing a suicide attempt). There is no claim within the article that religion is good—or bad—but that fear can control actions, something that all dictators have learned and used against people throughout secular and religious history.  It was fear that sustained and led to the raison d’être for Christian and Arab crusades, the Spanish Inquisition, the Thirty Years War, Adolf Hitler, Idi Amin, the current curia in the Vatican and the protestations of the German pope, and the Latter Day Saints Apostleship.  The same is true if the victim placed himself or herself outside of the family’s religious beliefs, circle, or institution, especially if the victim was homosexual and his or her religion denounced/condemned homosexuality and enjoined reparative therapy (a malpractice that has been denounced by every professional psychological and psychiatric association (cf. Kjaer R., and Selle, M.S. (2004). Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen.  September 23, 124(18):2396, cp. Saocarides, CW and Kaufman, B. (1994). “Reparative Therapy” in American Journal of Psychiatry January 151(1):157-159).

Homosexuality is a major problem of perception.  Orientation is genetic (in a private communication I received from Professor Katherine van Wormer at the University of Northern Iowa, Dr. van Wormer noted that she is not convinced that homosexuality is genetic; as she wrote: I’d say biological; it seems to stem from activity in the mother’s womb. I agree it’s not a choice….; I will do further research on this issue for another article. My thanks to my colleague, as I took an early graduate degree from UNI in 1968, and feel the university to be one of my many homes) and not chosen nor conditioned according to the American Psychiatric Association and all other health organizations.  Homosexual orientation is not a mental disorder. Bigotry (cf. Vedantam S. “Psychiatry ponders whether extreme bias can be an illness.” Washington Post. December 10, 2005: A1; and, Dunbar E. (1997). “The relationship of DSM diagnostic criteria and Gough’s Prejudice Scale: exploring the clinical manifestations of the prejudiced personality.” Cultural Diversity and Mental Health 3:247-257), homophobia, xenophobia, however, are mental disorders (read here and here).

Homophobic bullying in the UK

The individual who commits suicide because he or she is labeled, discriminated against, or bullied as a homosexual may not be homosexual—but the stigma placed on homosexuality through ignorance codified as religion will inspire and encourage some to commit suicide.  This ignorance about homosexuality is especially true in fundamentalist religious movements (especially among Mormons, WELS, Orthodox Jews and Roman Catholics) where parents, religious officials, and family read bad translations of ancient literature and attempt to instill and include the word homosexual within the alleged sacred text—even though the word homosexual was not even coined until the end of the nineteenth century (Albert Philibert Franz von Schrenck-Notzing; Charles Gilbert Chaddock (1895). Therapeutic suggestion in psychopathia sexualis (pathological manifestations of the sexual sense), with especial reference to contrary sexual instinct. Philadelphia, PA, USA: F. A. Davis; it does not appear in any English American Bible before 1973 (New International Version: NIV), and does not appear in any of the original languages: Hebrew, Greek, Latin, etc.).  The cruelest religions in this regard are Judaism, Christianity, and especially Islam and the Latter Day Saints (Mormons), even though homosexuality is not mentioned by name, yes same-sex love is (as with the case of Jonathan and David (1 Samuel 18; if one reads the Bible literally), Ruth and Naomi (Ruth 1:14 seq, cp. Genesis 2:24), and others; Romans 1:26-27 is about shrine prostitution if read in the original and not through a faulty translation, cp. Aristides, Apology Sec. 16, paragraph 2).

Those who reject suicide as a motive to leave torment behind are mistaken.  While Ernest Becker (1973), argued that the human notion of death is strongly psychoanalytical, views the fear of death as a universal phenomenon, this is incorrect, as it implies that all people fear death because of some divine punishment (such as hell) awaiting the suicide or that there might not be an afterlife (Becker, Ernest (1973). The Denial of Death. New York: Free Press).  This ignores the material showing that the suicide victim wants to escape pain and suffering brought on by any degree of bullying: from name calling and erroneous biblical recitations as Dakota Ary preachificated in Fort Worth Texas, or protestations by grandstanding teachers such as Viki Knox of New Jersey who prophesied “eternal damnation” for any member of the LGBT community, to the mealy mincing of reality by Iowa’s religious Fuehrer Bob Vander Plaats—a theocrat seeking the end of democracy in the USA and establishment of a theocracy on the order of Rick Perry, Michele Bachmann,  Rick Santorum and Governor Sam Brownback who converted from evangelical Protestantism to Roman Catholicism are both members of Opus Dei who want a government in the USA on the order of Iran, and others who has no training in theology or psychology (in this quest they are supported by the four USA Opus Dei bishops: Archbishop José Gomez of San Antonio, Archbishop John Myers of Newark, New Jersey, Bishop Robert Finn of Kansas City-St. Joseph in Missouri and Bishop Nicholas Anthony DiMarzio of Brooklyn, New York all who have opposed any anti-bullying legislation or rights for women; there are a total of 24 Opus Dei bishops in the Roman Catholic church.   This has not stopped Vander Plaats who has set himself up as an authority on human emotions and psychophysical identification, justifying the survey that shows that two out of three people in the USA believe that organized religion (churches) actively contribute to suicides among LGBT people even though all religions have homosexuals in their leadership roles from pastors and rabbis to priests and bishops, even in Islam that claims it has no homosexuals (as with Iran) but where Imams and ayatollahs also have mortal sexual desires and needs equal to anyone else.   

One point that Becker is correct about is that some suicides are committed as a way to show the world (the family, the religious organization, the community and so forth) that the person committing suicide has strength, fortitude and the ability to carry out a deed: an act of heroism.  However, it is also, at times, a way for the suicide to blame others without resolution to refine, define and establish his or her own identity as a person of self-worth.  If the suicide fails, the individual who sought the solace of death fails to achieve the role and laurel of a hero.  This can lead to further mental illness and/or antisocial behavior.

Those who are either unable or unwilling to end their own life, will kill another in quest of having someone kill them (Thomas, E. (1997, July 28).  “Facing death”.  Newsweek, 20-30. Karwarth, R. (1992, November 7).  Death-his own-was killer’s goal.  Chicago Tribune, 1. Kennedy, D. Homant, R. and Hupp, T (1998), Suicide by Cop, The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin67, 30-48). In this case, death is the promise of peace.  This is more common among believers in some external force, such as religion, but at the same time those who profess a religion are less likely to commit suicide or seek out ways of exiting life in fear of “other world judgments” and concepts of heaven and hell, than are those without a religious affirmation, confirmation or indoctrination.  Atheists have the least difficulty in committing suicide successfully (Dervic, Kanita; Oquendo, Maria A.; Grunebaum, Michael F.; Ellis, Steve; Burke, Ainsley K; and, Mann, J. John. “Religious Affiliation and Suicide Attempt.” The American Journal of Psychiatry. December 1, 2004, vol. 161. pp. 2303-2308).  However, one must be cautious when using this statistic as the authors note, as religious countries, especially those that are controlled by the Roman Catholic Church under-report suicides because of the stigma the Roman Catholic Church attaches to suicide (cp. Kelleher MJ, Chambers D, Corcoran P, Williamson E, Keeley HS: “Religious sanctions and rates of suicide worldwide.” Crisis 1998; 19:78–86).  A more accurate reporting, although still under-reporting is found in the World Health Organization (WHO) of the United Nations (UN), where Roman Catholic countries are showing a greater number of suicides since 2003. The lowest rate of suicides, evidence shows, is in Islamic controlled nations, such as Malay, where Islam strictly forbids suicides, and an attempt at suicide can bring capital punishment and the death sentence that carries a stigma to the family as a whole. Again the problem is religion as Islamic leaders (civil and religious) prohibit full reporting, and many suicides are not investigated because of family objections, while many are considered “honor killings” that are both voluntary (suicide) and involuntary (murder) which is seldom reported and less often dealt with given its religious and family overtones. In China, over 75% of all suicides are in the rural areas and the majority of suicides are among women lacking dowries. Suicides in Japan, where there is one suicide every fifteen minutes by the year 2006, are high among students, given the emphasis on academic success and the movement of a class into a profession. Those who claimed that they were /are atheists or had no religion had abandoned religion as a consequence of depression or hopelessness, frequently because of terrorism within religion itself: the concept of unforgiving god, the fright of the existence of a possible hell and torment in an afterlife, and family pressure to practice the community faith. 

In the USA, the greatest pressure is found in Mormon families where, regardless of the stress a family member feels, or because of depression commits suicide, the family is quickly on the defensive, arguing that the family is loving group, compassionate, caring, and they have no idea of why the suicide occurred.  This is classic denial (abnegation) of reality, as the family protestations are an effort to shore up the family itself as being the foundation for growth and community (cf. Neeleman J, Halpern D, Leon D, Lewis G. (1997). “Tolerance of suicide, religion, and suicide rates: an ecological and individual study in 19 Western countries”. Psychological Medicine 1997; 27:1165–1171).  The tragedy is that it is universal as seen in the World Health Organization statistics on suicides 2003.

As Sigmund Freud noted, abnegation is a personal or family defense mechanism in which the existence of unpleasant internal or external realities is kept out of conscious.  In psychodynamic psychology, denial is found in any person who unconsciously puts up a barrier to experiencing what is too painful to consciously bear, especially the loss of a family member, personal pride, or reputation.  While the person rejects the idea that a family member committed suicide, that is a ruse for denying responsibility: being open to talking with the person before the suicidal act took place, or defending “the family honor” or the “family name” or reputation.  To this end a family will argue against anyone who claims the suicide was the result of a dysfunctional family situation, the inability to communicate interactively with the family members (the one in denial will protest that she or he was always receptive to a discussion)—but not about certain aspects, such as human sexuality, which is why most LGBT members leave the home, seek a life of their own without family encumbrances, and when faced with bullying for others or the bullying of silent distance between them and their families or significant others will commit suicide. (cf. Freud, Anna. (1937). The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense, London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis. (Revised edition: 1966 (US), 1968 (UK)); and, Paulhus, D.L., Fridhandler B., & Hayes S. (1997). “Psychological defense: Contemporary theory and research.” In Briggs, Stephen; Hogan, Robert Goode; Johnson, John W. (1997). Handbook of personality psychology. Boston: Academic Press. pp. 543–579).

Numerous studies show that members of the family: from parents to siblings as well as grandparents and cousins, actually bully those who are less prone to defending themselves and their individual rights.  Highly critical parents and older siblings can have a negative effect on the self-esteem of the younger children in the family (cf. Safer, Jeanne (2002). The Normal One: Life with a Difficult or Damaged Sibling. New York, NY, USA: The Free Press).  Families deny that children have rights, and in many cases, because of strong religious ties, especially within the Mormon, Roman Catholic and evangelical communities, praise parents who are overly strict with their children.  This leads to a rise in both bullying and suicides.

It is the feelings of guilt, embarrassment and shame by a family when one of its members commits suicide that leads to outbursts, denial (frequently denials even of the death or cause(s) of and/or for the suicide) that accompanies the advent of the feeling of anxiety.  Anxiety is felt as an increase in bodily or mental tension and the signal that the organism receives that allows it the possibility of taking defensive action towards the perceived danger by claiming another source, reason, or person is responsible for either the actual suicide or for mistranslating the cause célèbre that created the anxiety.  This, of course, is psychological transference neurosis. 

Sigmund Freud saw transference neurosis as occurring in patients who would not accept reality by arguing that the blame lay with the physician or therapist [today it could be a writer, newspaper, or other source], stating that transference neurosis is: “a whole series of psychological experiences are revived not as belonging to the past, but as applying to the person of the physician at the present moment”  (Sigmund Freud, “Case Histories 1 – Dora and Little Hans”, The Penguin Freud Library, Volume 8, 1990); cp. Freud, Sigmund (collected 1959). Clinical Papers. New York, NY, USA: Basic Books, vol. 2, p. 125, 251, 344, vol. 4, p. 43).  It is at this point, as Freud argued at length in several works, that religion takes over; while the illusions offered by religion can temporarily satisfy, religion and its confessional stands can lead to neurosis that are both egotistic and self-protecting, as well as antisocial where guilt is fostered by “giving into temptation” rather than eschewing it in favor of prayer or corporal acts of mercy and charity.  As Freud wrote: “Unredeemed backslidings into sin are even more common among the pious than among neurotics, and these give rise to a new form of religious activity, namely, the acts of penance of which one finds counterparts in the obsessional neurosis (Freud, op. cit. vol. 2, pp. 33-34; cp. Freud, Die Traumdeutung) leading to the repression of reality and what occurred (Freud, Collected Papers, vol. 4, pp. 86-87, 90-91 with emphasis on countering unbearable thoughts in vol. 1, p. 155).

Bullying is abusive and aggressive behavior of a person who is mentally ill.  It is expressed emotionally, physically, and verbally and frequently leads to thoughts of suicide or the act of suicide. It is most commonly found in the school, church, and the family—and it is in these three areas that it is most commonly denied and little is done to stop bullies braying from pulpits as they pound their religious literature, or from the teacher’s desk where the instructor rants about a student’s clothing, hairstyle, selection of friends or life style, or at the breakfast or dinner table where the authority of the patriarch is preached as if the family leader was somehow divinely ordained.  To question authority is forbidden, and to differ from the family leader invites the same corporal punishment that was dealt out to Martin Luther by his parents who beat him until the blood ran from his skin, allegedly for stealing one nut (Roland H. Bainton (1950), Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther. New York: NY, USA: Abingdon-Cokesbury, p. 23; cp. Erik H. Erikson (1962). Young Man Luther: A Study in Psychoanalysis and History.  New York: NY, USA: Norton Library, pp. 67-68 seq.). Numerous studies, both clinical and historical, show that bullying is linked to family violence, which explains Martin Luther’s verbal and written assaults on both the Jews of Germany but on the peasants in rebellion in his Wider die räuberischen und mörderischen Rotten der Bauern (1525), but the writings of those who take to cyber bullying and physical bullying as with the two students who were bullied into killing their bullies before committing suicide in 1999 at Columbine High School.

Eric Harris (left) and Dylan Klebold (right)

More than two-thirds of the academically brilliant students are bullied. More than one-third harbor thoughts of violent revenge; about half will enact or act out their scenarios for revenge.  The was the case with two senior students, Eric David Harris (April 9, 1981 – April 20, 1999) and Dylan Bennet Klebold (September 11, 1981 – April 20, 1999), who decided to hunt down their bullies and taking charge of their own lives.  On April 20, 1999, the two youths killed  thirteen classmates and wounded another twenty-four at Columbine High School in Colorado.  Harris and Klebold were among the most gifted—and the most bullied—at Columbine. Peer rejection, ridicule, and bullying—all of which create a lifelong tendency to depression—was a daily experience for Harris and Klebold that would erupt like a smoldering volcano.

Harris and Klebold shot their tormenters, giving expression to their growing hatred of being targeted by others who had nothing but scorn for them. Harris kept a log of the troubles he faced, and wrote about his growing hatred for the school and society, and began to pen death threats against those who bullied him, including calling both young men homosexuals (which several students said was wrong, as neither use was gay; in fact in the reports left by Harris and Klebold, the two acknowledged they called others “fags”: this is popularly known as “pecking order” psychology, first discussed in 1921 as Hackordnung by Thorleif Schjelderup-Ebbe in Zeitschrift fuer Psychologie, 1922, 88:225-252, and in teenagers, it is commonly linked to bullying (read here and here);  the two felt left out and had, over a year plotted revenge), while the athletes at the school taunted them as not being “men” who were involved in other “manly actions” and were accosted for dressing “differently” (Goldberg, Carey. “For Those Who Dress Differently, an Increase in Being Viewed as Abnormal.” New York Times. May 1, 1999) being known as the “Trenchcoat Mafia”. 

No one at Columbine took notice or action to intervene; even the families of the two youth and their victims remained silent save for one mother who was ignored. It remains the scenario for today’s talented and today’s bullies—the bullies who write on Facebook and on bathroom walls for their victims to commit suicide as the victims now speak openly of killing classmates, teachers, deans, preachers, pastors, priests and parents who bully them.  It is an epidemic—one that no religion can halt nor erase (Kim YS, Leventhal B; Leventhal (2008). “Bullying and suicide. A review”. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 20 (2): 133–54). The solution is tolerance, acceptance of differences including multiculturalism that the Norwegian Christian terrorist Anders Behring Breveik rejected, and giving space and attention to those who appear troubled. Conformity is not essential for a fluid and dynamic society.  People commit suicide when there is no tangible, immediately ascertainable hope—religion cannot fill that void.  People fill the void as people are real and tangible.

FOOTNOTES

Cardinal Juan Luis Cipriani of Lima, Peru

(1) “No abortion!” is the maniacal mantra chanted by one of the most ignorant and cruel bullies in South America: Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne cardinal presbyter of St. Camillus de Lellis (the first Peruvian cardinal from the clandestine and dangerous Opus Dei movement), who is supported by two other Peruvian Opus Dei bishops and the collective college of bishops of Peru.  Although Cipriani has been under prolonged investigation for the murder the liberal Jesuit and his predecessor, Monsignor Augusto cardinal Vargas Alzamora (1922-2000), the majority of the clergy in Peru rallied behind him because of his position in the church in Peru.  Vargas Alzamora—a stern and stalwart critic of Fujimori—was poisoned after suffering a “long illness” following his mandatory retirement when Cipriani was installed in his place. 

Cardinal Augusto Vargas Alzamora

While Vargas Alzmora was more liberal that his successor, he was no liberal, but declared that there was room to co-exist with the guerrilla faction that was attempting a take over of the government, insisting that the Roman Catholic Church sought justice and peace but not at the point of a gun—and that the Church would always align itself on the side of the poor—the exact opposite view expressed by Cipriani who supported the dictatorship of Fujimori.  Vargas Alzamora established his own social welfare structure, known as Fe y Alegria (Faith and Happiness) and for a long time as the primate of Peru, took young people who wanted to develop their spiritual life to see the overwhelming poverty of the shanty towns on the outskirts of Lima so that his students could see exactly what social injustice means. On the other hand, Cipriani only stands with the wealthy and powerful;

Peru politics and church interference

he condemns women who seek equal rights, self-determination and choice, denounces students who demand greater freedom in the church, and rejects the spirit of democracy, fitting Peru to meet the identification of Cardinal Josef Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict XVI) that follows Nazi unofficial ideology of Kinder, Küche, Kirche (it was actually defined by Kaiser Wilhelm II (Depew, Chauncey Mitchell and Champlin, John Denison Champlin (1910). Orations, addresses and speeches of Chauncey M. Depew. New York, NY, USA: privately printed (8 vols), p. 260), but taken over by the Nazis and instilled in the Nazi Wahrmacht of which Ratzinger was a part until he deserted and became a temporary prisoner of war in 1945). 

Cipriani is widely unloved and denounced by clergy and faithful as returning the church to its ignominious days of the Inquisition. When Cipriani’s elevation was announced, it was publicly denounced, and when an open-air Mass was held in celebration, it had few who attended, with the exception of the militantly conservative New Catechumenate movement and fraternity dedicated to the Lord of the Miracles. Cipriani denounced anyone who questioned his word or interpretation of anything as traitors.  The Peruvian Conference of Bishops condemned the protesters’ “disrespectful behavior” as an “anti-witness” and declared that Pope John Paul II’s decision to include Cipriani in the newest group of cardinals “must be respected and accepted by the faithful. Therefore, no offense against [Cipriani] is justified, let alone during a sacred celebration.” This cost the Peruvian Conference of Bishops popular support, especially among students who saw it as a return to the Dark Ages, leading many to abandon the Roman Catholic faith, and the bullying of its priests and bishops.

While Vargas Alzamora had worked as a member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America, and helped with the official re-evaluation of Liberation Theology acknowledging the right of the poor for political and social freedom, the work was rapidly undone by Cardinal Josef Ratzinger who saw in it too much of Marxism.  This delighted the small minority of Spanish-Peruvians who celebrated their enrichment at the expense of the poor—and quickly swung to the one-time professor of agriculture Alberto Fujimori—whom Cipriani championed.

Vargas Alzamora rejected Fujimori.  When the Japanese born president declared that he had won a second term (technically, by the Constitution that Fujimori suspended, he could not be president since he was not Peru born), Augusto Vargas Alzamora declared the second “re-election” illegal. From that day forward, many knew it was a matter of time before Vargas Alzamora would be “replaced.”  Those who supported him were openly bullied: students, parents, clergy, other Peru bishops, leading many to seek his death.

There is debate if the assassination was at the hands of Fujimori’s now-jailed spy chief, Vladimiro Montesinos who had Los Barrios residents and students from various universities murdered on the orders of Fujimori who was encouraged by his daughter, the current Congresista Keiko Fujimori who (at age 18) replaced her mother as First Lady and tried to cover up her father’s physical assaults on his wife; or if Cipriani did or had an aid do the actual murder. Former Justice Minister Fernando Olivera traveled to the Vatican in 2001 with letters purporting to show Cipriani sought the “elimination and incineration” of videotapes linking him to Montesinos after the church took money from the spy chief and requested an additional $120,000 “donation”; read: http://www.odan.org/media_peru_cardinal_upset.htm, the article is a reprint from the 2004 publication in The Wall Street Journal and various other publications; the accusers of the nefarious prelate include two other Perú bishops; the Vatican later declared the letters to be fake since they cast aspersions on a cardinal within the church). 

Cipriani’s crepitating actions match the barbaric “Right to Life” movement in the USA, which is identical to that of Nazi Germany, that demonstrates in front of schools and clinics using Photoshopped images of aborted “fetuses” and warning women that they will “go to hell” if the women “abort your child [sic]”, and their spiritual ancestor: Adolf Hitler who prohibited “Nordic stock” German women from obtaining an abortion (while forcing abortions on Jewish women without their consent).  This was a common occurrence under Dictator Alberto Fujimori in Perú who had more than 200,000 mountain women forcibly sterilized in his crusade to cut down poverty. 

Fujimori saw the “mountain women” as ignorant women who were not adding to his wealth or the fascist state he had created after suspending the Perú Constitution and ordering the mass execution of dissenters: La Cantuta: the National University “Enrique Guzmán y Valle”, July 18, 1992, pulling students and teachers out of the classroom; two years later a corrupt military court sentenced ten of Fujimori’s special assassins to prison terms from one to twenty years, ignoring evidence provided by generals that Vladimir Montesinos, Alberto and Keiko Fujimori’s closest friend and various military generals were the primary parties responsible. On June 14, 1995, one year after the bankrupt trial had ruled obediently to the presidential bully, Fujimori’s congress approved a law (many claim that Keiko Fujimori was the author of the legislation) granting amnesty to military, police and civil officials involved in human rights violations committed from 1980 through that date; those sentenced for the Cantuta massacre were freed; later Cardinal Cipriani was ordered to testify about what he knew, as many saw him as a conspirator eager to dispatch all students who he considered to be leftists or even terrorists.  This was but a copy of the La Rochela Massacre in January 1989, where paramilitary groups were organized to “persuade” [bully] anyone who opposed them, including children and students.

(2) Brown, Dan (2004). The Da Vinci Code (New York, NY, USA: Doubleday) is correct in the assessment and pictorialization of Opus Dei.  Followers (numeraries) do self-flagellate their flesh/skin; wear a spiked chain (known as a cilice) around the thighs for at least two hours, and kiss the floor saying “Serviam” (Latin for “I will serve).  The majority of Opus Dei bishops and cardinals come from South America and Spain, but there are four in the USA who demand unwavering loyalty to themselves and their “calling” to refute “liberalism” and bring “strayed Catholics” and Protestants back to a conservative church that hails the Spanish Inquisition as a glorious past in Roman Catholic history–complete with the millions of murders the sacerdotal clergy committed “in the name of Jesus Christ the Lord.”  The members take cold showers and sleep either on a board or on the floor in memory of the misery Jacob and Jesus is alleged to have experienced–without a pillow (cp. Genesis 28:10-19a, Matthew 8:20, which is even incorporated/plagiarized in Islamic theology).  They attend Mass daily, hear lectures on selflessness, and strictly segregate the sexes. 

Opus Dei rejects Vatican II as it gave recognition to individual consciences and ideals and did not place much authority on the magisterium of the church. This was apostasy to the founder of Opus Dei and to such renegade popes as John Paul II and Benedict XVI who are strong admirers of Josemaria Escriva, whom John Paul II, over the objection of many in the Roman Catholic church denounced as a fraud and imposter, raised to “sainthood”–most of Escriva’s opponents reject that title and imposition by a pope many believe was already senile. 

Father John McCloskey, a prominent member in Washington, has attacked the “liberal establishment” in the USA.  McCloskey has won the support of one-time US Senator Rick Santorum (R-PA), as pose seek a theocracy to replace democracy.  McCloskey urges the creation of schools to teach Latin and Greek, devotion to the Mass and strict obedience to the bishops, but also demands solid educational training (minus theories such as evolution and human rights) so that the future generations can be similar to Escriva.

Opus Dei $75 million headquarters (New York City)

Opus Dei has no respect for labor, and in France forced workers to toil for free. Girls as young as fourteen have been forced to work from seven in the morning until ten at night, seven days a week–and when given a paycheck are forced to endorse it and turn it over to Opus Dei.  Corporal mortification of workers is applauded, and the organization notes that Mother Theresa of Calcutta and John Paul II practiced their concept of corporal pain and hunger, winning the support of Benedict XVI who is considered a closeted member of the group.  To “fan out across the world”, Opus Dei raised from middle-income to wealthy Roman Catholics in every walk of life (US Senators, British Members of Parliament, sports figures, entrepreneurs on every continent, entertainment figures, and so forth) over $75 million to build its headquarters in New York City, USA.  It is tightly attached to powerful bishops in the USA and throughout South America, finding support especially among the hierarchy of Peru, led by Cipriani of Lima, and Darío Castrillón Hoyos, of Columbia.  Its stated goal is to take over the world and

Opus Dei central headquarters Rome

force everyone to be Roman Catholic–Opus Dei’s idea of what Christianity must be: from the end of human and civil rights, the glorification of the male head of the household, strict obedience of children, rejection of bullying charges against priests and nuns, and the silencing of complaints and lawsuits against clerical pedophiles in the Church, in the same way as John Paul II ignored the issue and worked against those who levied charges, and Ratzinger (Benedict XVI who is openly called the Inquisitor General of the 21st century) has been especially effective in silencing dissent.

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Filed under Alberto Fujimori, atheism, Bible, Bullying, Christian Terrorists, Church history, Fujimori (Alberto), Homosexuality, Perú, Roman Catholicism, suicide

Education in Perú and SUTEP

Education is anything but education in the South American nation of Perú. For the most part, teachers are totally unqualified. They lack genuine academic credentials, and are employed more for being a part of a crony network of incompetence than for having a solid education or being subject-matter experts. Most receive their appointments as a part of ensuring the continuance of a political party motivated by graft than by any care for the learning process and the advancement of knowledge among the young.

Perú.21 newspaper on SUTEP

The disheartening reality is that the “teachers” know that they hold teaching positions without merit, that they are incompetent, but that they are protected by undeniably the most corrupt union of all: SUTEP (the acronym for Sindicato Unitario de Trabajadores en la Educación del Perú), founded in the 1970s, has a stranglehold on education and Perú politics.  Teachers from all over Peru have taken part in Peru’s Teacher’s Union (SUTEP) strikes that are a regular occurrence. There have been acts of violence, people detained and property destroyed, while illiterate teachers march in demonstration against any efforts by a venal government to enforce academic standards or to demand quality in teaching–all due to teacher’s opposition to any education reforms that have been introduced or even hinted at over the past twenty years and have been or are being reviewed and close to being approved by Perú’s congress in Lima. The “teachers” protest that they were not consulted by the government on proposed amendments, that their “right” to teach was being tarnished by being required to take tests to prove competence in their subject fields, and their rights violated if they are dismissed for failing the basic test required by the government–with a minimum passing score being far lower than a failure grade in any First World Nation. (See: http://www.livinginperu.com/news/4204)  In Junin, Perú, in July 2007, teachers, members of SUTEP, took hold of the building which belongs to the Regional Education Directorate and held it in a manner of any terrorist group plaguing South America. All principles of democracy, including a respect for the law and those enforcing the law, are shunned by SUTEP and the gangsters that control it. In Tumbes, again Police tried to control masses of protestors with tear gas but the only result achieved was to get banks and restaurants to close their establishments.  Some children had to be taken to hospitals due to the amount of gas in the air.  In Huaraz, Cerro de Pasco and Puno, Perú, over 12,000 protesters took over plazas and food courts and like common thieves helped themselves to the food that vendors were preparing to sell.  SUTEP General Secretary, Luis Muñoz, stated that union leaders would not be held responsible for the violence that a radical group of SUTEP members – led by Robert Huaynalaya – took part in, and disavowed that the rogue element in SUTEP were common delinquents–breaking windows, demanding extortion, and injuring children.

SUTEP protest 2007

 

The only official of the government of Perú in 2007 was Minister of Education José Antonio Chang who announced that 12,000 substitute teachers were registered to replace teachers that took part in the strike organized by the union (See: http://www.livinginperu.com/news/4071). Chang declared the strike to be illegal, stating that education is an essential and basic need, but when

SUTEP mass strike 2007

teachers were asked about the more than one-half of one million students being neglected most responded that the teachers first right was to be guaranteed a job that paid a salary regardless if the students learned anything. (See: http://www.livinginperu.com/news/4048 and http://www.livinginperu.com/news-4197-education-peru-perus-teachers-union-begins-strike-against-education-reform).

Of the 180,000 Perú teachers who took the required examination for credible knowledge, only 151 passed; the threat of the rest being fired enraged SUTEP, which demanded a national strike although such a strike was illegal under Perú law that requires protests to register with the government ten days before any protest march or other action (See: http://www.ei-ie.org/en/news/show.php?id=538&theme=statusofteachers&country=peru). On July 11, at the beginning of the national day of struggle, 5,000 teachers took over the installations of the international airport of Juliaca, the capital of the department of Puno, and destroyed its installations.  Most were supported by Marxist forces.  (See: http://www.marxist.com/peru-protests-end-alan-garcia.htm)

Marxist alliance with SUTEP July 2007

When the illegal strike occurred, Perú President Alan Garcia Perez took the unusual step of trying to restore sanity and quiet situation by boldly moving against the Peruvian teachers union SUTEP, detaining more than

SUTEP protests in Lima, Perú

100 teachers including most of the Union’s national leadership (who claimed to be teachers but had not been active in a classroom for years) on July 12, 2007, and the dean of the Peruvian Teachers College (CPP) the evening of July 13, 2007.

SUTEP protest at Huelga

(See: http://www.idea-network.ca/ideas/english/news.cfm?pagenumber=0)

One of the main objections of SUTEP was the proposal to let professionals in specialities other than education teach, claiming that teachers who were oriented in pedagogy more than in subject matter were better qualified, while lamenting that there were 250,000 unemployed teachers in Perú. “En la educación básica se esta formando a los alumnos y para esa formación integral y especial es que los maestros han estudiado 5 años, esto no ocurre en la educación técnico o instituto, donde el aporte de diversos especialistas puede ser útil. Además hay que recordar que existen más de 250 mil maestros sin empleo”.  (See: http://alertaeducativa.blogspot.com/2010/04/destacados_8161.html)

The greatest problem facing Chang and Garcia in 2007 was that the teachers neither could nor would teach as few had any subject matter knowledge. Today, in 2010, I have students in my classrooms in Perú who are taking English 2 and 3, and claim to have studied the English language for up to three years or more at public schools and cannot pronounce an English word correctly, use it in a sentence, and cannot spell it. What is so distressing is that most of their teachers are totally ignorant of English and merely read the textbook(s) to their students. Neither teachers nor students, in these situations, know what is written, how to interpret it, and have marginal skills in translation. Most students still listen to English, if it is slowly spoken, and attempt for a rapid translation of the words spoken in English into native Spanish before even attempting to respond. Some students even have threatened me with bodily injury if they did not get a 20 (a superior grade) at the end of the “cycle”–and openly admit to having earned no more than a grade of 4 or 5 (failure) on all exams, turned in no homework, do not participate in group discussions, and have little interest in the language. Several are taking the course so that they can become “teachers of English” which is seen as an easy job with no work required.

As for scholarship and ethics in research, both are foreign to my students. I have repeatedly sent plagiarized papers (literally lifted from Wikipedia and other websites) that were taken fully from the source–including footnotes and bibliographies. When I failed the students for this plagiarism, they laughed–and handed me additional papers that were “scissors and paste” productions. This is not unique, for even professors “publish” this way–as I have discovered occurs even in the “better” universities where “teachers” take entire books and put their names on the reprints as if they were the authors.  While Perú has a copyright law, Perú does next to nothing to stop illegal copying of books, records, DVDs, CDs, and so forth.  It is easy to find even unreleased Hollywood films on the streets selling for S/.3 to S/.5 (about $1 to $1.50), and books for $2–although the cinemas are graining and most copied books are missing pages and even full chapters.

Education in Perú will never get better until qualified teachers are found, hired, paid a just wage, and materials are offered to the students at a reasonable cost–not inflated 100% as is the rule for most schools using books published by UK presses. Libraries must be expanded, reading made mandatory, writing skills taught and coached, and grades recorded based on merit having been earned by the student.  This will be difficult as many schools spend more time preparing for festivals and parties (or in the case of religious schools, the religious leaders granting permission to any student to attend the place of worship if “the desire is strong” even if it means allowing the student to miss a class or an examination; the worse offenders are, of course, institutions that are either run by or connected with Opus Dei) than working to ensure learning.

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