Tag Archives: Canaan

Rape, abortion, God, Bible, Tea Party Republicans and psychology

Richard Mourdock (R-IN) claims God intends for there to be rape

On Tuesday, October 23, 2012, Republican U.S. Senate candidate Richard Mourdock (running for the U.S. Senate seat in Indiana, against Democrat U.S. Congressman Joe Donnelly, the Tea Party Republican who defeated incumbent Republican Senator Richard Lugar in a surprise upset in Indiana’s primary election for U.S. Senate) declared that children born of rape are “God intended.”  Furthermore, draconically denouncing women who protest rape or abort the zygotes generated by rape as “baby [sic] killers”, Mourdock claimed that pregnancies because of rape were special gifts.  No such passage, term or phrase in relationship to rape is found in any Judeo-Christian literature, scripture, scroll or writing—nor does it appear in Mitt Romney’s Book of Mormon nor the Qur’an. 

Amarna Letters (tablets c. 1399-1313 BCE)

The passages that proclaim a god telling ancient Apiru/Habiru (proto-Hebrews, a word that does not appear until Genesis 14:13) come from ancient Akkadian sources that record their mercenaries (2350 – 2150 BCE) found in the Amarna Letters (1399 – 1310 BCE that discuss campaigns in Canaan) petitioning the gods of Assyria and Babylon for women to replenish their “supply” of male fighters (women were not considered worthy) and the gods of the ancient Middle East responded by telling the Apiru to “carry off” and rape women to gain additional males.  In the cuneiform scripts the function of rape was dual in purpose.  First,  there was the idea that rape will “silence dissent” and lead to pregnancy. Second, pregnancies and subsequent births were understood to be “chattel” (equivalent to property / cattle and thus the ownership of the births belonged to the rapists who could do as he wish with the offspring that included the slaughter of female infants.  Such infanticide was common throughout the Mediterranean world, especially in ancient Rome, Akkadia, and elsewhere). 

Child labor — 6.4 million under age 14 (lowest age is 4)

Killing female infants allowed males to “harness” young  males (children and teenagers) to do male labor much in the same way as the robber barons (also known as captains of industry) enslaved children during the industrial revolution and as late as the 1930s, especially in textile factories and slaughter houses.  Some male children served with female slaves as Qadesh in ancient temples as prostitutes to invoke divine blessings.

Psychologically, psychoanalytically rape has never been about sex or about procreation. Sexual rape is the link between pathological personality traits of narcissism and psychopathy and indicates sociosexual stereotypes of indoctrination by male authoritarian figures such as fathers, other family male members, priests, pastors, bishops and others who proclaim, wrongly, that the male is superior to the female (cf. Mouilso, Emily R.; Calhoun, Karen S. (2012). “A mediation model of the role of sociosexuality in the associations between narcissism, psychopathy, and sexual aggression”. doi: 10.1037/a0026217. Psychology of Violence, Vol 2(1), January 2012, 16-27).  Rape is also about domination especially when it results in the rape of males of any age, as seen commonly in war zones (Vikman, Elisabeth (2012). “Review of Sexual violence and armed conflict”. doi: 10.1037/a0028104  Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol 18(2), May 2012, 199-

NATO soldiers rape prisoners and civilians

200), hostile camps and among gangs (Swartout, Kevin M. (2012). “The Company They Keep: How Peer Networks Influence Male Sexual Aggression”. doi: 10.1037/ a0029997Psychology of Violence, September 24 , 2012; and, Seto, Michael C.; Lalumière, Martin L.; Harris, Grant T.; Chivers, Meredith L. (2012). “The sexual responses of sexual sadists”. doi: 10.1037/a0028714Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol 121(3), Aug 2012, 739-753) in street conflicts, especially with the rapes of males (Turchik, Jessica A.; Edwards, Katie M. (2012). “Myths about male rape: A literature review”. doi: 10.1037/ a0023207. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, Vol 13(2), Apr 2012, 211-226).  Rape has always been about violence—but not in religion where most religions, especially those that came with the ascent of the Emperor Constantine I who created his “catholic [universal] church” at his war council in Nicaea in 325 CE when he attempted to unify the nation with a single religion over which he stood as Pontifex Maximus (the high priest of the state religion) in addition to being the civil war leader, rape was initially ignored and then canonized as being the fault of the woman.

Mourdock, speaking as a pope or emperor within the Tea Party Republican extremist group told an audience at the Tuesday Indiana US Senate debates:  “I came to realize that life is that gift from God; even when life begins in that horrible situation of rape, that it is something that God intended to happen.”  He quickly was denounced by the Republican Party, officially, then saw numerous Republicans race to fill his war chest to defeat Donnelly in the

Tagg Romney said he wanted to punch him. Ann Coulter called him “the retard.” And now, Sarah Palin says Obama “shuck and jive”

November contest.  The duplicity of the corrupt Republican Party in the USA is now legendary with such effete afficionados as Sarah Palin exposing her extreme racism when Twittering about President Obama’s “Shuck and jive” on Libya that won her tremendous support among American’s racists and renewed support by organized hate groups.

Yahweh’s wife Asherah was edited out of the Bible

When the Apiru ultimately invaded the far more advanced culture of Canaan and conquered its people, they brought with them their legends and lore and used it to craft the ultimate Torah and Prophets, incorporating their lust for rape to obtain new foot soldiers.  It is for that reason we read of the vile, vicious, vitriolic gods (one of whom, the agricultural god Yahweh would “marry” (by rape) the fertility goddess of the legitimate owners of Canaan, Asherah, before her people (Palestinians) were murdered and raped with but a few (the virgins who were young) being allowed to survive to serve as breeders for the Apiru mercenaries. 

1699 Qur’an showing Abram sacrificing Ishmael his first born son

The priests of the Apiru, whose specialty was taking young boys into the desert or up into the mountains and sacrificing them on altars stoked with fire (fancifully retold in the myth of Abram taking “his first born” to be sacrificed to the gods of his tribe), called on the gods from the Apiru hell and thundered rape to be justified. We find these accounts in most of the Torah, including in the last book written: Genesis—which became the backbone for the Old Testament and the Hebrew Bible. 

 In the Old Testament, rape was a means of subduing people, repopulating the Hebrew community that had been decimated in war, and a way to extract vengeance.  These accounts are nothing less than records of past Apiru violence, rape, and murder, as is found throughout the Old Testament, as in Numbers 31:7-18 (NLT):

    They attacked Midian just as the LORD had commanded Moses, and they killed all the men.  All five of the Midianite kings – Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba – died in the battle.  They also killed Balaam son of Beor with the sword.  Then the Israelite army captured the Midianite women and children and seized their cattle and flocks and all their wealth as plunder.  They burned all the towns and villages where the Midianites had lived.  After they had gathered the plunder and captives, both people and animals, they brought them all to Moses and Eleazar the priest, and to the whole community of Israel, which was camped on the plains of Moab beside the Jordan River, across from Jericho.

    Moses, Eleazar the priest, and all the leaders of the people went to meet them outside the camp.  But Moses was furious with all the military commanders who had returned from the battle.  “Why have you let all the women live?” he demanded[Moses was among the most bloodthirsty butchers of the ancient Apiru who originally worshiped the gods of ancient Egypt and then fashioned from fantasy the gods of what would become Israel [Is-Ra-El from the secondary Trinity: Isis-Ra-El, Isis (the goddess of creation), Ra (the god of the Sun), and El (the god/father/husband who became in Babylon and Canaan Baal: who was a father who consumed his children as a cannibal)] “These are the very ones who followed Balaam’s advice and caused the people of Israel to rebel against the LORD at Mount Peor.  They are the ones who caused the plague to strike the LORD’s people.  Now kill all the boys and all the women who have slept with a man.  Only the young girls who are virgins may live; you may keep them for yourselves.

Clearly Moses and God approves of rape of virgins.  The same scenario exists in Deuteronomy 20:10-14):

     As you approach a town to attack it, first offer its people terms for peace.  If they accept your terms and open the gates to you, then all the people inside will serve you in forced labor.  But if they refuse to make peace and prepare to fight, you must attack the town.  When the LORD your God hands it over to you, kill every man in the town.  But you may keep for yourselves all the women, children, livestock, and other plunder.  You may enjoy the spoils of your enemies that the LORD your God has given you.

And in Deuteronomy 22:28-29 (NLT) there is the sole proviso on rape:

    If a man is caught in the act of raping a young woman who is not engaged, he must pay fifty pieces of silver to her father.  Then he must marry the young woman because he violated her, and he will never be allowed to divorce her.

If she was married and did not protest fearing the rapist would kill her, the rape victim was to be killed (Deuteronomy 22:23-24 NAB; plagiarized from the records of Marid (Arabic: مارد‎) who were djinn or pre-Muslim deities):

    If within the city a man comes upon a maiden who is betrothed, and has relations with her, you shall bring them both out of the gate of the city and there stone them to death: the girl because she did not cry out for help though she was in the city, and the man because he violated his neighbors wife.

The woman was nothing more than property as later glossed in Judges 5:30 (NAB):  They must be dividing the spoils they took: there must be a damsel or two for each man, Spoils of dyed cloth as Sisera’s spoil, an ornate shawl or two for me in the spoil.   (Judges 5:30 NAB).

The gods of the Old Testament in cruelty (deisidaimonia), and spite declared that Polygamy, Rape, and the ending of a fetus’ life was pleasant and merited the gods “Forgiveness” (2 Samuel 12:11-14 NAB; cf. Avalos, Hector (2005). Fighting Words: The Origins of Religious Violence. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books, and Regina M. Schwartz (1998). The Curse of Cain: The Violent Legacy of Monotheism. University of Chicago Press):

    Thus says the Lord: ‘I will bring evil upon you out of your own house.  I will take your wives [plural] while you live to see it, and will give them to your neighbor.  He shall lie with your wives in broad daylight.  You have done this deed in secret, but I will bring it about in the presence of all Israel, and with the sun looking down.’

    Then David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the Lord.”  Nathan answered David: “The Lord on his part has forgiven your sin: you shall not die.  But since you have utterly spurned the Lord by this deed, the child born to you must surely die.”  [The child dies seven days later.]

Women were marketable commodities: slaves and sex slaves or whores (Exodus 21:7-11 NLT; cf. Ide, Arthur Frederick (1992). Moses: The Making of Myth and Law: the influence of Egyptian sex, religion, and law on the writing of the Torah. Las Colinas, TX: Monument Press):

    When a man sells his daughter as a slave, she will not be freed at the end of six years as the men are.  If she does not please the man who bought her, he may allow her to be bought back again.  But he is not allowed to sell her to foreigners, since he is the one who broke the contract with her.  And if the slave girl’s owner arranges for her to marry his son, he may no longer treat her as a slave girl, but he must treat her as his daughter.  If he himself marries her and then takes another wife, he may not reduce her food or clothing or fail to sleep with her as his wife.  If he fails in any of these three ways, she may leave as a free woman without making any payment.   

Judges 21:10-24 (NLT) which is plagiarized from the far more ancient story of the Rape of the Sabine women (c. 750 – 752 BCE; Livy, Ab urbe condita, 1:10, Latin; Benjamin Vincent (1874).  Haydn’s Dictionary of Dates (New York, BY: GP Putnam & Sons, p. 572):

    So they sent twelve thousand warriors to Jabesh-gilead with orders to kill everyone there, including women and children.  “This is what you are to do,” they said. “Completely destroy all the males and every woman who is not a virgin.”  Among the residents of Jabesh-gilead they found four hundred young virgins who had never slept with a man, and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh in the land of Canaan.

    The Israelite assembly sent a peace delegation to the little remnant of Benjamin who were living at the rock of Rimmon. Then the men of Benjamin returned to their homes, and the four hundred women of Jabesh-gilead who were spared were given to them as wives.  But there were not enough women for all of them.  The people felt sorry for Benjamin because the LORD had left this gap in the tribes of Israel.  So the Israelite leaders asked, “How can we find wives for the few who remain, since all the women of the tribe of Benjamin are dead?  There must be heirs for the survivors so that an entire tribe of Israel will not be lost forever.  But we cannot give them our own daughters in marriage because we have sworn with a solemn oath that anyone who does this will fall under God’s curse.”

    Then they thought of the annual festival of the LORD held in Shiloh, between Lebonah and Bethel, along the east side of the road that goes from Bethel to Shechem.  They told the men of Benjamin who still needed wives, “Go and hide in the vineyards.  When the women of Shiloh come out for their dances, rush out from the vineyards, and each of you can take one of them home to be your wife!  And when their fathers and brothers come to us in protest, we will tell them, ‘Please be understanding.  Let them have your daughters, for we didn’t find enough wives for them when we destroyed Jabesh-gilead. And you are not guilty of breaking the vow since you did not give your daughters in marriage to them.'”  So the men of Benjamin did as they were told.  They kidnapped the women who took part in the celebration and carried them off to the land of their own inheritance.  Then they rebuilt their towns and lived in them.  So the assembly of Israel departed by tribes and families, and they returned to their own homes.

These women were repeatedly raped. It was excused on the pretext of religion, as the gods of the Old Testament take an active role in rape and plunder (Zechariah 14:1-2 NAB):

    Lo, a day shall come for the Lord when the spoils shall be divided in your midst.  And I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem for battle: the city shall be taken, houses plundered, women ravished; half of the city shall go into exile, but the rest of the people shall not be removed from the city.  

The sole exception is if the girl is “engaged” (a public announcement of betrothal is made):

But if in the field the man finds the girl who is engaged, and the man forces her and lies with her, then only the man who lies with her shall die. But you shall do nothing to the girl; there is no sin in the girl worthy of death, for just as a man rises against his neighbor and murders him, so is this case. When he found her in the field, the engaged girl cried out, but there was no one to save her (Deuteronomy 22:25-27; cf. Schroeder, Joy A. (2007). Dinah’s Lament: the Biblical Legacy of Sexual Violence in Christian Interpretation. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, Press; and, חיון, חיים (2011). ותצא דינה : קריאה בסיפור המקראי ועיון בזיקותיו. הוצאת ספרים ע״ש י״ל מאגנס, האוניברסיטה העברית, Yerushalayim : Hotsaat sefarim a. sh. Y.L. Magnes, ha-Universitah ha-Ivrit.

On the other hand, abortion is not condemned nor denied in the Bible.  If it occurred during the time of war or other conflict it was merely an accident for which a monetary price had to be paid; Exodus 21:22 reads:

When people who are fighting injure a pregnant woman so that there is a miscarriage, and yet no further harm follows, the one responsible shall be fined what the woman’s husband demands, paying as much as the judges determine.

While there is no word for abortion in the Bible, the gods of Old Testament delighted in the slaughter of fetus and new born children:

  • Numbers 31:17 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones.
  • Deuteronomy 2:34 utterly destroyed the men and the women and the little ones.
  • Deuteronomy 28:53 And you shall eat the fruit of your own body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daughters.
  • 1 Samuel 15:3 slay both man and woman, infant and suckling.
  • 2 Kings 8:12 dash their children, and rip up their women with child.
  • 2 Kings 15:16 all the women therein that were with child he ripped up.
  • Isaiah 13:16 Their children also shall be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses shall be spoiled and their wives ravished.
  • Isaiah 13:18 They shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eyes shall not spare children.
  • Lamentations 2:20 Shall the women eat their fruit, and children.
  • Ezekiel 9:6 Slay utterly old and young, both maids and little children.
  • Hosea 9:14 give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts.
  • Hosea 13:16 their infants shall be dashed in pieces, and their women with child shall be ripped up.

“Fruit” (וּפְרִי־) was another word for fetus (cf. Isaiah 13:18:  וּקְשָׁתֹות נְעָרִים תְּרַטַּשְׁנָה וּפְרִי־בֶטֶן לֹא יְרַחֵמוּ עַל־בָּנִים לֹא־תָחוּס עֵינָם׃) he destruction of the fetus was not knew in the ancient world, but was especially common among the save polytheists known as the Apiru (Hebrew), especially when fighting for the Akaddians.

Even Jesus noted that women would come to the day in their life when they wished they had not been pregnant nor give birth to future generations: “For, behold, the days are coming, in which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the womb that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck” (Luke 23:29: ὅτι ἰδοὺ ἔρχονται ἡμέραι ἐν αἷς ἐροῦσιν· μακάριαι αἱ στεῖραι καὶ αἱ κοιλίαι αἱ οὐκ ἐγέννησαν καὶ μαστοὶ οἱ οὐκ ἔθρεψαν).  The antiabortion position does not demonstrate love for humanity, or compassion for real human beings, but glories in the suffering of woman in testimony to Genesis 3:16 (KJV): “I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee”.

The biblical injunction “Thou shalt not kill” (KJV: Exodus 20:13, copied into Deuteronomy 5:17; cp. Numbers 35:27; 1 Kings 21:19; Hosea 4:2, ref. Deuteronomy 4:42) forbids killing anyone outside of the womb.  When the fetus is mentioned it is mentioned as “fruit” that is not fully ripened or formed.  Pregnancy was “to be fruitful” and if the zygote developed into a fetus, that fetus was referred to as “fruit of the womb.” The Greeks were equally explicit as to the timetable of the development of the fetus (see: Ide, Arthur Frederick (1993). Catechism of Family Values Based on the Bible (Arlington, Liberal Arts Press), pp. 241ff).

Abortion is considered a valid alternative to slaughter: “…but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born (Matthew 26:24). Abortion was common throughout the ancient world. While many medical professionals would administer certain herbs to expel the fetus, women of station who were raped committed suicide to protect their “honor”—a practice that last beyond the beginnings of the Christian church (c. 325 CE) and was a mark of martyrdom for many who ultimately were canonized as saints.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) does find cases where abortion is accepted, however reluctantly:Some exceptional circumstances may justify an abortion, such as when pregnancy is the result of incest or rape, when the life or health of the mother is judged by competent medical authority to be in serious jeopardy, or when the fetus is known by competent medical authority to have severe defects that will not allow the baby to survive beyond birth. … Those who face such circumstances should consider abortion only after consulting with their local Church leaders and receiving a confirmation through earnest prayer“. 

In 2011, two out of three women having abortions in the U.S. identified as Christian.  Few women capriciously elected abortion.  Most of the women who had an abortion showed their understanding of the responsibilities of parenthood and family life. Three-fourths of women cited concern for or responsibility to other individuals.  Three-fourths say they could not afford a child; the Qur’an forbids “the killing of a child for lack of food in the home (Al-Israa 17:31 and Al-An’aam 6:151: And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin” but says nothing about abortion; this is mentioned only in Hadith – Sahih Bukhari 8.732 that mentions only a “blood price” if the woman herself kills the fetus; a woman who strikes another woman who is pregnant and kills the fetus is to be put to death in Hadith – Abu Dawood 4555 but says nothing about a voluntary abortion; a similar sentence is at Hadith – Al-Muwatta 43.5) and three-fourths said that having a baby would interfere with work, school or the ability to care for dependents. No less than half said they did not want to be a single parent or were having problems with their husband or partner (Finer L. B., et al. (2005). “Reasons U.S. women have abortions: quantitative and qualitative perspectives”, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2005, 37(3):110–118.).

Richard Mourdock (who claimed that God intends rape to occur can be seen here). “Mourdock’s belief that there should be no exception that allows a woman to end a pregnancy is shared by the GOP platform and at least 40 Republican candidates for the House and Senate including Rep. Paul Ryan, the GOP nominee for vice-president, and Rep. Todd Akin,”) comes from the Paul Ryan (who sponsored Fetal Personhood and opposes family planning, read here), Todd Akin (who claims that it is impossible for a woman who is raped to conceive; watch here, and read Jason Sattler at The National Memo), Joe Walsh (read here:  “there is no need for an abortion to save the mother’s life”,  with update), Rick Santorum (who carried a dead fetus to his children for them to play with and opposes all abortions in all cases (althought his wife, Karen, had one) and claims that their is no constitutional right to privacy, opposes birth control (read here and here), and is equally equated with the Afghan Taliban being for the mind control of Opus Dei and stagnating education (read here and here), Sharron Angel (against abortion claiming that her god has a plan for babies born as the product of rape; read here) wing of the GOP that believes in abortion for zero percent of all cases — no abortion, no exception for rape, incest, life of the mother, or health of the mother. Period.

It is a great shame that none of these men are raped.  If these men could become pregnant, abortion would be a sacrament. despite the ignorance of Timothy Dolan, Bryan Fischer or the German Joseph Ratzinger.

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Filed under abortion, Bible, Old Testament, Republican Party, Roman Catholicism, separation of church and state, Tea Party

Serpent in the Garden

Even before recorded time the serpent has been a symbol for wisdom, fertility, creativity, and creation.  It was prized for millennia.  Few civilizations saw the serpent as evil.  Those civilizations that viewed the serpent as a sinister miscreant were generally patriarchal and patrilineal.  The other cultures and societies viewed the serpent as benevolent, intelligent, a teacher, a doctor, and a caregiver.

The serpent in the Genesis myth is not new.  It had many previous Mesopotamian (Sumerian, Babylonian, Hittite, Hurrian, etc.) antecedents and ancestors among the gods and goddess of the Fertile Crescent and from Egypt and beyond.  These included (1) Anu/An; (2) Dumuzi/Tammuz; (3) Ningishzida/Gishzida; (4) Ea/Enki; (5) Enlil/Ellil; (6) Marduk/Merodach; (7) Inanna/Ishtar; (8) Nergal as the equivalent of Satan “ruler” of Hell; (9) Shamhat (Ukhat).  The emerging Hebrews merely recast the characters and changed their names, as they also did for such fictional beings as Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Seth, Noah, Moses, and even Yahweh.

Anu ("Lord of the Great Above") the God of Heaven (Sumerian) son of the first pair of gods, Ansar and Kisar

Anu/An is a Sumerian god of the sky.  Anu/An is known as the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, Consort of Antu and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions.  Anu was believed to have come from “the great void” (the Milky Way star system in quest of gold and ore).  Anu is a very old god, and he is a part of the Sumerian Trinity that became a foundation stone for the Christian invention of Three-Persons-in-One.  Joining Anu in this theological triad are Enlil, god of the air and Enki, god of water: the basic elements that make up the planet and became bricks in the wall dividing civilizations by Habiru scribes millennia later.

Like all Mesopotamian and Mediterranean deities, Anu is especially dedicated to sexuality.  Sex plays as big a role in his religion as it does in that of the tribal Habiru agricultural god Yahweh.  While Yahweh was more like Zeus, having sex and then abandoning his temporary mistresses (with the one exception being the boy Ganymede whom Zeus flew to Olympus to be with him) to return to his wife Hera, Anu had several consorts.  His most important temporary affair was with the goddess Ki (earth), Nammu who was technically Anu/An’s mother (and the only creatrix of the universe in Babylon) who was goddess of the primeval sea (Engur) that gave birth to An (heaven), Ki (earth) and the first gods: among whom would be Abram (Abraham from the Ur of the Chaldees–the mythological father of Isaac and Ishmael who would ultimately propagate the female deities known as the “Satanic Verses”), and Uras (another goddess of earth, primarily red soil, and mother of the goddess Ninsun and a grandmother of  the Babylonian hero Gilgamesh (Kramer, Samuel N. (1998). Sumerian Mythology: a Study of Spiritual and Literary Achievement in the Third Millennium B.C. Philadelphia, PA, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press).

Marriage of Inanna and Dumuzi (a sex ritual)

Dumuzi/Tammuz was another Sumerian deity who was god of food and vegetation, who died each year at autumn to rise again as a new crop.  He was especially popular in Syria where his name  ܬܡܘܙ (Dumuzi) meant faithful and true son: the prototype for Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem; in Sumeria,  Tammuz  (תַּמּוּז) was known as the Good Shepherd, and like many other gods, he was the consort of his mother (in Akkadian: Ishtar (Astarte or Asherah in Canaan; marriage occurred when sex was enacted, as became the foundation for marriage in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam), the most prominent Mesopotamian female deity) and rescue Ishtar/Inanna: the Sumerian goddess of sexual love, fertility and warfare.  Tammuz is recognized by the prophet Ezekiel (Ezekiel 8:14-15; cp. Edwin M. Yamauchi, Edwin M. (1965). “Tammuz and the Bible” Journal of Biblical Literature 84.3 (September, pp. 283-290), Kramer, Samuel Noah (1980). “The Death of Dumuzi: A New Sumerian Version” Anatolian Studies 30, Special Number in Honour of the Seventieth Birthday of Professor O. R. Gurney (1980:5-13), and, Wolkstein, Diane and Kramer, Samuel Noah editors/translators (1983). Inanna, Queen of Heaven & Earth: Her Stories and Hymns from Sumer. New York, NY, USA: Harper Colophon).

Ningishzida as a Hydra serpent

Ningishzida/Gishzida is either another name for Dumuzi, or a similar Sumerian god who was lord of the underworld, much like Pluto and Hades.  He is commonly depicted as a serpent with a human head and is considered the son of Anu (Ira Maurice Price, Ira Maurice (1900) Notes on the Pantheon of the Gudean Cylinders, The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, Vol. 17, No. 1 (October, pp. 47-53) and an ancestor to the Gilgamesh and also the son of Ereshkigal, but in those days there were no definite chronologies or genealogies. Ningishzida’s symbol of two serpents or snakes twining (possibly copulating) predates the Caduceus of Hermes, the Rod of Asclepius and the staff of Moses by more than a millennium.  In the Adapa myth the serpent deity is a male god, not the female being the later Hebrews create (Turner, Frederick (2006). Natural Religion.  New Brunswick, NJ, USA: Transaction Publishers).

Ningishzida/Hydra is portrayed as serpent-dragon with the forepaws of a lion, but no hind legs.  This image is preserved on an early Persian clay tablet  Langdon (1931) but Black and Green (1992) date it to the Greek Seleucid period, the successors of Alexander the Great. (cf. Langdon, Stephen Herbert (1931). The Mythology of All Races: Semitic. Boston, MA: Archaeological Institute of America, vol. 5, p. 190, fig. 159; cp. Black, Jeremy, & Green, Anthony (1992).  Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia, An Illustrated Dictionary.  Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, published in cooperation with the British Museum Press of London).

Ea or Enki in Mesopotamian religions: both a god and a goddess who could change gender at will

Ea/Enki was originally a Sumerian god but was adopted into Akkadian, Babylonian, Canaanite, Hittite and Hurrian theology where he was a creator god associated with water and was among the earliest deities to be associated with numerology (his sacred number was 40). His image is a double-helix snake, or the Caduceus, very similar to the Rod of Asclepius, and is often shown with a horned crown of divinity dressed in the skin of a carp.  Dating from the third millennium BCE, Ea/Enki is considered the god of wisdom, semen and magic (leading to fertility and fecundity; cp. Leick, Gwendolyn (2001), Mesopotamia: the Invention of the City. London, UK: Allen Lane/The Penguin Press, p. 20), his delight was to engage in discussions with women known to be superior to men in theological debate (Kramer, Samuel Noah (2007). Sumerian Mythology: A Study of Spiritual and Literary Achievement in the Third Millennium BC. Charleston, SC, USA: Forgotten Books). It is from the Enki story that the writers of Genesis were able to create the myths of Adam and Eve walking in the Garden, as after Ea/Enki completed his/her conversation they would make the mortal(s) into slaves for the gods.  Ea/Enki were the background for what would become the myth of Noah and the Great flood (see the carvings on the rock sanctuary of Yazilikaya near Bogasköy).

Relief from Susa . Enlil to the left, Ninlil to the right. Tree of Knowledge is the symbol for the erect phallus.jpg

Enlil/Ellil and Ninlil were the gods of creation (as recorded on clay tablets in the third millennium BCE, long before any Torah or Bible was even thought of), and the account of the birth of Nanna is the foundation for Genesis 1-3 (cf. George Aaron Barton (1918). Miscellaneous Babylonian inscriptions. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press, p. 52).  The conception took place in a “heavenly city” never occupied by mortals–who were later introduced to work for the gods on 22,000 square feet of cultivated fields.  The goddess Nun-bar-ce-gunu warns her daughter Ninlil not to approach the river, fearing that she would want sex with Enlil. She disobeys her mother, goes to the river and is raped by Enlil.  This violence conceives

Nanna conceived

Suen-Acimbabbar, the moon-god in a “ritually impure” manner–which lead to the arrest and exile of Enlil (completing the myth of the exile of Adam and Eve from the Garden). 

Marduk/Merodach is from the third millennium to the eighteenth century BCE and the era of Hammurabi (Jastrow, Jr., Morris (1911). Aspects of Religious Belief and Practice in Babylonia and Assyria, G.P. Putnam’s Sons: New York and London. pp. 217-219).  Originally, Marduk was considered the sun of Ea (Sumerian Enki) and Damkina and connected with water, vegetation, judgment, and magic (C. Scott Littleton (2005). Gods,

Marduk and his dragon Mušḫuššu, from a Babylonian cylinder seal

Goddesses and Mythology. Tarrytown, NY, USA: Marshall Cavendish. Vol. 6, p. 829).  Literally, Marduk means “bull calf of the sun-god Utu”, giving rise to the cow deities of India and Egypt, and to the golden calf fantasy of Exodus. Marduk is historically pictured with his dragon-snake Mušḫuššu, and is commonly found on Babylonian cylinder seals.  By 1000 BCE, Marduk’s name becomes a title: Bel (Lord; it would in time be synonymous with master and husband).  As Babylon’s power grew, the Enûma Elish was written, culminating in an apocalyptic battle between good and evil, giving rise to the Babylonian myth of Daniel and His Companions and laying the foundation for John of Patmos’ nightmare, the Apocalypse.

Mesopotamian Goddess Inanna/Ishtar

Inanna (a Sumerian goddess; the name means “Queen of Heaven”) / Ishtar (the Akkadian counterpart) is the goddess of sexual fertility, love, and warfare and was the most prominent and popular female deity in Mesopotamia 4000 – 3200 BCE. The famous Uruk Vase (found in a deposit of cult objects of the Uruk III period; Ralf B. Wartke, “Eine Vermißtenliste (2): Die “Warka-Vase” aus Bagdad”, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 26 April 2003, Nbr 97, page 39; it was stolen from the Bagdad Museum during the April 2003 invasion of Iraq and broken into fourteen pieces by three unidentified young men on motorcycle determined to steal it; it was more than 5000 years old; from then on looting has been regular, including by allies (UK and USA soldiers and contractors), so the museum has been bricked up and covered over with cement) depicts a row of naked men carrying various objects, bowls, vessels, and baskets of farm produce, and bringing sheep and goats, to a female figure facing the ruler.  The

Uruk vase (3000 BCE; partially restored) Iraq

nudity of the men, abhorrent to contemporary Christian conservatives and Islamic fundamentalists and has been signaled out as a “devilish corruption” of the individual, signified their place in purity and subservience to the ruler in the same way that the mythological Adam and Eve were nude until the gods of Gan Eden.  It was for this reason that the Hebrew gods of Genesis took time to sew for the first people on earth aprons before expelling them from the garden.  The unique aspect of the Hebrew gods terror at seeing the nudity of the first people was that there were no other people in the Garden (according to Genesis). This indicates that either the gods were afraid to look at the nude bodies that they had “created in their own image” or that the penis and vagina/clitoris had not been created by the gods and that they were the invention of the serpent who knew that without the sex organs full knowledge would not be obtainable or useable.  Knowledge in the ancient world was equated with sex.  To this end all early religions had “sex priests” (the Hebrews referred to them as “dog priests”: kedeshah (קדשה)‎ meaning “to set apart” from mortal to perform rituals for the [pagan: non-Hebrew] gods; they were never homosexuals; cf. Thus Deuteronomy 23:18-19, but this practice continued into the fourth century CE: Eusebius, Vita Constantini, 3.55, 58) to perform fertility rituals in honor of the gods and goddesses of creation where creation was the result of sexual orgasm.

Nergal: Patron God of Kutha/Cutha

Nergal as the equivalent of Satan “ruler” of Hell is the son of Enlil and Ninlil and ruler deity of the city of Cuth (Cutha): “And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal” (2 Kings 17:30). Nergal was sometime god of the sun, but primarily god of war, fire and pestilence, thus earning him a place in Hebrew and Christian mythology as being the Satan of Hell. 

Tablet of The Deluge in the Gilgamesh epic in Akkadian (2000 - 700 BCE)

Shamhat (Ukhat) was a temple prostitute in the age of Gilgamesh (Dalley, Stephanie (2000).  Myths from Mesopotamia, Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh and others.  New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press, revised edition,  p.137.).  Shamhat appears on Tablets I/II and VII of the Epic of Gilgamesh from which the Hebrews found the legend of the Deluge (the Great Flood). On Tablet I she plays the integral role in taming the wild man Enkidu, who was created by the gods as the rival to the mighty Gilgamesh by tempting the wild man and civilizing him through continued sexual intercourse that he enjoys “six days and seven nights” until his former companions, the wild animals, turn away from him in fright, at the watering hole where they congregated. Uncertain what to do, and wanting to be with his friends, Shamhat persuades him to follow her and join the civilized world in the city of Uruk, where Gilgamesh is king.  Enkidu rejects  his former life in the wild  become the best of friends with Gilgamesh with whom he has many adventures.  Because Shamhat used sex to entice Enkidu, women from that time on in Hebrew lore were considered devils and temptresses and purity laws (Leviticus) were written to help man avoid the evils of women.  

Margiana silver plate decorated with snakes (Early Bronze Age) Metropolitan Museum New York

In the Middle East, from which the Abrahamic religions spring, serpents were considered senior deities, and are found with favor among the ancient Canaanites/Palestinians (Rosen, Arlene M. (1995). “The social response to environmental change in Early Bronze Age Canaan,” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 14(1):26-44) in the Bronze Age—who would be transmogrified by later invading mercenaries known as Habiru/Hebrews as שרף meaning “burning” and originally as a term for an enlightened being/god. While Canaan (כנען; Oswalt, John N. (1980). “כנען,” in R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer and Bruce K. Waltke (eds.), Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. Chicago, IL, USA: Moody, 1980.  Pp. 445–446) had a highly advanced and sophisticated society; the invaders were at best mercenaries and more precisely barbarians (Redford, Donald B. (1993) Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press).

Ouroboros serpent with arms, hands, legs, feet swallowing its tale (fertility and eternity symbol) at Ptuj castle

Only in the Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) does the serpent represent sexual desire, as in other religions that are far older the serpent (or snake) is seen as the ouroboros:  a symbol of eternity and continual renewal of life as found in Buddhism.  The ouroboros is an ancient symbol depicting a serpent or dragon eating its own tail and was a common motif used for rings, handles, dishes, and so forth.  The word/term originates from within Greek language; οὐρά (oura) meaning “tail” and βόρος (boros) meaning “eating”, thus “he who eats the tail” (cp. Plato, Timaeus, 33: πᾶν ἔξωθεν αὐτὸ ἀπηκριβοῦτο πολλῶν χάριν. ὀμμάτων τε γὰρ ἐπεδεῖτο οὐδέν, ὁρατὸν γὰρ οὐδὲν ὑπελείπετο ἔξωθεν, οὐδ᾽ ἀκοῆς, οὐδὲ γὰρ ἀκουστόν: πνεῦμά τε οὐκ ἦν περιεστὸς δεόμενον ἀναπνοῆς, οὐδ᾽ αὖ τινος ἐπιδεὲς ἦν ὀργάνου σχεῖν ᾧ τὴν μὲν εἰς ἑαυτὸ τροφὴν δέξοιτο, τὴν δὲ πρότερον ἐξικμασμένην ἀποπέμψοι πάλιν. ἀπῄει τε γὰρ οὐδὲν οὐδὲ προσῄειν αὐτῷ ποθεν—οὐδὲ γὰρ ἦν—αὐτὸ γὰρ ἑαυτῷ τροφὴν τὴν ἑαυτοῦ φθίσιν παρέχον καὶ πάντα ἐν ἑαυτῷ καὶ ὑφ᾽.  According to the second century Yoga Kundalini Upanishad 1.82, “The divine power, Kundalini, shines like the stem of a young lotus; like a snake, coiled round upon herself she holds her tail in her mouth and lies resting half asleep as the base of the body”).

The serpent of Genesis 1-3 is of recent vintage, and the concept that the serpent represents evil is an invention, as found in linguistic studies. Nahash (a word that means “serpent” in Hebrew, comes from the root nshs and it should be translated as “to find out” or “discover” by conversing with more intelligent gods and goddesses, especially the Mother of All Gods (it appears in all languages: Θεοτόκος, Աստուածածին, Богородица, ღვთისმშობელი, and so forth; it is not reserved for one language, religion, or people) in the ancient Jewish world: Eve.  Technically she was a helpmeet (not a helpmate): one who guided those subservient (“created from dust” to her, as was the inferior Adam who was Kohen (officially this word denotes a descendant of Aaron and a

Egyptian God Thoth as a bearded man-serpent "Wisdom-bearer"

Jewish priest. However, long before the fable of Moses and Aaron appeared, it meant “serpent priest”) who in ancient Egypt was Sato (“son of the earth”).

The figure of Eve is based upon much older mythology and is traceable to the ancient Mother Goddess or World Mother and the serpent cults of the pre-Biblical period before there were Jews, Hebrews or Israelites—people of a later invention. Closer examination of the name ‘Eve’ revealed her serpent origins, for the Hebrew for Eve is havvah (חַוָּה‎, Ḥawwāh in Classical Hebrew, Khavah in Modern Israeli Hebrew, and in Arabic: حواء‎) meaning ‘mother of all things.’ Outside of the Abrahamic use it also translates as ‘serpent’ as found in the Egyptian Book of the Netherworld. Likewise, the Arabic words for ‘snake,’ ‘life,’ and ‘teaching,’ are closely related to the word or name “Eve’ (cf. Gardiner, Philip; and Osborn, Gary (2005). The Serpent Grail: the Truth behind the Holy Grail, the Philosopher’s Stone and the Elixir of Life. London, UK: Watkins, cp. Philip Gardiner (2007). Secret societies: Gardiner’s forbidden knowledge: revelations about the Freemasons, Templars, Illuminati, Nazis, and the serpent cults. Franklin Lakes, NJ, USA: New Page Books).

When discussing the serpent that appears in Genesis 1-3, who is not a disfavored nor a disfigured being, but an equal with the gods as shown in the dialogue with Eve. According to CE translations of Genesis, the serpent was “cursed” (actually “blessed”) by the senior deities (a plural noun in the original) who allowed it to debate the Mother of All Creation (it must be remembered that Genesis is a work of recent vintage—coming at the end of the Torah—not at the beginning; it is placed at the beginning of the Hebrew and Christian bibles only because of its name, which means “First” or “In the Beginning”). 

Genesis is a series of short stories that were plagiarized from far older works from India (Śrī Brahma-samhitā 5:1: īśvarah paramah krsnah, sac-cid-ānanda-vigrahah anādir ādir govindah, sarva-kārana-kāranam), Mesopotamia (Enûma Eliš).   Egypt predating Genesis and the arrival of Habiru/Hebrews, being written 2780 – 2250 B.C.E (Hart, George (2004). Egyptian Myths. Austin, Texas: University of Texas. p. 9.), Ethiopia with the god Wak being the creator and throughout Africa, and so forth—showing that communication by people was in progress and only when education ceased was there the need to fantasize the fable of the Tower of Babel in an effort to explain the lack of dialogue.  This can be seen in a drawing by Colonel Coombs, of a sculptured column in a cave-temple in the South of India, representing the first pair of mortals at the foot of an ambrosial tree, and a serpent entwined among the heavily laden boughs, presenting to them some of the fruit from its mouth (cf. Jackson, John G. (1988). Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth.  Austin, TX: American Atheist Press). I use the pronoun its to denote the position but not the sex, as the drawing, now in the British Museum Department of Oriental Antiquity, has the serpent portrayed as a woman and heralds a distinct Babylonian influence.

Samothrace neophytes initiated into the Cabiri (pre-Grecian mystery religion)

In other cultures, the first people were not Adam and Eve (male and female) but rather two males (compare the Norse legend of two male gods creating the first two people out of two pieces of wood: with genderless beings in the religions of India and Asia).   The serpent is seen as the wise god giving them knowledge, and accomplished this by swallowing them (feet forward, indicating fellatio), so that they could be “born again.”  As noted by Mircea Eliade: the ritual swallowing by the Snake is to be interpreted as a return to the womb- on the one hand because the Snake is often described as female, on the other, because entering the belly of the divine also carries a symbolism of return to embryonic state…It represents not so much a ritual death followed by resurrection as a complete regeneration of the initiate through his gestation and birth by the Great Mother.

Serpent "re-birthing" man

Mircea Eliade (1983). Rites and Symbols of Initiation: the Mysteries of Birth and Rebirth New York, NY, USA: Harper & Row, an abridgement (chapter 2)

An ithphallyic male sky god and Nut with a snake-headed god under her (Egypt)

from the 1958/1959 edition Naissances mystiques; essai sur quelques types d’initiations. [Paris, France]: Gallimard. A Romanian and Italian translation exists. This was found to be the situation everywhere; outside of Abrahamic religions, as the serpent/snake represented wisdom and knowledge as was the ultimate symbol of wisdom and salvation: being born again (reincarnation) or being allowed to enter a garden of delights.  (cf. Bushby, Tony (2003). The Secret in the Bible.  Maroochydore, Qld: Stanford Publishing Group).

Gerald Massey wrote:

…it was the Serpent of Wisdom that first offered the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge for the Enlightenment of Mankind; whether this be Egyptian, Akkadian, or Gnostic, it is the Good Serpent. And as Guardian of the Tree set in Heaven it was the Good Serpent, or intelligent Dragon, as keeper of the treasures of Astral knowledge. It was the later Theology, Persian and Hebrew, that gave the character of the Evil One to the Serpent of Wisdom, and perverted the original meaning, both of the temptation and the Tempter who protected the Tree; which has been supplemented by the theology of the Vitriol-throwers who have scarified and blasted the face of nature on earth, and defiled and degraded the starry Intelligencers in heaven…

 Massey, Gerald (1887). The Hebrew and Other Creations Fundamentally Explained. London, UK: privately printed, a second edition was printed in London by Villa Bordighiera of New Southgate as a response to Archibald Henry Sayce’s Hibbert Lectures, an annual series of non-sectarian lectures on theological issues. (1–see footnote below).

A careful reading of the “Eve” story in Genesis does not show an ignorant, haughty nor prevaricating evil woman.  On the contrary it shows a wise woman capable debating a god, citing scripture (that later day Hebrews would rewrite, indicating that Eve’s story of being a wise sacerdotal priestess was impossible) while debating the fine hermeneutic (διερμηνεία: interpreting) points of Genesis 1-3, theologians for centuries deliberately or ignorantly misunderstood.

There are many problems with current (mis)translations of the original scrolls.  Even worse is the plethora of misinterpretations of the narrative.  “Eve” was created last so that she could be first, as was the custom in ancient civilizations: the servants arrived first to herald the ruler. Woman was the crowning glory of the narrative.

The Hebrew narrative is poorly written and can easily be exposed as fraud.  According to the contemporary era story of Genesis, the gods (אֱלהִים: a plural noun) “created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without shape and there was nothing on it except for darkness … so the gods said ‘let there be light’…” (Genesis 1:3).  No where does the scroll tell us where the light comes from–the gods would not create the sun and moon and stars until much later (Genesis 1:16-17). 

There is also the contradiction between the earth “bringing forth living creatures” (Genesis 1:24) and then the gods creating living creatures (Genesis 1:25).  The “creation” of man appears at Genesis 1:26.  One verse later “man” is “male and female”.

Creation of mortals (Epic of Gilgamesh) in Mesopotamian theology

In the second story (Genesis 2), the gods create woman from a rib (verse 22). This does not appear in the first story (Genesis 1). The omission is significant.  A rib is decidedly stronger than dust: woman is created of a superior substance, and is the stronger person, and the story actually comes from the Gilgamesh that tells of the creation by the gods of a genderless earth creature, Enkidu. Originally destined to be the nemesis of the semi-divine King Gilgamesh of Uruk, Enkidu becomes Gilgamesh’s companion on a great adventure, travelling the length and breadth of the known world. In one particular encounter on that journey, Enkidu beds a woman and is transformed into a human male when the gods grant Enkidu a penis.  From that penis the mortal race is conceived.  The writer(s) of Genesis 2 are in open conflict with the author(s) of Genesis 1. 

Neither school of writers seem to have been aware of the work of the other school. The accounts are dramatically different; the unity is broken. Genesis 1 and 2 were not only written by different people, but during different time periods.  They were spliced together only as the community of scribes approached the impending work required for the Septuagint bible.

Celtic goddess Hekate Goddess of Wisdom (symbolized with snakes), Wild Creatures, the Moon and the Crossroads

Order is made out of this chaos only with the advent of wisdom (the Tree of Knowledge and its fruit, being reserved only for the gods, a copy of ancient Sumerian theology).  The serpent/ snake of Genesis 2:3 is heralded as subtle/ crafty–having the power of speech (third account, Genesis 3:1; the New American, English Standard, and New International translations use the word “crafty”, while the New Living Translation uses “shrewdest”, while the King James, American Standard, and Douai-Rheims uses “subtle” [in various spellings] the original meaning was “skillful” or “ingenious” and understood as mental acuteness and discernment) and thus interpolated as a woman (although it is woman who is in control of the serpent/snake). 

Minoan (Crete) Serpent Goddess

The serpent (נחש or nachash, which means to “observe attentively”; modern mistranslations use the word as if it signified “brazen” or “chains” “fetters of brass” and other attributes of slavery, but this does appear in the Genesis fable; those terms appear only in 2 Samuel 22:35, Job 20:24, but in Job 26:13 it is further misused as נחש ברח, or nachash bariach, as something that passes through a gate or door or through rings, as with the Norse and Babylonian concept of the serpent swallowing its tale, but in each case it is a symbol of eternity of being and eternal life, and Psalm 18:34, with it being considered filthy or a form of fornication in Ezekiel 16:36; Ecclesiastes 10:11) is marked as “the babbler”: an old Hittite concept brought to Mesopotamia from Egypt.

Black-lored Babbler (Turdoides melanops) of Africa

The “babbler” was a bird Egyptian in origin that reiterated “everything good and pure” at the time a person died and stood to be judged on whether or not he or she deserved eternal life. The babbler later became a crocodile that was also Egyptian in origin.  It can be seen in Isaiah 27:1 and 65:25.  In these references it is clearly the god crocodile (the Egyptian god Sobek who offered power, protection, and fertility who in the Middle Kingdom was associated with the sun-god Ra; he would destroy sinners but debate the just and good who sought or obtained wisdom having come out of “the waters” (the ocean) of chaos and created the world; read: Harris, Geraldine and Pemberton, Delia (1999). Illustrated Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt.Lincolnwood, IL, USA: Peter Bedrick Books, pp.142-143.  From 1991 – 1650 BCE, Sobek’s influence extended far and became one of the foundations

Worship of the crocodile God Sobet, Temple of Kom Ombo

for the Genesis myth that dropped his depiction with the ankh, representing his ability to undo evil and cure illnesses, so as to degrade him from his divine status as if he were inferior to the gods of the Garden) or alligator who swallows the hearts of unbelievers.

In the Hall of Judgment in ancient Egyptian theology

In the Hall of Judgement Ma’ at weighs the hearts of the dead against her feather. If the heart weighs heavier it is thrown to the crocodile-headed Ammut to devour as it holds numerous sins that weigh down the heart. If the heart weighs lighter than the feather the soul that is not burdened with many transgressions may cross into the kingdom of Osiris, into paradise.

Isaiah’s use of the crocodile exposes the Isaiah account as plagiarised.  In spite of its many flaws, this tale is picked up and used later in Amos 9:3 where the serpent (נחש hannachash) rests at the bottom of the “seas” and remains the primal/primordial source of knowledge: נחשתי nichashti.  It is erroneously translated in the Septuagint, or Greek version of the Old Testament, as οφις; it has greater wisdom than the gods of the garden, as the serpent states “the gods know that on the day you eat of the fruit, your eyes shall be opened [you will have acquired knowledge] and you shall be equal to the gods.” (Genesis 1:5).  This happens two verses later.  The serpent walks erect and has feet, reaching out, for it has arms and hands–it does not “slither” on its belly (meaning “all four members) until the unmerciful garden keeper casts an evil spell upon it (Genesis 3:14b), but only after the serpent engages the mortal (female) in theological discourse.

Tree of Knowledge and its gods/priests (Assyrian cylinder)

The evil demon gods who damn the serpent and “man and woman” expose their draconian nature by admitting the truth of the serpent’s judgment, wisdom, and words. Genesis 3:22 condemns the gods of Eden without hesitation: “And the gods said, ‘Behold’, mankind has become one of us [this is a direct indication of the plurality of unity that is inherent in the Eternal Spirit and is a reference to personal distinction]—to know good and evil—for that reason, now, lest they put forth their hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat [its fruit] they will live forever [and be gods like us]”. 

Egyptian Tree of Life

The Tree of Life is found in all civilizations and in all of the world’s religions, but it is nourishing and to be sought out for food and wisdom.  For example, in ancient Egyptian theology, Isis Herself also appears once as a holy tree with a breast in its branches, nursing the king, found in the grave of Tuthmosis (Thutmosis); sexuality was affirmed, and breast milk was considered the milk of the gods–the milk of life for all future and present generations.  The breast was bared to receive

Goddess Isis as Tree of Life (Thutmosis tomb, Egypt)

petitioners who sought knowledge, food, and drink.  This motif  appears in most artistic expressions everywhere throughout the ancient world that was not plagued with the false modesty of Judaism, Christianity, or Islam. It was natural–without the forced modesty of putting on an apron to cover the sexual organs as the gods of Genesis compelled its people to wear once they stopped following orders that came without a reason (Genesis 3:21) one line in the Torah that has no equal in any of the world’s older and more enlightened religions.  In other instances, the Tree of Knowledge is also the Tree of Life, as without Knowledge there is no life. This was equally the case in ancient India and Greece, where people came, the gods who were serpents rejoiced, and bade them take

Hesperides (the golden apple) Tree of Life with the serpent as a doctor (ancient Greece)

from the Tree its fruit and eat.  The serpent surrounds the tree to offer advice, medical care, compassion, and education.  This is true everywhere from the frozen Northern regions and states, to the Buddhists in Tibet and monks moving into China and East Asia.  It occurred everywhere in every scripture–except in Genesis and among the Habiru mercenaries working for the Akkadians and Hittites until they set off for their own series of conquests: Palestine, Canaan, and tributaries that were never their own property by right, but became their land by might: force of arms and brutal battles and open genocide forays (Genesis 34:25-29; That Palestine/Canaan was never the property of Israel is attested to in Genesis 37:1, cp. Deuteronomy 2:25, 3:3-6, 18; Joshua 6; the Old Testament gods are equal to Set of Egypt: blood-thirsty and vengeful, sparing no one who would cross them. 

Nagarjuna (Buddhist Tree of Life) Tibet

In Genesis the intent is clear.  The gods of the Hebrews did not want mortals (who were “fashioned in their image” and would have been most likely demigods) to live forever for such a situation could lead to a revolt against the gods, or the rejection of the gods in favor of knowledge.  If this were to happen the gods would disappear and no longer exist.  The fate of all fantasies when people stop believing in them and think for themselves (cp. Revelation 2:7).   

The gods of the garden were not omniscient (all-knowing).  They had to ask Adam where he was (Genesis 3:9).  This is the mark of an overseer, who calls out for a worker by name.

The gods of Gan Eden were not omnipresent.  They were not with the “woman” when she debated the serpent. 

The gods of paradise were not omnipotent.  They had no power to stop woman and her debate.

The eleventh verse of this ancient tragedy opens more questions about the omniscience of the garden god—questions that any gifted deity would not have to ask. This is found repeated in verse thirteen.

“Adam” proves himself to be weak: of fashion, creation, and courage. The man blames the woman as would any cowardly bully. 

Woman asserts herself.  She responds affirmatively.  Eve cites her source (2–see footnote below).

Far from being loving, merciful, forgiving, and generous gods, the deities are harsh, cruel, vengeful, unrelenting, and evil. They insist that the mortals suffer and glory in their suffering (Genesis 3:15-19). 

Only once the woman suffers is she given a name–and then by the mortal who caused the suffering by pulling back and putting the full blame on the woman. The name Eve does not appear until line 20, with the scriptural notation that she is “the mother of all living things”: the title given to goddess throughout Sumerian history and theology, a theology carried over to Mesopotamian nations and Egypt, and only of late used in the emerging writings of Hebrew scribes.  It is a title identical to that bestowed on the Goddess Isis of ancient Egypt—and, yet, there is the surprising confession that Eve is Isis in part as she is the creatrix who gave life to all things (Genesis 1:11-25 ff, 2:9-19) making Eve the creating deity over any other deity (Ide, Arthur Frederick (1982). Woman in ancient Israel under the Torah and Talmud: with a translation and critical commentary on Genesis 1-3. Mesquite, TX, USA: IHP).

The destiny of the Mother of All Things, however, changes in the fourth tale, (Genesis 4:1-2) as she no longer has the power to spontaneous create, but must regenerate laboriously: giving birth.  This is quickly masked over by the scribes who created the fifth account–obviously unaware of the other records, for there are numerous generations from a single mother who had but three sons.  For Cain to marry (Genesis 4:17), he would have had to marry a daughter of Seth (in Egyptian theology his name is Set and he was the god of evil and darkness, but definitely patriarchal with no respect for women), his niece, while Seth would have had to have had sex with his mother as Oedipus did in Greek lore.

Sumerian Tree of Knowledge and Serpent God 2025 BCE

While “Eve” is essential to the Abrahamic religions’ plagiarism of far older world fables on creation, the serpent in the garden is the central figure, especially concerning the Temptation beside the Tree of Knowledge.  The words of the serpent are critical to understanding the significance of the “fall” (or rise) of males and patriarchy that did not exist for millennia. Nearly the serpent’s entire message is in the Third Tale (Genesis 3, which Batto, Bernard F. (1992). Slaying the Dragon, Mythmaking in the Biblical Tradition. Louisville, KY, USA: Westminster/John Knox Press, p. 60: “The Yahwist’s Primeval Myth.” rejects as original or authentic).  It is the serpent-god who begins the dialogue:

vs. 1b: “Yes, [have not] the gods said, ‘you shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” The full text is: וְהַנָּחָשׁ הָיָה עָרוּם מִכֹּל חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה אַף כִּי־אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִכֹּל עֵץ הַגָּן׃. In vs. 2b-3,

the woman points out “We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden, but the fruit of the tree that is in the among/amidst/in the center of the garden, the gods declared ‘You all shall not eat of it, neither shall anyone touch it or you will die’.” The full text reads: וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֶל־הַנָּחָשׁ מִפְּרִי עֵץ־הַגָּן נֹאכֵל׃ וּמִפְּרִי הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר בְּתֹוךְ־הַגָּן אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִמֶּנּוּ וְלֹא תִגְּעוּ בֹּו פֶּן־תְּמֻתוּן׃ .

The serpent retorts (vs. 4b=5): “Surely you will not die. For the gods know certainly that on the day that you eat [of the fruit of the tree], your eyes shall be opened and you shall be equal to the gods: knowing good and evil.” The full text reads: וַיֹּאמֶר הַנָּחָשׁ אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה לֹא־מֹות תְּמֻתוּן׃ כִּי יֹדֵעַ אֱלֹהִים כִּי בְּיֹום אֲכָלְכֶם מִמֶּנּוּ וְנִפְקְחוּ עֵינֵיכֶם וִהְיִיתֶם כֵּאלֹהִים יֹדְעֵי טֹוב וָרָע׃  

Dispute Between Emesh and Enten (Sumerian cylinder)

The serpent is recognizing different forces.  The serpent is not the betrayer, nor is the serpent an enemy of gods for the woman is a god (the creatrix) and the serpent is working to increase her knowledge.  This knowledge led to sex with the “first man” and from their union came Emesh and Enten (Cain [literally it means “the Shining One” and was later accorded to Lucifer; in the Greek New Testament, Cain is referred to as ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ: “the evil one” 1 John 3:12] and Abel, which in Hebrew means “breath”, “vanity”, and “waste”, but in Akkadian, Abel means “son”, and in Arabic Abel translates as “herdsmen” of camels, while Cain translates as “metal smith” indicating their professions: farming and industry and their “battle” was between the two professions, not between two men: Richard S. (1993).  Studies in the Personal Names of Genesis 1-11. Kevelaer, Germany: Verlag Butzon & Bercker ; Neukirchen-Vluyn, Germany: Neukirchener Verlag, pp. 24-25) two Mesopotamians who fit into Sumerian theology.

The serpent demonstrates that it (since in fact there is no actual reference to the gender of the serpent as male or female) is in fact a deity.  It is not a demon as demons at this time in history did not recognize the existence of good but, like Marduk of Persia, were preoccupied with murdering messengers of light

Shiva (Pashupati terracotta seal) excavated from the Mohenjo Daro (Mound of the Dead) in the Indus Valley dated c. 2000 BCE

(Ahura Mazda) in a great (and final) battle for control of the earth. 

Lord of cattle holding a snake of wisdom (India)

In India, the serpent-god was the guide to heaven, his erect phallus a symbol of peace and love and direction toward god.  This is seen graphically in the Shiva Pashupati (“lord of cattle”) seal, a famous terracotta seal excavated from the Mohenjo Daro (Mound of the Dead) in the Indus Valley dated approximately 2000 BCE depicting a horned (divine) yogi figure in lotus position with an erect phallus:  a symbol of the way to heaven.  Shiva, frequently depicted in yogi form, is commonly venerated in

Shiva lingam in 10th century temple of Sri Brihadeswara Thanjavur (India)

the form of the male organ of procreation or lingam. The lingam, upon which devotees focus their prayers that is usually located at ground level, the vertical configuration of the icon symbolizes ascent, pointing to heaven. Shiva lingam is usually found in the innermost sanctuary of Shiva temples. Reference to the Shiva lingam (लिङ्गं in Sanskrit) is noted in ancient Hindu scriptures, including the Puranas and Mahabharata.

Yoga practices rest on awakening the “kundalini,” a Sanskrit word meaning “serpent power.” Only when the “coiled serpent” (the phallus) is awakened the real (subconscious) Yogi becomes the creator and destroyer of the universe, like God. Yoga is motivated by a spirit that inspires self-deificationin the practitioner with a promise of

Shiva Lingam and Yoni (India)

reincarnation through regeneration (sexuality and sexual active intercourse).  As Hindu theology ebbed into Mesopotamia, with an intensive emphasis on the divine qualities of the phallus and phallic worship that had long played a role in Canaanite and other Palestinian religions, the Habiru began to fight the innovative ontology and form schools to battle it by inventing evil to be the hallmark of the Celestial Advocate (Satan).  The reality of human sexuality was repressed by the ignorance of a few that such activity, if left unguarded and unchecked, would lead to transgressions against the laws of the deities they worshipped

Shiva lingam (Hindu, India)

and such transgressions would become unforgivable sins unless punished to the ultimate extent.  Thus stoning for adultery or effeminacy was demanded by the numerous authors of Leviticus, and from there carried to other tracts that never existed.  While the Hindus, Canaanites and other Palestinians had no problem, and in fact rejoiced in the display of the phallus as a symbol of the deities love for mortals, such a display was forbidden among the early emerging Habiru who considered the organ to be a work of the serpent that they would in time refer to as The Devil.  All images of the phallus would be forbidden among the wandering nomads/mercenaries, and any reference was prohibited under pain of offending the tribal god Yahweh–who would avenge himself by causing those who dared mention it to suffer.  All symbols, common in Hinduism, Asherahism of the Canaanites, and others, were destroyed.  Religion had become the warlord over choice and wisdom was denied.

Single serpent entwined around a pole (Egypt 3000 BCE)

All religions have stories of serpents that become staffs, rods, pillars, and even the phallus.  The ancient Egyptians created legends of magicians (magi) who turned serpents into rods (cf. Exodus 7:10-12) to warn pharaohs of impending dangers, mass famine and pestilence, leading ultimately to the invention of Moses, from the tale of the priest On (Ide, Arthur Frederick (1992).  Moses : making of myth & law : the influence of Egyptian sex, religion, and law on the writing of the Torah ; with an introduction by Decherd Turner; cp. Loud, Gordo,  Megiddo II: Plates plate 240: 1, 4, from Stratum X (dated by Loud 1650–1550 BC) and Statum VIIB (dated 1250–1150 BC), noted by Karen Randolph Joines, “The Bronze Serpent in the Israelite Cult” Journal of Biblical Literature 87.3 (September 1968:245-256) p. 245 note 2.),

Moab serpent-god with feathers and horns of divinity (date unknown)

a symbol that even appears on Moab and Mesoamerica cave walls (cp. Exodus 7:9-12).  Scholars have found this iconography regarding the serpent going back to the legend of Kukulcan/ Quetzalcoatal (first documented in Teotihuacan in the first century BCE or first century CE), represented   as a feathered serpent. Quetzalcoatl was associated most intriguingly with legends of a white bearded hero arriving by boat from the sea, teaching the people, and then leaving, with the promise to return again in the future. This long-lived legend permitted the quick and easy overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Spanish invaders, who troops encouraged by their clergy quick martyred the Aztecs to steal their gold and claim their land for their pagan god and king.  The brutal atrocities committed by the clergy far outdid the carnage capped by the soldiers in service to their kings: secular and divine (cp. Matthew 10:34).

Feathered, with horns, serpent deity (Moab cave art)All ancient religions, including that of the Habiru/Hebrews saw the serpent is co-equal with the gods.  The serpent is the source of wisdom (the Levi, or priestly class, had to destroy that concept, even though Moses had the serpent on his staff as did all medical practitioners, educators, and even priests and royalty). With that the conversation is finished, and the diminishing of woman initiated–to be made complete with the rise of “Christianity” and Islam–both that demand that mortals submit to cruel gods and their priests and prophets.

Papyrus _Oxy VI 932 A private letter on papyrus from Oxyrhynchus written in a Greek hand of the second century CE The holes are caused by worms

Paulinity, the usurper of initial community of believers in Jesus of the New Testament and the actual root of what would become confessional Christianity that had nearly nothing in common with the Sayings of Jesus (referred to by Papias of Hierapolis in Anatolia (c. 60-130 CE): fragmentary logia texts appear on two Oxyrhynchus papyri discovered in 1897 and 1904; cf. Cross, F. L., ed. (2005). The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press, read articles Logia and Sayings of Jesus; Papias, Exposition on the Oracles of the Lord survives only in quotations made by Irenaeus and Eusebius; Oxyrhynchus was a city in Egypt (in ancient Egypt it was Per-Mejed the capital of the Upper Egypt Nome and rebuilt after the conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 BCE and renamed Οξυρρύγχου Πόλις : “town of the sharp-snouted fish”) on the

Bronze statue of Oxyrhynchus fish (date uncertain)

west of the Nile.  From this site came an enormous collection of papyrus texts dating from the time of the Ptolemaic and Roman periods of Egyptian history were found.  It was also the trove for Gnostic writings, especially the Gospel of Thomas, which many sawn as a threat to the emerging Paulinity church and sacerdotal priests committed to Saul of Tarsus) or any original text (most of which were destroyed by Constantine I and his subservient bishops determined to weed out heresy, deliberately, in the fourth century CE, further twisted the story as recorded by the schools of scribes in ancient Israel, to make the serpent appear as evil: “like sheep (a word that is both singular and plural, here used in the plural format; those that were found at Oxyrhynchus were written, or copied from older originals, between the third and fourth centuries CE.  Many were written on the back of old government and accounting records as papyrus and paper were expensive) among wolves” (a symbol of evil) in Mathew 10:16.  2 Corinthians 11:3 actually admits, reluctantly, that inquisitiveness is a virtue yet one that could lead to “being led astray” from blind obedience to the madness of the creators of Paul (“pure devotion to Christ”: a title Jesus of the New Testament never claimed). 

Shri Anantasayana Vishnu , Lord Vishnu sleeping on the cosmic serpent

The universality of the serpent as a part of the waters and ring of life, as in Hindu theology it is affirmed that Lord Vishnu sleeps while floating on the cosmic waters on the serpent , and antecedent to the Torah is found in Babylonian and other texts where the serpent is a prized and wisdom giving god is found in Revelation 12:15.  It is not until Revelation 20:2 that a mysterious saviour (not named Jesus) seizes the serpent and at that point calls it a devil, and then adds the name “Satan” (that does not mean “evil” but translates as “celestial advocate” and was a Babylonian son of the gods: Job 2:1).  The Babylonian Satan, sourced from the Sumerian Satan (“Divine Advocate”) was a god in mortal shape.

Gadd Seal (Ur III period, 2380-2360 BCE, ancient Sumeria) foundation for SatanNaramsin with horns of divinity, fully armed (Sumeria) (c. 3000 BCE)

The BM 122847 cylinder seal shows a humped bull standing before a palm-tree (Tree of Knowledge), feeding from a round manager (or a bundle of fodder symbolizing the promised birth of a warrior [“messiah”: מָשִׁיחַ meaning “anointed”; cp. سيح that is translated in the Greek Septuagint as  Χριστός (Khristós), cp. Book of Enoch (xxxvii.-lxxi.) of the first century BCE]; behind the bull (a god, called Apis in Egypt where the calf was known as Yah, Marduk is the “bull of Utu”.  Shiva’s Hindu steed is Nandi, the Bull.various names in Mesopotamia; Aurochs are depicted in many Paleolithic European cave paintings such as those found at Lascaux and Livernon in France, while the earliest survivals of a bull cult are at neolithic Çatalhöyük: southern Anatolia (Turkey), which existed from approximately 7500 BCE to 5700 BCE and while most agree it was a matriarchal society, there are those who argue it was gender-nuetral: Hodder, Ian. “Women and Men at Çatalhöyük,” Scientifi  American Magazine, January 2004 (update V15:1, 2005) and Hodder, Ian (2006). The Leopard’s Tale: Revealing the Mysteries of Çatalhöyük. London; New York: Thames & Hudson), is holy scorpion and two snakes; above this scene is a human figure (placed horizontally) who has long arms and legs and rays (“horns”) about his head (antedating Moses of the Torah) who is the overseer.  The serpent is the one who imparts knowledge, discusses Truth with “creatures” and is the senior aid to the human figure (cuneiform Gadd Seal 1). The serpent is the prototype of “all things good” and wisdom.

"Everything good and pure" (Egyptian hieroglyph)

The strangest part appears in verse 15b: “it [the serpent] shall bruise your head, and you both shall bruise his heel.”  This has met little discussion, but the fact that the serpent had a head, arms, hands, and legs, and walked upright (it is only later it crawls on its belly: Genesis 3:14) is indicative not that it was necessarily a person shaped, formed, and endowed like a mortal, but rather that it had a head indicating that it had a brain and was wise—there is no record within the Third Tale that the gods had a head (none is mentioned), nor were the omnipresent or omnipotent as was the serpent who displayed both characteristics (Matthew 10:16, John 3:14-15; the Torah devolution of the serpent was slow and only transmogrified to separate Israelites from other mortal communities: Kelly Satan: a biography, p. 360 “However, the idea of Zoroastrian influence on the evolution of Satan is in limited favor among scholars today, not least because the satan figure is always subordinate to God in Hebrew and Christian representations: Kelly, Henry Ansgar (2006). Satan: a Biography. Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press), for the serpent was

Devil Man (Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493 CE)

“subtle” (Genesis 3:1).  Furthermore, the serpent was not a traditional snake, for the text reads that “you shall bruise his heal” and only non-serpentine (not snakes) have heels, the passage reminiscent of Achilles whose heel was unprotected in combat (a final combat: an apocalyptic End Time); the Satan, allegedly, created the genitals.

To protect the Abrahamic religions, and after Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, a concerted attack on the recognition and worship of the serpent as a source of knowledge broke out with ferocity.

Constantinus II with Licinius Crispus (coin, 4th century CE)The Emperor Constantinus II in 356 CE ordered the Egyptian temples of Isis-Osiris closed and forbade the use of Egyptian hieroglyphics as a religious language while stealing Egyptian gold for his own use. The Emperor Theodosius in 380 CE declared Christianity to be the official Roman state religion, forbade the existence of all pagan cults with especially attention to destroying the records of ancient Egyptian culture and religion, attacking the Egyptian language and the writing systems of Egyptian priests, destroying manuscripts in a way similar to the burning of Arian records by Constantine I, in favor of an illiterate emerging priestly class that changed Christianity into Paulinity favoring a few over the many.

Theophilus and the Serapeum

In 391 C.E. the pandering, predatory Patriarch of Alexandria, Theophilus (d. 412 CE), one of the most evil and illiterate patriarchs in Church history: “Seiz[ed] this opportunity, Theophilus exerted himself to the utmost … he caused the Mithraeum to be cleaned out… Then he destroyed the Serapeum [the greatest library in the world of that day]… and he had the phalli of Priapus carried through the midst of the forum. … the heathen temples… were therefore razed to the ground, and the images of their gods molten into pots and other convenient utensils for the use of the Alexandrian church” (written by Socrates Scholasticus, The Ecclesiastical History 16) having summoned his venal and blood-thirsty monks to arms and sent them as a barbaric horde against the city of imperial Memphis, which had a reputation similar to today’s Vatican and its libraries, and the great shrine of Serapis, the Serapeum, the main temple of the Osirian-Isis religion where more records were kept than could be found in any Christian church or convent. The object, an open secret, was to steal all gold of non-Christians to adorn the Christian churches and starve the masses. 

This violence and carnage was repeated by the Christian community  when the female philosopher Hypatia (350/370 – March 415), a noted mathematician and librarian who was head of the Platonist school at Alexandria where she taught philosophy and astronomy, was lynched and flayed by a mob of Alexandrian Coptic monks who acclaimed Theophilus’s nephew and successor Cyril as “the new Theophilus, for he had destroyed the last remains of idolatry in the city”, as recorded in the Chronicle (only a translation in Ethiopian in 1602 survives) by John of Nikiu, an Egyptian Coptic bishop, in the seventh century (“La Chronique de Jean de Nikioû”, ed. and translated into French by H. Zotenberg in Notices et Extraits des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale, t. XXIV, I, pp. 125–605 (Paris, 1883) and also separately (Paris, 1883).  The death of Hypatia ( Toohey, Sue (2003). “The Important Life & Tragic Death of Hypatia”. Skyscript.co.uk.) marked the beginning of the decline and end of education in the Christian world, that substituted memorization of myths for learning and the conduct of inquiry, more interested in turning out bigoted clerics than producing intelligent leaders, scientists, mathematicians and inventors (Wider, Kathleen (1986). “Hypatia”, Women Philosophers in the Ancient Greek World: Donning the Mantle.  Indianapolis, IN, USA: Indiana University Press, p. 49–50).  Schools were closed, libraries destroyed, and the mythology of Paulinity became the only acceptable religion until Islam took over Arabia and began its march to conquer the world.

USA soldier Lynndie England holding a leash attached to a Abu Ghraib prisoner in Iraq

More violent than the armies of the legendary Joshua, more bloodthirsty than the Cossacks (Казаки) of Imperial Russia, and more deadly than Lynndie England and her gaggle of goons at Abu Ghraib prison (2004-2005; for her role in and torturing Iraqis England was indicted on of one count of conspiracy, four counts of maltreating detainees and one count of committing an indecent act, England received only a three-year prison sentence), the Christian terrorists from Alexandria massacred Egyptian priests in their shrines and in the streets. The ferocity of the violence consumed priests, followers, and the Egyptian intellectual elite of Alexandria, Memphis, and other cities of Egypt who were murdered and their temples and libraries destroyed and a motley crew of scribes were assigned to rewrite (“revise”) history and create a fiction supporting Alexandria’s concept of Christianity that would be buttressed by the Arian bishop of Caesarea, Eusebius, who was commissioned by Constantine to create and write a Bible in 385 CE (Eusebius, Vita Constantini, IV,36-37). The institutional structure of Egyptian religion, then more than four millennia old, was demolished in less than two decades (cf. Gabriel, Richard A (2005).  Jesus the Egyptian: the Origins of Christianity and the Psychology of Christ.  [S.I.] Iuniverse Inc).

The conclusion in the nineteenth century, and not ignored until the rise of evangelical fundamentalism among the new emerging sects, was that the serpent was neither demon nor devil, but a god sent to educate and elucidate wisdom.  This came from a study of serpentine figures from all ancient civilizations that used the image of the serpent to hallmark medical corporations, technical and educational institutions, and government think tanks employing the symbol of the serpent on their emblems and logos.

FOOTNOTES

(1) Sayce was a pioneer British Assyriologist and linguist who held the chair as Professor of Assyriology at Oxford University (1891-1919), publishing transcriptions and translations of cuneiform texts for the Society of Biblical Archaeology (see vol. 3, part 1). Sayce argued that the Hittites existed centuries before the age of Old Testament patriarchs, debunking the common thought that the Old Testament was the earliest history of the region; it was but a plagiarism.  His Hibbert Lectures on Babylonian religion and showed how it was far older than any Jewish writing or the Torah (cf. Sayce, Archibald Henry (1887). The Hibbert Lectures, 1887. Lectures on the origin and growth of religion as illustrated by the religion of the ancient Babylonians. London, UK: Williams & Norgate).  Sayce’s goal was to find the Rosetta stone to unlock all ancient languages. Cf. Archibald Henry Sayce (1875). An elementary grammar: with full syllabary and progressive reading book, of the Assyrian language, in the cuneiform type. London, UK: Samuel Bagster and Sons, I have a copy of the second edition, but no date was printed on the book; Sayce, Archibald Henry (1887). Lectures on the Origin and Growth of Religion as Illustrated by the Religion of the ancient Babylonians. London: Williams and Norgate; and, Sayce, Archibald Henry (1888-[1892].  Records of the Past: Being English translations of the ancient monuments of Egypt and Western Asia. New Series; 6 vols. London: Bagster & Sons).

(2) Although contemporary versions read that she claims “the serpent beguiled me” meaning to “suggest” or “impose upon” (James 1:22) even “lecture” but the concept of  “deceit” is of later origin and at first was understood to me “to cheat” from giving full details as in Romans 7:11, 16:18 (where it is to “encourage” or “offer”, and 1 Corinthians 3:18; as a verb transitive, “beguile” means “to make time pass without notice” indicating that the dialogue lasted for some time and various points debated).  In 2 Corinthians 11:3, it is the offering of serious scholarship to the exclusion of accepting “the simplicity that is in Christ”—or accepting the least complicated answer in favor of ignorance, also inserted in 2 Thessalonians 2:3; it is a commandment to obey the priests (Isaiah 37:10) who work for the good of their particular god(s) and not for the good of people, as noted in Jeremiah 29:8.

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Filed under Ancient Egypt, Bible, Christian Terrorists, Church history, Genesis, Homosexuality, Old Testament, Roman Catholicism, Torah

Genesis: Old legends and modern fantasies scrutinized

For the last 1700 years various groups of Christians have considered that the Bible began its sordid tales with the writing of the Book of Genesis.  This error was generated because the word genesis, coming from the Greek γένεσις (a part of the Proto-Indo-European languages adapted to Sanskrit and Semitic languages from γέν that developed from the Sanskrit शुरू referring to a birthing from nothing but coming with force (such as a Big Bang; it does not translate as a “fashioning by hand” or “creation”), means “origin“.  The Hebrew uses the word בְּרֵאשִׁית‎, Bereʾšyt.  It translates as “In the beginning”.  

Genesis was coined by a crass conclave of courtiers in the keep of the King Josiah.  The writers group continued, and flourished later under the patronage of King Jehoiachin and the queen mother of Judah–thousands of years after various people who eventually emerged as a Semitic people (politely styled “Hebrews” in Jeremiah 29:2) with the royal family pushed from the throne by a violent god (Jeremiah 22:24; the god was the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar (2 Chronicles 24:15 and 36:9-10). 

While myth makes Moses the author of the Torah, that is a pious fiction, for it is impossible for anyone to write about his or her own death.  As various scholars have noted, the authorship of Moses, is a pitifully pious fraud (De Wette, Wilhelm Martin Leberecht (1829) Lehrbuch der historisch  kritischen  ein  leitung in die Bibel Alten und Neuen Testaments. Berlin, G. Reimes, 1817 [vol. 1], 1829 [vol. 3], etc.).  

The collection of courtiers gave a cornerstone, by penning “Genesis”, as a way to spirit away time–much as the lords and ladies meeting to fashion the Decameron.  It is on the frivolity of favorites of the sovereign that the initial Hebrew mythologies were built, initiating both the Hebrew tales of wonder as well as the canons that became a part of what the pagan emperor Constantine I wanted: a universal (or “catholic”) church.  The fact that Constantine knew of these fables can be attested in the writings of those who came after Josephus–an unscrupulous liar.  But the stories did continue–many being enhanced and expanded by Augustine of Hippo and those who followed his writings. 

We can read much of the transmogrification of writings in the various redactions of old Canaanite tales and those from Babylon and Sumeria and Samaria.  To this end we have the non-Hebrew story of Ruth, the alleged Babylonian Empress Esther, and others.  This led the great Constantine to call for his warrior bishops to put aside their differences and attempt to live in (unrealized) harmony when he forced through his novel idea in 325 CE at Nicaea.  Out of this came the “catholic” [universal] church that was anything but united.

To create a united people, the imperial house reasoned, it was essential to initialize a united religion as the various theologies of ancient Roman and Greek gods and goddesses were not only multiplying but mutating.  It was the Emperor’s hope–as mentioned by the Arian bishop Eusebius of Caesarea–that this could be done by finding common themes in all of the tales of generations and civilizations.  From this came the compilation of creation narratives, and then later literary escapes from India (Abraham, patterned after the god Brahma) to southern Ethiopia (Queen of Sheba).

In the “primeval history” of Genesis (chapters 1-11), dated somewhere around the sixth century BCE, the reader finds most of the ancient legends that have similarities to all other ancient theologies that predate it by no less than 2400 years.  This makes other less-tainted theologies not only far older but far more reliable than the fantasies of in Gan [garden] Eden in Iraq that actually, on papyrus and skins, extended from the mountains of Turkey to southern Chad. 

The landlords of Eden grew herbs (Genesis 1:11a).  The great error is that people were illiterate and fearful of natural phenomena–and this terror escalated as civilizations grew so that simple stories took on a god-appearance structure, and words like “baal” (which meant husband) became a god of terror, and elohim (a plural noun) was wrenched away from leaders to god(s)/goddess(es). After the herbs evolved from the ground (the English text reads: “Let the earth bring forth”–no god(s)/goddess(es) is/are mentioned as creating the herbs), “the  fruit tree” (singular: one, in Genesis 1:11b) appears and from its seed other fruit trees evolved (Genesis 1:12) once more without the intervention of any god(s)/goddess(es).  What is forgotten is that kings (and cesars: emperors) were frequently proclaimed gods not only after they died as was more common with the page of history being turned once Julius crossed the Rubicon, but were also hailed as gods following successful battles or while engaged in major works.  Thus Hadrian was a god in popular mentality as were the various Raj (Hindustani in origin (राज راج), was more popular after 1858, with the British Conquest of what is today known as India (civilization that can be charted more than 500,000 years ago and was established by a [the number varies] a shepherd boy with a mythology much like that of David of the Old Testament; the religion of India was polytheistic and from it came the Apiru, or early Hebrew, polytheism, with the India Vishnu (Sanskrit विष्णु Viṣṇu) who had a ‘Universal Form‘ (Vishvarupa) that is beyond the ordinary limits of human perception or imagination being similar to Elohim) and meant “ruler”, the leaders of tribes in Northern and Central Africa, and even among the ancient Britons and Picts to the North.  It will be out of India and Hinduism that the concept of a Holy Trinity, the Trimurti (translated as: ‘three forms’; in Sanskrit: त्रिमूर्ति trimūrti; cf. Zimmer, Heinrich (1972). Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization. Princeton, NJ USA: Princeton University Press, p. 124), was born no less than 400,000 BCE, with Brahma (prototype for Abraham) the creator, Vishnu the maintainer or preserver, and Shiva the destroyer or transformer.

A bas-relief depiction of the Trimurti at The Hoysaleswara temple in Halebidu

While predatory priests and pastors from the ancient world that would ultimately take on the name of Hebrew and declare the House of Levi to be the true spokesman of the ancient Egyptian god Yah, it needed the support of teachers (rabbis) who were quick to curry favor by deleting words, adding phrases, and changing original scripts into a distorted scripture that the ignorant accepted in blind faith.   To those in early, medieval and modern Paulinity (the religion that developed out of primitive Christianity) have tried desperately to cast the destruction of the ancient world on the transgressions or sins of mortals, the opposite is far more plausible–and more documents are being made public to show that most of the Old Testament is mortal made and written numerous times to incorporate errors demanded by those in power.

The most fascinating aspect of this mythology is that the gods (or more precisely the nobility) play no role at all in the evolution of life. It is the water that “brings forth the creeping creature having life” (Genesis 1:20a), and from the water comes the fowl (Genesis 1:20b).  The development of the language has left scholars guessing for nearly 1300 years (Van Seters, John (2004). The Pentateuch: a social-science commentary. Continuum International Publishing Group, p. 114).  “Create” does not mean to “make out of nothing” but to make better that which exists. For example, an artist creates a picture, but the artist must first have the canvas or the paper on which to draw or sketch with pen or pencil or pigments.

AL-288-1 (Lucy, skeleton found in Ethiopia)

No where in the ancient texts does it say that the god(s)/goddess(es) [hereafter I will refer to these elohim as lords, until the word becomes “gods” in the original scrolls or incised on stones or tablets) of Genesis originated life–they refined what already existed.  Throughout Genesis 1, it is “the earth [that] brings forth…life (animals, fowl,  fish, and mortals)”–not a god/goddess, for these beings were nothing more than proprietors.  While evangelical extremists and Biblical literalists argue that the world is 6000 years old, Richard Leaky and his family found the earliest humanoid bones of the skeleton of an individual Australopithecus afarensis known as Lucy (the common name of AL 288-1), that dates to more than 3.2 million years ago.  No male skeletons were found.

The antediluvian property owner of the Garden (an allegory of land from Assyria to Ethiopia, as found in Genesis 2:10-14) kept his or her workers ignorant.  This was common then as it is today, for an illiterate workforce does not seek higher wages or better working conditions. An illiterate workforce does not ask questions, and it is for that reason that the workforce was denied access to the Tree of Knowledge (an allegorical statement referring to education).

To keep the workers ignorant and thus at their appointed tasks, the helpmeets (those who were organized into groups; fundamentalists illiterate in the art of translation and interpretation misused the word and called it “helpmate”) were given tasks the gentry of the garden did not have time or interest in doing.  The primary workers, collectively known as “Adam” (who was taken from “the earth” where “the earth” is the feminine noun adamah and means both “mother” and earth” showing her superiority over man to whom she gave birth) was given the primary task of naming (not domesticating) the animals.  This “Adam,” (more of a reference to a condition: slavery, than to any individual or group of individuals) in time, was joined by (a [singular] or without an article implying plural) helpmate(s) but the original word is helpmeet(s) who were a lesser-trained group of workers), collectively known as “Eve” (“living”).  

Neither the word Adam nor the word Eve designates gender.  Adam is an undifferentiated androgyne. Gender comes with the pronouns for he (ish: אש)/ she (ishshah: נָשִׁים) and refers to sexuality (ishsheh: or אּשֶּׁה “fire”)not to “wife”.  The male is of little importance outside of labor, for ish refers to ability: and it is found in the verb can but not to the affirmation of will.  Ancient civilizations determined generations (or lineages)  through females, not males–except

Early Akkadian record of Habiru as wanderers c 1500 BCE

among invading vandals and nomadic people (such as the Apiru who were an unsettled mercenary people among the Hittites, and who drifted throughout the Mesopotamian region with the earliest records appearing c 1500 BCE, the names of 438 Habirusoldiers or servants of king Tunip-Tessup of Tikunani: a small city-state in Mesopotamia which thrived around the middle of the second millennium BC.  Tikunani is best-known for a cuneiform document from the reign of Tunip-Teššup containing a list of names of Habiru soldiers.  The Habiru/Apiru soldiers had no common ethnic affiliations, spoke no common

Apr(w)/Habiru in ancient Egypt

language, and led a marginal and sometimes lawless existence on the fringes of settled society.  There is a record under Thutmose III, frequently thought to be antecedent to Moses, where the Habiru/Apiru appear as wine makers at the tombs of the dead and are considered to be part of the Hittites:  apr[w]).  That was the case in the patriarchy that came in the soiled baggage of latter-day Hebrews and later Pauline Christians who had very little in common with the Christ of the New Testament.

When Genesis 1:26 records that “Let us make man to our image” it is not the body but the intelligence that is made, and the plural noun is used in each case.  It refers to the feminine intellect. This is why the early religious officials and officiates were priestesses–not priests, and why prophecy came from Oracles (female prophets) not from males.  All ancient civilizations that were settled, established, and had introduced education were feminine in nature (it is the word effeminacy (meaning “traditional female roles” that included warfare, education, government, and animal hunting, while gardening and horticulture were reserved for men: as an adjective it is θηλυπρεπής and as a noun it is γυναικωτός; cp. 1 Corinthians 6:9 which is oriented around the mental illness of sissyphobia or effeminiphobia) that has, over the centuries, been mistranslated and misinterpreted as “homosexual”, as seen in Deipnosophistae12.515e-516a) and gave time, attention and currency to schools, with religion playing a significant role in fertility rites and those seeking bounty from the elements, as with the goddess Asherah (אֲשֵׁרָה‎: Venus) of the Canaanites, who

Asherah / Athirat

originated with the Akkadian and Hittites.  She is  identical with the Ugaritic goddess Athirat that is the source for Jesus walking on water, as the Ugaritic goddess’ name means ‘She who treads [walks] on the sea’.  According to the Hebrew prophet Jeremiah, Asherah was acclaimed as the “Queen of Heaven”: לֶכֶת הַשָּׁמַיִם‎ (Jeremiah 7:18 and 44:17–19, 25)–a title that would later be given to the Mother of Jesus: Mary in the nineteenth century by Pope Pius IX.  Early Hebrews considered Asherah to be the wife of the Hebrew agricultural god Yahweh (Judith M. Hadley (2000), The Cult of Asherah in Ancient Israel and Judah: Evidence for a Hebrew Goddess, Cambridge University Press pp. 122–136).

The first field workers had but minor tasks, at first glance, but one of great importance and need for reasoning ability that Gan Eden’s war leaders obviously did not have the intellectual ability nor time to do: naming “animals” (species of all kinds).  This passage was an initial form of inventory control.  Later, when their sons were conscripted to fight, they were pawns to be at the front line of battles, and considered expendable, but were named in lists to keep track of which males had sons that could fight in later battles.

The injunction in verse 28 of Genesis 1 is frequently read by fundamentalists as a precept to have children (off-spring).  That is not what the original term meant.  It would be a direct command that would make no sense in line with verse 22 where the same injunction is given to fish and birds and refers to the acceptance of additional generations if they occur.  It in no way implies nor affirms that there is a concept of family as animals seldom remember their sires.  What the scrolls show is the desire by the war leaders to have a constant supply of warriors to wage battle.

In addition to the travail or tabulating resources and wealth, the servants of the lords were instructed to tend groves of trees.  That this was their primary duty can be read in the prohibition disallowing them to “eat from the Tree of Knowledge”: to be educated like the warrior class and their children.  The mistake may have been predetermined to check on the obedience of the workers, or may have been accidental: not expecting a worker rebellion in quest of knowledge as was the goal of the German peasant leaders in 1525 CE.

The possibility that the transgression was not planned can be seen in the unique position of the mortal demons of the denizen: the employers who feared that if their workers are the forbidden fruit (gained knowledge) the workers would want more, and not accept the natural state of  nudity (Genesis 2:25b) as the warlords wore some apparel as seen in many engravings and other artifacts.  The use of clothing set aside the nobility and their courtiers, and if the workers would put on raiment it would be an elevation of their status from one that was servile to one that was equal initially.  By eating the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge, the workers would understand why they were relegated to an inferior status, and after their education would fashion aprons of leaves to give them a higher level of recognition. 

Asclepius and the snake rod: symbol of medicine and education

Snake God Naga and his consort - Cave Temples- Ajanta- Maharashtra

Genesis and Hindu origins are acute.  This level of recognition of being on the road to equality came when “the Serpent” began to debate Eve.  The serpent had been for thousands of years the symbol of knowledge, and the word stood for the “Great Teacher” (Medical organizations have adopted the Asclepius symbol of a staff and serpent  a theme that began with the Snake God of India)–who was battled by forces of darkness to keep people ignorant.  To this end the demigod Hercules battled the Serpent Ladon, who guarded the tree in the Garden of Hesperides.  The Serpent was known as the “Just and Good Friend” of the workers, and the Lords who walked in the Garden were the “Betrayers of Mortals to keep them enslaved in ignorance”.  The mistake made by the Lords (or gods) of the garden was the creation [actually: elevation] of Eve.  It was Eve who was more resourceful and better educated than Adam as shown in her exegetical responses to questioned posed by the Advocate or Teacher (a bad translation is ha-Satan or הַשָׂטָן that in correct interpretation means “one who opposes the lords who deny education”)  that education through discussion began in earnest.  No longer would the workers rely on a leader to tell them how to think and act.

To this end, wishing to be like god(s)/goddess(es), the workers assembled clothing, not out of shame but to prove themselves equal to the lords and ladies of the field.  Once adorned with suitable raiment, they heard their taskmaster(s) treading on the soil they had been in charge of without being granted even partial ownership. 

Realizing that the proprietor(s) would be angry the workers hid.  While Eve had mastered fine points of debate, Eve had not fully mastered the joys of mental liberation nor refined her rhetorical skills to debate as an equal with a warlord.  The workers were still under the illusion that they could excuse their actions without ill effect and relied on their childlike past as pawns by leaving their hiding place when called. 

When the workers were asked why they were wearing garments they had sewn together, Eve, the learned leaders of farm field laborers spoke out.  Eve was not afraid, but the cowardly Adam shrank back and blamed Eve for their downfall, rather than admitting that they too had tired of the sinister situation in Gan Eden.  The war lords of Eden knew that they had lost their worth and importance, for their commandments were ignored.  Adam (collectively) were those who felt tied to established regime for fear that by offending the taskmasters they would be denied food and work.

Sumerian clay tablet on Tree of Life in Gilgamesh (2500 BCE; 2000 years before Genesis was written)

The demonic nature of the god(s)/goddess(es) of Gan Eden was unveiled when rebellion was sensed.  The Devils of Eden cursed their employees, and banished the workers from their homes and places where they labored.  They showed neither pity nor benevolence but cruelly sent their staff back to the barren lands “from whence they came”.  The wrathful draconian nature of the numen (the word is derived from nuğrğ ‘to nod’ [a god is thought to nod to indicate his will]; in Semitic theology the god is known as shekhinah or שכינה and is grammatically feminine and refers to a divine presence, as in Genesis 9:27, 14:13 and also Exodus 40:35, Psalms 37:3,  and Jeremiah 33:16) of Eden can be read in these lines, taken from the KJV: “And he [the god(s)/goddess(es) of Eden] said: “Behold Adam is become as one of us, knowing good and evil: now, therefore, lest perhaps he put forth his hand, and take also of the Tree of Life, and eat, and live forever [the issue of knowledge and its value in education of mortals is the theme of  Talmud Ketubot 85b; it has little in common with Christian apologists attempts to equate it with Greek term “Parousia”  (παρουσία a second coming or arrival) a form of ἐπιφάνεια [epiphany] that fits into the distortions of the New Apostolic Reformation and quaint preachifications of Texas Governor Rick Perry but has no scriptural foundation].  And the Lord God[(s)/goddess(es)]  sent him out of the paradise of pleasure, to till the earth from which he was taken. And he cast out Adam; and placed before the paradise of pleasure Cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every way, to keep the way of the Tree of Life”  (3:22-24).

Most readers of these verses fail or refuse to understand them. This is what Genesis really says:

(1) Only “Adam” is banned–not Eve, for she had gained knowledge and knew the deceits and evils of the lords/ladies of the Garden.  Eve accompanies Adam because of free will–it was her choice, not the order of the lords, nor request of Adam. 

(2) The god(s)/goddess(es) of Eden knew that they needed an elixir to stay alive, and worried that Adam would know “good and evil” and “take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”. Originally, the Tree of Life was a reference to the sciences (it became a metaphor for evolutionary progression) and learning and is ancient Egyptian theology in origin; later it is transmogrified into sexuality with the tree being the penis.  This is a common refrain found in all ancient civilizations, found most commonly in ancient Sumeria: where the Sumerian word Nin_gish_zi_da means “Giving life from the penis” but also “giving life from a tree”.  Nin_gish_zi_da is equal to “Du_mu_zi“, what is known

Tammuz with horned gods (horns were symbols of enlightenment and fertility)

in Hebrew as Tammuz (Syriac: ܬܡܘܙ, Hebrew: תַּמּוּז and  Arabic: تمّوز ) and means “son/man who is life”.  It is also from Assyria to Egypt and Ethiopia, and is similar to the Spanish late medieval quest for the Fountain of Youth.  It shows that none of the god(s)/goddess(es) were omnipotent, omniscient, or omnipresent, but mere mortals who had to feed off the same tree (I will discuss this tree and its phallic symbolism later).

Hieronymus Bosch "Garden of Earthly Delights" (left-wing panel) c 1504

(3) The Garden was a “paradise of pleasure”–not the monotonous heaven where choirs would be singing praises to a deity or group of deities without end.  The original meaning for “paradise” was (גן-עדן) and is a Persian word meaning “orchard” (باغ) and a place of unlimited sexuality (تمایلات جنسی نامحدود) in an arena in which there were pedestals of gold on which marble pillars were set (it appears 33 times in Genesis), more in keeping with the paintings by Hieronymus Bosh than the sermons by contemporary clergy.  This Paradise would not only be filled with every good food, but all things that would delight the eye, tantalize the senses, and make the mind relax.  Much of it would be “dainty”, giving concern for pause and reflection by later clergy who feared that it would include the effeminate which was permissible only for women.  The first people, however, were the same, and the concept of effeminacy was not recorded.

By definition it means “luxury, dainty, delight, finery” and for that reason later Levi writers would condemn such traits as “effeminate” that was misinterpreted and mistranslated in the twentieth century as “homosexual” (a word that appears nowhere in the Bible) as seen in the renditions of the Bible by evangelical extremists.

Sumerian clay table: "Tree of Life" (Gilgamesh)

(4) To further the fantasy of Genesis, the writers of this tract introduce “cherubim”. The word cherub: כְּרוּב  (cherubim is the Hebrew masculine plural כְּרוּבִי) is a word borrowed from the Assyrian kirubu: ܟܪܘܒܐ, from karâbu, “to be near”, and it refers to a bloodline or those close to a physical king or ruler.  It can mean near ones, but was more commonly used for familiars or friends, personal servants, bodyguards, courtiers: those who fawn seeking notice or favor by servile demeanor that can change abruptly when an opening occurs allowing the courtiers to assume the position of power equal to the pseudoepigraphic account of the War in the Heavens between the Devil and the Host. 

Assyrian cherub: a human-headed winged-bull

The Old Testament prophet Ezekiel describes cherubim as a tetrad of living creatures (Ezekiel 1:5-10, 26).  Each cherub had four faces: of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle. Each had the stature and hands of a man, feet of a calf, and four wings each.  Two of the wings held up the throne of god, and the other two covered their body.  Each was a monster with little that would denote holiness (that appears only in Akkadian texts where they were known as the shedu: protective deities).  And no cherub in any scripture guarded the gates to Gan Eden or Paradise (cherubim are mentioned only once in the New Testament: Hebrews 9:5). Originally the word came from the ancient Egyptian Xefer by metathesis from Xeref =K-r-bh and like most of the Old Testament is plagiarized from ancient Egyptian theology to mask antecedent Hebrew mythology.

Assyrian flaming sword (10th century BCE)

(5) The “flaming (לַהַט) sword [associated with the numbers 777 meaning a fight between good and evil]” is ancient Babylon in origin (Job 31) and originally meant “drought”.  To re-enter Paradise would mean that farm and field hands had to pass over parched land without water and experience a drought on the tongue: a form of torture used by Akkadian kings and Hyksos military.  The concept of a flaming sword protecting a special garden for kings first appears in Assyrian literature in the tenth century BCE.

When the initial workforce left Gan Eden, they separated into two groups: farmers and animal-tenders.  Since animals wander naturally and frequently feed on crops that are not protected by fences this led to range-wars between crop growers and animal tenders that turned bloody.  This became the building block for the myth of Cain and Abel (Genesis 4).  What is unique in this inserted “chapter” is that the god(s)/goddess(es) of Genesis 1-3, who abandoned Adam and Eve, were ever watchful of their “sons”.  One of the sons was actually the product of one of the gods in a myth equaling Zeus’ seduction and rape of Europa, and in part similar to a point of Isis impregnating herself with her brother/husband Osiris’ severed penis (Genesis 4:1b).  A literal reading of the record reveals rampant incest: for “Cain knew his wife” (Genesis 4:17a).  A closer textual review shows the movement of people as a community who formed cities (Genesis 4:17b)–it is not a census of individuals. 

The theme of incest carries throughout Genesis and most of what is termed the Torah or Old Testament.  Monogamy was for the very poor, and for those whose lives were of little consequence and not considered worthy of inclusion in this apologetic.

9th century BC orthostat relief found in Kapara's palace, Tell Halaf, depicting Gilgamesh Between Two Bull-Men Supporting a Winged Sun Disk

The unique spitefullness of the deities of Genesis comes to full force with the plagiarism of the Story of Noah/Noe, with the most complete fabrications coming from the Babylonian Gilgamesh, East African Masai, and the Canadian Montagnais.  In each case god(s)/goddess(es) is/are not only angry but psychologically out of control.  The deity/deities is/are mentally demented and given to vengeance.  They are cruel task masters who slaughter indiscriminately because the workers do not sing the praises of their tyrants nor worship them in a way that the host (a word for both a heavenly group as well as a martial gathering of warriors) see(s) to be an unpardonable fault of those he/she/they demand(s) worship (Genesis 6:17). 

Dead Sea Scroll (1947)

Elohim (אֱלהִים) a grammatically singular or plural noun for “god” or “gods” in both modern and ancient Hebrew language, and he/she/it/they  is/are insensitive, immodest, immoral, and immature [since most of the references in the Old Testament to Elohim are in the plural, for the sake of ease of reading, I will use the pronoun “they” unless a singular is called for in the original scrolls as compared with those from the Dead Sea (primarily Old Testament), and Nag

Nag Hammadi codices (as found)

Hammadi (primarily Arian texts of New Testament Apocrypha), as the Old Testament Hebrews, collectively, were never monotheistic causing the prophets to blast their constant return to the gods of the past).  The gods prohibit mortals from enjoying a medium rare steak or any meat that is not fully cooked (Genesis 9:4) while the deity/deities is/are cannibals (Genesis 9:5).  The lords of power confirm their sentence by issuing the diktat that “Whosoever shall shed man’s blood, his blood shall be shed: for man was made in the image of [the] god(s)/goddess(es)” (Genesis 9:6). 

Retribution - Achilles Keeps Hector's Body

With this inclusion the cultic phase of retribution is strengthened including “divine” approval of capital punishment on the grounds of deicide (from the medieval deicidium: which includes the killing of any god(s)/goddess(es), especially the 37 crucified saviours).  This led many who wanted to become gods to commission followers to kill them so as to attain sanctity: from prophets to priests, even in the tale of the New Testament Jesus as recorded in the Gospel of Judas

Gospel of Judas (National Geographic)

The Gospel of Judas was a “lost” manuscript first mentioned in a treatise c.  180 CE by a bishop, Irenaeus of Lyon, (in what is now France).  It was redacted centuries later, so its authenticity is questionable.  However it has been carbon-dated to be at least 1700 years old–but not contemporaneous with the life of the Jesus of the New Testament but is equal to the other Gospel, for the first Gospel (of John) was not written until the second century CE.

Drunkenness of Noah by Michelangelo Buonarroti (Sistine Chapel, Vatican)

Abraham and the Three Angels (watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)

Although Noah/Noe is considered within the text inserted into the Genesis narrative to have been “blessed” by the god(s)/goddess(es) of the antediluvian and postdeluvian worlds he was not given great intelligence nor insight as one would expect from the mirror image of a deity.  Noah/Noe cursed his grandson for an act (most likely being similar to that act which caused Oedipus exceptional mental anguish when the Greek god realized that his wife was his own mother; the incestwas either that of Ham with his father or mother, or Canaan with his grandmother or grandfather: Embry, Brad. “The ‘Naked Narrative’ from Noah to Leviticus: Reassessing Voyeurism in the Account of Noah’s Nakedness in Genesis 9.22-24”, Journal for the Study of the Old TestamentJune 2011 35: 417-433, a pdf is available at a price of a subscription) that allegedly his father committed: sodomy (Genesis 9:25).   In the ancient world, tribal nations

First Council of Nicaea basing church on article of faith (Acts 8:37) not fact

preferred endogamous marriage – marriage to one’s relatives, and the contemporary evangelical extremist fundamentalist fanaticism over marriage being between one man and one woman was never accepted by any culture, nor even a rule until after Constantine created his Christian Church that remained divided as seen in the various banishments of Arians and Orthodox, with the emperor being succeeded by his son who was a follower of Arius.  Contrary to Maggie Gallagher and the National Organization for Marriage and biblical illiterates such as Pat Robertson, James Dobson, American Family Association, the archbishops of New York City, Philadelphia, Lima (Perú), and so forth, the ideal marriage as detailed in the Old Testament was usually the joining (the word “marriage” had not yet appeared) of one cousin to another cousin, a brother to a sister, or any close relative with another.  It was often forbidden for an eldest daughter to even marry outside the family (Genesis 20:12; cf. Singer, Isidore; Adler, Cyrus; (eds.) et al. (1901–1906) “Incest,” in The Jewish Encyclopedia. Funk and Wagnalls, New York; Akerly, Ben Edward, The X-Rated Bible: An Irreverent Survey of Sex in the Scriptures (Feral House, 1998) ISBN 0-922915-55-5; pp. 1–13; Ide, Arthur Frederick (1992). Noah & the Ark: the Influence of Sex, Homophobia & Heterosexism in the Flood Story and its Writing. Las Colinas, TX: Monument Press). 

What is ignored is where the three sons of Noah/Noe visited their father in his tent and brought discord and aroused curses from Noah/Noe, a similar incident occurred with Abram when three messengers visited him in his tent–and one roused an unusual response in Abram’s wife who laughed when he told her that she would give birth to a son in her old age (Genesis 18:1-8, the original texts refer to the messengers as “three men” it does not read “angels”).

The gods/goddesses of Genesis were not to be trifled with.  Each tribe was to worship the deity/deities separately, and the attempt to form a single culture and language was forbidden.  When the new mortals began to build a Tower to reach into the “heavens” the “Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of Adam [earth] were building”–the omnipresence of the deities was nowhere to be found or experienced, and the deities required a physical viewing of what they could not imagine (Genesis 11).  The truth of the story is that of a landlord coming to review the elevation of a new structure–but one that the deities feared could be used against them and their tyrannical rule over the people of Babel (Genesis 11:7-8).  The deities were alarmed that the people of Babel “all have one tongue” and resented, rejected, and vilified ease of access of communication (how Latin was allowed to be a universal language in the Middle Ages, or English to become the language of business in the modern world is a mystery, unless these gods died: a common occurrence especially for leaders of nations and brokers of commerce).  There are numerous problems with this story, among them the line: Go to, let us build us a city and a tower (מגדל בבל), whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.”  The problem is that may reach is not a word in Hebrew; it could read high indicating a growth pattern (Genesis 11:4:   וַיֹּאמְרוּ הָבָה נִבְנֶה־לָּנוּ עִיר וּמִגְדָּל וְרֹאשֹׁו בַשָּׁמַיִם וְנַעֲשֶׂה־לָּנוּ שֵׁם פֶּן־נָפוּץ עַל־פְּנֵי כָל־הָאָרֶץ׃); second the expressed fear that the builders had to create such a “tower” indicates a threat of a major war that would scatter the people–a war that would come when the gods/warriors attacked, with the copyists repeating the speech (Genesis 11:8-9) indicating a wish-fulfillment (cp. Deuteronomy 4:27, Jeremiah 51:53) all verses being plagiarized from Babylonian texts (textual arguments were early as in Oppert, Jules (1864). Mémoire sur les rapports d l’Égypte et de l’Assyrie dans l’antiquité, éclaircis par l’étude des textes cunéiformes. Paris, France: Impr. impériale, but they are not considered reliable; cp. Boscawen, W. St. Chad [William St. Chad] (1903). The first of empires, “Babylon of the Bible” in the light of latest research [microform] : an account of the origin, growth, and development of the empire, civilization, and history of the ancient Babylonian empire, from the earliest times to the consolidation of the empire in B.C. 2000. London [UK] ; New York, NY : Harper & Bros. a study that Roman Catholic scholars shrug off; cf. Jeremias, Alfred (1904; 2d ed.: 1906, used here). Das Alte Testament im Lichte des alten Orients, Handbuch zur biblisch-orientalischen Altertumskunde. Leipzig, Germany: J.C. Hinrichs, p. 206; and Bezold, Carl (1903). Ninive und Babylon.  Bielefeld und Leipzig, Germany: Velhagen & Klasing, p. 128.  In both cases the authors are apologists and not addressing the issue in an effort to continue a defense on a literal reading of the texts even though the dating was already being questioned by others.  Babylonian records, which are numerous, we find a Flood narrative in Berossós {c. 356 – 261 BCE} that has been pieced together as Babyloniaca of Berossus / [edited and translated] by Stanley Mayer Burstein (1978), Malibu, CA, USA: Undena Publications, 1978 (1980 printing); it however, has problems, as the original is not found or known, and the few ancient writers who cite it are not reliable, such as Josephus and Clement of Alexandria, who referenced it as Chaldaica as proof of the Flood and other issues developing in the late antiquity and the emerging congregations of chrestianos and christianos; the main problem here is that the current text was written in Greek (because of the sponsorship by Antiochus, but claims that it is recording Babylonian texts that are not in Greek but cuneiform.  What is found is that Berossós did follow the polytheism of his day and its interpretation on the beginning of the world, time and people. Ref.:  Synkellos, Geōrgios (fl. 800), Corpus scriptorum historiae byzantinae. Bonnae [Bonn, Germany], impensis E. Weberi, l828-97, being a history “from the time of the Flood”, being an apologetic for the evolution of Christianity, although he does include:

A woman named Omoroca (Um- Uruk, the mother of Uruk) presided over this creation; in the Chaldean language she bears the name of Thavatth (Tiamat), signifying in Greek ‘the sea’, and she is also identified with the moon.

Things being in this condition, Belos (Bel-Marduk) came upon the scene and cut the woman in half; of the lower part of her body he made the earth, and of the upper half the heavens, and all the creatures that were in her disappeared. This is a figurative way of explaining the production of the universe and of animated beings from humid matter. Belos then cut off his own head, and the other gods having kneaded the blood flowing from it with the earth, formed men, who by that means were gifted with understanding, and made participants of divine thought“).

From the apostacy of Babel, the gods of Genesis become increasingly more ruthless and pornographic:  allowing the Hindu god Abram (Brahma or Brahma) to illegally invade (Genesis 12:7) the land of Canaan (Genesis 12:5).  Abram (who would eventually be known as Abraham) was a contemptible ass-kisser and a loathsome coward. He is a terrible husband and a horrible father.  From there the conniving and artful dodger move toe Egypt where he claimed his wife was his sister (Genesis 12:13) and sold her into prostitution (Genesis 12:15-16), not once, but several times: the second time to Abimelech (Genesis 20:2-3) stating again the lie that Sara was his sister.  When the second lie is discovered, Abram attempts to cover up the lie, offering a psychotic excuse and adds, “Anyway, she really is my sister, my father’s daughter though not my mother’s, besides being my wife” (Genesis 20:12). 

Not only did Abram denude reality in keeping with the venal nature of his gods, but Abram had a life-long knack for putting people of prestige in difficult situations and then making them buy their way out, thereby enriching him as if he were the chief of an ancient costa nostra (also known as cosa nostra: our thing).  Abram and his criminal accomplice/wife, who played the role of a whore, are despicable opportunists, that in any civilized world both would have been judged guilty by lord, peerage or their peers, and ordered executed.  What the National Organization for Marriage (NOM) and Maggie Gallagher forget is that in the Old Testament, marriage was never considered sacred nor was it a troth between one man and one woman in a perfect union of fidelity.

The gods of Abram is even more reprehensible, for instead of reprimanding Abram, the despicable deity denies Abram nothing. Instead, the pandering paladin of ignoble causes whois  a vindictive, revengeful mass-murderer and scourged the Egypt royal family (a dystheistic demon who would attack more vengefully with plagues at the time of the legendary “Moses”)  but did nothing to punish the deception and theft of Abram (Genesis 12:17).  This, however, is not the account in the Qur’an, which portrays Abram as a preacher as a youth, working even to convert his father to “One God” (Qur’an 6:74).

Abram’s curse would later be the fodder for his nephew, Lot (לוֹט), who would ultimately attempt to match his uncle by offering his two daughters to the people of Sodom “to do with as you wish” when the townspeople and their leaders came to the home of Lot and demanded to know who the strangers were since the city was at war and the messengers had not registered with the magistrates (cp. Qur’an 51: 24-34; 25: 51-60).  Lot was neither a righteous nor a holy man; he was a greedy, self-serving, self-pleasuring parasite preying on innocence and trust.  Like his grandfather, Terah who arranged for his large family to set a course for Canaan where they could steal land to build  a new home to the place of Sichem, the present day West Bank of Nablus (Genesis 12:5-6).  

Lot's two daughters seducing their father (1616 painting by Hendrik Goltzius)

Lot was preoccupied with immediate wealth than working with the local people:  he sat resolutely only to act as a judge for his fellow mercenaries who surrounded the Cities of the Plain: Sodom, Gomorrah, and Zoar (where he committed incest with his two daughters).  More concerned with the messengers than his family’s safety, Lot, who was a guest of the city and was suffered to live among the citizens, told the men and women of the city (the actual verse reads: “the people of the city went to the house, both young and old, all the people together” and is a reference to males and females of all ages–not a group of men intent on gang rape; Genesis 19:4), “Please, brothers, do not be wicked. Look , I have two daughters who are virgins [actually, this should be translated as “young girls”–it is the source for Judges 19:24 and implies innocence]. I am ready to send them out to you, for you to treat as you please, but do nothing to these men since they are now under the protection of my roof” (Genesis 19:8: הִנֵּה־נָא לִי שְׁתֵּי בָנֹות אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יָדְעוּ אִישׁ אֹוצִיאָה־נָּא אֶתְהֶן אֲלֵיכֶם וַעֲשׂוּ לָהֶן כַּטֹּוב בְּעֵינֵיכֶם רַק לָאֲנָשִׁים הָאֵל אַל־תַּעֲשׂוּ דָבָר כִּי־עַל־כֵּן בָּאוּ בְּצֵל קֹרָתִי׃ ) and then, when none took his daughters, would move to the mountains of Zoar (see: Ide, Arthur Frederick (1991). Zoar & her sisters : homosexuality, the Bible, and Jesus Christ; with an introduction by J. Michael Clark. Oak Cliff, TX USA: Minuteman Press), engage incestuous with both, and make both pregnant while, like Noah, being drunk on wine (Genesis 19:30-38), while his god and the devil devoted to Abram was bloody with the innocent sanguine plasma of the citizens of Sodom (Genesis 19:24-25; see: Ide, Arthur Frederick (1985). The city of Sodom & homosexuality in western religious thought to 630 CE. Dallas, TX USA: Monument).

Abram’s nephew, Lot, was worse and more criminal than his uncle who knew that the land he stole was never rightfully his own (Genesis 15:13).  Lot, in an equally evil manner plotted to steal the land of Jordan (Genesis 13:10), with the help of an equally corrupt piqueerer and bandit daemon (Genesis 13:17).  As devious as Autolycus (cf. (Homer 10.254 I), a master of thievery and more contemptible than Sisyphus (Hyginus 50-99), Lot enriched himself at the expense of others: stealing, slaying, besieging and betraying his hosts and compatriots all with the benediction of his gods  (Genesis 14). 

Egypt's Ark of the Covenant containing the spirit of Osiris (Thebes)

The gods did not care that their “chosen people” were the most disreputable and despicable of all the people in the Middle East.  Instead the gods/warlords of Genesis rejoiced in their slaughter of innocent women and children.  Identical to the Egyptians from whom it is alleged they left, the Israelites carried their Ark of the Covenant into battle so that their gods would help them fight as the deities did when Moses held his hands up in supplication, and Joshua did in his destructive attack on the City of Jericho.  There is nothing peaceful or peace-loving about the gods of the Old Testament; for example, note that in Deuteronomy 32:42, God says: I will make my arrows drunk with blood, while my sword devours flesh: the blood of the slain and the captives, the heads of the enemy leaders. In Isaiah 49:26 the devouring and blood drinking is left to the enemy: I will make your oppressors eat their own flesh; they will be drunk on their own blood, as with wine. These passages come from ancient Egyptian theology, far older than any book in the Old Testament.  Note, for example the Egyptian goddess Anat’s delight in battle: For Anat’s hand is victory; For knee-deep She plunges in the blood of soldiery; Up to the neck in the gore of troops. Until She is sated She smites in the house. Fights between the two tables, shedding the blood of soldiery. She also is described as gleefully stacking up the heads of the enemy.

Ancient Hebrews carry their Ark of the Covenant as they invade foreign lands

In addition to the gods of the Israelites championing, demanding, and commissioning wars, the same deities sanctioned the rustle of cattle and sheep, the theft of land and wealth, while urging males to commit bigamy and incest (Genesis 16:6f) with the messengers of the gods (captains under the command of a general) impregnating women to pass off as the children of the local chieftains (Genesis 16:9-12; it is from this reading that Islam adopts Ishmael as its divine origin, although Ishmael “shall be a wild man: his hand will be against all men, and all men’s hands against him: and he shall pitch his tents over against all his brethren” (On Ishmael, in the Qur’an, see: 2: 132-133; the Qur’an refers to Islam as “the religion of Abraham”: 2: 135).  There was no concept of housing, brick, mortar, or other construction devices, no statement of future hydraulics or hydrostatics, air conditioning or the like, and technically none of these should ever have been invented as the gods of Genesis did not ordain, commission or command their invention: proving this old fable to be only reflective of the desert dwellers ignorance of science and the future.  In short, Genesis was never intended to be read as a guide to the present world and its activities as the New Apostolic Reformation declares and its pretender prince Rick Perry preaches.  What also is forgotten is that it was not Abram who impregnated Hagar the Egyptian, but rather a mortal  messenger of the gods–slightly less favored than Eve who was impregnated by the lords of the garden of Eden.

The rules and regulations of the Society of the Covenant of Abraham in Mantua, which provided the wherewithal that enabled each family, no matter how impecunious, to have a joyous celebration at a son's brit milah (circumcision), Baale B'rith Abraham (Society of the Covenant of Abraham), Mantua, 1791.

Not only did the gods or lords of Genesis commit rape, pillage, and plunder, but were barbaric at best and most commonly bloodthirsty assassins, who like the mythological god Moloch, demanded blood sacrifices.  These we see when the evil tyrant of the earth demanded a human sacrifice from Abram: a sacrifice common in all Semitic speaking societies.  Initially this bloodbath was to be the cutting off of the foreskin of Abram’s penis.  The warlocks of Genesis  17 were not satisfied with this hygienic surgical practice, but demanded it “of every man-child in your generations: he that is born in the house, as well as the bought servant shall be circumcised, and whosoever is not of your stock.”  This, undoubtedly, came as a shock to guests who were expecting food and drink–only to have their foreskin cut-off without their foreknowledge or consent (Genesis 17:24-27; note that even “servants and strangers were circumcised” without any record of their consent: an act of torture that was practiced by the barbarous tribes of nomads known at that time, for circumcision was a mark of slavery and a form of debasement).  This act must be condemned as theft: taking that which is not voluntarily given (“You shall not steal”), but such is not the case as it is hailed as a sign of election as Abram’s gods were a common band of thieves, exercising an ancient Egyptian tradition of circumcision that later-day Jews call brit milah (בְּרִית מִילָה) when the infant male is eight-days old (Genesis 17:10-14). 

Circumcision ritual in tomb of Ank Mahor at Saqqara (6th dynasty) Egypt [400 years before Abraham]”]

Ancient Egyptian carved scene of circumcision, from the inner northern wall of the Temple of Khonspekhrod at the Precinct of Mut, Luxor, Egypt. 18th dynasty, Amenhotep III, c. 1360 BCE"

That circumcision was an Egyptian invention (then to keep the swirling desert sands from lodging between the head of the penis and its foreskin) is clear in the account of “Joshua” (5:2-9) who noted that the Israelites who left Egypt and “born in the wilderness” were not circumcised.  Tomb artwork from the Sixth Dynasty (2345–2181 BCE) of Egypt shows men with circumcised penises,

Ancient Egyptian carved scene of circumcision (reproduction), from the Tomb of Ank-Mahor at Saqqara Sixth Dynasty Teti c 2340 BCE

and one relief from this period shows the rite being performed on a standing adult male in an effort to heighten and prolong sexual pleasure (no civilization ever argued that circumcision was enacted to prevent disease–this modern myth does not appear until much later, and finds its full voice in the nineteenth century). The Egyptian hieroglyph for “penis” depicts either a circumcised or an erect organ. The examination of Egyptian mummies has found some with foreskin and others who were circumcised, showing that it was neither required nor universally desired.  According to Herodotus, writing in the fifth century BCE, the Colchians, Ethiopians, Phoenicians, and Syrians also practiced circumcising males in their cultures–long before the Hebrews declared it to be a law demanded of the Hebrew gods.  In sub-equatorial Africa, circumcision was, and is still, performed on adolescent boys to symbolize their transition to warrior status or adulthood (Marck, J (1997). “Aspects of male circumcision in sub-equatorial African culture history”. Health Transit Review 7(supplement):

Ancient Greek gymnasts

pp. 337–360).  As for all Hebrews seeking and rejoicing over circumcision, that is both a historical and Biblical (extra-biblical) lie, for under the Seleucids, many Jewish men attempted to hide or reverse their circumcision so they could exercise in Greek gymnasia (1 Maccabees 1:15), where nudity was the norm.  The Seleucids forbade the practice of circumcision, and punished those who performed it – as well as the infants who underwent it – with death (cf. 1 Maccabees 1:44-48, cp. 1:60-61) for it set people apart who refused to integrate into a general society, causing dissension and strife as well as combat between sectors within the cities.

Sacrifice of Isaac by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1603)

Eternal ethereal evil designed by demented denizens dwelling in clouds and sitting on rainbows that were crafted in ancient Egypt by the priest On (who is the prototype for “Moses”) and his perfidious prelature does not stop with the introduction of the cruelty of circumcision.  Abram’s god is not to be satisfied with a little blood, but demanded the supreme sacrifice: the slaughter of Abram’s promised son–the son conceived by Sarah after she was visited by two messengers (who, according to the text, were the last to be “with” her before her pregnancy)–but only after Sarah tells Abraham to get rid of Hagar and Ishmael, his bastard child. 

Abraham exiling Hagar and Ishmael because the boys played together by Pieter Jozef Verhaghen, 1781

The abandoning of his second wife and bastard son is a decision that Abram’s gods support, as the deities drones: “Do not distress yourself on the account of the boy and your slave-girl [she is not referred to as a “wife”]. Do whatever Sarah says), for Isaac is the one through whom your name will be carried on” (Genesis 21:12).  There are two secreted stories in this short record.  The first is given marginally:  Sarah was jealous seeing Ishmael play with Isaac (Genesis 21:9).  Two children playing together is natural; however, Ishmael was older and by right the heir.  The problem is, in this case, jealousy:  Sarah was as scheming and cold-hearted as her husband, and wanted the estate passed to her child, even though Isaac was younger.  The second story is argumentative–for there is no indication that the two boys playing together were anything but friends (at least) and brothers in spirit; but there was a concern among some warrior communities that male youths would not continue the propagation of future military men.  This indicates the possibility that Sarah had a barely hidden fear that Ishmael might seduce and even sodomize her son, as happened within the story of Noah/Noe who most likely was either sodomized by his son (Ham) or grandson (Canaan), the latter being the prime suspect as children act out what they hear or think can be pleasurable, while adults are more reluctant, having been reprimanded against certain acts–as was the case with the qadesh (although damned as pagan fertility priests by later prophets).

Egyptian Stele of Qetesh depicting the Qadesh (Hathor/Isis) with Min/Osiris (L) and Reshep/Set (R)

Originally the qadesh was a Semitic deity whose worship was imported into Egypt during the New Kingdom, and the word was a proper noun: her name (Qadesh). She was a goddess of nature, beauty and sexual pleasure who would be adopted by other civilizations and called by various names, such as Venus. In the earliest records of Qadesh during the New Kingdom period her husband was the god Reshep.  Reshep was a Syrian deity whose worship was introduced to Egypt during the Middle Kingdom and therefore of greater antiquity. When her worship spread to Egypt she was associated with the fertility god Min, and with her husband became an early Trinity that rivaled the ancient Trinity of Osiris, Isis and Horus that would become known as Is-Ra-El. 

Qadesh is frequently depicted as holding snakes (gods representing male genitalia and the path to good health and education seen as the conduct of inquiry where everything was to be questioned as Socrates insisted) or a papyrus plant [representing Reshep who would be accorded as the inventor of paper on which to write “books”] in her right hand and lotus flowers (representing either female genitalia or Min) in her left hand) that brought about the wrath of the gods of Noah/Noe.  A third understanding is even more clear.  In the exile of Hagar and Ishmael, the reader can see a replay of the tragedy in the Garden (Gan Eden), the woman is superior.  It is the woman’s words, Sarah’s, that are taken seriously.  It is the woman’s decision that becomes the modus operandi and ultimate command for man (Abram), who obeys and hastens his second wife and their child out of his camp with only a small amount of bread and a single bottle of water (Genesis 21:14a) so that the two nearly die of thirst and hunger (Genesis 21:16) until the dark spirit of evil sends them a magic well (Genesis 21:19, following ancient Egyptian mythologies). 

At the same time Abimelech (to whom Abram had at one time sold his wife) and the general of his army, Phicol, appeared (both were from the Land of the Palestine: Genesis 21:33, notifying the world that the land that Abram and his descendents claimed was territory originally owned by the Palestinian people), terrifying Abram that they had come to regain the property that Abram stole from them, and learned that the well that was given to Hagar had belong to Abimelech that Abram claimed was his–making his god not only one who would destroy innocence but also a thief (Genesis 21:25-26).

Abraham sacrifices Ishmael (9th century Qur'an in author's private library)

With Hagar and Ishmael no longer in the armed camp of Abram, god moved swiftly to claim his blood-right: to demand the execution of the boy Isaac at the hand of his father Abram (Genesis 22:2).  In the Qur’an (37: 100-111) it is Ishmael who was to be sacrificed, as Isaac is not born until after the event.  The Hebrew text reads that the gods of Abram “tempted” (Genesis 22:1) the patriarch to test the loyalty of the old man, while buried within the passage is an acknowledgement that the gods were not omniscient, omnibenevolence, or omnipotent; in short, they were not gods but senior military leaders constantly afraid that one of their junior leaders would rise up and overthrow their command and take control of the army of the nomads.

The near holocaust that the gods of Abram demanded did not materialize, nor is there much commentary on subsequent events until Sarah dies, “in the city of Arbee which is Hebron, in the land of Canaan” (Palestine) whom Abram recognized as the rightful owners by bowing before them and petitioning to bury his dead wife in Palestine (Genesis 23:6-8, repeated in verses 12-15), for which he paid a princely sum of “four hundred sicles of silver of common current money” (Genesis 23:16b).

From that time forward, incest became the rule of the tribe.  Abram (the name is changed to Abraham in Genesis 17:5; the changing of names of deities and mortals was common throughout the ancient world as a designation of the individual’s role or place in the community) had his son Isaac marry his cousin Rebecca (her father was Abram’s brother: Genesis 24:27b, the details of the story are repeated twice as the copyists were either unaware of one another’s work or tried for emphasis, but the words vary as does their impact; the difference being excused as a testimony of faith since the servant took an oath to find a family member for Isaac to marry by placing “his hand under the thigh” (Genesis 24:2) that is זית מהולתי bigzirath mehulathi, or in sectione circumcisionis meoe that was an act where the oath taker put his {women were not permitted to make oaths} hand on the part that bore the mark of circumcision, the sign of God’s covenant.  It is tantamount to our kissing or laying the hand upon the Bible/Torah and was a part of a promise before undertaking a journey; it is yarek.  

Abraham blesses his son when Issac touches his father's testicles (drawing 1891, Gustave Dore)

Yarek means “the touching of testicles” rather than “caressing the penis.”  It is a reference to a special closeness with the gods by touching that which began the mortal race.  It carries the weight of obedience as the hands are pinned under the thigh and thus are unable to be used and unable to do harm.  The printed text is וַיָּשֶׂם הָעֶבֶד אֶת־יָדֹו תַּחַת יֶרֶךְ אַבְרָהָם אֲדֹנָיו וַיִּשָּׁבַע לֹו עַל־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה׃.  Cp. Genesis 32:35 where the word נאבק is reflective of חבק meaning a contract with oneself to keep an oath) of Abraham his Lord, and swore to him upon this word”).

Sarah’s death did not distract Abram for long.  He soon married again, and by Keturah, Abraham had six more sons: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.  He died before he saw the iniquities of his son Esau, his life deliberately taken by his god who had become a mercy-killer who issued a strange permission, as Abram was buried by his sons Isaac and Ishmael in the Cave of the Patriarchs (Genesis 23:19 and 25:9) even though he had not seen Ishmael for decades.

El depicted with two lions on the back of the handle of the Gebel el-Arak Knife

Abram/Abraham is referred to as a “Patriarch” by contemporary translators and interpreters of Genesis.  Patriarch, at the time of the work’s original composition did not have the meaning it does today: as being the senior leader of a group or family.  Instead, Patriarch in Hebrew is a title, Kal El ( קל-אל), which means “voice of God” and was a message not a messenger, similar to Marvel Comic’s Superman (Clark Kent) was known as Kal El on the planet Krypton, fathered by Jor-El (it means “I am memory” a title of ancient Egyptian and Ethiopian gods).  El (cognate to Akkadian ‘ilu and then to Hebrew עֵלִי: Eli and Arabic الله: Allah) was the husband to Asherah who was the authoress of Canaanite theology, from which most of Genesis comes and the father (sexual as well as inspirational) of all creatures: as recorded in the clay tablets of Ugarit (modern Rās Shamrā – Arabic: رأس شمرا‎, Syria) and was frequently portrayed with his son Ba’al Hadad;  both wore bull horns on their headdress symbolizing strength and virility, and both were considered supernatural forces.  In many ways the Canaanite El was similar to the mythological Adam:  he may have been a desert god at some point, and, according to myths, had two wives (Eve and Lilith) and built a sanctuary with them and his new children in the desert. Like Noah, El fathered many gods, but most important were Hadad [Japeth], Yam [Ham], and Mot [Sem].

The subsequent story of Isaac is nothing more than a retelling of the fable of Abraham.  Isaac meets with King Abimelech who forms a league with the son of Abraham (Genesis 26:3), and continued to steal from the Palestinians, who had closed the wells he had dug illegally on their land to steal their water (Genesis 26:18-19, 22).  Isaac, the reincarnation of Abraham, treacherously repeated the lies of his father, claiming that his wife was only his sister (Genesis 26:7 ff).

Treachery was common throughout the Genesis narrative, not only with Noah, Abraham, and Isaac, but also with Jacob and others.  Jacob, conspiring with his mother Rebecca who was far more devious and obscene than her son whom she counseled on the art of theft and subterfuge (Genesis 27:8-9), stole Esau’s birthright (Genesis 27:19), and earned a promise that anyone who would curse him would be cursed, as the gods of Isaac and Jacob were creatures that knew only the art of swearing and vilifying others (Genesis 27:29).  Isaac’s evil did not stop with disinheriting his first-born son, but went further and turned Esau into a slave of his brother, promising Esau that he would “live by the sword” and serve his brother–foretelling the plagiarized lines in Matthew 10:34, when the Jesus of the New Testament claimed that he came to the earth not to bring peace but the sword.

Esau, realizing that he was tricked as Abel fooled Cain, made a vow as Cain had made to kill his brother (Genesis 27:41b).  Overhearing her second born’s oath, Rebecca warned Jacob to flee, and take a wife from his kin, because “if Jacob take a wife of the stock of this land, I choose not to live” for marrying someone who was not an immediate blood relation was anathema to the ancient Hebrews (Genesis 27:46).  Esau married his niece, the daughter of Ishmael who was Abraham’s son (Genesis 28:9b).

Suddenly the forbidden Tower of Babel is reintroduced, this time as a ladder  (Hebrew: Sulam Yaakov סולם יעקב) into heaven with angels ascending and descending as did the ancient gods of Babylon (Genesis 28:12).  While the gods of Babylon had little to say to the multitude building the tower-city of Babel, the gods of Mesopotamia, following Akkadian and Hittite lore, spoke for some time to Jacob (Genesis 28:13-15), leading Jacob to rename the city known as Luz (meaning “curved”) in the Douai-Rheims edition it is Luza, but that city is found only in Russia: Луза) to Beth-el (two words: בֵּית אֵל‎‎, usually translated as “house of god” but actually should be translated as “house of the gods below the heavens”: a pantheon and is Ugaritic in origin: bt il).

Several occurrences in this fable require attention.  The gods stand at the top of the ladder.  Collectively they promise Jacob the land of Canaan, indicating that many were Mesopotamian deities, as seen when Jacob awakes and anoints the stone (baetylus) with oil and names the place Beth-el.  This fiction is repeated in another account, (Genesis 35:3, 6) repeat the covenant with the gods and repetitively renames of the place as El-Bethel.  It is here that Jacob becomes a trinitarian god and takes the Egyptian name Is[is]-Ra-El.  It is at this second city of Is-Ra-El that Jeroboam, first king of Israel, set up centres for his Golden Calf cult on the southern boundary of his kingdom and Dan on the northern boundary, and appointed non-Levites as his priests (1 Kings 12:25–33), as the Jews will never truly become a monotheistic people until the canon of the Old Testament is affirmed in the New Era (CE).  This is seen not only among the common Hebrews, but also among the chosen leaders, for Jacob’s family were idol worshippers (Genesis 35:2 f), and incest became increasingly more common (Genesis 35:22 f).  The only prohibition was against coitus interruptus, as with Onan (אוֹנָן) in Genesis 38:9: וַיֵּדַע אֹוןָן כִּי לֹּא לֹו יִהְיֶה הַזָּרַע וְהָיָה אִם־בָּא אֶל־אֵשֶׁת אָחִיו וְשִׁחֵת אַרְצָה לְבִלְתִּי נְתָן־זֶרַע לְאָחִיו, cp. 25:5-10, with the law not being formed until Deuteronomy 25:6 (reinforcing that Genesis was a redaction or later novel written to include all previous tracts and testaments, especially those accorded the pseudo-authorship of Moses.  The “sin of Onan” has been exposed as a form of literature and literary device (Dancy, Jphn (2002, c2001). The Divine Drama: the Old Testament as Literature. Cambridge, UK: Lutterworth Press, p. 92; there are some who claim the act was masturbation, but that does not follow the text that reads “he went in to his wife”).

From the renaming of a cult center to celebrate his deities, Jacob would travel to marry two first-cousins: Lia/Leah and Rachel–the result of deception by his uncle (Genesis 29).  When Rachel could have no children, and Lia/Leah stopped having children, like Sarah, both gave the reincarnated Abraham their handmaidens to wed and bed and from them receive children (Genesis 30). In each case, the sons born (daughters are not mentioned) are actually different dynasties that come together under Is-Ra-El.  It is at Genesis 30:24 that Rachel finally has a son: Joseph (יוֹסֵף or in Arabic يوسف‎ that literally means “May Yahweh add”, and on this the Qur’an considers Joseph to be a prophet: suras vi. 84, xl. 34‎), who, allegedly goes to Egypt and does so well that he ascends to great power.  The problem is that there is no ancient Egyptian record that mentions a Joseph, nor a seven-year famine, or any other parts of the tattered tale. In Exodus 1:8, it says that a “new king came to power in Egypt and did not know Joseph” indicating that the legend of Joseph was only known by the courtiers who wrote the account without having recourse to Egyptian records.  More likely, Joseph was the pharaoh Imhotep, or two of his most trusted men: Yuya (commander of the chariots) and Seph (from: Osarseph (literally “Vizier Seph”) who prohibited the worship of the Egyptian gods); cp. Genesis 41:40-45; 45:8; Isaiah 41:8, James 2:23.  Furthermore, at the time that Joseph was to have lived, the Hyksos were in charge of Egypt and were a brutal people who were unwilling to listen to soothsayers or dreamers, had little time for gentleness or reason, and found sex to be pleasant regardless with whom or the condition of the person thereby discounting Joseph’s alleged scruples about being forced into adultery.

Egyptian culture, customs, theology, names, titles, places, and people return from Genesis 37-50. The Joseph story has long been considered only a literary piece: not historical in nature (Gunkle, Hermann (1997).  Genesis / translated and interpreted by Hermann Gunkel ; translated by Mark E. Biddle ; foreword by Ernest W. Nicholson.  Macon, GA, USA: Mercer University Press, p. 387).  The majority of modern biblical scholars date the Joseph story in its current form to the 5th century Persian era at the earliest (Soggin, J. Alberto (1999) An Introduction to the History of Israel and Judah (original title: Introduzione alla storia d’Israele e di Giuda. Brescia, Italy: Paideia Editrice, c. 1992; 2d ed.: Valley Forge, PA, USA: Trinity Press International;  1993; 1998 trans. John Bowden, SCM Press, 1999,  p. 102-103).

A careful reading of Genesis shows that it is a work of fiction compiled from numerous, far-older, sources that span the nomadic travels of several communities of Mesopotamian shepherds and mercenaries.  It draws heavily on ancient Egyptian texts as well as takes liberally from the theologies of ancient India.  The stories in Genesis are repeated with only trifling attention to changing of names, more of the standards of elementary students rather than serious researchers and writers.  The contemporary version used today is a patchwork-quilt of bad translations and woefully ignorant interpretations, that hopefully will be corrected when schools begin to teach the foundations of these two disciplines. The great tragedy is that people like Maggie Gallagher who promises that there is “gonna [sic] be a bloody mess in New York” over same-sex marriages, Rick Perry who has presided over more executions in Texas or anywhere else in the USA than any other governor, Bradlee Dean (Smith), Rav Yisroel Belsky and 39 other Torah-challenged rabbis, and the American Family Association and other “faith-based” groups base their cries for a holocaust against human rights on the errors in Genesis and other “books” of the Old Testament: a tract of hate.

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Filed under Ancient Egypt, Bible, Torah

Is the Rapture coming?

Rapture in a field, etched by Jan Luyken for the Bowyer Bible

The word “rapture” does not appear anywhere in either the Old or New Testament of the Judaeo-Christian bible  Rather, it is a misinterpretation of 1 Thessalonians 4:17, that has been badly translated/mistranslated over the centuries: “…and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which [sic] are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord”.  While I have argued that Saul/Paul of Tarsus never existed, and that the bible is nothing less than a cut-and-paste case of bad plagiarism, this is especially true with the “rapture” evangelicals read into one more of the letters allegedly authored by a man from Tarsus.  The source for 1 Thessalonians 4:17 (επειτα ημεις οι ζωντες οι περιλειπομενοι αμα συν αυτοις αρπαγησομεθα εν νεφελαις εις απαντησιν του κυριου εις αερα και ουτως παντοτε συν κυριω εσομεθα ) is from the Gospel of Matthew 24:29–31 (ευθεως δε μετα την θλιψιν των ημερων εκεινων ο ηλιος σκοτισθησεται και η σεληνη ου δωσει το φεγγος αυτης και οι αστερες πεσουνται απο του ουρανου και αι δυναμεις των ουρανων σαλευθησονται και τοτε φανησεται το σημειον του υιου του ανθρωπου εν τω ουρανω και τοτε κοψονται πασαι αι φυλαι της γης και οψονται τον υιον του ανθρωπου ερχομενον επι των νεφελων του ουρανου μετα δυναμεως και δοξης πολλης και αποστελει τους αγγελους αυτου μετα σαλπιγγος φωνης μεγαλης και επισυναξουσιν τους εκλεκτους αυτου εκ των τεσσαρων ανεμων απ ακρων ουρανων εως ακρων αυτων), and is considered to be equal the day that the Jesus of the bible, as believed by chrestianos (not by christianos) will return in full armor, wielding a sword of destruction and death to end a battle staged at Armageddon, though possibly fought at the Valley of Jehoshaphat.

Tombs in the Valley of Jehoshaphat

The ancient chrestianos saw the Jesus of the New Testament not as a meek and mild world savior, but as a great and wrathful general who would slaughter all dissenters and reward those who stayed true to him, were willing to die for him, and looked forward to a battle of gruesome proportions (Matthew 10:34-36).  Armageddon is a Mountain (Hebrew: הַר מְגִדּוֹ‎, Har Megiddo; Ancient Greek: Ἁρμαγεδών Harmagedōn, Arabic هرمجدون, Persian آرماگدن, Late Latin: Armagedōn) where ancient mythology claims that god (for Christians: Jesus) will fight the Final Battle with Satan (Hebrew:  הַשָׂטָן ha-Satan), “the accuser”–a celestial prosecutor who was numbered among the Sons of God (Job 2:1) and carried out the enforcement of his spiritual Father’s orders. 

Satan (a noun preceded by the definite article “ha” (the; cp. 1 Chronicles 21:1, Job 1-2; and Zechariah 3:1) and is joined to the beloved son (Ha-Satan): Numbers 22:22, 1 Samuel 29:4, Psalms 109:6) was never the “Fallen Angel” (that becomes the Devil, and although evangelicals use the term interchangeably, they were never identical) but a member of the Divine Council advising the father god.  The evil that befalls Job is not the fault of  The Satan–but rather the transgression and crime of the ancient agricultural god Yahweh; Yahweh says to The Satan, ‘You have incited me against him, to destroy him for no reason.’ (Job 2:3).  The Satan is blameless, the fault is that of the head of the council: Yahweh who had a reputation of being wrathful, unjust, quick to anger, and prone to violence, and maintained his leadership, like ancient potentates, by his assassinations, constant warfare, and siege of cities and communities, sparing no one, not even the infants, young, pregnant women, or the elderly as he wrecked havoc upon the planet that far superior deities (elohim) created (Genesis 1-2; elohim is a plural noun and the most common reference in the Old Testament).  Much of the merging of The Satan with the Devil and the exoneration of the vile Yahweh comes with the incorporation of old Babylonian myths, especially the Testament (Book) of Daniel: Daniel XII. 4:9 (cp. Assumption of Moses I. 16:17; The Assumption of Moses is a Jewish apocryphal pseudepigraphical work that is dubious at best, as it is known from a single sixth-century incomplete manuscript in Latin that was

Antonio Maria Ceriani (1828-1907)

discovered by Antonio Ceriani in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan in the mid-nineteenth century and published by him in 186 (chapter 7 discusses the End of Days); the handwriting and word choice does not match any of the texts from antiquities and it should be discarded, in much the same manner as the various eighth and ninth century CE copies of the works of Tacitus, since none of the originals exist today that can be compared fully–but then there is next to nothing–only fragments–of the bible that date back somewhat near the first two centuries, with the oldest being mere fragments of the Gospel of John written in the late second to third centuries CE–Matthew, Mark and Luke did not even exist until later).   The Devil is a relatively modern invention: the title (it is not a name) descends from Middle English devel, from Old English dēofol, borrowed from an early Germanic source that plagiarized the Latin diabolus that comes from  the Greek diabolos (διάβολος) “slanderer” (contemporary Greek has slander as συκοφαντία that actually should be translated as calumny).  Diabolus  and Dæmon are distinct in the ancient world, but became synonymous with the poor translation of the Vulgate bible.

Map (1874) of Gog and Magog

Satan will gather Gog and Magog (Hebrew: גּוֹג וּמָגוֹג‎; Arabic: يَأْجُوج وَمَأْجُوج‎ Yaʾǧūǧ wa-Maʾǧūǧ are terms that do not even exist before the sixth century BCE, and end with the 1st century CE, until they appear in the Quran, c.622 CE, and then referred to people of two specific nations) from the four corners of the earth where the sons of Noah allegedly moved.  According to the mythology of Genesis 10, Magog is one of the sons (the second) of Japheth:  This is the account of Shem, Ham and Japheth, Noah’s sons, (which is a worldwide myth and found in every culture (and reflects the legend of Oedipus who married and fathered children by his mother), who themselves had a variety of sons (the word is ambiguous and does not mean, necessarily, only males but indicates females) within the forty-days on the high seas)

Hebrew map of the known world

sons after the flood. Genesis 10:2 notes: The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek and Tiras ( בְּנֵי יֶפֶת גֹּמֶר וּמָגֹוג וּמָדַי וְיָוָן וְתֻבָל וּמֶשֶׁךְ וְתִירָס׃ ).  Compare 1 Chronicles 1:5 and Ezekiel 38:2 (1 Enoch, following Ezekiel, states that the final battle will be a war waged by the Medes and Parthians (Persians) who will attack Jerusalem and in the bloodsoaked battle and amid the carnage that was to be “a joyful spectacle for the favor of the gods” be destroyed; read: Bøe, Sverre (2001). Gog and Magog. Ezechiel 38-39 als Vortext für die Offenbarung 19,27-21 und 20,7-10 [Gog and Magog: Ezekiel 38-39 as pre-text for Revelation 19,17-21 and 20,7-10]. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, p. 178, on-line at http://books.google.com/books?id=vettpBoVOX4C&pg=PA91&dq=Gog+Magog+Gyges&hl=en&ei=19s0TbqqEYmIvgPF7JnqCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCMQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Gog%20Magog%20Gyges&f=false).  The lust for blood and violence has always been universal in all cultures from the Middle East through the “frozen lands” of the north.

Jesus the Warrior

The word Armageddon appears only once in the Greek New Testament (Revelation 16:16) as discussion of past wars was not the purpose of the New Testament that was to refocus Hebrew attention away from battle (“messiah” means “warrior”) to a more eschatological (end of all battles and of time) interpretation.  Because of its similarity to preparedness for battle as promised by the Prophets, the various writers of Revelation may have incorporated a refined (Hellenized) version of the Hebrew har məgiddô (הר מגידו), meaning “Mountain of Megiddo”.  Far from being a mount or mountain har was actually a Tel: a small mount or hill on which ancient forts were built to guarded the main highway (the Via Maris), that connected Ancient Egypt with Mesopotamia and over which numerous armies passed, giving further support to the martial fervor of the chrestianos (a group of Alexandrian Jews who would relocate to Rome by the first century CE in anticipation of a warrior messiah).

Tel Megiddo (Egyptian battle ground)

Tel Megiddo was the location of many decisive battles in ancient times including one in the 15th century BCE ( fought between Egyptian forces under the command of Pharaoh Thutmose III and a large Canaanite (pre-Hebrew) coalition under the king of Kadesh; Thutmose III reestablished Egyptian dominance, leading small nations worried about another fight at the same location; cp. Eric H. Cline (May 2002). The Battles of Armageddon: Megiddo and the Jezreel Valley from the Bronze Age to the Nuclear Age. University of Michigan Press, and cf. Paul K. Davis (1999), 100 Decisive Battles from Ancient Times to the Present: The World’s Major Battles and How They Shaped History.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 1) and one in 609 BCE (with Necho II of Egypt leading his army to Carchemish to fight with his Assyrian allies against the Babylonians at Carchemish in northern Syria.  To give battle against the Babylonians required passing through territory controlled by the Kingdom of Judah and Necho requested permission from its king, Josiah.  Josiah refused, and most likely stood with the Babylonians and in the battle that took place Josiah was killed; read:  Herodotus, Histories 4:42 2, Kings 23:29-30 and II Chronicles 35:20-35. cp. Cline, Eric H. (2000), The Battles of Armageddon: Megiddo and the Jezreel Valley from the Bronze Age to the Nuclear Age, University of Michigan Press). 

Yggdrasil (Scandinavian Tree of Life with powers of regeneration)

From this account and similar records, with the advent of the Apiru (Hebrews) from India, would filter south into the Middle East the Scandinavian legend of a Tree of Life that was not to have “its fruits eaten by mere mortals, nor by the workers of the land”.  It is from the far north that we find a special tree in the center of a garden that was the center of the earth and would produce food so special that it was only for the grounds’ keeper–the godhead who would oversee the work of mortals molded out of red earth: Adamah.

The two nations will encamp surrounding the “holy ones”, meaning the “true believers” or “elect” and “saved” and the “beloved city” (Jerusalem). Fire will come down as wrathful rain from God filled with so much hatred that the deity will destroy without mercy or compassion all those who do not bow to his cruelty.  The fires that will be the torch of hell will flare out of heaven and devour Gog and Magog after the Millennium (1000 years that Jesus is to live and reign as King of the Universe), and the Devil (not The Satan) who deceived the angels and unbelievers is thrown into Gehenna (Gehenna is an Egyptian word for the Lake of Fire [She en Amu {on the Papyrus of Nu}]

Gehenna is an Egyptian word for Lake of Fire

and brimstone, or a more fiendish version of the Greek Hell) where the Beast and the False Prophet (a term that appears in The Sermon on the Mount in Matthew 7:15–23; cp. Deuteronomy 13:1–5 and the penalty for being a false prophet–as determined by the priests–is death, as decreed in per Deuteronomy 18:20) have been since before the 1,000 years.  To make clear that Jesus was not the False Prophet as many believed, the writers of the Letters of John argue that Jesus alone would protect them (1 John 1:18 f, 2:7-8, etc.).  All of the interjections of the name of Jesus do not appear anywhere in relationship to the concept of a rapture (or being caught up and snatched away: ἁρπαγησόμεθα or harpagēsometha). 

Jesus never used the term.  The word “rapture” is neither based on the Koine Greek text of the Bible, nor found in the Attic where it is a form of κατοχή or ownership.  If κατοχή is the case, that would best be interpreted as meaning that people are mere possessions and have no free will at all; that people are toys and items that are at the whim of a god, not beloved by a god.  Even the Latin rapere means “to seize” or “to steal” and with this the individual has neither value nor importance but is a commodity and follows more of the ancient Arabic influence where people are subjected to (islam) the whim of a tyrant.

Cotton Mather

The concept of a rapture is a relatively recent novelty, an invention by a father and his son: Increase and Cotton Mather.  Their line of argument actually reflects a strong ancient Egyptian idea, where Ra determines the fate of each individual.   The Mathers argued in sermons and in letters that believers would be caught up in the air, followed by judgments on the Earth, and then the millennium (Kyle, Richard G (1998). The Last Days Are Here Again: A History of the End Times. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker. pp. 78–79, and Boyer, Paul (1992). When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. p. 75).  By the end of the eighteenth century “the Time of Tribulation” was introduced, and with it the grotesqueness of Rapture winnowing out the few from the many, coming as a misreading of Matthew 24:21 (εσται γαρ τοτε θλιψις μεγαλη οια ου γεγονεν απ αρχης κοσμου εως του νυν ουδ ου μη γενηται ) following Ezekiel 5:9 and Daniel 12:1, both being inspired by insipid Babylonian theology.  While Baptists (Marotta, Frank (1995). Morgan Edwards: An Eighteenth Century Pretribulationist. Morganville, NJ: Present Truth Publishers), Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Adventists and several pentecostal movements use this passage (along with the two aforementioned passages in the Old Testament) to proclaim a long period of suffering, the text does not state that.  There is no time frame, no time line, no description of the suffering–it is an over-reaction to one line badly translated because of careless hands in medieval scriptoria. 

Emmanuel Lacunza

Roman Catholic clergy also clung to this method of mind control, as seen in the spurious and poorly organized writing of  Emmanuel Lacunza (1731–1801), a Jesuit priest, born in Chile but moved to Italy in 1767, and prevaricated the truth by claiming to be  a converted Jew by the name of Juan Josafat Ben Ezra.  He wrote, in Spanish, a lengthy apocalyptic work entitled La venida del Mesías en gloria y majestad [The Coming of the Messiah in Glory and Majesty] that was not published until 1811, ten years after his death.

The concept of there being a supernatural rapture found fertile soil to grow with the writings of John Nelson Darby (18 November

John Nelson Darby

1800 – 29 April 1882), an Irish lawyer turned Anglican preacher.  Darby developed a method of biblical interpretation called dispensationalism and became “the father of the rapture doctrine.”  He was the first to develop a theology that incorporated the teaching that Jesus would return secretly (His “second” coming) to rapture His true followers, leaving the rest behind to be ruled by an evil antichrist for seven years, and then return again (His “third” coming) in a visible, glorious coming to destroy antichrist, save those who were converted during the seven-year tribulation, and establish His own kingdom.

Cyrus Ingersoll Scofield (1843-1921)

Cyrus Scofield, a disciple of Darby’s, later published a Bible with explanatory notes in which he incorporated Darby’s views on the rapture.  The Scofield Bible is still the most popular Bible sold today, complete with Scofield’s additions and deletions, errors and interpretations. Within this one can even prick out the unique concept of Tribulation (this extrabiblical/pseudepigraphical rendition ultimately was included in the curriculums of well-known and greatly loved institutions such as Moody Bible Institute and Dallas Theological Seminary; read: Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/981788, cp. MacPhearson, Dave (1975). The Incredible Cover-Up: the True Story of the Pre-Trib Rapture. Plainfield, N. J. : Logos International, with much of this being the result of a hallucination by Margaret Macdonald (1815-1840) who styled herself a prophetess and claimed to “speak in tongues” known only to Jesus; Flegg, Columba Graham (1992). Gathered Under Apostles: A Study of the Catholic Apostolic Church.  Oxford:

Thomas Ice quotes MM (Margaret Macdonald) in error

Clarendon Press; some have found her “comments” to be demonic: Wilkinson, Paul Richard (2007). For Zion’s Sake: Christian Zionism and the Role of John Nelson Darby. London: Paternoster,  p. 192-193; MacPherson acknowledges that Darby knew this. And MacPherson attempted to argue that Darby knew the demonic origin of the rapture and incorporated it into his theology anyway. MacPherson also argued that there existed a conspiracy among dispensationalist leaders in order to “cover up” the fact that Darby supposedly borrowed the idea from MacDonald, ibid., pp. 151-154) in contradiction of Matthew 24:36.

The Tribulation is to be, according to those who believe in a “rapture” a relatively short period of time.  During this period of time, those who do not chose to follow the Christian God before the Rapture will be left behind and experience worldwide hardships, disasters, famine, war, pain, and suffering. This act, considered a “mercy of the true God” will wipe out more than 75% of all life on the earth before the Second Coming takes place so as to purify the world for the “Spotless Lamb of God”, a thesis that follows the earliest Tribulationists who proclaimed that they would prepare themselves for the Second Coming in 70 CE–the majority being chrestianos: those seeking a warrior-savior who would create a new empire over the ruins of Rome.

While many evangelical extremists, like Hal Lindsey (author of The Late Great Planet Earth) have attempted to calculate the Second Coming and how long the Tribulation will last before the Rapture, their calculations are based on various non-agreeing mathematics in the Bible. For example:  In the Old Testament there are to be 1290 days of tribulation according to Daniel 12:11:  וּמֵעֵת הוּסַר הַתָּמִיד וְלָתֵת שִׁקּוּץ שֹׁםֵם יָמִים אֶלֶף מָאתַיִם וְתִשְׁעִים׃, but 1260 days if calculations are to be taken from the New Testament: Revelation 11:3:  και δωσω τοις δυσιν μαρτυσιν μου και προφητευσουσιν ημερας χιλιας διακοσιας εξηκοντα περιβεβλημενοι σακκους.

Watch Tower waiting for the Rapture (1914) Jehovah’s Witnesses

Michael William Miller (founder of the Adventists)

Among the many cults of Christianity, the Rapture has caught the attention of the fundamentalist fanatical fringe groups.   Michael William Miller (1782-1849), an American Baptist preacher who was worried about mortality and an afterlife  and, after reflecting upon his own mortality followed the recent deaths of his father and sister, claimed that Jesus was coming back in 1844 (basing his calculations on Daniel 8:14, not realizing that Daniel had not been in the original Old Testament and that it was an ancient Babylonian myth) in a flurry of fire (this was based on the seventh seal being finally broken, and an angel hurling a golden censer, filled with fire, towards the earth as written in (Revelation 8:1-5). 

When Jesus did not return in 1844, Millerism as his sect was known before changing it to Adventist, a Miller-defined church split and  several spin-off religions formed after “The Great Disappointment” (when Jesus did not return).  Among the offshoots were the Jehovah’s Witnesses.  Both groups, appealing to the poor and uneducated, began to calculate the date the world would end.  The Adventists initiated a novel theology based on Miller’s writings that included the unconsciousness of man in death, conditional immortality (this actually follows ancient Egyptian theology that argues that  the dead sleep unconscious

Egyptian theology on the Last Judgment

Helvete (Hell)

until the Resurrection of the Dead to stand for a Last Judgment before the God Osiris, using Genesis 3:22-24 that teaches that human beings will naturally die without continued access to God’s life-giving power; this annihilationistic ideology argues, further, that the souls of the wicked will be destroyed in Gehenna (often translated “hell”), an atoning ministry of Jesus Christ in the heavenly sanctuary (it is the 24th of the 28 Fundamental Beliefs of the Adventists (like most non-traditional Protestants, most of the Adventist theology is Old Testament based, as with this example and the Adventist citation of Heb. 8:1-5; 4:14-16; 9:11-28; 10:19-22; 1:3; 2:16, 17; Dan. 7:9-27; 8:13, 14; 9:24-27; Num. 14:34; Eze. 4:6; Lev. 16; Rev. 14:6, 7; 20:12; 14:12; 22:12).  James White and Ellen G. White wrote extensively about this concept when they purified and finalized the formation of the Adventist church.  

James and Ellen G. White (founders of the Seventh Day Adventists)

Along with other Sabbatarian Adventist leaders, such as Joseph Bates Ellen Gould White and her husband James White, formed what is now known as the Seventh-day Adventist Church.  Ellen White had frequent “visions” and claimed each vision as a biblical gift of prophecy as outlined in Revelation 12:17 and 19:10, equating herself to be nearly on par with Jesus of the New Testament and a modern-day Apostle.  Having been struck in the head by a rock thrown by another student when she was nine years of age, Ellen Gould White  wrote about creationism (as the literally true way the earth was formed), agriculture, theology, evangelism, Christian lifestyle, education and health (cf. Ellen Gould Harmon White (1860). My Christian Experience, Views, And Labors In Connection With The Rise And Progress Of The Third Angel’s Message. Battle Creek, MI: James White, 1860; her visions made her a sought-after preacher, See: Shaw, Horace (1959). Doctoral dissertation, “A Rhetorical Analysis of the Speaking of Mrs. Ellen G. White, A Pioneer Leader and Spokeswoman of the Seventh-day Adventist Church” (Michigan State University), p. 282f).

Adventists argue that Jesus was a High Priest in the Hebrew Temple who provides cleansing for human sins by the sacrificial shedding of his blood), and an “investigative judgment” that commenced in 1844.  Adventists further cite select verses allegedly written by Saul/Paul of Tarsus, such as  1 Timothy 6:15-16 that reads: “God… alone is immortal,” coupling it with 2 Timothy 1:10 where the authors of the Second Letter (now proven to be written after the fourth century CE) writes that immortality only comes to human beings as a gift through the gospel.  The Jehovah’s Witnesses have been predicting the end of the world since their beginning. 

Charles Taze Russell (founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses)

The Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society (WTBTS), also known as the
Jehovah’s Witnesses (JWs) was formed as Zion’s Watch Tower in 1879 by Charles Taze Russell.  Russell rejected the traditional (orthodox) concept of Hell, the idea of an afterlife (the soul sleeps after death which is more in keeping with the early Hebrews than Christianity) for those who are not members, there is no salvation outside of membership, and are to avoid music, television, movies, drinking alcohol, smoking, sports, school activities such as clubs, and girl/boy scouts and similar groups. No crosses are to be displayed (they reject the deity of Jesus who was the physical incarnation of the archangel Michael), organ transplants and blood transfusions are expressly forbidden.  The Jehovah’s Witnesses accept the Rapture, based on Matthew 24:41-42, and assert that Jesus came to prophecy his kingdom to be of this earth, and to give his life so that he could be resurrected to prepare to rule his kingdom made up of believers from heaven. According the Jehovah’s Witnesses, the body of Christ is a very select group of people. It ultimately will consist of 144,000 and all others will perish. What the Jehovah’s Witnesses forget is the prophecy they quote is about the 144,000 who are already in heaven (12,000 from each of the 12 Hebrew tribes)–so there is no room for them or anyone else. 

Papyrus of Nes Min (At the end of the fourth century BCE, a Theban priest and scribe named Nesmin who held numerous positions without ever becoming a member of the upper hierarchy took with him to the tomb some of his own books instead of the more usual Book of the Dead to be with 144,000 of the elect)

What is ignored is Revelation 7:9, 10, 14. Even the number is suspect, as 144,000 is common in nearly all religions (for example, it is 1 b’ak’tun on the Mayan calendar), it is a prime number for the ancient Egyptians literally passing from this life to an afterlife, and it is a part of ancient Canaan (Attridge, Harold. W., and R. A. Oden, Jr. (1981), Philo of Byblos: The Phoenician History: Introduction, Critical Text, Translation, Notes, CBQMS 9 Washington: D. C.: The Catholic Biblical Association of America), Samaria, and Akkadian civilizations (Moscati, Sabatino (1956, 1960, 1962, 2001).  Il profilo dell Óriente mediterraneo [Torino], (1956) translated as Face of the Ancient Orient: Near Eastern civilization in pre-classical times  Mineola, N.Y. : Dover Publications, p. 174: “The first, called ‘Kingship in Heaven’, tells how this kingship passes from Alalu to Anu, … was king in heaven, Alalu was seated on the throne and the mighty Anu, first among the gods”).

Duat (Rapture) of the Egyptian gods/goddesses

The ancient Egyptians also had a rapture, when each person was called individual, or an entire community fell to a natural calamity, after which the gods would determine the fate of the dead and undead. When a person died, upon arriving in the realm of the Duat (Land of the Gods), the deceased had to pass through seven gates, breaking seven seals in order to pass to the next plateau. The Duat is sometimes described as the ‘reversed world’ or ‘inverted precinct’, and in the Pyramid Texts we read: ‘O Osiris the King, I am Isis; I have come into the middle of this earth, into the place where you are’. Osiris was the Egyptian phoenix, which was ‘the bringer of the life-giving essence, the hikê, a concept akin to our idea of magic, which the great cosmic bird carried to Egypt from a distant and magical land beyond the earthly world.’ This was the ‘Isle of Fire’, ‘the place of everlasting light beyond the limits of the world, where the gods were born or revived and whence they were sent into the world’. This is a reference to the Duat. The Duat (or Hidden Place) was sometimes conceived as a completely closed “Circle of the Gods” formed by the body of Osiris.

Book of the Dead of Nakht (18th Dynasty)

At the final level, the dead would bow before forty-two gods who listened to the confessions of the deceased who claimed to be innocent of crimes against the divine and human social order. The person’s heart was then placed on a scale, counterbalanced by a feather that represented Maat, the goddess of truth and justice.

Anubis and Last Judgment

The weighing of the heart was overseen by the jackal-headed god Anubis, and the judgement was recorded by Thoth, the god of writing. If the heart was equal in weight to the feather, the person was justified and achieved immortality. If not, it was devoured by the goddess Amemet. This meant that the person would not survive in the afterlife. When a pharaoh passed the test, he became one with the god Osiris. He then travelled through the underworld on a solar bark, accompanied by the gods, to reach paradise and attain everlasting life.  Where is there a difference between this and the concept of death and afterlife in Christianity?  How much destruction of lives, fortunes, property are involved with the myth of a rapture done over the years?

Harold Camping (2011)

In the USA and elsewhere, self-styled evangelists and predictors of the end of the world, such as Harold Camping (born July 19, 1921), and radio evangelist whose study of the Bible convinced him and his followers that the world would end on May 21, 2011 (as of this writing, Camping is stating that the world will come to an end of October 21, 2011).  But it did not–but destroyed countless lives of those who would not think for themselves but followed the lunacy of one man who chose selective quotes from his bible to prove his own limited knowledge.  While Camping had urged people to pray, at the same time he taught that people had to leave the churches to prepare themselves for the Tribulation and Rapture–and his call was sent out both in English and in the

Camping's Judgment Day (It just occurred to me that praying looks a lot like defecating)

Spanish languages.

Judgment Day 21 May 2011 in Spanish

Like early twentieth-century Jehovah’s Witnesses and Adventists, He has also predicted earlier failed-to-appear judgment days on May 21, 1988, and September 7, 1994 (Radio host says Rapture actually coming in October – (UK) Globe and Mail. May 23, 2011, and Nelson, Chris (18 June 2002). “A Brief History of the Apocalypse; 1971 – 1997: Millennial Madness” on-line at http://www.abhota.info/end3.htm, and International Business Times, “Harold Camping Says End did come May 21, spiritually; Predicts New Date: October 21” on-line at http://au.ibtimes.com/articles/150707/20110524/harold-camping-says-end-did-come-may-21-spiritually-predicts-new-date-october-21.htm).  Camping’s failed prophecy, that reverberated all around the world and even had evangelicals in Perú preaching the firey end of the planet on local television, are criminals who have destroyed life and limb of many, causing death and serious injury to true believers.  In California, a woman named Lyn Benedetto was one of millions who heard Camping’s message.  A bible-totting, bible-believing, self-taught bible expert fervently believed the prophecy of Camping and became concerned that her daughters would suffer terribly in the coming apocalypse. As if she were the mythological Abraham of Genesis who was commanded by a mericless deity to slay his son, Lyn Benedetto  forced her daughters, 11 and 14, to lie on a bed and then cut their throats with a box cutter. Benedetto then went further than the old man from India, for unlike Abraham (Brahama), Benedetto then tried to kill herself before the police arrived.  Rather than the rapture coming, the police pushed into her home and arrested the out-of-control mother and all three survived without the interference of a god who was unconcerned about the event.

On September 6th 1994, a group of [Camping’s] followers dressed up for the Sabbath and filed expectantly into a war veterans’ building in Alameda, California. They prayed and held their open bibles to the skies, but nothing happened. Fifteen years later, the explanation of their leader that he simply got his sums mixed up is generally accepted. 

The god of Camping was indifferent to the suffering of others who believed firmly in the rapture–one predicted for thousands of years, each time not to occur. The prophecy of the 89-year-old Camping wrecked havoc in the poorest nations on this planet.

The rapture devastates thinking in Kahusma, Ghana

In Ghana, cars were tailgating to get away from the rapture as if it was an option (http://www.thedailymaverick.co.za/article/2010-05-21-its-all-over-in-a-year-may-21st-2011-doomsday-cult-rocks-on).

Nigeria Christians spend money difficult to obtain to buy billboards proclaiming the Rapture.

In Nigeria, full-billboards were sponsored by fundamentalists Christians who worried that they would not be among the elect because of their lethargy and slowness in “killing the gays.”  Prayers to be “swept up” were more common that prayers begging for protection, and when May 21 passed without incident, those determined to “root out evil” became more determined to destroy sin in their nation so that only “the pure of heart” would survive untainted by the existence of homosexuals who are equated with The Devil.

Religious fanatics in Nigeria awaiting the Rapture May 21, 2011

Master Wang's prophecy of a tsunami destroying Taiwan May 11, 2011 (cinema production)

An elderly man in Taiwan reportedly killed himself on May 5 ahead of the Rapture by jumping out of a building.  The dedicated Christian had heard that doomsday was imminent, and had taken recent earthquakes and tsunamis as early warning signs, for natural phenomena such as the movement of tectonic plates, toronados and heavy rains has long been considered proof that god is angry and the end is near.  “Wang Laoshi” or Master Wang, a local fortune teller, tried to surpass Harold Camping–at an earlier date–by taking the Rapture a step further: he’s predicted that a powerful earthquake will virtually destroy Taiwan on May 11th, 2011 by god ripping Taiwan into two separate islands by sending a devastating tsunami against the island nation. A small band of believers are so convinced by the accuracy of his fortune telling that began building a series of fallout shelters to protect themselves from the coming tsunami.  ( http://tw.video.news.yahoo.com/video/lifestyle-19458046/14-25050632 and http://www.la-fin-du-monde.fr/2011/05/un-prophete-taiwanais-annonce-la-fin-du-monde-pour-le-11-mai-a-10h42-et-37/).

Central Weather Bureau Chief Shin Tzay-chyn refutes Wang Lanshoi predicting the division of Taiwan into two islands on May 11, 2011

Wang Laoshi in his 70s

Unlike the USA that allows unbridled free speech even if it is harmful to the safety and well-being of its citizens, Taiwan is not that liberal.  After Wang’s outrageous prediction, more than 100 shelters converted from cargo containers were being built in Puli, a town in the county.  Wang had advised people to stay in cargo containers, which he said would be safer than regular buildings once the alleged imminent catastrophe happened, according to local media reports.  The government opined that Wang “could also be violating the Social Order Law by spreading rumours to cause public panic”.  Fraud convictions carry a maximum five-year jail term while breaking the law on social order is punishable by a fine of up to Tw$30,000 ($1,000).  Taiwan’s weather bureau on Thursday also warned that Wang risked a fine of up to Tw$1 million for issuing unauthorised disaster warnings on his blog — remarks Wang later removed (read: http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20110429/od_afp/taiwandisasteroffbeat_20110429044555).

It is the mythology that the ultra-conservative groups, such as the Tea Party in the USA, thrive on in their drive to turn each nation into a nation of believers while destroying individual incentive and efforts.  Today, the Tea Party, is moving rapidly with millions from the Koch Brothers of Kansas to “bring back” Christianity to the classroom, and backward states such as Texas, Iowa, Ohio, New Jersey, and so forth are digging up the fabrication that the USA is a “Christian Nation” (first articulated by US Supreme Court Sandra Day O’Connor).

The mass media was saturated by other unconfirmed reports of doomsday-related suicides around the world as well.  They filtered into the Associated Press from Russia, Ethiopia, and elsewhere, with the illiterate and undereducated being the bulk of those confused and willing to seek death over not being swept up in the rapture with the few, the elite of god, to a new life.

Heaven's Gate mass suicide (March 26, 1997)

This was not the first time that failed doomsday predictions  have led to tragedy. The most famous pre-apocalypse suicides in recent times occurred in 1997 when the Heaven’s Gate Christian UFO group came to believe that the comet Hale-Bopp was a sign that Jesus was returning, based on the fantasies in the Book of Revelation plagiarized from ancient Egyptian, Akkadian, Etruscan and other sources that earlier had declared the world would end soon.  Heaven’s Gate was an American UFO religion that believed that flying saucers would take those who left their bodies on earth would be transported to a better place in space. The group was based in San Diego, California.  It was founded and led by Marshall Applewhite (1931–1997 who was the oldest to commit suicide) and Bonnie Nettles (1928–1985, whom was his nurse after having a heart attack; he saw himself and Bonnie as “The Two” as the two witnesses recorded in the Book of Revelation 11:3, and determined they were destined for salvation). On March 26, 1997, in a period when Comet Hale-Bopp was at its brightest, police discovered the bodies of 39 members of the group who had committed suicide in order to reach an alien aircraft which was supposedly following the Hale-Bopp comet. This prompted copy-cat resurgency of rapture radicals demanding an immediate preparation for the Final War and gave credence to Camping and others, encouraged in part by scripture but basically by radio talk shows and evangelist-controlled television programs, that led  to fundamentalist fanaticism which created a stir especially in poor Latin American and Asian nations pushed by Biblical illiterates such as Pat Robertson (700 Club), Pentecostal preachers preying on the poor while either working fulltime jobs or serving as legislators in state legislatures, and the nationally registered organized hate group American Family Association. 

In Perú, where nearly half of the programming is controlled by televangelists who preach Old Testament hate, groups gathered to witness the rapture, many prepared to kill themselves if they were not a part of the elect, with Jehovah’s Witnesses passing pamphlets to the literate but uneducated in open-air markets and on street corners.  This is the price for attempting to read an ancient myth and give it current coinage.

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Filed under Ancient Egypt, Bible, Church history, Evangelical Christianity, Jesus Christ, Roman Catholicism

Noah, the Ark and the Flood

Drunken Noah by Michelangelo (Sistine Chapel ceiling)

The story of a man named Noah (actually the Egyptian god Osiris) who built a boat to save animals is a worldwide myth and found in every culture, but with slight variations.  According to the Jewish and Christian bibles, this 600 year old man (Genesis 7:6) was able to coax from two (Genesis 6:19) – or seven (Genesis 7:2) of every living animal on to his wooden ship that was to be the home even to termites, depending on which scripture in the “infallible Word of God” one reads. as well as his family to survive an enormous global flood that slaughtered millions of innocent animals as well as people who did not confess to the same agricultural gods (elohim is a plural noun) as worshipped in fear by Noah. 

God Osiris is enclosed in his Ark

Interestingly, Noah was “shut up in” the Ark on the same day that the Egyptian God Osiris was enclosed in his boat to survive a worldwide flood (Acharya S [D.M. Murdock] c(2004). Suns of God : Krishna, Buddha, and Christ unveiled. Kempton, IL: Adventures Unlimited Press, p. 90) along with eight passengers reflecting the solar system. These eight are equivalent to the Egyptian octet of gods, who sail the ocean in a ship.

While Christian conservative biblical literalists claim that the ark rested (when the waters subsided) on a ‘Mount Ararat,’ the Bible actually stating that the Ark came to land on the “mountains of Ararat.” (Genesis 8:4: הָרֵי אֲרָרָט it is plural). The distinction is unique and significant, as one is a rock and the other a range of mountains.  These barren mountains produced a vineyard that Noah planted (the vines were on the ark) which miraculously (overnight) with fully grown and ripe grapes that miraculous turned into wine–a wine so good that Noah gets drunk, strips off his clothes, and falls into a drunken stupor. It is at that time that Noah is seen naked by his son Ham, who runs to tell his two brothers (Sem and Japheth), who return with Ham and see the naked “loins” (the penis and testicles) and only after looking at them, cover up their father and walk out backwards from the tent that covered Noah (even though it did not exist on the ark). The act of Ham seeing Noah naked (cp. http://www.salvationhistory.com/documents/scripture/JBL%20Gen9.pdf and an apologetic at http://www.ukapologetics.net/canaan.html) and laughing at his sex organ so infuriated the drunk patriarch that he curses allowed–not his son Ham who saw the penis and testicles, but Ham’s son Canaan for all eternity (Genesis 9:21-27):

כ  וַיָּחֶל נֹחַ, אִישׁ הָאֲדָמָה; וַיִּטַּע, כָּרֶם. 20 And Noah the husbandman began, and planted a vineyard.
כא  וַיֵּשְׁתְּ מִן-הַיַּיִן, וַיִּשְׁכָּר; וַיִּתְגַּל, בְּתוֹךְ אָהֳלֹה. 21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.
כב  וַיַּרְא, חָם אֲבִי כְנַעַן, אֵת, עֶרְוַת אָבִיו; וַיַּגֵּד לִשְׁנֵי-אֶחָיו, בַּחוּץ. 22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.
כג  וַיִּקַּח שֵׁם וָיֶפֶת אֶת-הַשִּׂמְלָה, וַיָּשִׂימוּ עַל-שְׁכֶם שְׁנֵיהֶם, וַיֵּלְכוּ אֲחֹרַנִּית, וַיְכַסּוּ אֵת עֶרְוַת אֲבִיהֶם; וּפְנֵיהֶם, אֲחֹרַנִּית, וְעֶרְוַת אֲבִיהֶם, לֹא רָאוּ. 23 And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness.
כד  וַיִּיקֶץ נֹחַ, מִיֵּינוֹ; וַיֵּדַע, אֵת אֲשֶׁר-עָשָׂה לוֹ בְּנוֹ הַקָּטָן. 24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his youngest son had done unto him.
כה  וַיֹּאמֶר, אָרוּר כְּנָעַן:  עֶבֶד עֲבָדִים, יִהְיֶה לְאֶחָיו. 25 And he said: Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
כו  וַיֹּאמֶר, בָּרוּךְ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי שֵׁם; וִיהִי כְנַעַן, עֶבֶד לָמוֹ. 26 And he said: Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem; and let Canaan be their servant.
כז  יַפְתְּ אֱלֹהִים לְיֶפֶת, וְיִשְׁכֹּן בְּאָהֳלֵי-שֵׁם; וִיהִי כְנַעַן, עֶבֶד לָמוֹ. 27 God enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents

This lay the ground for hatred that has since then caused an enormous amount of racism and suffering based on a pernicious and deleterious biblical fable.  Much of this legend comes from the twisted tales centered around Japheth. As Oxford University Hebrew professor George Henry Bateson Wright has written (Wright, George Henry Bateson (1985). Was Israel ever in Egypt? London: Williams & Norgate, page 51):

JAPHETH – Ewald…shows, with great probability, that this was a god of the north, as Ham was of the south, once again in imitation of Hindu mythology. Moreover, the fact, that in the Armenian legend, derived from “Assyrian or Babylonian documents,” the three sons of Xisuthros, who corresponds to Noah, are Zervin, Titan, and Japetosthe, is very instructive, suggesting that the unknown foreign word was retained in its original form…

While the bible does condemn seeing a parent’s “nakedness”, the word “nakedness” does not mean nudity; rather it refers to a sexual act.  The phrase “exposing or uncovering nakedness” is used several times elsewhere in the Pentateuch as a euphemism for sexual relations: the story may therefore be obliquely describing Canaan’s origin as the result of an incestuous relationship between Ham and Noah’s wife (his own mother–plagiarized from the account of Oedipus.

Oedipus slaying the Sphinx (British Museum Vase E696)

Oedipus (in Greek: Οἰδίπους which means “swollen foot” symbolic of fertility and excessive sexuality) had a daughter by a women he did not know was his mother, Jocasta {they had four children: two sons, Eteocles and Polynices, and two daughters, Antigone and Ismene which helped enrich the land and bring prosperity} slaying her husband, and marrying her to gain the kingdom, as was common in that epoch. Oedipus became especially popular when he slew the sphinx, and there was no concern about his marriage until much later.

The relationship or marriage between Oedipus and Jocasta was declared a curse only when the kingdom fell under a plague. Being a superstitious people, many believed that the marriage was against the will of the gods since Jocasta was much older than the new king. This popular concept became the foundation for tragedy written in 467 BCE by the Athenian playwright, Aeschylus.

It does follow the script put out in the various redactions of the book Genesis–including the rather hidden sexual side. Seeing the nakedness of a parent was forbidden, but not an action cursed. That is because “seeing the nakedness” implied illicit (or priestly prohibited) sexuality.  The Genesis story may easily have been describing Ham sodomising his father (or in his drunkenness, unknowingly as was the case with Lot whose daughters made him drunk so they could have sex with him and conceive his children (Genesis 19:33ff), Noah unwittingly sodomising Ham. Sodomy was wrong inasmuch as an emerging nation needed soldiers and to stop the act of procreation was considered more of a crime against the nation than any of that nation’s gods (in Genesis, “god” is elohim which is a plural noun for gods and goddesses). Worse yet for later generations, sodomy was considered a pagan act of worship reserved for “false” gods (see: Ide, Arthur Frederick (1991). Yahweh’s Wife: Sex in the Evolution of Monotheism; A Study of Yahweh, Asherah, Ritual Sodomy and Temple Prostitution. Las Colinas: Monument). The possibility of Genesis 9:20-27 is a concept that has been pushed through by a more radical Jewish rabbinical group, who created the original racist overtones. The Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 108b states: “Our Rabbis taught: Three copulated in the ark, and they were all punished—the dog, the raven, and Ham. The dog was doomed to be tied, the raven expectorates [his seed into his mate’s mouth], and Ham was smitten in his skin.” {Talmud Bavli, Sanhedrin 108b} The nature of Ham’s “smitten” skin is unexplained, but later commentaries described this as a darkening of skin. A later note to the text states that the “smitten” skin referred to the blackness of descendants, and a later comment by rabbis in the Bereshit Rabbah asserts that Ham himself emerged from the ark black-skinned while the Zohar states that Ham’s son Canaan “darkened the faces of mankind”. (cp.  בראשית רבה and Book of Jubilees  7:7-13; cf. Solors, Werner (1997), Neither Black nor White Yet Both: Thematic Explorations of Interracial Literature, Oxford University Press, p. 87; cf. Ide, Arthur Frederick (1992). Noah & the Ark: The Influence of Sex, Homophobia & Heterosexism in the Flood Story and its Writing. Las Colinas: Monument). Much of this comes from each more ancient Egyptian legends, which depict a select group of military (each of the men represented a zodiac symbol) carrying the ark so that no sexuality can take place until after the flood and then only among the chosen pairs.

Carrying the Ark over the turbulence of the flood (Egyptian)

The biblical account was neither new nor unique, but like most parts of the Old and New Testament, plagiarized from far older scriptures of far older civilizations from Egypt to Akkadia and beyond.  The Sumero-Armenian Ziusudra/Xisuthros had three sons, including one named “Japetosthes,” essentially the same as Noah’s son Japheth, also related to Pra-japati or Jvapeti, son of the Indian Menu, whose other sons possessed virtually the same names as those of Noah, i.e., Shem/Sem (the ancestor to all people who speak a semitic language: Akkadian, arabic, Aramaic, Ethiopic, Hebrew, and Phoenician; the semitic language actually is a subfamily of Afroasiatic languages) and Ham. None of it is original. The story can be found in every illiterate community that has existed anywhere on this planet.

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Bob Vander Plaats’ obsession with homosexuality

Iowa’s Bob Vander Plaats is obsessed with homosexuals, homosexuality, and gay marriage. He is a one-issue candidate whose hatred has a uniqueness of its own but one which is common among evangelical extremists, the KKK and the American Nazi Party. One his personal friends, and a political advisor to the man who aspired to be Governor of the State of Iowa, wrote in the Des Moines Register:

As a friend and former adviser on three of Bob Vander Plaats’ campaigns, I understood from Bob that he was done with campaigning against the courts after the retention vote Nov. 2. Yet his senseless attacks on the courts continue.

Bob is obsessed with the gay-marriage issue. He is so obsessed that he would rather see the Iowa judicial system destroyed, instead of pursuing a change in the law within the channels provided (a constitutional amendment). Iowa’s judicial system has been held in high regard by the entire United States. The Iowa judicial branch has a long history of exceptional service, distinguished and acclaimed decisions – and now it is being raked through the mud, disparaged, criticized and harangued daily.

I would like to ask all Iowans to step back and consider the gravity of what is now being proposed by Bob and other anti-court persons. They are suggesting that the four remaining Supreme Court justices be impeached. No justice in the state of Iowa has ever been impeached. Only 13 federal judges have been impeached in the history of the nation, and the impeachment proceedings were all based upon the commission of criminal acts.
 

The Iowa Supreme Court justices who wrote a unanimous opinion in Varnum committed no crime. To be impeached, a person must have committed a crime or engaged in malfeasance. When a justice works hard, researches the law, has legal assistants and law clerks research the law and issues a politically unpopular decision in one case, how can that possibly constitute “malfeasance”?

…. Bob Vander Plaats, who is highly regarded by many conservatives in Iowa, is quite simply wrong to encourage Iowans to support the resignation or impeachment of the remaining four justices of the Iowa Supreme Court. He is grasping at political relevance using daily sound bites of misinformation to intentionally mislead.

 

(See: http://www.desmoinesregister.com/article/20110102/OPINION01/101020319/Guest-column-Obsessed-with-gay-marriage-Vander-Plaats-has-gone-too-far)

Vander Plaats and Huckabee

Like former Arkansas Governor and Baptist Pastor Mike Huckabee, Vander Plaats is quick to quote the Bible–with no knowledge of what it says. Instead, Vander Plaats and Huckabee, like Representatives King of NY and IA, misread it deliberately, transmogrifying ancient tales taken from older cultures, into vendettas against those who disagree with them.

The most common misinterpretation, mistranslation, and transmogrification concerns Genesis 19: the story of the City of Sodom, City of Gomorrah, and City of Zoar (the Cities of the Plain).  While Vander Plaats and native-grown theological terrorists and evangelical extremists quote the King James Version (KJV) about how “angels” came to Sodom, they ignore basic facts. One: that the Cities of the Plain were at war, and that those who would seek shelter and refuge in their cities had to register with city officials. Two: that the “angels” were men (the word means “messenger” and indicates an envoy from another political entity or power) who crept into the city without registering–which was a crime (as it is in the USA for an illegal alien to cross the border without permission).  Three: when it became known that the agents were secreted in Lot’s home, the entire city council–the men and the women “young and old” (Genesis 19:4)–came to Lot’s house and demanded to see and register the agents. But when the townspeople demanded to see the agents, Lot committed a greater crime prohibited in the same text: verse 8 says he offered his two daughters to the people “to do with as you wish” (implying, rape, sodomy, murder, and so forth). Far from being against sex, Lot not only had sex with his two young daughters, but made both pregnant (Genesis 19:34-37).  But this was common practice in those days, for even the “man” Abraham sold his wife Sarah three times to men for cattle and other forms of wealth.
 
In the original scrolls there is no crime of homosexuality–and no sin–as the word and concept did not even exist save for the few “select priests” (qedeshim [the masculine form of “qedsha”] in the Torah regularly engaged in homosexual acts “in a dog position” [not with dogs]; see: http://www.dogluvers.com/dog_breeds/Religious_prostitution) who accepted it to have a closer communion with the various Elohim (gods/goddesses) that peopled the pantheon of the Old Testament. The ancient Apiru (who later became the Hebrews and destroyed the advanced civilization of the Canaanites so as to raise their agricultural god YHWH to first position in a Hebrew pantheon used for a time this system of religious prostitution, as seen, for example, in Genesis 38:21, where Judah asks Canaanite men of Adulam “Where is the harlot, that was openly by the way side?”. The Hebrew original employs the word “qedsha” in Judah’s question, as opposed to the standard Hebrew “zonah”. The word “qidsha” is derived from the root Q.D.Sh, which signifies uniqueness and holiness. Qidsha probably represents a religious prostitute–which in Canaan and especially in the emerging Hebrew community meant male prostitutes (not homosexuals) was a term uncommon among the Israelites, but known to them from the neighboring people and used in communication between them.
  
Historically, YHWH wed Asherah, the goddess of Canaan in order to get to be the First of the Gods (not the only deity) as seen on numerous artifacts and potsherds (see: Arthur Frederick Ide (1991), Yahweh’s Wife. Dallas: Monument Press) as temple prostitution was common in the early centuries when the “religion of Abraham” developed from its Hindu source into a Middle Eastern cult.  

Yahweh and his wife Asherah and the Gold Calf from Exodus

 
 
The Golden Calf was actually called YHWH. The god of Moses was known as Adonai or Tetragrammaton (from the Greek τετραγράμματον, meaning

Tetragrammaton in Paleo-Hebrew, Aramaic, and Hebrew scripts

“[a word] having four letters” which later generations adopted for YHWH, but in the earliest scrolls of Exodus we find אֶהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר אֶהְיֶה (Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh), and there were many Yah gods throughout the lands of Egypt, Canaan, and Assyria. Yah is associated in all of these cultures and their theologies as the moon god in Egyptian religion, heifer/cow gods of Jeroboan in Samaria, and with the goat god elsewhere. The real god of Israel was not Yah nor Yahweh, but translated most basically as “I am what I am” (or “I will be that which I now am”).  He was the male friend of the senior god Baal and both were worshipped with sexual rituals (heterosexual and homosexual), as was Asherah for in the ancient past sex was known as normal and an action to be enjoyed. 

Prostitution (by both genders) was common throughout Israel during its early days. Up to the time of King Josiah’s reform (621 BC) there was a women’s cult of Asherah(under qedeshim auspices [consecrated for fertility practices], according to 2 Kings 23:7) in the Jerusalem Temple, alongside the male cult of Yahweh.  There is no records of any one being obsessed by it, nor of any court ruling against it. This is a modern invention–coming with the Emperor Constantine establishing the Christian church in the fourth century at his Council of Niceae, but even then sexuality remained a part of religion until later emperors ruled against Saturnalia and its cult that played a significant role in the early Christian communities.  After Saturnalia was illegalized, obsession with sex and human sexuality grew rapidly, especially among the clergy who burned people to see their clothes fall off, and who sported with instruments of torture to remove sexual organs–so similar to Pope Pius IX who hammered off the genitalia of ancient statues that lined the hallways of the Vatican.
 
 In most cases obsession with or about something is a subconscious worry or concern for that which is desired or that which is condemned from being a desire because of an external force that has neither logic nor reality (religion). In terms of whether the thinker is actively resisting the obsessive thoughts, this is likely to happen at some point, when the thinker recognizes that he or she does not want to continue the obsession, but feels compelled to do so, for one reason or another (usually related to anxiety or distress in some way) as is common with fundamentalist thinkers who see only black and white (cf. Hollander, Eric; Dan J. Stein (1997). Obsessive-compulsive Disorders. Informa Health Care. p. 212).  

At first, it is possible that the thinker does not “actively resist” obsessing over something or some one, but later attempts to resist that obsession for fear that it is a part of his or her own psychology and lifestyle.  Vander Plaats projects the classic obsession psychosis: an addiction, directly analogous to alcohol and drug addictions which he maintains to satisfy his own feelings of negativity or being rejected by or unable to obtain the very object, source, or thing he declares to oppose. 

Obsession with and over the issue of gay marriages occurs when people cannot help themselves from thinking a particular thought: usually that of the sexuality that occurs in the situation (in this case: gay sex within the bounds of matrimony that was first used to register the joining of two people over 11,000 years ago). Sex addicts and those who are opposed to sexuality either all forms of sex or a particular form of sex for any length of time, spend whole days consumed by sexual thoughts of how to enhance the sexual act or stop the sexual act and those involved in it. They develop elaborate fantasies, speak publicly and privately about it or against it, find new ways of obtaining or denying sex and mentally revisiting past experiences which may have included the very act they are against and seek to either illegalize, marginalize or end by means of violence. Because their minds are so preoccupied by these thoughts, other areas of their lives that they could be thinking about are neglected. To this end, Vander Plaats of Iowa, has lost all thought of all programs save the removal of the Iowa Supreme Court (all the judges who voted unanimously to allow gay marriage in Iowa) and even district judges who do not come out against gay marriage. Based on psychological studies, Vander Plaats is a classic case of a man who either had or was denied having a gay relationship of any duration (consider: Ulman, Richard B.; Harry Paul (2006). The Self Psychology of Addiction and Its Treatment. Psychology Press).

Bob Vander Plaats in Iowa

The obsession that Vander Plaats has with homosexuality and gay marriages speaks volumes about his own attempt to hide his subconscious mind from his conscious reality.

“Obsessions” according to the DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (fourth edition, text revision). Washington, DC), which is the most commonly used psychiatric diagnostic system in the US has this comment:  “Obsessions are persistent ideas, thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced as intrusive and inappropriate and that cause marked anxiety or distress…the content of the obsession is alien, not within his or her own control, and not the kind of thought that he or she would expect to have” (p. 457).  

Vander Plaats has never taken time to study this text or the others he throws around to condemn a group of people he lives in terror of being near or seeing: homosexuals in a happy gay marriage.

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Filed under Adolf Hitler, Evangelical Christianity, Homosexuality, Iowa