Tag Archives: Bible

Roanoke, Virginia’s Christian cabal and the words of the New Testament Jesus

Some of Roanoke, Virginia’s Christian cabal has publicly demonstrated that they do not believe in the Jesus of the New Testament and have never heard or studied the message ascribed to him in what is today known as the New Testament.  Odiously opportunistic, in suppressive stealth, these calloused, cold, cruel covert canonists came with spray paint cans in hand or with wrapping paper and duct tape at the ready, to undo a message of good will to people.  Being more in keeping with veiled votarients vying for the selectivity of a jealous god who favored a few but not all as recorded in Luke 2:14 (written by Saul of Tarsus companion long after the inscription of Mark and Matthew): “Glory to God in the highest heaven, and peace on earth to people He favors!” (Holman Christian Standard Bible 2009; cp. New International Version (NIV): “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to men on whom his favor rests.” compare with Stephanus 1550 Textus: Δόξα ἐν ὑψίστοις θεῷ καὶ ἐπὶ γῆς εἰρήνη ἐν ἀνθρώποις εὐδοκία or the Vulgate: gloria in altissimis Deo et in terra pax in hominibus bonae voluntatis).

This is not a god for all people.  The deity worshipped by the cabal in Roanoke, Virginia is more like the Republican candidate for President of the USA in 2012, when the candidate rejected the idea that he would represent all of the citizens of the USA (read here and here and here and here with video with the promise to represent 100% here).

Roanoke’s staid and ossified orthodox partisans have defied every word that the Jesus of the New Testament is reputed to have said, the message allegedly preached, and the compassion and love that the magnetic leader of a small sect of pacifist Hebrews heralded.  Instead of using the spears, swords, and knives described in the Torah and Prophets, those who would root out evil in the form of any writing they found disfavor with, used paint and tape and paper.

The rogue Roanoke remonstrators rabidly wrote with slashes of black and tribulations of red during the unhistorical birth date of their god on December 25, 2012 (a month and date artificially created by the Imperial Church invented by the pagan Emperor Constantine I, their scorn for the message commonly found, seldom read, and even less understood in the Gospel ascribed to the authorship of a Matthew (7:1: Μὴ κρίνετε ἵνα μὴ κριθῆτε and the Vulgate: nolite iudicare ut non iudicemini) while with their actions denounced the spirited injunction in the Book of Acts of the Apostles (Πράξεις τῶν Ἀποστόλων, the title was not a part of the original composition but added by Irenaeus late in the second century CE; it is commonly ascribed to Luke, although the authorship is under debate and the earliest records do not make this notation before the second century CE to the fourth century CE; cp. Epiphanius, Panarion 51.11 where it is suggested that he was one of the “Seventy” disciples; with Luke’s historical accuracy questioned in Powell, Mark Allen (1989). What are they saying about Luke? New York: Paulist Press. p. 6. It is argued that much of the Book of the Acts of the Apostles is plagiarized from far older Greek accounts phraseology and plot elements from Euripides’ play The Bacch, cf. Helms, Randel McCram (1997). Who Wrote the Gospels? Altadena, CA: Millennium Press.  The debate on the authorship is summarized by Brown, Raymond E. (1997) in his Introduction to the New Testament, New York: Anchor Bible (1997), pages 267–268, and can be furthered with an analysis of the use of the plural first person pronoun “we” indicated multiple authorships and is sprinkled heavily in the Book of Acts: 16:10–17; 20:5–15; 21:1–18; 27:1– 28). 

The text in question is Luke 10:34: Ἀνοίξας δὲ Πέτρος τὸ στόμα εἶπεν Ἐπ ἀληθείας καταλαμβάνομαι ὅτι οὐκ ἔστιν προσωπολήπτης ὁ θεός or in the Vulgate: aperiens autem Petrus os dixit in veritate conperi quoniam non est personarum acceptor Deus).  Even English “translations” differ, and interpretations are as poor as in any department of language interpretation throughout the Third World universities and most schools of higher education in the First World.

Conversion of Saul (Caravaggio)

Conversion of Saul (Caravaggio)

Far worse is tortured truth that these weathered Christians, heralding back to the past when their ancient colleagues tore the flesh off of those who did not share their own sadistic séances with readings of Saul of Tarsus who never met the Jesus of the New Testament (1 Corinthians 9:1-2; Galatians 1:13-14).  Saul’s “conversion” was actually a temporal lobe epilepsy that most likely ended in a convulsion that led to temporary blindness (Landsborough, D. (1987). “St. Paul and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgury & Psychiatry 1987; 50; 659–64; Geschwind N. (1979). Cp.  “Behavioural changes in temporal lobe epilepsy”. Psychological Medicine. 9 (2: May): 217–219; and Stern, A. (1957). “Zur Problem der Epilepsie des Paulus”. Psychiatria et Neurologia (Basel) May;133(5):276–284; this problem may have affected the prophet Ezekiel: cf. Altschuler, E.L. (2002). “Did Ezekiel have temporal lobe epilepsy?” Archives of General Psychiatry 59 June (6): 561-562).  Saul, who admitted he never met the New Testament Jesus, allegedly wrote letters that rejected and raped the original message of tolerance, and were incorporated by imperial decree when they were not denounced and unpunished since they gave greater grandeur and authority to the male with the subordination of the female.

Paganism outlawed throughout Europe (390 CE). Christians began systematic holocaust of non-believers.

Paganism outlawed throughout Europe (390 CE). Christians began systematic holocaust of non-believers.

Using Pauline transmogrification of the Jesus message, the merchants of deceit moved toward Roanoke to add havoc to the winter holidays.  They tightened their theologically taught terrorist Christian act of vandalism and hooliganism so typical of the ancient imperial “catholic [universal] church” (that the Emperor Constantine created in 325 CE (Eusebius, Vita Constantini 36-37) when the centers of worship and homes of charity to the poor and elderly were dedicated to other gods were destroyed or forcibly converted into the pagan temples of Christianity, beginning under the emperor Theodosius I in 381 CE (Theodosian Code 16.10.11) that none were safe) that the right to express an opinion was sacrificed on the stained altar of fanaticism of blind faith in defiance of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the USA.

Christianity has never been a tolerant religion.  Like the bastardization of the ministry of Jesus fetiditly foisted onto the backs of the ignorant by the original Elmer Gantry (the tent revivalist Billy Graham) and subsequent televangelists from G. Pat Robertson to the Bakkers of PTL, today no one knows basic boundaries of decency and carnivorously cannibalizes the cerebrum abilities once thought to possibly exist in the corpus of the community of alleged human beings (at least in name).  The Roanoke, Virginia vandals, as if fresh out of the ancient Sunday school (a pagan institution in origin that was an institution to celebrate, capitalize on and capture the majesty of the Sun God: Sol Invictus, introduced into Roman religion by emperor Heliogabalus (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, ca. 203 – 11 March 222; the name is a reference to the god Elagabalus and is the Latinized form of the Syrian Ilāh hag-Gabal, which derives from Ilāh (“god” the prototype for Allah: الله‎ that translates as the God, not God, from the Aramaic “Alaha” or “the [supreme] god/goddess of the moon” (cf. Herodotus, Histories Apodexis, lines 131-132), and Allah’s three daughters: Lat (goddess of fate whose temple was at Mecca, and whom Muhammad worshipped until forbidden to continue with his prayers by the tribal deity Allah), Uzza (Venus, goddess of love and sex) and Manat, goddess of destiny).  These are found in the Qur’an (an-Najm 53:19-22) and constitute the infamous Satanic Verses that read in the earliest copies of the Qur’an but have been deleted in later versions (original text to the left, the redacted text is to the right):

Allah (god of the moon) and his three daughters (goddesses)

Allah (god of the moon) and his three daughters (goddesses)

Near it is the Garden of Abode. Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!) (His) sight never swerved, nor did it go wrong! For truly did he see, of the Signs of his Lord, the Greatest! Have you seen Lat. and ‘Uzza, And another, the third (goddess), Manat? Near it is the Garden of Abode. Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!) (His) sight never swerved, nor did it go wrong! For truly did he see, of the Signs of his Lord, the Greatest! Have you seen Lat. and ‘Uzza, And another, the third (goddess), Manat?
These are the exalted cranes (intermediaries) Whose intercession is to be hoped for. [Words of Satan Deleted]
What! for you the male sex, and for Him, the female? Behold, such would be indeed a division most unfair! (an-Najm 53:19-22) What! for you the male sex, and for Him, the female? Behold, such would be indeed a division most unfair! (an-Najm 53:19-22)

In the ancient world, the crane was a god or goddess (usually naked, since nudity represented purity as with the original “Adam and Eve”–clothing always has represented a sinful condition) who flew to heaven and the throne of the chief god or goddess with the prayers of mortals.  The crane (or stork) is also discussed in the ancient Apiru/Hebrew world (Isaiah 38:14 כְּסוּס עָגוּר כֵּן אֲצַפְצֵף אֶהְגֶּה כַּיֹּונָה דַּלּוּ עֵינַי לַמָּרֹום אֲדֹנָי עָשְׁקָה־לִּי עָרְבֵנִי׃; Jeremiah 8:7 גַּם־חֲסִידָה בַשָּׁמַיִם יָדְעָה מֹועֲדֶיהָ וְתֹר [כ וְסוּס] [ק וְסִיס] וְעָגוּר שָׁמְרוּ אֶת־עֵת בֹּאָנָה וְעַמִּי לֹא יָדְעוּ אֵת מִשְׁפַּט יְהוָה׃) and in medieval (Roman Catholic) Christianity’s bestiary.  In Mecca and the evolution of the myth of Allah, the daughters were the primary messengers for people’s petitions to the god/goddess of the moon (who became Allah).

Add to this the gabal (“mountain” (compare the Hebrew: גבל bul and Arabic: جبل‎ jabal)), and the result is “the God of the Mountain” being the Emesene manifestation of the deity formatted after Heliogabalus, the patron god of Emesa (modern Homs) in the Roman province of Syria, c. 220 CE as an offshoot of the earlier Sol Indiges. 

The Roanoke miscreants’ ministry manifested its Machiavellian materialism in its use of spray paint to deface one of the four Blue Ridge Coalition of Reason billboards in the Roanoke area. Their god is so weak, so petty and so jealous that its Stoßtruppen (whose Obersturmbannführer remained in hiding) had to defend the unholy name by vandalizing the misperceived aspersions on a billboard that merely stated scientific investigational logic: that which cannot be proved most likely does not exist.  Many accept science over faith and find no reason for the existence of a god that even Stephen W. Hawking argued against in his A Brief History of Time: from the Big Bang to Black Holes (Toronto ; New York : Bantam Books, 1988).

First vandal attack on reason in Roanoke, VA (December 2012)

First vandal attack on reason in Roanoke, VA (December 2012)

During the third week of December, 2012, the billboard at Virginia Route 419 at 1420 Lynchburg Turnpike, in Salem, facing east, originally read: “Don’t believe in God? Join the club.” The word “Don’t” was blacked out by paint on December 21, 2012. 

Martinsville, VA - Klan leaders Amanda and Chris Barker

Martinsville, VA – Klan leaders Amanda and Chris Barker

Faith was no longer a matter of choice for those who worked for understanding rather than bowing before indoctrination by an Inquisition as terrifying as it was in the darkest ages known to Europe.  This troop of tormenters that had spawn the Ku Klux Klan, adopted neo-NAZI symbolism and revered the machinations of US Senator Joe McCarthy (R-WI) and his gaggle of priests was invigorated once more in the State of Virginia. Matching the theological students in Afghanistan known as Taliban (Pashto: طالبان‎, identical to the Hitlerjugend spawned by the Sturmabteilung; cf. Klee, Ernst (2005). Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Zweite aktualisierte Auflage), the firebrands of evangelical extremism bred on hate and swallowed poisoned draughts of bigotry, creating their current curdled culture of predatory practitioners, pastors, priests, and pandering paternalizing  people taking up the challenge of the religious right to dismantle the Constitution of the USA and its First Amendment.  

Michael Jock

Michael Jock

Those who attacked reasoned debate, an environment of inquiry and dialogue were solid supporters of the NRA and those who argue that all teachers should arm themselves and that every home should have a gun so the homeowner could “stand your ground” if she or he felt threatened, as has happened throughout the USA.  Michael Jock, a man in Florida shot a customer, Randall White who was complaining about slow service  at Little Cesar’s Pizza and raised his hand against Jock’s pushing him, leading Jock to pull a .38 Taurus Ultralight Special Revolver and fired a shot into the White’s torso, claiming that he “feared for” his life.

George Zimmerman (left) shot and killed unarmed Trayvon Martin (right)

George Zimmerman (left) shot and killed unarmed Trayvon Martin (right)

George Zimmerman killed Trayvon Martin who on December 28, 2012, was exposed for concocting an escape plan as if it was a scenario for a Hollywood film to get out of paying a security firm $27,027, according to court documents, to send armed bodyguards from Associated Investigative Services (AIS) to meet Zimmerman at the Seminole County jail and dress him in body armour before speeding him off in a rental vehicle previously checked for hidden GPS tracking devices, put him in a disabled stall in a major hotel’s main bathroom, change his clothes and put on dark glasses so that he could walk to a different vehicle that would carry him to a “safe house”.

Michael Dunn kills teen Jordan Davis over loud music in Florida

Michael Dunn kills teen Jordan Davis over loud music in Florida

Michael Dunn, also of Florida, used the Stand Your Ground law to murder an unarmed teenager over loud music (read here and here).  All of those who “Stood Your Ground” are god-fearing, “good Christians” with no tolerance for racial or other minorities.

New studies show more people are shot to death with ALEC/NRA “Stand Your Ground” laws.  The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), a private non-profit and the largest economics research organization in the United States released a working paper showing that deaths due to the law increased between 4 and 8 additional deaths each month, and Texas A&M University researchers also released a study in June 2012, finding states that passed the laws saw an increase in homicides between 7 and 9 percent annually, which amounts to between 500 and 700 homicides cumulatively, with no drop in violent crime rates.  This is but an extension of the religious wars that have bloodstained history since the inception and invention of religion by mortal men.

dying for the same godThese are the people who claim to be men and women of god (but which god? or goddess?) who bark out demands that god be put back into school rooms, that prayers are made mandatory, and that reason and investigation be curbed.

Second attack on Coalition of Reason billboard (Roanoke, VA, December 28, 2012)

Second attack on Coalition of Reason billboard (Roanoke, VA, December 28, 2012)

A second of the four Blue Ridge Coalition of Reason billboards in the Roanoke area was found vandalized on December 28, 2012. The billboard at 32 Boulevard Street near the underpass and just north of Patterson, in Roanoke, facing south, originally read: “Don’t believe in God? Join the club.” But the “n’t” was blocked out with wrapping paper and duct tape, leaving the text to read “Do”, in keeping with the Christian assassins in Alexandria who pulled the famed mathematician, philosopher and librarian Hypatia (c. 350/370-415 CE), skinning her alive with their finger nails and throwing her onto a pile of burning ancient and new scrolls that did not praise their concept of a warrior Christ (Matthew 10:34) when she screamed “Do not destroy the works of the greats for the arrogance of the ignorant [the bishop Cyril was named the new Coptic [pope] Theophilius]”  Her murder marked the end of classical antiquity and academic scholarship for the next 1000 years (Wider, Kathleen (1986). “Women Philosophers in the Ancient Greek World: Donning the Mantle” in Hypatia, Vol 1 No 1 (Spring, 1986): pp. 21-62; Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press p. 49–50; Mangasarian, Mangasar Mugurditch (1915). The Martyrdom of Hypatia: The Death of the Classical World: A Lecture. Chicago, IL: Independent Religious Society; Teruel, Pedro Jesús (2011). Filosofía y ciencia en Hipatia. Madrid. Spain: Gredos.).  

Fred Edwords (National Director Coalition of Reason)

Fred Edwords (National Director Coalition of Reason)

Roanoke avengers with as little skill and intelligence as the ancient chrestianos, felt compelled to silence dissent, dissolve the conduct of inquiry, and demonstrate their own prejudice in raw refutation of John 13:34 and Ephesians 4:32. The prejudice in Roanoke against any one who would question religious faith is very real, leading Fred Edwords, national director of United Coalition of Reason to respond: “Prejudice against non-theistic and other non-religious people continues to be very real in America, so we are forced to speak out whenever these unfortunate incidents occur.”  This is more in keeping with the rage of Jeremiah 4:7 (עָלָה אַרְיֵה מִסֻּבְּכֹו וּמַשְׁחִית גֹּויִם נָסַע יָצָא מִמְּקֹמֹו לָשׂוּם אַרְצֵךְ לְשַׁמָּה עָרַיִךְ תִּצֶּינָה מֵאֵין יֹושֵׁב׃) and the segregation of Leviticus 13:44 (אִישׁ־צָרוּעַ הוּא טָמֵא הוּא טַמֵּא יְטַמְּאֶנּוּ הַכֹּהֵן בְּרֹאשֹׁו נִגְעֹו׃ : where lepers are condemned as “unclean”) demonstrating that nothing within the book matches the message of Jesus of the New Testament who even ate with “the unclean”—that had nothing to do with the lack of a bath—and visited with the adulteress in John 8:1-11.

On its website at www.BlueRidgeCoR.org, the Blue Ridge Coalition of Reason declares its purpose as “a joint outreach effort” to help the public connect with “local freethought [sic], humanist, atheist, agnostic, rationalist” and other such groups. It provides interested people “with information and a sense of community.” The coalition was officially launched December 19, 2012, when the billboards were announced.



Filed under atheism, atheists, Bible, Bullying, Christian Terrorists, Church history, Jesus Christ, separation of church and state

Fourth Reich: USA Tea Party, Anders Behring Breivik, Evangelical Christian extremism and the death of Democracy

Some of Breivik's victims on his 2011 Crusade

Norwegian mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik’s 1,500-page manifesto, “2083: A European Declaration of Independence” (cf. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/07/23/norway-terrorist-attack-christian-perpetrator-defied-stereotypes.html) reads as taken (most of

Theodore John "Ted" Kaczynski

it is) from University of Michigan graduate and University of California at Berkeley Professor of Mathematics Theodore John “Ted” [Unabomber] Kaczynski’s  (1996) Unabomber’s Manifesto (the full text is at http://cyber.eserver.org/unabom.txt)

For instance, Kaczynski wrote: “One of the most widespread manifestations of the craziness of our world is leftism, so a discussion of the psychology of leftism can serve as an introduction to the discussion of the problems of modern society in general.”

Breivik’s manifesto reads: “One of the most widespread manifestations of the craziness of our world is multiculturalism, so a discussion of the psychology of multiculturalists can serve as an introduction to the discussion of the problems of Western Europe in general.”

(Italicized words for emphasis are mine.)

Anders Behring Breivik

In addition to condemning misogynism, socialism, homosexuality, feminism, and everything that Breivik considered not to be evangelical fundamental Roman Catholicism. Rarely has the connection between sexual anxiety and right-wing nationalism been made quite so clear as it has been in reading Breivik’s manifesto, and listening to his cries for a public forum to express his deep-seated hatred of Muslims, foreigners, miscegenation   or “race mixing” (which gave birth to eugenics as preached by Martin Luther, Margaret Sanger, and Adolf Hitler, and an act expressly and loudly condemned by evangelical fundamentalists; see: “Pastor” Mark Downing, “Why We [Christian fundamentalists] Hate Jews,” at http://www.kinsmanredeemer.com/WhyWeHateJews5.htm misquoting Genesis 25:30; “race mixing” is the subject of www.youtube.com/watch?v=NdKhU9vqSNE which opposes it). 

Tea Party racism in the USA

Nearly all of the Tea Party use race in attacking Obama since the President is Black.  Racism is not just in the Deep South, but has crawled out from under the rocks of Montana to the manure fields in Iowa and dustbowls in Oklahoma.

Unabashed racism in the Tea Party from Alaska to Florida

To the marginally educated and hate-filled members of the Tea Party from the suburbs of Chicago to the urban areas of New York, the rural farm land of Iowa to the scattered ranches of Wyoming, to the mountains of Idaho and the seashore of New Jersey, and from home and office to hair salon to barbecue restaurant and beyond  to the state legislatures, Tea Party aficionados claim that Barrack Obama is unqualified to be President of the USA as he is Black.  The most hate-filled group in the USA since Black lynchings were common from Nebraska to Georgia, Alaska to Florida, Maine to Massachusetts for racial hatred is barely covered and is extremely transparent among evangelical Christians.  The claim that Obama was  born in Kenya, while all public records show that he was born in Hawaii, remains the pathetic miscreant message of birthers in Congress and the popular media such as Fox News that has no credibility and demonstrates no veracity on the air or in open discussions (http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=137 ; with an objective survey conducted at UCLA and reported at http://newsroom.ucla.edu/portal/ucla/Media-Bias-Is-Real-Finds-UCLA-6664.aspx).

Anders Behring Breivik before his killing spree

Breivik’s hatred of women rivals his hatred of Islam.  He admits he had little to do with women until he hired two prostitutes.  This fear of women multiplies his mental insanity that has its roots in xenophobia and is intimately linked to his mass murders. Some reports have suggested that during his rampage on Utoya, he targeted the most beautiful girl first, which gives credence to their arguments that his killing spree was more about sex even more than religion (http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/07/24/norway-massacre-anders-breivik-s-deadly-attack-fueled-by-hatred-of-women.html).  The

Anders Behring Breivik

Norwegian murderer wrote: “The female manipulation of males has been institutionalised during the last decades and is a partial cause of the feminisation of men in Europe,” he writes, arguing elsewhere that he felt he was, himself, “feminised” and hinting at being homosexual. He blames empowered women for his own isolation, saying that he recoils from the “destructive and suicidal Sex and the City lifestyle (modern feminism, sexual revolution) … In that setting, men are not men anymore, but metro sexual and emotional beings that are there to serve the purpose as a never-criticising soul mate to the new age feminist woman goddess.” 

Breivik’s theology is nearly nontransparent and on-existent, more on keeping with that of Martin Luther who believed the sole reason for women was giving birth to future generations of men, to be subordinate to men, and being a pawn in the game of life that only men were to enjoy and rule over (http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/26/world/europe/26oslo.html?_r=1)  That Breivik’s attitude toward women is transparent on a quick reading of Martin Luther’s writings on women:

Der Tod im Kindbett ist nichts weiter als ein Sterben im edlen Werk und Gehorsam Gottes. Ob die Frauen sich aber auch müde und zuletzt tot tragen, das schadet nichts. Lass sie nur tot tragen, sie sind darum da.” (“Death in childbirth is no more than a dying in noble work and obedience to God. And whether the women carry until they are exhausted and dead in the end, no harm is done. Let them carry until they die, that is what they are there for.”)

Die größte Ehre, die das Weib hat, ist allzumal, dass die Männer durch sie geboren werden.” (“The greatest honour a woman has is that she gives birth to men.”)

Luther encouraged burning women as witches

Die Zauberinnen sollst du nicht leben lassen… Es ist ein gerechtes Gesetz, dass sie getötet werden, sie richten viel Schaden an.” (“You must not let the witches live….It is a just law that they be killed, they do much damage.”) From a sermon in 1526, Weimarer Ausgabe 16, p. 551.

Analysis of the manifesto left by Anders Behring Breivik, who has admitted to the mass killings in Norway, suggests that literature professors were among the groups he hated, Galley Cat (http://www.mediabistro.com/galleycat/anders-behring-breivik-targeted-journalists-writers-literature-professors-in-2083-manifesto_b34956) reported, noting that Breivik specifically wanted to target sites where academics and book publishers meet: about targeting journalists in his manifesto: “in Norway, there is an annual gathering for critical and investigative press where the most notable journalists/editors from all the nations  media/news companies attend … The conference lasts for 2 days and is usually organized at a larger hotel/conference center. Security is light or non-existent making the conference a perfect target.”  (Breivik’s full text is here: http://www.kevinislaughter.com/2011/anders-behring-breivik-2083-a-european-declaration-of-independence-manifesto/ for full lengths, comments, etc.)  His objections to publishers and books ranged to rants against female authors, to heroines outwitting men, and women demonstrating superiority over men.  To Breivik, god created the planet Earth for men, and women were to work for men subservient.

Antonio Gramsci

In his manifesto, Anders Breivik has a section called “Political Correctness: Deconstruction and Literature”.   In this section Breivik attacked intellectuals such as Antonio Gramsci (Italian author, founding member and one time leader of the Italian Communist Party, who, in April 1919, set up the weekly newspaper L’Ordine Nuovo [The New Order].  The Italian intellectual wrote vividly in each of his books focused on people wh were members of the working class–and disenfranchised.  Gramsci argued that the working-class identified their own good with the good of the bourgeoisie, and helped to maintain the status quo rather than revolting as seen in today’s poor and diminishing middle class supporting the Tea Party and far-right and anti-union governments funded by the nefarious rich, as with Governor Scott Walker funded by the Koch Brothers).  A second reader that Breivik objected to was Erich Fromm

Erick Fromm (March 23, 1900 - March 18, 1980)

Fromm was an German-American Jewish social psychologist, psychoanalyst, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist and is associated with what is known as critical theory.  Departing from traditional religious orthodoxy, Fromm extolled the virtues of humans taking independent action and using reason to establish moral values rather than adhering to authoritarian moral values.  In 1946, along with his friend, Fromm co-founded the William Alanson White Institute of Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and Psychology.  Why Breivik attacked Fromm is beyond comprehension, for Fromm spelled out what Breivik became in Fromm’s discussion of destructiveness.  Fromm saw destructiveness as any process that attempts to eliminate others or the world as a whole in a misguided but self-internalized action to escape freedom and personal responsibility and accountability. Fromm said that “the destruction of the world is the last, almost desperate attempt to save myself from being crushed by it” see: Fromm, Erick (1941).  Escape from Freedom New York: Henry Holt and Company, p. 177).

Herbert Marcuse (July 19, 1898 - July 29, 1979) in Newton MA (1955)

A third thinker Breivik attacked was Herbert Marcuse.  Like the others, Marcuse was a German Jewish philosopher, sociologist, and political theorist.  Marcuse was known as “Father of the New Left”.  He advocated a form of tolerance that is intolerant of right-wing political movements–such as the political movements Breivik associated with or attempted to create. Marcuse argued that capitalism and industrialization pushed laborers so hard that they began to see themselves as extensions of the objects they were producing in his One-Dimensional Man: “The people recognize themselves in their commodities; they find their soul in their automobile, hi-fi set, split-level home, kitchen equipment,” read at http://www.marcuse.org/herbert/quotes/QuotRedThread.html#Capitalism).

Max Horkheimer (front left) and Theodor Adorno (front right)

A fourth thinker, who was also German born, whom Breivik was opposed to was Theodor Adorno.  Adorno was an international sociologist, philosopher, and musicologist.

Adorno argued that capitalism had become more entrenched through its attack on the objective basis of revolutionary consciousness and through liquidation of the individualism that had been the basis of critical consciousness.  He argued that culture industry, which produced and circulated cultural commodities through the mass media, manipulated the population). 

Breivik was seldom consistent.  He attacked college reading requirements. He wrote: “Unfortunately, that has not stopped the cultural critics from indoctrinating this new generation in feminist interpretation, Marxist philosophy and so-called ‘queer theory.’ Requirements for reading Shakespeare, Milton, Chaucer, and other dead white males are disappearing, to be replaced by options to take studies in ‘The Roles of Women in the Renaissance’ (an excuse to lament the sexism of the past) or ‘The Bible as Literature’ (a course designed to denigrate the Bible as cleverly crafted fiction instead of God’s truth). The reliable savior of the intelligentsia is the common man and his common sense.”  (http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2011/07/26/qt#266131)

Breivik was saturated with accounts of attacks on ethnic Norwegian men and rapes of ethnic Norwegian women, seeing, as did Adolf Hitler, the marginalization of his own race to enhance that of perceived enemies: Arabs, Muslims, and other non-Scandinavian people whom he associated with immigrant gangs (http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/25/world/europe/25breivik.html?src=recg). While Breivik worked for Neo-Nazi groups in the 1990s, after the bombing of Serbia he turned against the Nazi movement and became an evangelical Christian with the intent to restore the Roman Catholic Church to primacy and launch a crusade against the Muslim world in the manner of Pope Urban II—with all the gore of rapes, murders, burnings, and wanton destruction that the Roman Catholic Church wracked not only on non-Christians but also Eastern Christians and those of minor sects.

”]The Tea Party in the USA was Breivik’s favorite group, and he hungered to be like them: hate-filled, determined to destroy democracy, and to establish the rule of an elite force that would be in total control. He once approached Hans Rustad, the editor of a popular conservative Website called Document.no, with a proposal to create a pan-European movement modeled on Tea Party groups in the United States (http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/25/world/europe/25breivik.html?pagewanted=2&src=recg). 

Jennifer Rubin of the Washington Post

In the immediate aftermath of Friday’s terrorist attack in Norway, conservative Washington Post blogger Jennifer Rubin did us the favor of simply assuming that he was a Muslim.  Earlier, Jennifer Rubin had written that she wanted the United States to make human rights a central theme in its Iran policy — and then to indiscriminately assassinate civilian Iranian scientists; http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=439×27222).  She then used the attack to denounce lawmakers who in the name of deficit reduction favor “huge cuts in defense” and to lambast President Obama for suggesting “that we can wrap up things in Afghanistan.”

Peter Beinart

As Peter Beinart questioned: Could an anti-Muslim bigot commit a large-scale terrorist attack in the U.S.? The answer is, Absolutely, because the same anti-Muslim bigotry that influenced Breivik in Europe is widespread here. There’s actually been a lot of right-wing, extremist Christian terrorism in the U.S. in recent years. The biggest terrorist attack in U.S. history prior to 9/11—the 1996 Oklahoma City bombing—was carried out by Timothy McVeigh, a white ex-Army officer with ties to the militia movement. That same year, Eric Rudolph bombed the Atlanta Olympics to protest abortion and international socialism. The only major WMD attack of the “war on terror” era were Bush-spin lies pushed by Cheney and Halliburton (the alleged WMDs held by Saddam Hussein and being created by his underlings were fabricated lies by

Rafid Ahmed Alwan al Jana ("Curveball") who created the lie of WMDs

Rafid Ahmed Alwan al-Janabi a defector from Iraq who was having family problems and thought that by inventing the story that he would find favor once again with his family, even though his lie about Weapons of Mass Destruction cost hundreds of thousands of innocent lives, led to CIA and FBI abuses, secret prisons, and more than one trillion dollars in expenses to fight a totally unnecessary war, he has never yet stood trial for his role in crimes against humanity {http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/feb/15/defector-admits-wmd-lies-iraq-war, his lies are detailed at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41609536/ns/world_news-mideastn_africa/}—and the 2001 anthrax mailings—apparently was the handiwork of Richard O. Spertzel and Dr. Bruce E. Ivins at the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) a microbiologist angry that prominent Catholic politicians were pro-choice (http://articles.cnn.com/2010-02-19/justice/fbi.anthrax.report_1_dr-bruce-e-ivins-ivins-lawyer-anthrax-attacks?_s=PM:CRIME).

Scott Roeder (photo: Wichita KS Police Department)

In 2009, anti-abortion militant Scott Roeder murdered Wichita doctor George Tiller. Tiller already had been shot once, and his clinic had been bombed. That same year octogenarian neo-Nazi, James Wenneker von Brunn, shot a security guard at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Last February, Andrew Joseph Stack, angry at the federal government, flew a small plane into an IRS building in Austin, Texas. (http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/07/24/norway-massacre-why-an-anti-muslim-bigot-could-commit-similar-attack-in-us.html)

Herman Cain in Des Moines IA

This May, the words “Osama today, Islam tomorrow” were spray-painted on a mosque in Maine. Islamophobia is at least as prevalent on the political right today as militia-style, anti-government conspiracy-theorizing was in the 1990s. Herman Cain, who according to a June Des Moines Register survey is running third in Iowa and who in February won the Tea Party convention’s straw poll, said he would not appoint a Muslim to his cabinet or as a federal judge. He’s opposed the building of the Tennessee mosque whose construction site was the subject of last year’s arson attack. He admitted he became “uncomfortable” when he learned that the surgeon who operated on his liver was Muslim. More than a dozen states, mostly in the reddest parts of the south and mountain west, are considering banning Sharia.

Tim Pawlenty with Petters who helped Frank Vennes launder narcotic money and contribute to Pawlenty's campaign chest

Frank Vennes secret memo on money

Tim Pawlenty who has, as has his wife and family  been  too often  associated frequently with money laundering and has been regularly featured on The Minnesota Independent and other media concerning numerous irregularities during his time as governor of Minnesota, has unleashed new investigations with his presidential bid, especially with the Petters Ponzi scheme and Frank Vennes money laundering and questions about relationships with narcotraffickers. He gained further unwanted attention when he attempted to shut down various charitable programs that helped observant Muslims buy homes without violating Islam’s prohibition on collecting or paying interest on loans. 

Newt Gingrich first wife Jackie Battley

Newt Gingrich second wife Marianne

There remains the question about the suitability of Newt Gingrich as president.  He has never hidden the fact that he took his mistress to his wife’s hospital bed where she lay dying, nor that he married Marriane after the death of Jackie.  Later the GOP power horse in the US House of Representatives took a new mistress to meet the

Newt Gingrich third wife Callista

previous mistress, and by the time he had gone through Mistress Number Four and was

Gingrich newest mistress

already seeing and being seen with a very young fifth mistress, Newt was warned that by the time his grandchildren grow up, America may be “dominated by radical Islamists.”  Once more, Gingrich attempted to become the spokesman for Family Values, seeking help from Iowa’s notorious Bob Vander Plaats who is the self-proclaimed Leader of his FAMiLY organization that is working hard to undermined the families he does not personally approve of and speaks out against (primarily LGBT, but also second and third marriages).  All of the Tea Party candidates that adorn the GOP roster for president are identical in their ontology and theological perspectives that have been held by Norwegian mass murderer and evangelical Christian Anders Behring Breivik.

Proudly, Anders Behring Breivik testifies that he is a Bible believing and Bible practicing Christian evangelical fundamentalist. While his faith was weak in his early years, at the age of 15 he was baptized into the Protestant (Lutheran) church of Norway (the established church), and proudly claimed that he was a Christian Fundamentalist (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/norway/8657066/Norway-killings-the-quiet-and-modest-man-who-became-peacetime-Europes-worst-mass-killer.html). In his rambling “essay” the mass murderer wrote: “I am a supporter of an indirect collective conversion of the Protestant church back to the Catholic.”  http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/23/anders-behring-breivik-norway-attacks; cp. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/norway/8657066/Norway-killings-the-quiet-and-modest-man-who-became-peacetime-Europes-worst-mass-killer.html, with the notice that the Breivik laughed, cheered and shouted, “you all must die!”) 

Breivik sprayed the youngsters with dum-dum bullets, killing each victim in cold blood in the manner of the medieval Christian crusaders when they attacked fort or town on their way to Jerusalem.  Only in Jerusalem did the Christian crusaders let their rawest animal cravings loose, butchering women, children, babies, and elderly–not just soldiers who were Greek Orthodox, Jewish, Roman Catholics or Muslims.  It is in the same manner that another born-again Christian hungers for: Protestant pastor Scott Lively  who wants gays in Nigeria executed: one at a time {read: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/norway/8657475/Norway-killings-The-laughing-gunman-who-shot-85-young-victims-one-by-one.html}. 

What Breivik had in common with other far-right extremist groups was hatred for minorities and closely identified with Dick Armey (R-TX)’s Tea Party {http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/norway/8656966/Norway-attacks-Anders-Behring-Breivik-was-active-member-of-far-right-party.html} supporting the Norwegian “Progress Party” {Fremskrittspartiet, of which Breivik wrote that he held several political posts in the party’s youth league, including being chair of his local party; his association with the Party ended in 2007} which is now the second largest party in the Norwegian Parliament, and similar to the Dutch Pim Fortuyn.  The largest number of violent crimes occurs in Sweden by its neo-Nazis who are nearly identical with the Tea Party in the USA; cf. Laqueur, Walter (1996). Fascism: Past, Present, Future.  New York: Oxford University Press, writing that the neo-Nazis in Sweden is limited to disorganized groups of skinheads. 

Bill O'Reilly objecting to Breivik calling himself a Christian

Breivik’s outspoken hatred matches that of two USA organizations both listed as organized hate groups: American Family Association, Family Research Council, Bob Vander Plaats’ Iowa hate group known as FAMiLY, and Focus on the Family).  Bill O’Reilly was upset that the New York Times referred to Breivik as a “Christian” (even though Breivik claimed that distinction himself).  O’Reilly opined that it was “impossible” for Breivik to be a Christian, claiming that “the left wants you to believe that fundamentalists Christians are a threat just like crazy jihadists are” (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/26/bill-oreilly-media-breivik-christian_n_909498.html with video).

A strong supporter of the National Rifle Association (NRA) of the USA, Breivik is a member of a Oslo gun club, holding licenses for a rifle, shot-gun and a Glock semi-automatic pistol, having mastered firearms in his obligatory military training in Norway. Firearms in Norway are regulated by the Firearms Weapons Act and all gun owners must have the appropriate licenses which are issued by the local police authority but only to applicants with no criminal record.  Although Norway has a large number of hunters, automatic weapons are banned as are powerful handguns.  There are also restrictions on how many guns and owner can possess. For recreational shooters, such as Breivik, only one gun is allowed in each calibre.

Pamela Geller

In rhetoric and irresponsible/illogical passion Breivik is uniquely similar to Pamela Geller (http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-files/profiles/pamela-geller), self-anointed prophet Bradlee Dean (http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2010/fall/pols-nativists-make-common-cause-with-g) and Sarah Palin and Michele Bachmann both of whom have openly called for a revolution in the USA (Palin: http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2010/spring/they-say-they-want-a-revolution; Bachmann: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/03/23/michele-bachmann-i-want-p_n_178156.html with video; suicides have jumped dramatically among teenagers since Michele entered politics, especially in the last year: http://motherjones.com/politics/2011/07/michele-bachmann-teen-suicide and http://www.alternet.org/newsandviews/article/640053/in_michele_bachmann%27s_district%2C_a_spate_of_gay_teen_suicides/#paragraph4  and http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/anti-gay-bullying-related-teen-suicides-spike-in-bachmanns-district/politics/2011/07/26/24357).  Breivik’s antimulticulturalism follows that of pseudo-intellectual, pseudo-environmentalist and strong supporter of David Duke’s Khristian Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (for whom he writes) Frosty Wooldridge (b. 1947) is neither a highly educated man nor a gifted writer.  

Grand Dragon David Duke of the Ku Klux Klan website

Wooldridge graduated with a BA in Journalism from Michigan State University in 1970, moving on to Grand Valley State University from which he graduated in English with a teaching certificate in 1973.  Wooldridge is a transparent racist and Islamophobe.  

Frosty Wooldridge

Wooldridge has rifled in on the poverty of Detroit, blaming the loss of jobs in what once was the car manufacturing capital of the world, on Muslims, Blacks and other minorities, claiming that the plight of poverty is the result of overpopulation rather than a hostile work environment and a diminishing education system underfunded b y the government that favors private schools. Concerning Detroit, Wooldridge, with neither historical knowledge nor any reliable research skills blithely in ignorance and invidiousness rancorously writes: “Illiteracy plus Islam equals walking human bombs”, “minority women birthed eight to 10 and in one case, one birthed 24 kids [sic] by the Detroit Free Press—all on American taxpayer dollars”. “A new child meant a new car payment, new TV and what ever mom wanted” at http://wesurroundthemcentrecounty.ning.com/profiles/blogs/detroit-michigan, and against Aid to Dependent Children.  In searching through Detroit Free Press archives 1831-2010, there has never been one article of any mother giving birth to 24 children.  Frosty is given to excessive exaggerations, idiosyncratic and illusory illustrations, yet his articles are published by hundreds of far-right-wing organizations on the internet such as that of Peter Trippett of Lemont Pennsylvania’s 9-12 Project of Central Pennsylvania http://wesurroundthemcentrecounty.ning.com/profiles/blogs/detroit-michigan where the claim is that the site represents American before September 11, 2001 but prohibits racism (but includes it with Frosty’s frothings), and http://stupidfrogs.org/articles/detroit_and_multiculturalism.htm including the fake snopes.com at http://message.snopes.com/showthread.pho?t=71041. No private site or blog deified Wooldridge more than that of David Duke.  Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard Duke provides the most virulent propaganda mill for Wooldridge and other hate-mongers.  Duke is unique, claiming to have a PhD, but it is a certificate received September 2005 (a Kandidat Nauk) in History from the Міжрегіональна Академія управління персоналом (МАУП) [Ukrainian Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (MAUP)].  The “institution” is a private school founded in 1989.  MAUP is openly a racist and an anti-Semitic organization.  In 2008, the U.S. State Department published its “Contemporary Global Anti-Semitism: A Report Provided to the United States Congress” and singled out MAUP when it stated the Ukrainian-based organization “is one of the most persistent anti-Semitic institutions in Eastern Europe”.  None of its faculty reads, speaks or writes English (a private school is rare in the Ukraine and most are owned by USA firms for profit and are known as degree mills). 

During October 6, 2004 hearing of the Annual Report on International Religious Freedom 2004 and Designations of Countries of Particular Concern before the Committee on International Relations of the United States Congress, the MAUP was called “[t]he most troubling development” in Ukraine and it was asserted that it receives “significant funding from Arab and Muslim states” {2005 Annual Report on International Religious Freedom 2004 and Designations of Countries of Particular Concern.  Hearing before the Committee on International Relations House of Representatives, One Hundred Eighth Congress, Second Session, October 6, 2004. Serial No. 108–154}[On June 3, the MAUP sponsored a one-day conference entitled “Zionism As the Biggest Threat to Modern Civilization” attended by the former Ku Klux Klan leader and former Republican Louisiana State Representative David Duke of the United States. In August 2005, the MAUP awarded Duke with a Kandidat Nauk degree in History {http://www.adl.org/learn/extremism_in_america_updates/individuals/david_duke/david_duke_20051103.htm}, and Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko Condemns Anti-Semitic Academy “MAUP” (NCSJ at http://www.ncsj.org/AuxPages/120105MAUP.shtml#NCSJ) December 06, 2005; cf. http://www.adl.org/main_Anti_Semitism_International/maup_ukraine.htm whose degrees are spurious and openly admits MAUP’s strong ties with Iran; cf. the Duke degree justified by Duke at: http://www.davidduke.com/general/david-duke-achieves-doctorate-in-ukraine_394.html).  

Duke’s doctoral thesis (a lecture paper), written in English (Duke does not know Ukrainian nor Russian), was entitled “Zionism as a Form of Ethnic Supremacism.” on the Ku Klux Klan’s website http://www.davidduke.com/index.php?s=By+Frosty+Wooldridge&submit. With KKK David Duke highlighting an article by Wooldridge claiming that “The Next 20 Years in America: We Are SO Underprepared for Our Future” claiming that 72 million immigrants [it does not say “illegal” immigrants] will enter the USA within 25 years [2036] that it will be impossible to provide food, housing, healthcare and jobs “when we cannot provide jobs for 15 million of our own citizens today”. 

Wooldridge would welcome a return to the days of Joe McCarthy and Richard M. Nixon’s Age of Fear where a communist was expected to be found under every bed and in every bed, and the entire nation under investigation by the cross-dressing/transgender first head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Herbert Hoover who controlled every president of the USA when he was in power: the tortured trademark of the libertarian in the USA (http://wesurroundthemcentrecounty.ning.com/profiles/blogs/detroit-michigan).  It is difficult to ascertain, initially, if Wooldridge is just deluded or a deliberate copyist, plagiarizing and distorting reality, as with his alleged quote that he claims comes from Benjamin Franklin, when in fact it is from fellow-libertarian author and frequent contributor to Playboy, American Spectator, and Investor’s Business Daily, and occasionally the Sacramento Bee (1994), taking it from his own book Lost Rights: The Destruction of American Liberty (1994, p. 333) while claiming (without definition or citations) criticisms of his work at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:James_Bovard.

Far from being a reputable scholar, Wooldridge preaches, as does Breivik, that multiculturalism has led “Europeans’ [to be] Guillotined from Their Cultures” (article David Duke put up on September 10, 2009, while blasting those who criticize his “research” as “crazy humans”: http://newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty683.htm, where it is but a click to David Duke’s articles “Is Russia the Key to White Survival” (http://www.davidduke.com/general/is-russia-the-key-to-white-survival_18.html) and “The Lies of Globalism” and “Hypocrisy of Jewish Supremacism”(http://www.davidduke.com/general/the-hypocrisy-of-jewish-supremacism_12.html), while arguing “Should Christians Support Israel?” (http://www.davidduke.com/general/evangelicals-who-serve-the-anti-christ-2_6.html): Duke’s response is that Israelis are not Christians and thus do not deserve support or protection (with more hate at http://newswithviews.com/ whose self-proclaimed “pastors” agree with Breivik and his massacre of innocent children in the name of Christ; the site argues against paper currency in favor of gold, is virulently anti-Obama, suggests that iodine is the ultimate cure, and, according to “Attorney Jonathan Emord, JD” “Founding Fathers wisely chose to disarm the federal government: http://newswithviews.com/Emord/jonathan202.htm; he took his JD in 1985 from DePaul University (a Roman Catholic university in Chicago known for its opposition to free speech: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/greg-lukianoff/the-12-worst-colleges-for_b_814706.html#s230523&title=SUNY_BinghamtonBinghamton_New), and in the citation given at Wikipedia, the citations do not refer to fact; he is a member of the far-right Koch Brothers purchased and supported Cato Institute). 

The biggest problem that faces immigrants is their inability to speak their host nation’s language.  Nor knowing the host nation’s language causes not only separation between people but raises the level of intolerance especially when words are mistranslated or interpreted and given wrongful meanings and judgments.  Such weak knowledge leads of confusion, violence and wars and most commonly to new distortion as seen daily in the Rupert Murdoch publishing and broadcast empire: from Fox News to the Wall Street Journal and Washington Times (a problem uncovered when telephone conversations were hijacked at News International and News of the World where eavesdropping (http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2011/jul/28/phone-hacking-sarah-payne) was commonplace (see: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/07/28/news-of-the-world-phone-hacking-sara-payne-believed-to-be-targeted.html?om_rid=NsflBB&om_mid=_BOMb6VB8chCvws  and http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/13/phone-hacking-rupert-murdoch-news-international-b-sky-b-inquiry_n_896777.html; http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/26/world/europe/26murdoch.html, and http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2011/07/16/157874.html; on Rebekah Brooks of News of the World read:

Sarah Payne (left) and Rebekah Brooks (right; for Rupert Murdoch)

http://www.newsweek.com/2011/07/17/the-rise-and-fall-of-news-of-the-world-executive-rebekah-brooks.html; for Ms. Brooks’ web of high-influential people see: http://www.newsweek.com/2011/07/17/rebekah-s-web.html).

Fox News used the domestic terror attack in Oslo, Norway to say the words “Muslim,” “Islamic,” and “Al Qaeda” a total of 15 times in this five-​minute news segment, which was loaded with falsehoods, including that Norway was unprepared (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/fox-news-uses-norway-attack-to-say-islamic-muslim-al-qaeda-15-times/politics/2011/07/24/24231which contains a video of the “report”) — a rather hypocritical comment coming from the speaker, former Bush administration State Department official Christian Whiton. The Bush administration up until 9/​11 had no interest in terrorism.

Breivik walking toward island camp ground

For the record, the Oslo, Norway attack was allegedly by Norwegian right-​wing “Christian fundamentalist” Anders Breivik, whose actions even prior to the bombing and shooting that left over 90 people dead, could be described as similar to America’s Tea Party, even calling for the formation of a “cultural Euro-​Tea Party.”  Breivik, repeatedly, called himself a Christian crusader, affirmed his belief in Jesus (as a warrior messiah) and God.  What many have forgotten, or chose to ignore is Jesus’ message that he came to this planet “to bring a sword” and not peace (Matthew 10:34-36: μη νομισητε οτι ηλθον βαλειν ειρηνην επι την γην ουκ ηλθον βαλειν ειρηνην αλλα μαχαιραν ηλθον γαρ διχασαι ανθρωπον κατα του πατρος αυτου και θυγατερα κατα της μητρος αυτης και νυμφην κατα της πενθερας αυτης και εχθροι του ανθρωπου οι οικειακοι αυτου) a passage both Martin Luther and Adolf Hitler recited before going to war.

Brigitte Gabriel speaking to Tea Party Sept 2010 (photo by Matt Nager for NYT)

The USA is ripe for a similar attack as in Norway, especially with the ranting of Brigitte Gabriel (Author of Because They Hate: A Survivor of Islamic Terror Warns America (2006) and They Must Be Stopped: Why We Must Defeat Radical Islam and How We Can Do It (2008). Co-producer and co-host of weekly ACT! for America television show; she sends out regular internet blogs, distorting the essays by those who are opposed to her rigid anti-Islam, and is constantly asking for donations) she is Founder and head of ACT! for America and American Council for Truth, exaggerating and outright lying about the “Islamic threat” and, alone, has focused on building a grassroots organization, claiming 155,000 members [without verification or willingness to release the names of its members] and 500 chapters around the country.

Questions persist about the accuracy of Gabriel’s autobiographical account of being a victim of Muslim militancy in Lebanon.  Gabriel claims that: “America has been infiltrated on all levels by radicals who wish to harm America. They have infiltrated us at the C.I.A., at the F.B.I., at the Pentagon, at the State Department.” — quoted in The New York Times, March 7, 2011 (online at http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/us/08gabriel.html).

Gabriel speaks regularly to the Tea Party, and advocates the silencing of Muslims and those who dissent from her flagrant crusade of hate.  Her website is among the most diabolic internet propaganda mills, publishing material from known Islamaphobes and those who espouse a “Christian America.”

Peter T. King (R-NY)

Representative Peter T. King (R-NY) is as avid an anti-Muslim as Gabriel.  King has turned the USA Congress into a circus of veiled threats, insults, and outright lies, following the duplicity of former US Senator Joe McCarthy (R-WI).  King hosts Congressional hearings on “covert” Muslim activities in the USA, and when Muslims who were born in the USA respond that there is none, he boils over to the point of raving lunacy.

King has appeared with Gabriel and co-host Guy Rodgers (executive director of ACT! He was a Republican consultant who helped to build the Christian Coalition for the far right.  Rodgers previously served as campaign manager for Patrick J. Buchanan’s presidential run in 1996 and as a consultant for John McCain in 2008). 

Gabriel and Rodgers hate speech is echoed by Pamela Geller (founder, editor and publisher of Atlas Shrugs.com and executive director of the American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI) and Stop Islamization of America (SIOA). Both groups are recognized hate organizations (http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/cair-asks-alaska-lawmaker-to-drop-hate-group-leader-as-witness-118851719.html and http://www.loonwatch.com/2010/07/sioa-is-an-anti-muslim-hate-group/ which advocates the murder of Muslims in the USA and abroad and that Palestine is the property of the Jews “because the Bible tells us so”; ref. http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-files/profiles/pamela-geller).  The Bible actually states that the Habiru (Hebrews) stole the land from the Palestinians during the invasion of Joshua and his army (Joshua 2:1-24).

Robert Spencer

Robert Spencer, a Roman Catholic and director of Jihad Watch, a program of the David Horowitz Freedom Center (one of the major hate centers in the USA; on Spencer and Horowitz, see: http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2011/summer/the-anti-muslim-inner-circle) who claims that Christianity is a religion of peace but Islam is not, ignoring the Christian crusades from 1095-1492, The Thirty Years War (1618-1648; for a brief history review http://www.indepthinfo.com/history/30-years-war.htm), and the http://www.indepthinfo.com/history/30-years-war.htm), the Huguenot wars in France (1562-1598), as well as the Peasants

Luther Bundschuh (16th century woodcut); greasing the Peasants' boot during the Peasants' War - the 'buntschuch' was the symbol of their rebellion. In fact, Luther was to use his status as a theologian to condone the slaughter of the 'marauding' peasants by their princes' armies.

War in Germany in May 1525, Martin Luther called on German nobility to “stab, kill, slay … all peasants … in secret or … in public”; ref. Luther, Martin (1525). Wider die räuberischen und mörderischen Rotten der Bauern, in which Luther wrote: “anyone who is killed fighting on the side of the rulers may be a true martyr in the eyes of God” and “Steche, schlage, würge hie, wer da kann. Bleibst du darüber tot, wohl dir, einen seligeren Tod kannst du nimmer mehr erlangen.” (“Stab, beat, throttle whoever can. Stay you dead for this, you can not achieve a more blessed death.”) From Luther über die aufständischen Bauern, Weimarer Ausgabe 18, p. 357 f.), and Walid Shoebat, who claims to have been “a radicalized jihadist.”   

Ralph Reed (who seeks the overthrow of the Constitution of the USA) and televangelist Pat Robertson (whom Gabriel served as an anchor on his Christian network in the Middle East) have cited Islam as determined to bring down the USA and the need to further a Christian jihad:  the Dallas, TX based Campus Crusade for Christ (popularly known on campuses as Cru) that has the identical purpose and philosophy as Islamic conversion groups), where radicals (primarily evangelical fundamentalists, especially among Pentecostals, Adventists, Southern Baptists, Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Church Synod (WELS) and other radical sects who are seeking what Michele Bachmann describes as “Christian Reconstruction”, see: http://www.alternet.org/story/151751/christian_jihad_why_we_should_worry_about_right-wing_terror_attacks_like_norway%27s_in_the_us_?akid=7309.92205.Oqn3FT&rd=1&t=22.

Pentecostal pastor Ruben Diaz

In the USA, the pledge of a blood-soaked pogrom promises to break out at any time, with NY State Senator and Pentecostal preacher Rubén Díaz openly and publicly threatening judges who performed same-​sex marriages on Sunday in New York.  Along with other Pentecostal, Diaz has literally declared war on same-​sex married couples in New York, and threatened to have their marriages annulled, but neither the people of New York nor the New York legislature agreed with Diaz. Hundreds of same-​sex marriages were performed in New York State Sunday, the first day the new marriage equality law went into effect.  Diaz proclaimed, speaking Spanish, “We’re going to show them next week that everything they did today was illegal,” according to ABC News, and again, while at the National Organization for Marriage (NOM) anti-​gay hate rally in front of the Governor’s NYC office Sunday: “Today we start the battle! Today we start the war!”

Phyllis Siegel, 76 (right) and spouse Connie Kopelov 84 (left) first gay couple married in NY (Photo: Joao Costa/Yahoo! News)

Diaz’ declaration of war is neither singular nor the only one on the internet or in the press.  It is quite common in sparsely populated states where education is weak, and politics are for profit, with the Tea Party in charge (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/meet-the-man-who-wants-to-lynch-same-sex-couples/bigotry-watch/2010/07/27/11984). 

Larry Adams Ministry to Gays sign

Larry Adams “reads” the Bible he claims, and he says that he reads the bible religiously and regularly.  Larry Adams, however, concentrates on the Old Testament’s message of hate, and seldom finds time to read the New Testament and has no idea of what Jesus ever said about people who are born gay.  Larry Adams admits that he has never read Matthew 7:1 nor Acts 10:24—and has as much understanding of what the Bible says as a fetus, but founded the Cross Bearer Ministry (http://www.bilerico.com/2010/07/nom_bus_rolls_into_indianapolis.php complete with videos).  So in love with the Bible’s message of killing those who “change the order” (misreading Romans 1:26) of sex, Adams put up a billboard identical to those in Iran: hang homosexuals.

Ariel Torres Ortega preaching a gospel of hate, claiming that god wants all gays killed.

On Sunday, May 15, 2011, At Sunday’s anti-​gay marriage rally in New York City, sponsored by the National Organization For Marriage, one pastor, Rev. Ariel Torres Ortega of Radio Visión Cristiana, told the several thousand people in attendance that gays not only should but must die or that his god would visit plagues and pestilences upon the earth that shielded them (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/kill-the-gays-nyc-gays-should-die-says-pastor-at-nom-marriage-rally/politics/2011/05/16/20285) . Torres Ortega, like other evangelical, can quickly cite every line in his Bible that shows that his god is merciless, full of wrath and hatred, and dictatorially demands that those who would be saved into a sterile paradise where the only activity was prayer and praise, bow before his laws.  The fanatical fundamentalist’s rally was headlined by New York State Senator and Reverend Rubén Díaz, who spoke just minutes after Rev. Ariel Torres Ortega, with many smoldering signers passed out  hand-written “kill the gays” letters to the pandering pastor Diaz, noting that he has the ability to introduce a bill supporting Rev. Ortega’s beliefs.

While Torres Ortega claims to be a Christian, he does not cite any Christian scripture for his verbal attacks on Christians.  Instead Torres Ortega heralds hell-fires bursting as he barks biased and badly translated passages from the non-Christian Old Testament, with the Book of Leviticus being a Bible of its own and worth more to him than the Psalms or Proverbs: “Committing sexual acts between man and man. And [sic {a conjunction cannot be used to begin a sentence}] receiving the retribution of the things that they have done from straying away. And [sic] because they did not take God in count. God gave them over to reprimand their mind to do things that are not right, being against all justice, fornication, perversity, aberrations, malignity…those who practice such things are worthy to death, not only do they do it, but those who also practice it. God bless this earth. That is the word of God.”  Not once has Torres Ortega admitted to having read Ezekiel 16:49. His bible demands death.  Torres Ortega’s Bible is not the word of God; at best it is poorly translated plagiarism from ancient Habiru hate after the theft of the lands of previously possessed by Palestinians and Phoenicians.

Jadon Higganbothan

In the first week of July 2011, self-styled Pentecostal preacher Peter Lucas Moses, 27, who is among many Blacks who believe they are a part of a lost tribe of ancient Israel, shot to death his four-year old step son Jadon Higganbothan, thinking that the child might be gay. The Pentecostal pastor also shot to death a 28-​year old woman, Antoinetta Yvonne McKoy, after beating and strangling her with an extension cord before Peter Lucas Moses murdered her, quoting scripture and blasting the sins of mortals—fearing she might be a lesbian and wanted to leave his cult of Black Hebrews of Israel (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/religious-leader-shoots-4-year-old-boy-to-death-because-he-might-be-gay/news/2011/07/08/23361, cf. http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/79e78ef3c143466a891de3f8f69e9bb1/NC–Polygamist-Sect-Missing-Members/) .

Kevin Backus

On July 26, 2011, Pastor Kevin Backus at the Buffalo, New York National Organization For Marriage (NOM) anti-​gay hate rally, made the historically inaccurate claim that establishing same-​sex marriage “is just like the Soviet Union’s efforts to abolish marriage” (which the Soviet Union neither did nor introduced for legislative discussion).  Backus (he earned his degree in “Biblical counseling” (closely representing the online-purchased degree from Union college of Cincinnati, OH, by Marcus Bachmann who preachificates that he is a therapist who will “pray away gay”) at Whitefield Theological Seminary “an unaccredited conservative Reformed seminary located in Lakeland, Florida …  Whitefield Theological Seminary has no permanent faculty and degrees offered entirely through distance-​learning,” http://www.facebook.com/people/Kevin-Backus/100000880679199).  Like Diaz who calls the separation of church and state a lie (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/diaz-aide-senator-says-on-gay-marriage-no-separation-of-church-and-state/politics/2011/05/16/20268) and other would-be USA dictators, does not believe in the separation of state and church (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/nom-pastor-at-ny-rally-gay-marriage-is-just-like-the-soviet-union/politics/2011/07/26/24398), Backus repeats the line by Michele Bachmann, declaring that the USA was originally established as a theocracy after that presumed to be the government of ancient Israel, as taught by self-ordained Heavy Metal Rocker and drummer Bradlee Dean. Whether of not the Soviet Union attempted to do so (scholars are at odds on this,) the idea comes straight from none other than Rush Limbaugh himself who made the same analogy when Iowa embraced same-​sex marriage, banning discrimination from its constitution (Story #6 at http://www.rushlimbaugh.com/home/daily/site_040309/content/01125104.guest.html).

Diaz, like the Norwegian mass murderer, feels that any “disrespect” shown to the Roman Catholic church is an attack upon religion, and to call for marriage equality that the Roman Catholic churches denounces is an attack not only on that church but its god (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/ny-senator-governor-insulted-catholics-with-gay-marriage-bill-calls-for-resignation/asides/2009/04/17/1796) and called for then-governor David Paterson to resign (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/ny-senator-governor-insulted-catholics-with-gay-marriage-bill-calls-for-resignation/asides/2009/04/17/1796).  Diaz should resign, as he was elected to serve all of his constituents, including Jews, agnostics, and others, but only represents evangelical Christians; but, he will not, for identical to Adolf Hitler who religiously followed the writings of Martin Luther, he will stay for the ultimate kill.  As Luther wrote six hundred years ago:

Wie es unmöglich ist, daß die Aglaster ihr Hüpfen und Getzen läßt, die Schlange ihr Stechen: so wenig läßt der Jude von seinem Sinn, Christen umzubringen, wo er nur kann.”  (Tischreden. Erlanger Ausgabe der Werke Luthers, Bd. 62, S. 375)

Darumb wisse Du, lieber Christ, und Zweifel nichts dran, daß Du, nähest nach dem Teufel, keinen bittern, giftigern, heftigern Feind habest, denn einen rechten Jüden, der mit Ernst ein Jüde sein will.” (Luther: Handbuch der Judenfrage, S. 182)

Luther’s anti-Semitic stereotypes gave rise to his fantasies of massive exterminations and annihilation so equal to that of Diaz, Torres, Limbaugh and those on the far right of evangelical fundamentalism, especially the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Churches in the USA (WELS).  Here is the beginning of Luther’s seven-point plan:

Ich will meinen treuen Rat geben.  Erstlich, daß man ihre Synagoge oder Schule mit Feuer anstecke, und was nicht verbrennen will, mit Erde überhäufe und beschütte, daß kein Mensch einen Stein oder Schlacke davon sehe ewiglich.. Zum andern, daß man auch ihre Häuser desgleichen zerbreche und zerstöre. Denn sie treiben eben dasselbige darin, was sie in ihren Schulen treiben …”  (Luther: Von den Jüden und ihren Lügen. Erlanger Ausg. Bd. 32 S. 233-238)

GOP debate June 14, 2011: From left, former Pennsylvania Sen. Rick Santorum, Rep. Michele Bachmann, R-Minn., former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, Rep. Ron Paul, R-Texas, former Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty and businessman Herman Cain stand on stage before first New Hampshire Republican presidential debate at St. Anselm College in Manchester, N.H., Monday, June 13, 2011. (AP Photo/Jim Cole)

All that is necessary now is to substitute “Moslem” or “homosexual” or any other word that represents a threat to evangelical fundamentalists extremists like Michele Bachmann, Rick Perry, Rick Santorum, Sarah Palin, Tim Pawlenty, Herman Cain, or the other would-be world dictators.  They stand behind their Bibles and their religions as do demigoguering Ruben Diaz, Keith Ratliff Sr or Bob Vander Plaats of Iowa, and their ilk.  All have been silent on Anders Behring Breivik and his confession of doing the work of god.

What is obvious about the new Fourth Reich is that it is more gruesome and cruel than the Third Reich.  Both are the results of racism and sexism that became disguises for hatred of religion or lack of religion, and political and sexual xenophobia (cp. http://www.thenation.com/article/162270/europes-homegrown-terrorists?rel=emailNation).  In short, it is the result of a narrow focus more fitting with the legend of the Tower of Babel (Hebrew: מגדל בבל‎ Migdal Bavel Arabic: برج بابل‎ Burj Babil) in Genesis 11, where an evil and spitefully segregationist deity filled with hatred of people working together, living together, and being a part of a world community, damned them by emphasizing separate tongues, cultures, customs, and codices.  It was in the myth and today a story of the rejection of the community of mortals as a single and singular people.


Filed under Adolf Hitler, Bible, Black Americans, Bradlee Dean, Christian Terrorists, Evangelical Christianity, Homosexuality, Islam, Doctrines, Martin Luther, Robert Vander Plaats, Roman Catholicism, Tea Baggers

Marcus Bachmann, Unlicensed psychologist, fraud and husband of Michele Bachmann

Bachmann Family 2011

Marcus Bachmann is a man of many deceits and conceits.  The husband of Congresswoman Michele Bachmann (R-MN), who claims that she is a tax lawyer who studied at the disreputable and unaccredited Oral Roberts University (which has as its motto that it is dedicated to the teaching of “the law from a biblical worldview” (with no allowance for civil law or the laws of a specific nation) at the Coburn School of Law.  The Coburn School of Law has had a varied and strange history.  It has gone through no fewer than three names including the televangelist Marion G. [Pat] Robertson Christian Broadcasting Network School of Law before its name was changed to Regent University (the law school made headlines when it was learned that sixty percent of its graduates could not pass the bar examination in Virginia (read: http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/michele-bachmanns-holy-war-20110622); her specialty is tax law—which she claims to hate—but being a dutiful evangelical Christian wife who follows her reading of the scripture from a literal perspective, Michele does as she was ordered by her equally xenophobic husband. 

There are many legal challenges (and problems) for the Bachmann family–and for their children.  Michele’s police records show a woman out of balance and with an agenda outside of mainstream USA and democracy (http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/07/11/2309801/police-reports-show-different.html).   Marcus’ finances are now being scrutinized because of numerous questioned raised about his “practice” of psychology and therapeutic counseling.  The main problem is with his alleged education.

Bachmanns campaigning in Minnesota

Marcus Bachmann does not have an earned PhD in psychology.  He bought the degree at Union College (Cincinnati, OH), a school that he never attended. 

Bachmann’s degree is not a PhD in psychology.  It is a certificate in interdisciplinary studies.  What few people are told, and less know, is that Bachmann’s “degree” is unaccredited. 

The online college’s doctorate in psychology was denounced by the US Department of Education in 2004 as false.  The US Department of Education’s condemnation of the degree the school’s administrators passed on to their “graduates”—which Bachmann ignores. 

Marcus has never attempted to register his “degree” with the boards of psychology and counseling in Minnesota.  To this day Bachmann is not registered with any of the three boards that certify mental health practitioners and professions in the state. The Minnesota Board of Psychology and the Board of Marriage and Family Therapy confirmed to POLITICO that Bachmann is not licensed with them. A search of the Board of Behavioral Health and Therapy license database returns no result. (Read more: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0711/58291_Page2.html#ixzz1RRNvTtE3.)

Mr. Bachmann at times has made the claim that he is a “clinical therapist”.  Trisha Stark, of the Minnesota Psychological Association, said that the title “clinical therapist” is not widely used in professional circles and that Bachmann is able to operate his clinic because of state rules and loopholes in the law regarding mental health practice. “Minnesota is one of the only states in which you can practice mental health without a license,” Stark said. As various news agencies and reporters have discovered, the Bachmann and Associates office declined to comment on his professional credentials, and the campaign did not respond to requests for comment. (Read: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0711/58291_Page2.html#ixzz1RRO95tN8

Professional psychologists’ research and record their studies, submit their studies for peer review, and seek out a reputable publisher.  Bachman has never done any of this.  There is no record that he has ever published or contributed to any scholarly books, journals, or articles. He has no entry in the Library of Congress data base (www.loc.gov), or in the world catalogue of publications (at www.worldcat.org), which organizes and catalogues all publications in the field of psychology and other disciplines.

Reparative Therapy (Minnesota Center)

The illustration above is from http://www.einet.net/review/975022-891738/Reparative_Therapy_A_Pseudo_Science.htm.

There are no verifiable records that Marcus Bachmann practices genuine psychology or psychotherapy.  He admits that publicly but not to his patients.  Instead Marcus Bachmann practices the long discredited “reparative therapy” (sometimes known as corrective or conversion therapy) to turn gay men and lesbians into heterosexuals (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/hidden-camera-investigation-bachmann-clinic-practices-ex-gay-therapy/politics/2011/07/09/23388) which the American Psychiatric Association has gone on record denouncing, claiming that such “therapy” does not exist and those who use it do more injury to their patients than help the patients (http://www.psych.org/Departments/EDU/Library/APAOfficialDocumentsandRelated/PositionStatements/200001a.aspx).  The second paragraph of the APA’s official statement reads:

As a general principle, a therapist should not determine the goal of treatment either coercively or through subtle influence.  Psychotherapeutic modalities to convert or “repair” homosexuality are based on developmental theories whose scientific validity is questionable.  Furthermore, anecdotal reports of “cures” are counterbalanced by anecdotal claims of psychological harm.  In the last four decades, “reparative” therapists have not produced any rigorous scientific research to substantiate their claims of cure.  Until there is such research available, APA recommends that ethical practitioners refrain from attempts to change individuals’ sexual orientation, keeping in mind the medical dictum to First, do no harm.

Bachmann & Associates flier on services

Reparative therapy has long been considered dangerous by the American Psychological Association (http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/policy/ex-gay.pdf), the American Medical Association (http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/about-ama/our-people/member-groups-sections/glbt-advisory-committee/ama-policy-regarding-sexual-orientation.page), the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Counseling Association, and the American Psychiatric Association (http://www.psychiatricnews.org/pnews/99-01-15/therapy.html) and others (http://www.glsenboston.org/JustTheFacts.pdf).   Bachmann says that his reparative therapy is “Truth Wins Out” and that one can pray away gay.  It is nothing more than a scam or a sting operation to bring him federal money.  This in unique as his wife, Michele Bachmann, has made a career denouncing federal government subsidies. 

Marcus Bachmann billed Medicare more than $137,000 for prayers

Despite her words, Michele and Marcus Bachmann has accepted over $137,000 in federal aid for the clinic Bachmann & Associates for reparative therapy:  a discarded theory that suggests that a homosexual male or female can end gay or lesbian interests and stop sexual desires through prayer.  While the Bachmanns were quick to cashier each federal check for the alleged psychological services of the “Christian counselors” who would “pray away the gay”, the Congresswoman serving the sixth district of Minnesota and would-be President of the USA denies that the clinic ever received federal money (http://www.pressherald.com/news/nationworld/bachmann-denies-getting-federal-funds_2011-06-27.html the article is based on the June 27, 2011 Face the Nation television report at http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jun/27/nation/la-na-michele-bachmann-20110627).

Bachmann & Associates go directly against the standards set by the American Association of Christian Counselors (http://www.aacc.net/about-us/code-of-ethics/). A video of an actual “reparative therapy” (anti-gay) session is at http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/bachmann-ex-gay-counseling-actual-hidden-camera-video-of-a-real-session/politics/2011/07/12/23521.  Unfortunately, Marcus Bachmann practiced his “counseling” on 23 foster children, in addition to their five children, who had been put into (and then taken out of) the Bachmann home between 1992 and 2000. All of the foster children were girls and the courts decided that they each needed the psychological support and services being made available due to Dr. Bachmann’s vocational (not educational) background. Their home was legally labeled a treatment home dealing with short term (from a few months to over a year,) rehabilitations (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/michele-bachmann-her-husband-god-and-anti-gay-bigotry-the-bachmann-effect/politics/2011/07/06/23190).  What is unique is that not one of the twenty-three (they were licensed to handle three children at a time; the Bachmann home was “technically considered a treatment home,” which offered a higher level of reimbursement) has ever agreed to be interviewed by anyone or any group, nor would any of them make a public statement concerning the short time they were with the Bachmanns.  Speaking to Point of View Radio Talk Show’s right-​leaning Christian audience, Bachmann was talking with an authority that he claimed was “backed by God” (as if he were Moses having a face-to-face conversation with the deity and taking instructions on what had to be done; as Genesis 25:1-2: וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃  דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְיִקְחוּ־לִי תְּרוּמָה מֵאֵת כָּל־אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יִדְּבֶנּוּ לִבֹּו תִּקְחוּ אֶת־תְּרוּמָתִי׃) and that of being a “Doctor” [sic] who was trying to help the “sinful” parts of the nation come into one with their Creator (this is a line from another recognized hate group: Focus on the Family; cf. http://splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2010/winter/the-hard-liners cp. http://www.goodasyou.org/good_as_you/2010/11/splc-hate-groups-5-more-anti-gay-groups-to-enter-annals.html).  

Evangelical Christians, especially, or those of fundamentalist denominations, are taught to unquestionably follow these perceived authority figures, like Dr. Bachmann, who are placed in such positions of regard to, among other things, lead the way in teaching those on the outside and add confusion to their charges when the young are pushed into a real world where fundamentalism is the exception and not the rule (http://www.huliq.com/10178/mama-bachmanns-23-foster-children-not-immune-press-inquiry). What Bachmann does not discuss is how his wife helped found a charter/sectarian/parochial school that ran afoul of the state when some parents contended that its curriculum was infused with Christian teachings, and her first run for office was a failed bid for the local school board (her own children were enrolled in private Christian school; http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/22/us/politics/22bachmann.html?_r=1&pagewanted=2).  Bachmann’s wife’s attitude on foster care comes with a price tag. As a congressional representative, Bachmann’s proposals to shrink government would have profound effects on child welfare services.  The House Republican budget, which Bachmann voted for, would cut the program’s spending by $1 trillion over the next decade and give states freedom to lower benefits and raise eligibility requirements (http://tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com/2011/04/the-reviews-are-in—-gops-plans-for-medicare-medicaid-get-an-f-from-advocates-and-experts.php).  This led to an interesting quote:

“[F]or all those older Americans who voted GOP last year because those nasty Democrats were going to cut Medicare, I have just one word,” wrote New York Times columnist, and Nobel-winning economist Paul Krugman: “suckers!” (Read: the full article published on April 4, 2011, entitled “Privatizing Medicare” at http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/04/04/privatizing-medicare/).

Foster children, who automatically qualify for Medicaid benefits, make up a tremendously disproportionate amount of its spending, especially on mental health services. Bachmann likely understands these difficulties better than anyone: all 23 of her foster children were teenage girls suffering from psychiatric disorders. In addition, her husband’s therapy clinic took in over $137,000 in Medicaid funds to help treat these low-income patients.

Like Marcus Bachmann, the “counselors” at Bachmann & Associates are not doctors in any form.  Men like Timothy Wiertzema introduce themselves as “licensed marriage and family therapist[s]”.  They are not.  In the case of Wiertzema, he has only a master’s degree from Argosy University (which is very popular with Bachmann & Associates).

Argosy University, like Union college where Marcus was enrolled online, is another online university with neither individual attention.  It has been cited by Florida, and other states, and exposed on television on Frontline as an “institute” that uses unfair/deceptive practices, similar to University of Phoenix and is charged with fraud (http://dfw.cbslocal.com/local/argosy.university.student.2.1160973.html and http://myfloridalegal.com/__85256309005085AB.nsf/0/31BC85F3813C963C852577C00072D4CE and http://www.ibhe.state.il.us/newsdigest/newsweekly/022406.pdf pages 15-19; and too many other citations to list; for the PBS transcript of Frontline read: http://www.ibhe.state.il.us/newsdigest/newsweekly/022406.pdf).  While Florida received eight complaints against Argosy, it was not highest number, as the University of Phoenix had 22, Keiser University 21, Sanford-Brown Institute 5, MedVance Institute 4; and Concorde Career Institute 3: http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2011-02-10/news/fl-for-profit-attorney-general-compla20110209_1_university-and-kaplan-university-complaints-financial-aid).   

Wiertzema’s concept of medical attention (following that of Bachmann and his colleagues) is to call upon the Holy Spirit, citing 2 Corinthians 1:4 which is a paraphrase of Isaiah 40:1 and 51:12; Isaiah 66:13 refers to a mother comforting a child. No where in the Bible does it cite a Holy Spirit as the term Holy Spirit comes from Hinduism as a Triune god is of recent origin (Wiersbe, Warren W. (2007) The Wiersbe Bible Commentary: The Complete New Testament. 2d ed.  Colorado Springs, CO : David C. Cook, page 471).  The “Holy Spirit” appears only three times in the Old Testament: once in Psalm 51:11 and twice in Isaiah 63:10,11, and in each case is a metonym for God–the Hebrews have never recognized three personas or characteristics in a single monotheistic god.  Muslims have a similar “spirit” (الروح القدس ) but it is an action or divine communication; it has nothing in common with contemporary Christianity, and first appears in the Nicene Creed (but then only as the “Eternal Love of the Father and the Son”, it had not yet become a distinct being or characteristic; St. Thomas Aquinas names the Holy Spirit “Love”” http://www.newadvent.org/summa/1037.htm following the writing of St. Augustine of Hippo: St. Augustine (1987). De Trinitate (On The Trinity): Book V – Chapter 15.— Whether the Holy Spirit Was a Gift Before as Well as After He Was Given. (From Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, First Series, Vol. 3 ed. at http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/130105.htm).  It is not until the Inquisition and the fifteenth century when it became a cult of its own and in many places rivaled the worship of Jesus and Father.  The later writings of Martin Luther has the Holy Spirit as the Teacher and forgiver of sins (Small Catechism, BC, Tappert 345) a function originally reserved for Jesus, but with Luther more in keeping with the theology of seventeenth century BCE Egypt (cp. Luther, Martin, Werk 33:24).

Bachmann & Associates reject modern science and medicine, arguing that the Bible is the sole source of all knowledge and healing. When questioning their use of reparative therapy that all licensed psychologists and psychiatrist discarded long ago, Bachmann & Associates stated that the rejection of reparative (“ex-gay”) therapy was totally unsupported by research—in the Bible, and claim that the Bible could never be questioned.  Bachmann and his colleagues cite the bible as the absolute authority in life in the same manner as Muslims cite the Koran/Qur’an is the final word for Islam—but the evangelical Bachmanns fail to see the similarity. 

The continuing lie of Bachmann & Associates is that they can cure homosexuality—which is neither a disease nor an infirmity—has been proven repeatedly under different difficult situations.  Their zeal in “rooting out sin” (by banning and destroying “pornography” in much the same way as Pope Pius IX hammered off the penises of ancient statuary in the Vatican in 1857; http://shkrobius.livejournal.com/100154.html)  has long a favored past time by such charlatans as Colin Cook (read: Ide, Arthur Frederick (1987). Homosexuals anonymous: a psychoanalytic & theological analysis of Colin Cook & his cure for homosexuality. Garland, TX: Tangelwüld), Jimmy Swaggart (Read: Ide, Arthur Frederick (1988). Heaven’s hustler: the rise & fall of Jimmy Swaggart. Dallas, TX: Monument Press), Scott Lively (cf. http://www.towleroad.com/2010/01/watch-scott-lively-delivers-antigay-nuclear-bomb-to-uganda.html) and his partisan philistines: Caleb Lee

Ugandans for "Kill the Gays" led by Scott Lively (2d L), Caleb Lee Brundage (C), and Don Schmierer (R)

Brundidge (cf. http://www.boxturtlebulletin.com/tag/caleb-lee-brundidge and http://www.truthwinsout.org/tag/caleb-lee-brundidge/), Don Schmierer (http://www.truthwinsout.org/tag/don-schmierer/)—a board member of the extremist Exodus International who claims that his mission is to mobilize “the body of Christ to minister grace and truth to a world impacted by homosexuality”(http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/04/world/africa/04uganda.html)–who run the scam Abiding Truth Ministries located in Temecula, California; and Rick Warren (http://www.queerty.com/what-rick-warren-scott-lively-don-schmierer-did-in-uganda-is-nothing-new-heres-why-thats-horrifying-20100104/), demanding the death penalty for gays in Uganda and throughout Africa and the use of “corrective rape” of lesbians (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13908662 and http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/mar/12/eudy-simelane-corrective-rape-south-africa).  

Peter Lucas Moses Jr

The absurdity of the evangelical movement, and of

Jadon Higganbothan age 4

the Jehovah’s Witnesses who have little knowledge of what the Bible really says and preach such fantasies as Jesus is the archangel Michael (who is the only archangel in this cult), reached a nadir point when self-style evangelist Peter Lucas Moses, a religious leader in North Carolina who shot to death his four-year old step son because he thought the boy, Jadon Higganbotham, might be gay (http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/religious-leader-shoots-4-year-old-boy-to-death-because-he-might-be-gay/news/2011/07/08/23361) as all that can be said about him and Marcus Bachmann is that they are bigots.

Mike Jones with newspaper on Rev. Ted Haggard (he has converted to heterosexuality again and reopened his evangelical temple in a barn)

There are plenty of people who take stands similar to Bachmann and claim themselves to be heterosexuals, but expose themselves ultimately as homosexuals, such as Ted Haggard (an evangelical pastor of New Life Church in Colorado Springs, CO; he now defines himself as bi-sexual, who hired Mike Jones of Denver to give him “massages and methamphetamines, but Jones noted that Haggard was a hypocrite; http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15536263/ns/us_news-life/t/haggard-admits-sexual-immorality-apologizes/), George Alan Rekers a psychologist

Rev. George Alan Rekers and his baggage handler

and Southern Baptist Minister who brought a male prostitute to the USA (claiming he could cure homosexuality with full body nude massages, but the youth claimed he came as a “call boy”, Jo-Vanni Roman [a.k.a. Lucian], and was hired for sex and not to carry the University of South Carolina professor’s luggage.  Rekers is a founder of the Family Research Council (now a recognized organized hate group in the USA), a former board member of the National Association for Research & Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH), and he testified as an expert witness in favor of gay adoption bans in both Arkansas and Florida. In both states, the courts deemed Reker’s testimony biased and untrustworthy; http://www.liftmyluggage.org/about-reckers.html), Bishop

Bishop Eddie Long and his "Four Gospel Connoisseurs"

Eddie Long (senior pastor of New Birth Missionary Baptist Church in DeKalb, GA, having sex with four young males after lavishing gifts on them; see: http://www.christianpost.com/news/bishop-eddie-long-reaches-settlement-out-of-court-50561/), and so forth. The Mormons (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints) are even further out of touch with the Christian Bible and have little claim to being Christians, reciting Genesis 1:27 as if it were written by a god rather than by the men and women who wrote the Bible (read: http://lds.about.com/od/apologetics/a/same_sex_marriage.htm and http://lds.org/ldsorg/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=e1fa5f74db46c010VgnVCM1000004d82620aRCRD&locale=0&sourceId=1aba862384d20110VgnVCM100000176f620a____&hideNav=1&contentLocale=0 as the Mormon bible continues to expand as each president becomes the next prophet after Jesus).  Here the problem is misquoting/mistranslating and misinterpreting a single book that is approximately 1700 years old (the Bible) or 1200 years old (the Koran), and so forth.

As The Advocate reported, one “patient” (unwilling to go, but forced by his father after he revealed and accepted his homosexuality while in high school) noted that his “counselor” told him that “being gay was not an acceptable lifestyle in God’s eyes” and prescribed prayer and reading the Bible as part of the cure (http://www.advocate.com/News/Daily_News/2011/07/09/Hidden_Camera_Sting_Finds_Reparative_Therapy_at_Bachmann_s_Clinics/).

John M. Becker

The same situation happened with John M. Becker, Director of Communications & Development for Truth Wins Out (TWO), an organization that fights anti-LGBT religious extremism and the “ex-gay” myth, volunteered to go to the Bachmann & Associates clinic and be “cured” of his homosexuality. After paying for his sessions in cash (he did not want his identity known by using his Human Rights Campaign credit card or exposing his American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) card and  hid his out-of-state debit card and library card, took the photo of Michael and himself out of his wallet along with the copy of their marriage certificate that he always kept close, and began his sessions.  The sessions were so startling, so unprofessional, that they seemed like a theater for fundamentalist conversion, inspiring Becker to write: “there can no longer be any doubt that Marcus Bachmann’s state- and federally-funded clinic endorses and practices reparative therapy aimed at changing a gay person’s sexual orientation, despite the fact that such ‘therapy’ is widely discredited by the scientific and medical communities” (Read: http://www.truthwinsout.org/pressreleases/2011/07/17519/)  This is fraud, for Marcus Bachmann seeks federal funds for a discredited program, and should be jailed.

 The Bible, however, does not condemn homosexuality as the word “homosexual” did not even exist; the condemnation is over “effeminacy” (cf. 1 Corinthians 6:9: η ουκ οιδατε οτι αδικοι βασιλειαν θεου ου κληρονομησουσιν μη πλανασθε ουτε πορνοι ουτε ειδωλολατραι ουτε μοιχοι ουτε μαλακοι ουτε αρσενοκοιται) which is a genetic trait.  The word “homosexual” does not even appear in the world’s literature until the late nineteenth century CE.  The Bachmanns, like other evangelists, have an unusual way of handling and using the Bible, and the Bachmanns like the staff at Bachmann & Associates are illiterate in any and all biblical languages, making them dangerous since they quote a book they have at best a limited knowledge. 1 Corinthians 6:9 is a parallel to Leviticus 18:20, Deuteronomy 22:22, Ezekiel 18:11, and similar references to a man who “sleeps with” (commits adultery) with his neighbor’s wife; the word is wrongly translated as homosexual in the New International Version, New Living Translation, Standard English Version (copyright 2001) and are disreputable at best.  Effeminate is θηλυπρεπής and homosexual is ομοφυλοφιλικός and ομοφυλοφιλικός appears nowhere in the Bible.

Waterloo (Blackhawk County) Iowa

When in Waterloo, Iowa, Michelle Bachmann stated that she was a Lutheran at First Lutheran Church of Waterloo (it was not built or incorporated until 1995), but was not a Christian until she was sixteen years of age—meaning that the Lutheran church (she now belongs to the obstreperous Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod) was not a Christian church nor a Christian community (http://www.npr.org/2011/06/28/137467894/weekly-standard-from-waterloo-to-the-white-house?ps=rs and http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jun/27/nation/la-na-michele-bachmann-20110627 and http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/e72ca464-a2b8-11e0-83fc-00144feabdc0.html and http://www.kare11.com/news/article/928306/391/Bachmann-reminisces-about-Waterloo-childhood-days; on First Lutheran Church in Waterloo, Iowa, read: http://www.manta.com/c/mmdwspt/first-lutheran-church).

There is fraud rampant throughout Bachmann & Associates that could lead to federal charges against Marcus Bachmann and his Christian counselors.  For example:

(1) if he has a religious test (he advertises that all 27 counselors are “Christian” and “Christ-centered, very strong in out understanding of who the Almighty Counselor is, and we rely on god’s [Christian] word and the Almighty Counselor” Bachmann is breaking all EEO rules on discrimination.

(2) Bachmann has claimed that his oath is “first do no harm” from the Greek ἐπὶ δηλήσει δὲ καὶ ἀδικίῃ εἴρξειν (that Bachmann does not know) and is a part of the Hippocratic Corpus (http://www.eastridges.com/wesley/primum.html) and then makes broad statements that gays and lesbians are “barbarians [who] need to be educated, need to be disciplined” implying the use of torture be it spanking, deprivation of food, sleep, and so forth. 

(3) Michele Bachmann has gone on record noting that any person who receives state and federal funds are engaged in a socialistic system, yet both Marcus and Michele have received such government subsides. 

(4) There are numerous other questions including about licensing, regulatory inspections, insurance and what happens if a patient is harmed, how young the patients are when they come to the clinic, and so forth (an excellent list is at http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/10-questions-bachmanns-husband-must-answer-about-christian-counseling/politics/2011/07/07/23180).


Filed under Bible, Christian Terrorists, Evangelical Christianity, GOP, Homosexuality, Michele Bachmann, Tea Baggers

Chrestianos, Christianos, Jesus, Paul, Pharisees and Myths

Over the years I have written at length that Saul of Tarsus never existed.  What has been written by others about Saul/Paul shows that he was an intolerant and bigoted man.  Orthodox Jews rejected the Paul of the New Testament, even though he came out of a Pharisee background: he was a man “cut-off” from the general Israelite community.  As a Pharisee (פרושים perushim/פרוש parush, meaning “set apart”; cf. (Ernest Klein (1987). Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language. Jerusalem : Carta ; [Haifa] : University of Haifa), Saul/Paul represented a group generally associated with being undesirables: tax collectors for the hated Roman occupation forces and the Roman Empire as well as relying on  prophetic or Mosaic authority for their interpretation of Jewish laws, while the Sadducees represented the authority of the priestly privileges and prerogatives established since the days of Solomon, when Zadok, their ancestor, officiated as High Priest.  There was also a form of class struggle between the two groups; the Pharisees were seen as poor and uneducated, while the Sadducees were seen as a “chosen people” who were among the elect of their god  YHWH since the Sadducees included the wealthy and aristocratic families who collaborated with the Romans at the expense of the general community, dined with foreign occupants and even ignored cultural traditions(read: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/deadsea.html#Essenes).

Tel Dan stele inscription

The Pharisees developed as a party within orthodox Judaism shortly after the time of the revolt of Judas Maccabaeus against the Greek overlords in the middle of the second century BCE. The Pharisees separated themselves from other forms of religious belief within Judaism to be the ‘godly people’ who would be saved, and unlike most Israelites, believed in an afterlife and a warrior savior (a messiah: מָשִׁיחַ) who would be anointed with the holy oil reserved for kings and generals and come to the earth to reign over all Israelites (Exodus 30:22-25) as a descendant of a King “David” (דָּביתדוד)   but the word has more than one meaning and actually is two words (a compound noun) meaning “beloved house” and indicative not of a man but of a dynasty or prophecy.  The Tel Dan stele tells of the victory of an Aramean king over “the king of Israel” a triumph that was not foreseen and in fact promised would never occur (http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/sadducees_pharisees_essenes.html).  The promise of the Israelite god was that David’s House would rule “forever” was short-lived, as  John Hyrcanus established a new monarchy in the form of the priestly Hasmonean dynasty in 152 BCE — and putting into place priests as political as well as religious authorities.  While the Hasmoneans were heroes for resisting the Seleucids, their reign lacked the legitimacy conferred by descent from the Davidic dynasty of the First Temple Era.  This generated dissent among the group who would emerge as Pharisees largely out of the group of scribes and sages who harked back to Ezra and the Great Assembly and rejected all Hellenistic influences that they saw as corrupting Israelites.

Pharisees were known, frequently derisively, for their extreme public piety and literal obedience to the Law while ignoring its message. The Pharisees observed 365 commandments concerning the things they must not do, and around these they added a protective barrier of oral instruction and prohibition deigned to protect themselves from inadvertently breaking the Law of God.  This “addition” infuriated the more staid and ossified Sadducees as adding new laws had been prohibited in Babylonia and among Jews who survived the “captivity” as it was “adding to the Book” and thus against the original plan of “Moses”.  The Pharisees held them as authoritative—which in time became the extra works of Judaism known as the Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד).  Oral Law, however, was not written down until Rabbi Judah the Prince’s, noting the extensive number of rabbis killed in the various revolts against non-Israelite force, decided to correct this omission c 200 CE.

Rabbi Judah codified the Oral Law in a work known as the Mishnah (Hebrew: משנה, “repetition”, from the verb shanah שנה, or “to study and review”). In the Mishnah Rabbi Judah wrote sixty-three tractates and unlike the Torah, systematically codified it by topic. The first of the six orders is called Zera’im (Seeds). They focus on agricultural rules of ancient Palestine (many coming from Babylon), particularly with the details of the produce that were to be presented as offerings at the Temple in Jerusalem, but the most famous tractate in Zera’im is Brakhot (Blessings) and it has little to do with agriculture; it records laws concerning different blessings and when they are to be recited. Other tractates include: Nezikin (Damages), which contains ten tractates summarizing Jewish civil and criminal law; Nashim (Women), covering issues between the sexes, including both laws of marriage (Kiddushin), and of divorce (Gittin); Kodashim, outlining the laws of sacrifices and ritual slaughter; Taharot, containing the laws of purity and impurity. (Cp. Source: Telushkin, Joseph (1991). Jewish Literacy: The Most Important Things to Know About the Jewish Religion, Its People and Its History. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1991.)  This ordering made it easier for Pharisees to look up any prohibition and know what not to do.

Yerushalmi (Jerusalem) Talmud

This Mishnah was not considered authoritative until 400 CE when the rabbis of Palestine edited their discussions of the Mishna and released (“published”) it as the Palestinian Talmud (in Hebrew, Talmud Yerushalmi, which literally means “Jerusalem Talmud”). More than a century later (c. 500 CE), some of the leading Babylonian rabbis compiled another editing of the discussions on the Mishna, but it was a late intervention as deliberations had been going on some three hundred years.

Tractate Berachot in the Vilna edition of the Babylonian Talmud

The Babylon edition, however, was far more extensive than its Palestinian counterpart, so that the Babylonian Talmud (Talmud Bavli) became the most authoritative compilation of the Oral Law (See, Strack, Hermann (1945). Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash, Jewish Publication Society, pp.11-12. “[The Oral Law] was handed down by word of mouth during a long period…The first attempts to write down the traditional matter, there is reason to believe, date from the first half of the second post-Christian century.” Strack believes that the growth of a Christian canon [the New Testament {that did not appear in book-format  until 380 CE at the earliest, according to Eusebius of Caesarea}] was a factor that influenced the Rabbis to record the oral law in writing).

Uniquely, while the Sadducees declared they were the descendents of Moses, the Pharisees traced their origins to those spoken about by the prophet Malachi:

Then the people who feared the Lord spoke to one another and the Lord listened and heard what they said and in his presence there was written down in a book a record of those who feared the Lord and respected him. ‘They will be my people,’ says the Lord Almighty. ‘On the day when I act, they will be my very own.’ (Malachi 3:16-17)

There was no love in Malachi’s message, rather the prophet articulated the wrath of god and told people who unless they “feared the lord” (as repeated by Saul/Paul, Luther, Hitler, and others who would be god when they addressed their own constituency) they will not be among the “chosen race”: Israelite, Aryan, and so forth.  It was essential that the individual surrender himself to his god and his temporal leader to be saved (Gen 3:1-15, 12:1, 22:1-18; Ex 3:1 through 4:13; compare Heb 11:25; as “god’s people” had to be “set apart” from all other people: Ex 19:5,6; 22:31; Lev 20:7; Dt 7:6; 14:2 regardless of the sacrifice Lev 1), and thus go to war as did the crusaders, those who followed the Nazis into battle, and those who follow the Koch Brothers–without sense or self-thinking or self-judgment. It was as if “The hand of the Lord was upon me” (Ezek. 1:3; 3:14) implying a complete divine mastery over all things, leaving the individual without freedom of choice or selection, without determining his or her own direction or life–it was to become a robot.

The “people” were those educated in the Torah and the Talmud—adults trained in the law, and generally among the oldest males within the community, and there was no room to listen to a child speak, thereby making it illogical (if not impossible) for the Pharisees to listen to the child Jesus who the various writers of the Gospel of Luke (2:46-47) argued “instructed” them on the law.  The most that could have happened is that he went to school there, but that does not fit the text, as his parents were returning to their home, therefore if he was to have had an education it would be at the local synagogue.

The Pharisees believed that they belonged to this chosen group who would be spared from the wrathful judgment of God and that they would become foot soldiers for the final battle against evil: foreigners in the land of Israel. Jesus was not the man who promised to drive out the foreign occupiers; on the contrary, he told the people of Israel to “love your enemy”–a message not a single Pharisee would understand as for centuries the message was “A great Messiah [warrior] will set you free.”

Out of this group of Pharisees came the mythological Paul who would transmogrify Christianity so much so that there would be numerous conflicts, bloodshed and wars between chrestianos and christianos who made up the early community of Christians, most desiring martyrdom, or like the Essenes (in modern Hebrew only אִסִּיִים as it did not exist in ancient Hebrew) who were a small group of Israelites who, according to popular convention, lived from the second century BCE until the first century CE and were prepared for martyrdom (the Roman writer Pliny the Elder (died c. 79 A.D.) in his Natural History(N’H,V,XV) argues that the Essenes, as a group of various numbers do not

Constantine I "the Great" (Byzantinischer Mosaizist in Hagia Sophia)

marry, possess no money, and had existed for thousands of generations in Ein Gedi, next to the Dead Sea), while others were waiting for the day that the Emperor would recognize their sect—and some hoping that the Emperor himself would become a Christian, promising him eternal life in heaven and offering him the title of “Saint” (with him being pictured with a halo around his head, similar to the past Roman emperors who were hailed as gods).  Constantine (272 – 337 CE) never converted to Christianity, but the followers of Saul/Paul would invent the tale that he converted on his death-bed to give them legitimacy.

Who were the chrestianos? Chrestus was a familiar personal name throughout the Roman Empire. It was not, however, Israelite in origin. Instead it was the name of the Egyptian Serapis (Ancient Greek: Σάραπιςa, Graeco-Egyptian god. He was invented during the 3rd century BC on the orders of Ptolemy I of Egypt as a means to unify the Greeks and Egyptians in his realm, and whose main temple was in Alexandria, Egypt {read: Pausanias, Ἑλλάδος περιήγησις or Description of Greece, 1.18.4, second century CE}. The god was depicted as Greek in appearance, but with Egyptian trappings, and combined iconography from a great many cults, signifying both abundance and resurrection) or Osiris who would have a life and death similar to (but not identical with) the Jesus of the New Testament not yet written. 

Chrestus and his followers, the chrestianos, were numerous and strong, dedicated and determined.  They believed in an afterlife when their god would return riding a wild horse with a sword in hand. They would be numbered among “the elect [or chosen]” and in a rapture of light be appointed to senior positions in the next kingdom of the messiah.

The chrestianos had a large following at Borne, especially among the common people, as it was the common people who demanded a better life and no group other than the chrestianos offered them hope. This hope led the commoners, the poor, to envision a classless afterlife where all would be equal and quickly adopted the Egyptian promise of a life after death where their promise of enjoying the fruits of those save would be found when they would go to a special garden (paradise).  In the chrestianos paradise they would find it filled with all earthly delights including unlimited amounts of honey, lamps filled with oil that would stay lit permanently, and ease without the need to work.  There sole task was to sing praises and hymns to the Egyptian god once  their souls were individually weighed on Resurrection Day (the soul would be on one scale of the balance, and their good deeds the counterweight on the other scale).  If their endurance, faith, and good deeds weighed more than their transgressions they would be invited to join in a rapture of unexplainable intensity and fervor. 

Egyptian immigrants that flooded into Rome, who were primarily from Alexandria where the cult originated, were unwelcome and quickly received the title of being “evil”: people who could not be trust.  From this came the name “gypsies”.

History details the evil repute the The cult of Serapis and Isis had, and it exposed the chrestianos repeatedly to persecution: not merely to political considerations (Rome and Alexandria had been enemies for years), but also to moral and police suspicions and attacks. The lax morality associated with the worship of the Egyptian gods, especially the goddess Isis who married her brother Osiris, and from his dead body conceived a son (Horus), giving foundation to Roman revolution to the incestuous affair that was common everywhere.  More exactly it was the fanaticism of the chrestianos worshippers that repelled the Romans, and excited the suspicion that their cultus might be directed against the State. As Cumont noted:  “Their secret associations, which were chiefly recruited from the poorer people, might easily, under the cover of religion, become clubs of agitators and the resort of spies. These grounds for suspicion and hatred [!] contributed more, no doubt, to the rise of the persecution than purely theological considerations. We see how it subsides and flames out again according to the changes in the condition of general politics” (Burckhardt – Brandenberg, August and Cumont, Franz Valery Marie (1969) Die orientalischen Religionen im römischen Heidentum; nach der vierten franzosischen Aufl. Unter Zugrundelegung der ubersetzung Gerichs. Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1969; Cumont, Franz and Sehrich, Georg (1910) Die orientalischen Religionen im römischen Heidentum, Leipzig and Berlin, NP. by Gehrich (1910), p. 98.) The Roman people called the followers of Serapis-Chrestus “good” because they were precisely the contrary, and thus they damned them with feigned praise.

Pomoerium (Rome)

The problem of the chrestianos is their long and bloody history which they both experienced and caused.  In 48 BCE, the Roman Senate ordered that all chapels devoted to Isis and other images of Egyptian gods be broken. The hatred for Egyptians as demonstrated by Roman senators and carried out by Roman born citizens and its military took another sinister turn in 28 CE.  In 28 CE, the Roman senate launched another attack upon the Egyptians, excluding all Alexandrian divinities from the limits of the Pomoerium (the sacred boundary of the city of Rome: beyond the walls of Rome, Romans considered the rest to be “just land”)—a proscription that Agrippa extended for an additional seven years and increased the sphere a thousand paces from the city.  By 49 CE, the feeling against the Egyptians ran so high, on account of a scandal in which Egyptian

Goddess Isis of Alexandria Egypt on bronze coin

priests were involved, that the most drastic proceedings were taken against the followers of Serapis and on any Jew who was from Alexandria (the majority of Jews in Rome came from Alexandria) or other cities in Egypt.  Frustrated Romans riled against the rabble whom they labeled as “Chrestiani.” Tacitus stated in Annals, ii, 85, that at that time the proscription of the Egyptian and Jewish religious practices was discussed, and the Senate decided to send “four thousand men infected with their superstitions,” who were from “the class of freedmen,” to the island of Sardinia, to fight bandits in the hope that the unhealthy climate of the island would make an end of them. Josephus confirms this in his Antiquities xviii, 3, 5.

 A few years later, under Claudius, “the Senate decreed the expulsion of all “mathematicians” from Italy, though the decree was not put in force” (Tacitus, Annales xii, 52).  The mathematicians (actually, astrologers) were, once again, Egyptians and Egyptian Jews, the followers of Chrestus, as Flavius Vopiscus wrote in the letter dictated by the Emperor Hadrian to his brother-in-law Servius: “Those who worship Serapis are the Chrestians, and those who call themselves priests of Chrestus are devoted to Serapis. There is not a high-priest of the Jews, a Samaritan, or a priest of Chrestus who is not a mathematician [astrologer], soothsayer, or quack. Even the patriarch, when he goes to Egypt, is compelled by some to worship Serapis, by others to worship Chrestus. They are a turbulent, inflated, lawless body of men. They have only one God, who is worshipped by the Chrestians, the Jews, and all the peoples [sic] of Egypt.” Today, this letter is considered a fourth century forgery—as are most of the statements of persecutions, martyrdoms, and the hostilities shown to “Christians”.

Chrestianos inscription

For that reason “Chrestiani” may be either the followers of a man named Chrestus, or of Serapis as the documents that existed either are buried in the Vatican vaults or have been destroyed. What they had in common with the christianos was the belief in a warrior messiah who would return, and whose affairs on earth would be carried out by a surrogate who would eventually become Paul.  What would happen, as a way of encouraging the chrestianosto accept the Paulinity of the new church was to adopt some of the Egyptian deities.  Ultimately, the Egyptian Trinity (Osiris, Isis, Horus) would become part of

Etruscan deities including the Trinity of Tinia, Uni and Menrva (1500-1400 BCE)

the theology of Christianity, but with the Etruscan order (Tinia [chief Etruscan God, the ruler of the skies, husband of Uni, and father of Hercle; he was associated with the Greek Zeus and Roman Jupiter with characteristics similar to Yahweh {Egyptian deity frequently depicted as a cow}], Uni [Uni was the equivalent of the Roman Juno, whose name Uni may be derived from, and the Greek Hera and was both a warrior and a healer and was supreme goddess of the Etruscan pantheon] and Menrva [(also Menarva) was the Goddess of wisdom, war, art, schools, and commerce, and, like Athena, was born from her father’s head; Menrva found men distasteful; she decided that a man was a woman inside and shouldn’t be allowed to roam the lands as a “man”] that undoubtedly came

Three Mycenae goddess (1500-1400 BCE)

from the matriarchal theology of ancient Mycenae where the chief goddess was the Creatrix, the daughter the savior, and the sister/grandmother the Inspirer or Ghost of Promise, as defined in fifteenth century BCE Hieroglyphs and Linear B tablets; see: Corpus speculorum Etruscorum. Città del Vaticano. Roma : “L’Erma” di Bretschneider, c1995- (multivolumes) , and Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae with the more authoritative reading of Helmut Rix, Etruskische Texte : editio minor / herausgegeben von Helmut Rix, in Zusammenarbeit mit Gerhard Meiser ; unter Mitwirkung von Fritz Kouba [et al.] Tübingen : G. Narr, c1991, 2 vols. ) but change the sacred three from being female to becoming male in keeping with the patriarchy of Israelite theology.

Chester Beatty Papyrus (P46) recounting Paul's Letter to the Romans (c. 200 CE)

Saul of Tarsus/Paul was a fourth century invention that condemned the church established by the Emperor Constantine in the fourth century, and has been both a plague on mortals as well as a bastardization of the message of the alleged Jesus of the New Testament. Saul/Paul is an invention is easily proved. Paul is not known outside of the New Testament and he is given authorship of thirteen writings (letters/books) in the New Testament that have the name Paul (Παῦλος) as the first word, hence claiming authorship by Paul the Apostle, none which were initially accepted as authentic or valid, but went into the canon (and the back of the Bible) because of political and ecclesiastical pressures (The Letter to the Hebrews, today, is commonly thought of as a forgery or not written by Saul/Paul, while 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus are held to be pseudepigraphic by the majority of modern scholars (New Testament Letter Structure, from Catholic Resources by Felix Just, S.J.: http://catholic-resources.org/Bible/Paul-Disputed.htm). 

There are no writings by Greek, Jewish or Roman scholars about Saul/Paul during his lifetime. There are no true records (letters) that he wrote, as all show numerous different styles of composition, word choice, and plagiarisms and read as though they were written as an official statement for public reading. They are similar to that which came out of the writing centers where scribes recorded the commands, commandments, and injunctions (edicts, for example) of the Imperial House from the time of Constantine and his successors). The authors of the day did not notice anything profound or of significant influence in what Saul/Paul wrote, and, indeed, it took three centuries before the impact of his work was such as to change the history of the Roman world (http://www.gordonmoyes.com/2009/07/01/paul-the-pharisee/).

The only Biblical record of Saul/Paul is in the “Acts of the Apostles” that is also a record of uncertain origin.  As for Saul/Paul being the author, it is commonly know that Paul used to dictate his letters to a secretary or “amanuensis” (Once the amanuensis identified himself as Tertius; cf. Romans 16:22: ασπαζομαι υμας εγω τερτιος ο γραψας την επιστολην εν κυριω) who would take down in a form of shorthand the dictation of Paul, scribing with a stylus on a waxed tablet the notes that were then written in longhand, transcribed by pen and ink onto papyrus scrolls. It is possible that Luke and Timothy also acted as secretary to Paul.

It has been claimed that Paul always personally signed his letters – as he indicated a number of times (cf. 1 Corinthians 16:21: ο ασπασμος τη εμη χειρι παυλου), and considered, with great arrogance, that he was specially chosen (similar to the Jesus of the Bible) to do the work of the Israelite god.  There is little that is original in the Letters of Saul/Paul, for they are in most cases a of a graduate’s plagiarism, taking from previous Hebrew texts and making his Christ to appear as the promised Messiah.  For example, in Galatians he used the following ideas of Jeremiah: “I chose you before I gave you life, and before you were born I selected you to be a prophet to the nations” (Galatians 1:15: οτε δε ευδοκησεν ο θεος ο αφορισας με εκ κοιλιας μητρος μου και καλεσας δια της χαριτος αυτου, using Jeremiah 1:5:  בְּטֶרֶם [כ= אֶצֹּורְךָ] [ק= אֶצָּרְךָ] בַבֶּטֶן יְדַעְתִּיךָ וּבְטֶרֶם תֵּצֵא מֵרֶחֶם הִקְדַּשְׁתִּיךָ נָבִיא לַגֹּויִם נְתַתִּיךָ׃).

What is universally accepted now is the fact that Saul/Paul did not write the Letter to the Hebrews.  Most of the rest of the Letters ascribed to Saul/Paul are suspected to be forgeries planted to make Constantine’s’ Christianity and the Christian Church created by the Emperor Constantine at his Council of Nicaea to be supreme to buttress his throne and keep together his fragile empire.

The letters of Saul/Paul (none of the originals exist, as what is known is the report from secondary and tertiary sources, including the “apostle Luke” who is given authorship of the Book of the Acts of the Apostles, which “Luke” admits he had to do research to complete: Acts 1:1-4: τον μεν πρωτον λογον εποιησαμην περι παντων ω θεοφιλε ων ηρξατο ο ιησους ποιειν τε και διδασκειν αχρι ης ημερας εντειλαμενος τοις αποστολοις δια πνευματος αγιου ους εξελεξατο ανεληφθη οις και παρεστησεν εαυτον ζωντα μετα το παθειν αυτον εν πολλοις τεκμηριοις δι ημερων τεσσαρακοντα οπτανομενος αυτοις και λεγων τα περι της βασιλειας του θεου και συναλιζομενος παρηγγειλεν αυτοις απο ιεροσολυμων μη χωριζεσθαι αλλα περιμενειν την επαγγελιαν του πατρος ην ηκουσατε μου; Luke 1:1-4: επειδηπερ πολλοι επεχειρησαν αναταξασθαι διηγησιν περι των πεπληροφορημενων εν ημιν πραγματων καθως παρεδοσαν ημιν οι απ αρχης αυτοπται και υπηρεται γενομενοι του λογου εδοξεν καμοι παρηκολουθηκοτι ανωθεν πασιν ακριβως καθεξης σοι γραψαι κρατιστε θεοφιλε ινα επιγνως περι ων κατηχηθης λογων την ασφαλειαν) were meant to entertain, not to educate, correct, inspire, and so forth. This can be seen in Paul’s use of chiasmus – the lyrical device of developing a theme in one sentence word-by-word, then reversing the order in the remaining half of the sentence (look, for example, at 1 Thessalonians 2:19-20). Some scholars have identified many places where the form of Paul’s sentence goes abc-cba. 

Paul frequently quoted other authors, even on occasions quoting hymns from the early church. One such hymn is found in the great passage on the incarnation of Christ (Philippians 2:5-11); another is in his letter to Timothy, where he encouraged loyalty to Christ (2 Timothy 1:11-13). When he addressed the philosophers in Athens, he quoted Greek poets and quoted on other occasions extensively from the Old Testament.  This is why many biblical scholars and theologians argue that today’s Christianity is really Paulinity, and rather than read the words of the Jesus of the New Testament, Christians read the words of Saul/Paul with his Hellenic background.

Hitler's Baptism Certificate

Adolf Hitler once said of Paul: “Christ was an Aryan. But Paul used his teaching to mobilise the underworld and to organise an earlier Bolshevism” (Hitler [Table-Talk, p. 143] in Trevor-Roper, H.R. (1953). [Introduction], Hitler’s Table Talk 1941-44: His Private Conversations, Redwood Press, Ltd.).  Whenever Hitler mentions Christ, Hitler has nothing but admiration, his words glowing, pulsating with a rich vigor that was nearly apocalyptical and foretelling of his own identification with the one many called Jesus of Nazareth, for Hitler saw himself as a popular leader of “the people of the Lord”:

Lutheran Bishop Ludwig Muller, leader of Reich Church in Germany greets Hitler

“Originally, Christianity was merely an incarnation of Bolshevism the destroyer. Nevertheless, the Galilean, who later was called Christ, intended something quite different. He must be regarded as a popular leader who too up His position against Jewry. Galilee was a colony where the Romans had probably installed Gallic legionaries, and it’s certain that Jesus was not a Jew. The Jews, by the way, regarded Him as the son of a whore– of a whore and a Roman soldier.”  Hitler went on further with his blisteringly baited attack on Saul / Paul of Tarsus contending in the harshest tone, for Hitler became like Martin Luther was in his last years, strongly antisemitic, pounding his political pulpit as Luther pounded his pen against parchment when writing that Jewish homes should be destroyed, their synagogues burned, money confiscated and liberty curtailed (ref.:  Hendrix, Scott H. “The Controversial Luther”, Word & World 3/4 (1983), Luther Seminary, St. Paul, MN, p. 393: “And, finally, after the Holocaust and the use of his anti-Jewish statements by National Socialists, Luther’s anti-semitic outbursts are now unmentionable, though they were already repulsive in the sixteenth century. As a result, Luther has become as controversial in the twentieth century as he was in the sixteenth.” ), Hitler roared:

Vatican clergy with Nazis Goebbles and Frick

“The decisive falsification of Jesus’s doctrine was the work of St. Paul. He gave himself to this work with subtlety and for purposes of personal exploitation. For the Galilean’s object was to liberate His country from Jewish oppression. He set Himself against Jewish capitalism, and that’s why the Jews liquidated Him.”

As tortured as Hitler’s logic is, He never condemns Jesus. On the contrary, he sees Jesus as an Aryan, a liberator against Jewish oppression! If Hitler did not see himself as a Christian, then why doesn’t he condemn Jesus? Why doesn’t he accuse Christ as being a Jew? Why does he see Christ as a liberator?

Those who would have the world believe that Hitler was at worse an atheist, or at least anti-Christian base their fabrications on quotes taken out of context in the German text of the Hitler’s Table Talk (or Conversations) that do not include them—they were made up by François Genoud, the translator of the French version who openly avowed he would expose Hitler in the worse way (see: The testament of Adolf Hitler; the Hitler-Bormann documents, February-April 1945, edited by François Genoud. Translated from the German by R.H. Stevens. With an introduction by H.R. Trevor-Roper [2d edition] London, Cassell {1961, c1960}).  Hitler’s hatred for the Jews is well documented in the German, especially in Hitler’s autobiography Mein Kampf.  Hitler was following his mentors, especially and primarily the German renegade month Martin Luther.  Hitler also turned to, in a limited extent Frederick Nietzsche, who in turn wrote: “A God who died for our sins; redemption through faith; resurrection after death – all these are counterfeits of true Christianity, for which that disastrous, wrong-headed fellow Paul must be held responsible.”

Martin Luther's "Final Solution" to end "Jewry" in Germany

Martin Luther, who was once a Catholic monk, denounced the Catholic hierarchy as the work of the anti-Christ and established by the Devil [Against the Papacy established by the Devil (1545)]. Hitler said: “Luther had the merit of rising against the Pope and the organisation of the Church. It was the first of the great revolutions. And thanks to his translation of the Bible, Luther replaced our dialects by the great German language!” (Hitler, Adolf, Table-Talk [p. 9]).  It must be remembered that not only did Martin Luther praise Saul/Paul, but cited him more frequently than any other figure in the Bible.  Hitler did this, without qualms, as Hitler knew (as he was informed by Protestant theologians and religious supporters; read: Richard, Steigmann-Gall (2003). The Holy Reich: Nazi conceptions of Christianity, 1919-1945. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 5-6.), it gave him his biblical foundation on which to build the reign of terror of the Third Reich under the stated purpose of erecting a magnificent new capital at Berlin (Welthauptstadt Germania), has been described as attempting to build a version of the New Jerusalem (Goodrick-Clarke, Nicholas (1895, 1992, etc).  The Occult Roots of Nazism: Secret Aryan Cults and Their Influence on Nazi Ideology: The Ariosophists of Austria and Germany, 1890-1935. New York University Press paperback).

"The cross will become a sword" Nazi Catholics and Protestants

Those who knew Hitler remarked about his Christian views. For example, Minister Rust, in a speech to a mass meeting of German Christians on June 29, 1933 [Helmreich, Helmreich, Ernst Christian (1979). The German Churches Under Hitler, Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, hereafter cited as Helmreich, p. 138] declared: “If anyone can lay claim to God’s help, then it is Hitler, for without God’s benevolent fatherly hand, without his blessing, the nation would not be where it stands today. It is an unbelievable miracle that God has bestowed on our people.”

Hitler leaving German church

The established (officially recognized) Methodist church paper, Friedensglocke, vouched for the authenticity of a story about Hitler where he invited a group of deaconesses from the Bethel Institutions into his home at Obersalzberg: “The deaconesses entered the chamber and were astonished to see the pictures of Frederick the Great, Luther, and Bismarck on the wall. Then Hitler said: ‘Those are the three greatest men that God has given the German people. From Frederick the Great I have learned bravery, and from Bismarck statecraft. The greatest of the three is Dr. Martin Luther, for he made it possible to bring unity among the German tribes by giving them a common language through his translation of the Bible into German….’ [Note that Hitler’s own words about his admiration for Martin Luther are expressed in Mein Kampf.] One sister could not refrain from saying: Herr Reichkanzler, from where do you get the courage to undertake the great changes in the whole Reich? Thereupon Hitler took out of his pocket the New Testament of Dr. Martin Luther, which one could see had been used very much, and said earnestly: ‘From God’s word.’ “Helmreich, op. cit., p. 139).  Even the Cardinal Faulhaber of Munich who visited Hitler at his mountain retreat in Obersalzburg confessed: “Without a doubt the chancellor lives in faith in God. He recognizes Christianity as the foundation of Western culture…” (Helmreich, op. cit. p.279).

The English philosopher and democratic apologist who wrote on freedom, John Stuart Mill, commented: “I hold St Paul to have been the first great corrupter of Christianity.” (https://www.westminster.coresense.com/pdf_files/9780852346266.pdf) The German psychologist, Carl Jung, said: “It is frankly disappointing to see how Paul hardly ever allows the real Jesus of Nazareth to get a word in.” (For other critiques and criticisms of Saul/Paul read http://www.metalog.org/files/paul_p1.html cp. a critical response at http://www.innominatesociety.com/Articles/The%20Thorn%20In%20The%20Flesh.htm)  

The only reason that “Paul” was successful was because of his transmogrification of the words of the New Testament Jesus—taking the bitterness, hatred, and war mongering of the Jesus of the Gospel,  and refining them into a gentleness that the christianos demanded to counter the martial mentality of the chrestianos (which, as detailed by Roger Viklund at http://rogerviklund.wordpress.com/category/erik-zara/, we find in Epistulae genuina e S. Ignatii Martyris, printed by Isaak Vossius in 1646, stating: Ἐκ τῶν ἐπιστολῶν τοῦ ἁγιωτάτου Κλήμεντος τοῦ Στρωματέως Θεοδώρῳ,with the word being recreated in 1050 CE in the Second Medicean Manuscript(M. II) while  the sentence ”Auctor nominis eius Christus Tiberio imperitante per procuratorem Pontium Pilatum supplicio adfectus erat” is removed from the current text, in accordance with the hypothesis that Tacitus never wrote this, and a text equivalent to ”Auctor nominis eius Christus Tiberio imperitante per procuratorem Pontium Pilatum supplicio adfectus erat” was created and inserted in the margin, in accordance with the theory that such a text only existed as a marginal note, a gloss, in the beginning, before it was inserted into the text when a new transcript was made of the manuscript; plagiarism and false-copying [marginalia: also translated as marginal comments] was common in what passed for scholarship), of Rome and the empire that was leading followers of a Christ (the word actually means “senior magician”) into a docile and nearly effeminate Jesus that would create peace among war factions of the new cult and stabilize the empire. Here is a modified image of M.II, containing the Christus-passage. Montage and drawing ©2010, Dr. R. A. Daniel Pihl.

2d Medicean manuscript (unmodified)

Why the mention of Christ in the Annales of Tacitus cannot be considered a part of the original text is simple: (1) Christians until (or for centuries after) Sulpicius Severus did not refer to the passage – it was not about them; and (2) Pontius Pilate is in the Christus sentence mentioned as a procurator, but there is not one other Roman historian who deemed it necessary to even mention Pilate. The only argument for this is that the readers of Tacitus did not know who he was and needed additional information.  Christians of course knew who Pilate was and erroneously called him procurator and not prefect (“Pontio Pilato, Syriam tunc ex parte Romana procuranti” (read: Tertullian, Apologia XXI.18, “Pontius Pilatus procurator Judaeae a Tiberio mittitur”, and Eusebius’ Chronicle in Jerome’s translation) thereby ignoring Pilate’s real function. Uniquely, Tacitus, who Christians claim knew the story of Jesus, never mentions Saul/Paul nor the self-proclaimed Apostle’s journeys, imprisonment, and so forth. Roger Viklund shows precisely how the document was altered.

Chrestianos is changed to Christianos by erasure of part of a character

To assume that  Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus, writing in 117 CE, two full generations after the mythological Jesus died a legendary death, was a careful researcher or had access to historical archives is absurd to say the least.  J. Weiss noted: “Archival studies,” as printed in the Handbuch der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, (München : C.H. Beck, 1920-<2004>) “are not very familiar to ancient historiography; and Tacitus has paid very little attention to the acta diurna and the records of the Senate.” (J. Weiss, ibid. viii, 2 Abt., Heft 2, under “Tacitus.”) Some historians even claim Tacitus never researched his claims, studied in any archive or did more than copy and paste the work of others. (Schiller, Hermann (1872) Hermann Schiller says, in his Geschichte des Römischen Kaiserreichs unter der Regierung des Nero. Berlin, Weidmann, 1872 and also under the imprint of Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1872, p. 7). As Weiss argued: “The execution of a Nazareth carpenter was one of the most insignificant events conceivable among the movements of Roman history in those decades; it completely disappeared [sic] beneath the innumerable executions inflicted by the Roman provincial authorities. It would be one of the most remarkable instances of chance in the world if it were mentioned in any official report” (Weiss, loc. cit. p. 92). 

Tacitus MS 68.2 on christians (Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana in Florence, where it is MS. plut. 68.1.)

The issue of “Christians” in the time of Tacitus is more ambiguous.  Moreover, there must be serious doubt about the accuracy, veracity, and content of Tacitus (as well as Josephus) as the oldest extant manuscripts of Tacitus and Suetonius come from the ninth century, while those of Josephus date back only to the eleventh century. We’re talking about a time gap of 800 to 1,000 years between the autographs and the extant manuscripts.  To give unlimited and unquestioned authenticity to such documents defies the imagination–it is tantamount to using the bible chronology to claim that the planet Earth is only 6000 years old.

The expression “Christians,” was by no means common in the time of Nero. Not a single Greek or Roman writer of the first century mentions the name: neither Juvenal nor Persius, Lucian or Martial, the older Pliny or Seneca. Even Dio Cassius never uses it, and his abbreviator, the monk Xiphilinus, sees no reason to break his silence, but speaks of the Christians who were persecuted under Domitian as followers of the Jewish religion and the were the chrestianos who sought an immediate confrontation with Rome to ensure the rapid return of a warrior messiah.  The chrestianos called themselves Jessaeans, or Nazoraeans, the Elect, the Saints, the Faithful, etc., were universally regarded as Jews. They observed the Mosaic law, and the people could not distinguish them from the other Jews and they were looking for immediate “salvation” by means of carrying the sword. 

Even the word the word Christus did not mean Jesus of Nazareth, it only meant an anointed warrior.  All Jews without exception looked forward to a Christus or Messiah warrior, and believed that his coming was near at hand. It is, therefore, not clear how the fact of being a “Christian” could, in the time of Nero or of Tacitus, distinguish the followers of Jesus from other believers in a Christus or Messiah, general acceptation of the name Christian can, according to Harnack, only be traced to the end of the reign of Hadrian and that of Pius (Harnack, Adolf von (1902). Die Mission und Ausbreitung des Christenthums in den ersten drei Jahrhunderten, Leipzig: Hinrichs, p. 296).  The use of the Christians as “living torches,” as Tacitus describes, and all the other atrocities that were committed against them, have no credence, and suggest an imagination exalted by reading stories of the later Christian martyrs and the base works of Juvenal and Seneca that have no bearing on this as neither writer was connected with the Christians, and need not in the least be regarded as references to the members of the new sect sacrificed by Nero. The victims cannot possibly have been given to the flames in the gardens of Nero, as Tacitus says for Tacitus admits that the imperial gardens were the refuge of those whose homes had been burned.  The gardens were full of tents and wooden sheds.

It is beyond logic that Nero would incur the risk of a second fire by his “living torches,” and still less probable that he mingled with the crowd and feasted his eyes on the ghastly spectacle. For Tacitus, or anyone else, to write that the gardens were used for mass slaughter is not only unhistorical but illogical; at best it was later propaganda for the future site of today’s Vatican that was chosen as the theatre of the deed merely to strengthen the legend that the holy of holies of Christianity, the Church of the apostle Peter—but even Peter is a legend with no foundation for being a real person except for passages in the Bible, and within the Bible (1 Peter 5:12; the second letter [2 Peter] is an absurdity, because its internal structure shows that it could not be written before 150 CE at the earliest,  it incorporates almost all of Jude in 2:2-17, it mentions the death of “the fathers” of the early church in 3:4, and it alludes to

Fragment of Paul's Letter to the Galatians written late 3rd century CE

Pauline epistles as “scriptures” (3:15-16) which was a term (γραπτώς for “writing”) that is used only once in the New Testament. Furthermore, “scriptures” was applied during the Apostolic Age only to books of the Old Testament), Peter admits he is neither writer nor a great thinker (only a fisherman). Furthermore, when one considers what is claimed to be the writings of Peter, a careful study of these writings shows them to be an incorporation of far older (ancient) mythology into Christian scriptures. For example: 2 Peter 2:4 is one of the most classic examples, with “angels” (actually messengers) cast into hell: ει γαρ ο θεος αγγελων αμαρτησαντων ουκ εφεισατο αλλα σειραις ζοφου ταρταρωσας παρεδωκεν εις κρισιν τηρουμενους. The word “Tartarus” (ταρταρωσας), in Greek mythology, is used to describe a subterranean place or region, allegedly the lowest realm of Hades, or perhaps even lower than Hades, where, it was claimed, that the immortal souls/spirits of the vilest people were supposed to go after death. Peter introduces Greek mythology in an effort to strengthen the weak credentials of Christianity. This mythology is carried further by the various writers of the Letter to the Ephesians (2:2 εν αις ποτε περιεπατησατε κατα τον αιωνα του κοσμου τουτου κατα τον αρχοντα της εξουσιας του αερος του πνευματος του νυν ενεργουντος εν τοις υιοις της απειθειας) where spirits are lighter than air and still exist in the air seeking to spark havoc against and amongst mortals. It is bad scholarship, at best, but more realistic it is fraud, to attempt to prove or disprove the bible. No scholar would ever attempt to prove any book by citing the book itself that was to be proved, as the Bible (like the Koran/Qur’an, Torah and other holy scriptures) is based on far older mythologies and spurious authorship.

Yale Papyrus Fragment from the Nag Hammadi Gnostic Library Codex III, containing The Dialogue of the Savior (Yale Beinecke Library) a fourth century CE Coptic copy of a lost original that the established church was attempting to destroy

None of the evangelists applies the name Christians to the followers of Jesus.   It is never used in the New Testament as a description of themselves or other believers in Jesus, and the relevant passage in Acts 9:26 ( παραγενομενος δε ο σαυλος εν ιερουσαλημ επειρατο κολλασθαι τοις μαθηταις και παντες εφοβουντο αυτον μη πιστευοντες οτι εστιν μαθητης) does not call believers Christians but disciples—and “Paul” is still called “Saul”. The name change (from Saul to Paul) does not happen until the fourth century, and then it is a term that comes after the Imperial Council of Nicaea.

The titles Annales and Historiae are 16th century, as the manuscripts present both works under the title Ab excessu divi Augusti. Historiae 1-5 appear as books 17-21 in the MS.  The first six book of the Annales were written (or copied in a scriptorium) around 850 CE in Germany.   The script is a pre-carolingian hand. It is generally agreed that it was copied from a text written in ‘insular’ script which was copied from a manuscript in ‘rustic capitals’, and it has been suggested that this latter was at least 4th and probably 3rd century; it is not the script of Tacitus.

The distinctive type of script suggests the event took place in the scriptorium of the Benedictine abbey of Fulda, and this is supported by an explicit reference to Tacitus in the Annales Fuldenses for 852 (Cornelius Tacitus, scriptor rerum a Romanis in ea gente gestarum) that seems to show knowledge of Annales 2,9.  The entire issue in Tacitus is a well-conceived but poorly executed fraud. Even among the most pedestrian, and profane writers, the atrocities that martyrologists would embellish, especially Justin Martyr, ignores reality and even invents the martyrdom of “Peter”—a reverse (upside-down) crucifixion that never took place. 

Tacitus "Annales" 15.44.1 on "Christus" and Nero's fire (written allegedly 116 CE, long after the incident; but existing copy the result of numerous scribes over 800 years)

The first unequivocal mention of the Neronian persecution in connection with the burning of Rome is a blatant and easily discovered and proven forgery found in the corrupted correspondence of Seneca to the wayward apostle Paul, but even that belongs to the fourth century. A fuller account of these atrocities is then given in the Chronicle of Sulpicius Severus (died 403 CE), but it is mixed with the most transparent Christian legends, including the death of Simon Magus, the bishopric and sojourn of Peter at Rome (who never left Jerusalem as he was married at the time and Jewish law and custom required that he provide for his wife), and so forth and used as the background for Tacitus, Annales 15:44 f. (Cf. Hochart, Polydore (1890), De l’Authenticity des Histoires et des Annales de Tacite Paris: Ernest Thorin, 1890, points out that, whereas the Life of St. Martin and the Dialogues of Sulpicius were found in many libraries, there was only one manuscript of his Chronicle, probably of the eleventh century, which is now in the Vatican (only Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini {February 11, 1380 – October 30, 1459}, an Italian intellectual who lived at the beginning of the Italian Renaissance and had the privilege of studying Latin under Giovanni Malpaghino of Ravenna, the friend and protégé of Petrarch, and some Greek in Rome was known as a superior copyist of old manuscripts, seems by some lucky chance to have discovered and read this manuscript (ibid, p. 225).

Bracciolini’s hobby was unearthing lost manuscripts of Lucretius, Columella, Silius Italicus, Manilius and Vitruvius that he copied by hand and communicated to the learned. (Cf. Hochart, Polydore (1897) Nouvelles Considerations au sujet des Annales et des Histoires de Tacite, Paris: Thorin, 1894. pp. 142-72.)   Hence the work was almost unknown throughout the Middle Ages, and no one was aware of the reference in it to a Roman persecution of the Christians as such a persecution did not exist).  What has been forgotten (or, more exactly, deliberately erased) was the memory of the numerous savior gods and sons of gods who claimed allegiance of faithful “Christians”  (chrestianos and christianos) throughout Rome and the Empire, so the word “Christian” actually meant little in the imperial or judicial courts (Bauer, Bruno. Christus und die Caesaren. Der Ursprung des Christenhums aus dem römischen Griechenthum … Zweite Auflage (Berlin: NP), p. 216).

Truth is the first to suffer at the hands of the unscrupulous in government and religion, and this was the clearly the case in the efforts of warrior bishops who sought power and control over the masses, much in the same manner as Pope Julius II would in the days of the Renaissance.   The lies grew, as Hochart detailed, under a threefold influence: (1) The apocalyptic idea that transformed a tragic but not evil emperor, Nero, into the mythological Antichrist: The embodiment of all evil, the terrible adversary of the Messiah and his followers, by being the first to persecute a sect (chrestianos) which sought out, deliberately, martyrdom so that they could libel Nero as claiming that he was pure evil, or, as Sulpicius puts it, “because vice is always the enemy of the good” (Compare Eusebius,  Historia Ecclesiastica, ii, 28.)  (2) The political interest of the chrestianos in representing themselves as Nero’s victims so that they could win the favor and protection of his successors on that account. (3) The special interest of the bishops of the Roman Church who were hardly saints and required the invention of the two chief apostles who history was rewritten to include their martyrdom at Rome: Peter and Paul.

Copy of early tract by Seneca in Coptic written in Latin on Egyptian papyrus in the fourth century CE

The author of the letters of Seneca to Paul enlarged the legend in its primitive form, brought it into agreement with the ideas of this time, giving it a political turn. The vague charges of incendiarism assumed a more definite form complete with a background of the character of the Antichrist and graphic details of how he inflicted pathetically horrible martyrdoms on the chrestianos so that their fantasy would become the Chronicle of Sulpicius. Finally a clever forger (Poggio? He was a copyist and had the talent to match handwriting and sentence structure) smuggled the dramatic account of this persecution into the Annales of Tacitus, and thus secured the acceptance as historical fact of a purely imaginary story. But before the secret document could be made public, there had to be antecedents, and the early community of Christians had their own apologists and agenda—by declaring that the Emperor Constantine had converted and was baptized (by an Arian) on his death-bed (although the Emperor denied such a claim), and sought the persecution of Arians and others who opposed Rome. To this end an entire new theology would be founded, built on falsification of ancient documents known as holy scripture.

To change this popular plebian perception, if such a Jesus ever did exist, required near Herculean prowess to change the course of history.  This was achieved only when the emperors of the empire wanted to silence the rioting chrestianos and turned to the more pacific christianos to gain their support.  In exchange for the latter’s support, the emperors legalized the sect in the empire, but as a religion plagued with bitter divisions there was consternation among the emperors as what they should do.  The emerging Christian Church was so divided that there was no unity from 325 – 787 CE (a final rupture between east and west toke place in 1054 CE) that Christianity was not recognize as a state religion until 380 when the Emperor Theodosius issued the Edict of Thessalonica (known as Cunctos populos, was delivered on 27 February 380 by Theodosius I, Gratian, and Valentinian II in order that all their subjects should profess the faith of the bishops of Rome; Ferguson, Everett; McHugh, Michael P.; Norris, Frederick W. (1999). Encyclopedia of early Christianity, New York: Taylor & Francis, p. 1126), establishing Christianity as the official state religion.  The new state religion specifically was that established at the Council of Nicaea in 325 following the instructions and interests of Constantine. 

By creating a national religion it was the imperial goal to settle the blood wars between sects over the persistent debate between the homoousian (μοούσιος, from the Greek: ὁμός, homós, “same” and οὐσία, ousía, “essence, being the theory put forward by Athanasius, thereby known as the Athanasian thesis) viewpoint that the Father and the Son are one and the same, eternal, and the homoiousian (from the Greek: ὅμοιος, hómoios, “similar” and οὐσία, ousía, “essence, being”), or Arian interpretation that the Father and the Son are separate, but both divine. The ultimate ruling was that Jesus was “like [the Father] in all [respects]” (ὅμοιον κατὰ πάντα, hómoion katà pánta), and those who refused to accept this judgment were openly persecuted and put to death.  

Thousands were butchered over the single letter “I” and the understanding of the words “same” and “similar” which actually have nothing in common (sadly, in contemporary education many professors teach and students believe words to be compatible and identical and fail to recognize the fine-line of distinction between words that can, if wrongly interpreted, lead to conflict, bloodshed, and the carnage of wars; cp. Halsall, Paul (June 1997). “Theodosian Code XVI.i.2”. Medieval Sourcebook: Banning of Other Religions; the code is on-line at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/theodcodeXVI.html).

Edict of Toledo forbidding freedom of thought

At the same time, by the Council of Toledo, it became a crime to think independent of the church, or to question a “doctor of the church” or a mere ecclesiastical functionary.  This was in celebration of Saul/Paul’s quest for there to be universal ignorance:

“Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ …
For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumbling block, and unto the Greeks foolishness …
But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant For I determined not to know any thing among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified.” Colossians 2.8

Lucius Lactantius wrote

What purpose does knowledge serve – for as to knowledge of natural causes, what blessing is there for me if I should know where the Nile rises, or whatever else under the heavens the ‘scientists’ rave about?”

 “What does it matter by which wisdom each of us arrives at the truth?
It is not possible that only one road leads to so sublime a mystery.”

– A plea from one of the last pagan senators, Aurelius Symmacus, to the boy emperor Valentinian II in 383, asking for freedom of thought.

 “What you are ignorant of, we know from the Word of God. And what you try to infer, we have established as truth from the very Wisdom of God.”

– Bishop Ambrose replies on behalf of the emperor

Ignorance was returning full strength with the advent of Constantine’s Christian church.  Free thought, scholarly research and writing was prohibited, and the people who lived within the empire were given no choice but to believe lies, based on the line included in a later edition of the Bible that a Boy Jesus taught lawyers and learned men in the Temple. Returning to this issue of whether or not the Jesus of the New Testament ever taught in the Temple (Luke 2:39-53) there is no document that can be dated to 20 CE (given Jesus’ age which would be under twenty), nor is there any record of any quarrel among the Pharisees about a youth instructing his elders.  However, the story of Jesus teaching in the Temple follows the theological line and mythologies of Hinduism, Greece, Rome, Tibet and other  areas.  It is simple to find tales of young teachers preaching to their elders in Ganesha; of  Minerva/Athena as a young goddess of wisdom and learning teaching in temples that would be ultimately dedicated to her; in India Acharyadevo Bhava is a teaching as a Son of God; and, in Buddhism (also out of India), The Buddha (Siddhārtha Gautama [सिद्धार्थ गौतम] or in Pali: Siddhattha Gotama), who had a beginning and life identical to the Jesus of the New Testament [The Mahāpadāna Sutta and Acchariyaabbhuta Sutta both recount miraculous events surrounding Gautama’s birth, such as the bodhisattva’s descent from Tuṣita [Heaven] into his mother’s womb, for example; at age 29/30 The Buddha would begin his public ministry; and, according to the holy scriptures of The Buddha, his father approached him and said: “Ours is the warrior lineage of Mahamassata, and not a single warrior has gone seeking alms” equal to the chrestiano belief in a warrior messiah], and was the spiritual teacher who founded Buddhism) but explicitly rejected a creator god, denied endorsing any views on creation and stated that questions on the origin of the world are worthless.

The Buddha taught at a young age.  Those who followed and still follow the teaching of The Buddha sought / seek the advice of children for answers.

The Buddhist who was changed into a Christian saint: Josaphat

The Buddha has been integrated into numerous other religions: The Buddha is regarded as a prophet by the Ahmadiyyas and a Manifestation of God in the Bahá’í faith. Some early Chinese Taoist-Buddhists thought the Buddha to be a reincarnation of Lao Tzu. The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches integrated the Buddha, as so many other religious figures in other faiths were merged into the choir of martyrs and saints in Christianity (such as “St. Christopher (Reprobus) who lived during the Christian persecutions of the Roman emperor Decius.  He was captured and martyred by the governor of Antioch. and according to legend was a Canaanite 5 cubits (7.5 feet (2.3 m)) tall and with a fearsome face and for that reason is frequently pictured with the head of a dog;

Icon of St. Christopher (Russian icon of Saint Christopher. Мученик Христофор. XVII в.; Museum of Rostov Kremlin)

in the Eastern Orthodox faith, Christopher is remembered on May 9th, with the salutation: “Thou who wast terrifying both in strength and in countenance, for thy Creator’s sake thou didst surrender thyself willingly to them that sought thee; for thou didst persuade both them and the women that sought to arouse in thee the fire of lust, and they followed thee in the path of martyrdom. And in torments thou didst prove to be courageous. Wherefore, we have gained thee as our great protector, O great Christopher” in the Kontakion in the Fourth Tone (hymn) Holy Transfiguration Monastery, (translation), “Kontakion in the Fourth Tone”, Saints, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, 2009; Although the Roman Catholic Church still approves devotion to him, listing him in the Roman Martyrology among the saints venerated on 25 July, Pope Paul VI removed his feast day from the Roman Catholic calendar of saints in his 1969 motu proprio Mysterii Paschalis), into their faith through St. Josaphat and Blessed Barlaam both males being acknowledged as being “enlightened” [“along the difficult path of seeking ultimate truth”–Buddhism] (Read: “Barlaam and Josaphat”. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1913 on-line at http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Barlaam_and_Josaphat; see also: Conybeare, F. C. (2007). The Barlaam and Josaphat legend in the ancient Georgian and Armenian literatures. Piscataway: Gorgias Press).  Although Barlaam was never formally canonized, Josaphat was, and both were included in earlier editions of the Roman Martyrology (feast day 27 November) but not in the Roman Missal; both, however, appear in the Eastern Orthodox Church liturgical calendar (26 August).  While preaching was acceptable in many ancient civilizations, and youths did take religious vows to speak for (interpret) gods, as occurred in Egypt and India, there is no mention of it in any Jewish record; therefore, the answer from a historical or logical perspective of whether or not Jesus did teach and / or preach in the Temple at Jerusalem, is negative, and the Bible does not state that Jesus was teaching at a young age (legend has it that he was twelve years of age).

Jesus, age 12, teaching in the Temple (popular contemporary art) without scriptural foundation

On the contrary, as opposed to some current Sunday School art, the passage is quite different in Luke 2 (it is the only account to carry the story) for it details that his parents, finding their son missing went back to Jerusalem and “[46] After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. [47] Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers” (και εγενετο μεθ ημερας τρεις ευρον αυτον εν τω ιερω καθεζομενον εν μεσω των διδασκαλων και ακουοντα αυτων και επερωτωντα αυτους εξισταντο δε παντες οι ακουοντες αυτου επι τη συνεσει και ταις αποκρισεσιν αυτου).  Jesus is, according to the current versions of the Christian Bible, an adult before he attempts to teach (Luke 5:17 Καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν μιᾷ τῶν ἡμερῶν καὶ αὐτὸς ἦν διδάσκων, καὶ ἦσαν καθήμενοι Φαρισαῖοι καὶ νομοδιδάσκαλοι οἳ ἦσαν ἐληλυθότες ἐκ πάσης κώμης τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ Ἰουδαίας καὶ Ἰερουσαλήμ· κὰι δύναμις κυρίου ἦν εἰς τὸ ἰᾶσθαι αὐτόν).  The reason is simple:  Children were never allowed to preach or teach in the temple or a synagogue, for they were not trained in the laws or writings of prophets.


Filed under Ancient Egypt, Bible, Church history, crucifixon, Jesus Christ, Martin Luther, Nazis, Roman Catholicism

Invention of the Bible and Christianity

Fred Edwords

Fred Edwords (born July 19, 1948, in San Diego, California) and one who has worked tirelessly to end the adoption of superstition has fact and to remove the lack of logic from discourse in open conversations and lectures. Fred Edwords is currently national director of the United Coalition of Reason (“Fred Edwords, a longtime atheist leader who directs an umbrella group, the United Coalition of Reason,” “More atheists shout it from the rooftops” by Laurie Goldstein, New York Times, April 26, 2009 at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/27/us/27atheist.htm (accessed May 17, 2011) passed me an account he read on http://www.facebook.com/note.php?created&&note_id=118151618265408 raising questions about the authenticity of the Bible. This article put together the missing pieces I had been searching for in my own critiques of the Bible and its history, both in books and on this blog. The article that Fred Edwords sent to me is the headlined:


by Samuel Butler on Tuesday, April 19, 2011 at 5:12pm

Retired highly regarded priest, who for 17 years (1980-1997) served as an advisor to the Pope, exposes bible forgery and fraud.

Dr. Miceal Ledwith achieved distinction as a catholic theologian who received international recognition for academic and professional accomplishment. An esteemed professor of Systemic Theology, president of the University of Maymooth , Ireland (National University of Ireland-Sam) and fulfilling a seventeen year appointment as advisor to the Pope on the Holy See’s international Theological Commission. Yet at the height of his career, he walked away to pursue a completely different kind of spiritual life – one of humble, internal initiation and transformation. He talks about an enormous upheaval after the Second Vatican Council:“I think most of my contemporaries were doing the same thing that I was and pondering the same thoughts, maybe not as intensely, but they were certainly as aware of those theories as I was. There were many people in positions of authority in the church that were contemplating the inconsistencies, and a lot of them ran afoul of religious authority. This is of course something that had always occurred throughout the history of Christianity.“I spoke with someone the other day that insisted on the importance of holding on to some permanently valid religious truth. I asked “And where might we hope to find that in the gospels of the New Testament, for example? Let me suggest something.”

“Go to the Vatican Library today and look at the oldest manuscript that we have of the New Testament, which is known as the Codex Vaticanus’, and was probably one of the bibles commissioned by Constantine. Another one to look at is in the British Library called codex Sinaiticus’ which was discovered in Mount Sinai at St. Catherine’s Monastery. Look at those two texts, both from the 4TH century, and try to find the famous story of Jesus rescuing the lady who is being stoned for adultery in John’s Gospel Chapter 8. It is a very powerful story, but it is not contained in either of those manuscripts, which means that story was inserted into the text of the New Testament for the first time at least as late as the 4th century if not later. I can give you a hundred other examples.”

(Above from SuperConsciousness Magazine Fall 2010 page 64)

Dr. Micael Ledwith

Butler does not mention that much of Ledwith’s situation changed because of the sexual abuse scandal that broke out in Ireland. Ledwith was nominated to be President of St. Patrick’s by the then Bishop of Ferns, Dr. Brendan Comiskey. Comiskey resigned in disgrace on account of sex abuse cases in his constituency, and Ledwith paid compensation in 2002 for allegedly abusing a child. Ledwith vehemently denied it, but was urged to make a financial settlement over which he protested by paid; later the trustees were informed of another allegation of abuse by solicitors on behalf of a former student of the college between 1992 and 1994. Monsignor Ledwith vehemently denied it saying he was not even in the country at the time of the alleged abuse (http://www.rte.ie/news/2002/0531/maynooth.html).

Since the allegations were never fully investigated, the Irish Senate checked into the matter, and in November 2005, Dr Mary Elizabeth Frances Henry (born 11 May 1940 in Blackrock, Cork)  a former Independent member of Seanad Éireann, who, by profession she is a University Professor and medical practitioner, said: “With regard to Monsignor Ledwith, I was dismayed to read the response of the bishops to whom complaints were made by six senior seminarians, as they are described in the report, as well as the senior dean of Maynooth College, Fr. Gerard McGinnity. Cardinal Daly, one of the surviving bishops, indicated in his statement to the inquiry that it was entirely untrue that any seminarian had mentioned homosexuality to him in connection with Monsignor Ledwith” (http://homepage.eircom.net/~maryhenry/debates/05-nov10a.htm). 

Later Ledwith was appointed during the tenure of Tomás Cardinal O’Fiaich, Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh, himself a former President of the College who had served Ledwith on the College staff until his appointment to Armagh in 1977. Ledwith was also supported by O’Fiach’s successor, Cahal Cardinal Daly, who having been a Bishop since 1967 was well-versed with his career at the College. So popular a theologian and researcher, Ledwith was frequently spoken of as a future bishop and indeed Archbishop of Dublin especially in 1988 when Cardinal Desmond Connell was appointed. However, by this time, Ledwith had strong doubts about the Bible and Christianity, especially with the enormous upheaval after the Second Vatican Council that gave theologians greater freedom of inquiry.  At that point he began to publicly question the Bible, its origin(s), and message(s)—ultimately turning to New Age Thought. Ledwith was laicized by the Catholic Church in 2005 following his “defection” to a “new age” sect. 

Caspar René Gregory (1894)

The Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana is a part of the Vatican Library that has 75,000 codices from throughout history, and the document Codex Vaticanus is found as Vat. gr. 1209; no. B or 03 Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden.  The numbering of this document is the result of a Caspar René Gregory (November 6, 1846 in Philadelphia – April 9, 1917 in a field hospital in Neuchâtel sur Aisne, France being the oldest volunteer soldier to fight in World War I—for Germany) who was a German-American theologian, and a Protestant. An American by birth but German by choice, Gregory published several cataloging lists/criterion, the most important being his cataloging system in 1908 detailed in Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments, which is the system still in use today. Gregory divided the manuscripts into four groups: papyri, uncials, minuscules, and lectionaries (among his works are Prolegomena zu Tischendorfs Novum Testamentum Graece (editio VIII. critica major), 2 Vols. 1884-94 (German revised edition: text criticism of the New Testament, 3 Vols., 1900-09; and, Vorschläge für eine kritische Ausgabe des griechischen Neuen Testaments, 1911).  Teodor Cressy Skeat believed that Vaticanus was rejected by the emperor, for it is deficient in the Eusebia canon tables (dividing the gospels into sections), contains many corrections (made in scriptorium), and lacks the books of Maccabees (see: Teodor Cressy Skeat, The Codex Sinaiticus, The Codex Vaticanus and Constantine, Journal of Theological Studies 50 (1999), pp. 583–625; Skeat (15 February 1907 — 25 June 2003) was a librarian at the British Museum, where he worked as Assistant Keeper (from 1931), Deputy Keeper (from 1948), and Keeper of Manuscripts and Egerton Librarian (from 1961 to 1972)

Kurt Aland (1915-1994)

After Gregory’s death in battle, his work was picked up by Kurt Aland (28 March 1915 – 13 April 1994) who was also a German Theologian.  He was a Professor of New Testament Research and Church History, and established the Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung (Institute for New Testament Textual Research) in Münster where he served as its first director from 1959 – 1983.  

Hermann Freiherr von Soden

The final part of the numbering system for ancient codices was invented by Baron Hermann Freiherr von Soden (16 August 1852-15 January 1914).  Like his predecessors, von Soden was a German biblical scholar, and like Gregory was born in the USA at Cincinnati, Ohio, on August 16, 1852.  He was educated at the University of Tübingen and became the Protestant minister of Dresden-Striesen in 1881.  In 1887 Baron von Soden became minister of the Jerusalem Church in Berlin and two years later became privatdozent in the University of Berlin.  Four years later was appointed extraordinary professor of divinity. His popularity waned then was rejuvenated and waned again as he advocated for a more democratic presbyterian constitution of the congregations within the Evangelical State Church of Prussia’s older Provinces.  During this time he published a complex cataloging system for manuscripts in 1902 – 1910.  Grouping manuscripts based on content, von Soden assigned them a Greek prefix: δ for the complete New Testament, ε for the Gospels, and α for the remaining parts.  His assignment of numbering was seriously flawed as some manuscripts grouped in δ did not contain Revelation, and many manuscripts grouped in α contained either the general epistles or the Pauline epistles, but not both. Following the Greek prefix, Von Soden assigned a numeral that roughly corresponded to a date (for example δ1 – δ49 were from before the 10th century, δ150-δ249 for the 11th century). This system proved to be problematic when manuscripts were re-dated, or when more manuscripts were discovered than the number of spaces allocated to a certain century.

Codex Vaticanus (end or Luke)

The Codex Vaticanus’ that Ledwith was referring to is written on 759 leaves of vellum in uncial letters.  It has been dated palaeographically to the 4th century CE— which means that it was not written by any of the alleged apostles (including Paul of Tarsus) or any early church/Christian community figure.  Furthermore, its text differs from the Vulgate and the Textus Receptus (which actually follows a sixteenth century Byzantine tract) and is considered more reliable by some scholars: (See: S. P. Tregelles, An Introduction to the Critical study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, London 1856, p. 108). 

Codex Vaticanus B (2 Thess 3:11-18; Heb 1:1-2)

It was probably one of the earliest bibles commissioned by the pagan Emperor Constantine. Personally I have problems with accepting its authenticity because of numerous errors in the text. For example: Matthew 10:8 it has Alexandrian reading νεκρους εγειρετε (raise the dead) omitted by the Byzantine text. Acts 20:28 it has Alexandrian reading του Θεου (of the God) instead of Byzantine του κυριου και του Θεου (of the Lord and God).  Furthermore, it has some additions and variants that do not exist in the Byzantine text before the sixteenth century. One of the best known examples is the Comma Johanneum in 1 John 5:7, but there are other texts like: Matthew 10:8; 27:35; Luke 17:36; John 3:25; Acts 8:37; 9:5; 15:34; and some readings (“book of life” (βιβλίο της ζωής) instead of “tree of life” (δέντρο της ζωής) in Revelation 22:19; the text is: και εαν τις αφελη απο των λογων του βιβλιου της προφητειας ταυτης αφελοι ο θεος το μερος αυτου απο του ξυλου της ζωης και εκ της πολεως της αγιας των γεγραμμενων εν τω βιβλιω τουτω) which the Byzantine text does not have.

Codex Sinaiticus

The other citation by Ledwith is Codex Sinaiticus (Hebrew: קודקס סינאיטיקוס‎, Greek: Σιναϊτικός Κώδικας).  It is dated c. 350 and contains the oldest complete copy of the New Testament, as well as the Greek Old Testament, known as the Septuagint. It was most likely one of the fifty original bibles that the Emperor Constantine compile to send to the Eastern Church to insure conformity within his corpus Christianorum (literally: “body of christians” a group ultimately known as the Christian Community—the Emperor had not yet created the “Church of the Christ [Magi(cian)]”). Constantine wanted a Bible which would be acceptable to pagans (“country people” or non-Christians) as well as Christians, and Eusebius (the Bishop of Caesarea and a follower of Origen) was assigned to direct this task in 322 CE.  The Emperor wrote to the Christian Bishop Eusebius:

I have thought it expedient to instruct your Prudence to order fifty copies of the sacred Scriptures, the provision and use of which you know to be most needful for the instruction of the Church, to be written on prepared parchment in a legible manner, and in a convenient, portable form, by professional transcribers thoroughly practised in their art. (Vita Constantini, IV, 36)

  According to Eusebius:

Such were the emperor’s commands, which were followed by the immediate execution of the work itself, which we sent him in magnificent and elaborately bound volumes of a threefold and fourfold form. (Vita Constantini, IV, 37 [4.36.37])

There is a problem with Eusebius and later translators and interpreters of Eusebius, especially with the phrase εν πολυτελως ησκημενοις τευχεσι τρισσα και τετρασσα διαπεμψαντων ημων as it has numerous meanings, including:

  • Codices were prepared in three or four volumes –Bernard de Montfaucon (January 13, 1655 – December 21, 1741) a French Benedictine monk, and the scholar who founded a new discipline known as palaeography (he is also regarded to be one of the founders of modern archaeology); and who was an editor of numerous works of the Fathers of the Church;
  • Codices were sent in three or four boxes – Fridericus Adolphus Heinichen who was a nineteenth century editor of Eusebius: Eusebii Pamphili Historiae ecclesiasticae libri X / adiecit Fridericus Adolphus Heinichen. Lipsiae : Kayser, 1827-1828. 3 volumes;
  • Codices were prepared in with three or four folios – Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener who argued that Eusebius was “unclear” and should not be used as a reliable authority in Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1894).  A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, George Bell & Sons, London, vol. 1. pp. 118-119;
  • Text of the codices was written in three or four columns per page – the thesis of Constantin von Tischendorf, discoverer of Codex Sinaiticus, who believed that Sinaiticus and Vaticanus were among these fifty Bibles prepared by Eusebius in Caesarea. According to him, they were written with three (as Vaticanus) or four columns per page (as Sinaiticus), see: Novum Testamentum Graece ad Antiquissimos Testes Denuo Recensuit, Tischendorf, Editio Octava Critica Maior, Lipsk 1884, vol. III, p. 348; Oscar Leopold von Gebhardt (1844–1906) was a German Lutheran theologian who 1893 he became chief librarian and professor of paleography at the University of Leipzig. He published Theile’s Novum Testamentum Graece (1875–1900) and Das Neue Testament griesch und deutsch (fourth edition, 1896); edited The Miniatures of the Ashburnham Pentateuch (1883); with Adolf von Harnack, Texte und Untersuchungen zur Gerschichte der altchristlichen Literatur (1882–1905), a serial devoted to New Testament and patristic criticism, Gregory (already discussed above), and Kirsopp Lake (1872 – 1946), a British biblical and patristic scholar, textual critic. After 1914 he was a professor of early Christian literature at Harvard University. In 1919 he was appointed to a Harvard chair as Winn Professor of Ecclesiastical History, and authored The Codex Sinaiticus, 2 vols, 1911-1922, Six Collations of New Testament Manuscripts, Oxford University Press, 1932, among other works. Kirsopp Lake argued against Sinaiticus being Greek in origin as Sinaiticus has a curious spelling of the word κραβαττος as κραβακτος; Sinaiticus spells Ισραηλειτης as Ισδραηλειτης, Vaticanus as Ιστραηλειτης; these forms have been regarded as Latin, and they can find in papyri from Egypt.  This gives greater weight to the argument that the original bible is from Egypt, and as I argue, that Christianity developed out of ancient Egyptian theology;
  • Codices were sent by threes of fours—which is the least plausible of all the theories because all imperial shipments were heavily guarded and there was no secret that the texts conformed more to the Eastern interpretation than the political aspirations of the churches of Rome.

Eusebius rejected the deity of Christ and claimed that Christ was a created being which made him more acceptable to the emperor who was trying to restore peace and harmony in a crumbling empire.  There were about 50 copies of this bible made by Eusebius, and they ended up in Rome and Alexandria, where there was a very large scholarly community that was research oriented and found numerous similarities in the Christ myth and their own ancient theologies.  (Eusebius may not have been the only one whom Constantine commissioned or Constantine may have sent more than the fifty bibles, for Athanasius (c.340) wrote: “I sent to him volumes containing the holy Scriptures, which he had ordered me to prepare for him” Apologia ad Constantium 4.)

Reputable scholars of the codices Vaticanus and Sinaiticus readily admit that these two codices are remarkably similar, so similar as to compel one to believe that they were of common origin. Dr. Gregory argued that the Vatican and Sinai manuscripts are two of Constantine’s 50 bibles, writing: “This Manuscript (Vaticanus) is supposed, as we have seen, to have come from the same place as the Sinaitic Manuscript. I have said that these two show connections with each other, and that they would suit very well as a pair of the fifty manuscripts written at Caesarea for Constantine the Great” (Gregory, Casper René (1907). Canon and text of the New Testament. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1907, p. 345).  Dr. A. T. Robertson concurred with Gregory’s assessment in his Introduction to Textual Criticism of the New Testament. Dr. A.T. Robertson wrote, “Constantine himself ordered fifty Greek Bibles from Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, for the churches of Constantinople. It is quite possible that Aleph (Sinai) and B (Vatican) are two of these fifty.” (Robertson, Archibald Thomas (c. 1925).  An introduction to the textual criticism of the New Testament. London, Hodder & Stoughton, Limited [c1925]). 

What is noteworthy is that these documents follow or are a part of the Alexandrian text that is also called the “Egyptian” or “Hesychian” type text and incorporates many Egyptian theological stories that have been passed off as Christian truths and historical facts—which they are neither truths nor historical fact. Because of this Protestants, led by Martin Luther, made a concerted attack upon the original documents to “purify” them of “pagan influences” whereas there were no pagan influences, but the actual documents as determined by the warrior bishops meeting at Nicaea on orders of the Emperor Constantine to form a new state church—much in the manner of Luther who called the Germans to create their own brand of Christianity—a call originally denounced by Henry VIII of England (thereby winning the papal designation of “Defender of the Faith” (Fidei Defensor) that UK rulers still use) which ultimately found its apologists in those commissioned to create the unreliable and poorly (and in many cases wrongly) translated King James Version of the Bible that is the foundation for most Protestant Bibles, the worse being that of the Watch Tower (Jehovah’s Witnesses) Society and the Gideon Society.

The fifty copies of Constantine’s bible, all were uniform as deviation in color, type and adornment was strictly controlled, thereby exercising a great influence on great influence on future copies, at least within the bounds of the patriarchate of Constantinople.  Since Constantinople was considered the New Rome, the bibles that arrived in the capital city were the foundation for future bibles, and helped forward the process of arriving at a commonly accepted New Testament in the East, most of it mythology, as the oldest known fragment of the New Testament is from the Gospel of John—and it dates late in the second century CE.

Oldest known fragment of Gospel of John (2d century CE)

The significance of the Gospel of John cannot be understated, for it is the earliest record that we have fragments of.  All references to Mark being the first gospel recorded come from secondary sources, as does the early dating of Matthew and Luke. Why is this significant? I am asked that frequently when I have argued the case, but with Ledwith’s few comments and subsequent rereading of Eusebius and other ancient writers and filmed scrolls it became clear with the nudge of Fred Edwords.

The first three gospels in the current canon of the New Testament that are published by Watch Tower, Gideon, and other groups including mainstream presses of the Bible all begin with the narrative of a birth of an alleged Jesus who was miraculously conceived by a young girl (virgin) Mary, but as I have published, this follows the ancient Egyptian account of Isis who was artificially inseminated with the sperm of her brother/husband Osiris after he had been killed by his brother Set (he is later resurrected and sits on the back of his mother to rule over the dead at a Last Judgment). The traditional three gospels then record, however briefly, the flight to Egypt (paralleling the Old Testament move of the family of Joseph to Egypt, as well as symbolic of the return of the Israelites from Egypt), and one glimpse of the early childhood of the boy Jesus who was found lecturing the teachers in the Temple. Only after this parallel do the gospels drop their biographical accounts until Jesus begins his “ministry”.  None of these accounts are found the Gospel of John. John, singularly, begins his tale (what is left of it from the small fragment) with the adult life of Jesus, prefacing it with a parallel to Genesis 1:1 (εν αρχη ην ο λογος και ο λογος ην προς τον θεον και θεος ην ο λογος cp.  בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ׃) the difference being between “Word (λóγος)” and “sky [heaven] and earth”.  In the original texts, “Word (λóγος)” means “discourse” between two objects or people, and it reflects the ancient theology of the early

Goddess Nut (sky) God Geb (earth) ancient Egypt

Egyptians who saw Nut (the oldest goddess in the Egyptian pantheon, for they, like the early Israelites (Apiru) were polytheists) as the creator—in direct contrast to other theologies who saw the sky as paternal and a distant creator.  Nut is often pictured as a cow (Yeh) and from the union of sky and earth (the god Geb) became Yahweh.  From that point on the gospels follow the message of savior gods throughout the Mediterranean lands, for all had ministries, apostles, disciples, crucifixions, and so forth.

The issue of the crucifixion itself has been a point of argument. Fred Edwards wrote me a while ago concerning my article on Justin the Martyr (Justin Martyr) as I discounted Justin’s alleged first century use of the word crux (cross) for the Greek word σταυρός (stake).  What many have overlooked in error, or by intention, is the difference between the two communities chrestianos (see: Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum identity number CIL VI 24944; cf. Lodovico Antonio Muratori, Novus Thesaurus Veterum Inscriptionum, vol III. Class. XXIII, Mediolani (Milan) 1739-1742, p. 1668, no. 6) and christianos.  They were two different groups (both whom claimed to follow an anointed (Christos) leader for various causes, one being war (cf. Matthew 10:34; the only ancient difference in the translation of this passage appears in the Book of Kells that uses the word “gaudium” meaning “joy” rather than “gladium,” which means “sword” — rendering the verse in translation: “I came not [only] to bring peace, but joy”), the other being peace, and so forth. Even the early Church Fathers recognized this difference, as with Tertullian, Apologeticum 3.5-6: Christianus vero, quantum interpretatio est, de unctione deducitur. sed et cum perperam Chrestianus pronuntiatur a vobis, nam nec nominis certa est notitia penes vos, de suavitate vel benignitate compositum est. oditur itaque in hominibus innocuis etiam nomen innocuum. at enim secta oditur in nomine utique sui auctoris.  (Christian [as a word] indeed, as much as it is to be interpreted, is derived from [the word] anointing. And even when it is falsely pronounced Chrestian by you, for neither is there any certain notice taken of the name among you, it is made up of sweetness or benignity. Thus even an innocent name is hated among innocent men. But indeed the sect is hated in the name of its author.) 

The people put to death by Nero were not christianos but chrestianos: those who rose up against his rule; and Justin Martyr is more of an apologist for the latter than the former. It is an error to claim otherwise.  The persecutions began during the reign of Claudius (41-54 CE) and at that time it was too early for Christians to be in Rome. The word chresto is more likely the ablative form of chrestes “usurer”. This leads to a far more likely alternative translation: “Claudius banished from Rome the Jews, who were practicing usury and by that continually created unrest”. The Bible confirms that Jews, not Christians were expelled by Claudius: Acts 18:2: Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome.  In the ancient world there is but a single source that calls these people “Christians”: Tacitus Annals (Book XV.44).  Nero persecuted “usurpers” or Chrestianos, not Christians. Persecution of Christians does not begin until the third century and fourth centuries according to the writings of the Church Fathers, and then only on the eve of Christian hegemony.

Martyrdom became fashionable for the most radical fundamentalists in the Christian community. Tertullian (Ad Scapulam, 5) tells us that a group of people presented themselves to the Roman governor of Asia, C. Arrius Antoninus, declaring themselves to be Christians, and calling out for the Roman the governor to “do his duty” and put them to death. He executed a few, but the rest demanded it as well, which so exasperated the governor that he responded, “You wretches, if you want to die, you have cliffs to leap from and ropes to hang by” (Quoted in Bowersock, G. W. (1995). Martyrdom and Rome. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 1). 

The fixation on and for martyrdom was so strong it even took over the schools established by Christians. Because of the urgency of many Christians to be martyred, the Emperor Septimius Severus issued an edict in 202 “dissolving the influential Christian School of Alexandria and forbidding future conversions to Christianity” (http://countrystudies.us/egypt/14.htm). From this milieu Justin Martyr comes and with it the invention of the cross, in patterning himself and his people after what was known from the only existing gospel: John 15:20: μνημονευετε του λογου ου εγω ειπον υμιν ουκ εστιν δουλος μειζων του κυριου αυτου ει εμε εδιωξαν και υμας διωξουσιν ει τον λογον μου ετηρησαν και τον υμετερον τηρησουσιν (in an effort to be “Christ-like”). This required the other gospels and the alleged letters of the New Testament to be invented.


Filed under atheism, Bible, Church history, crucifixon, Jesus Christ, Roman Catholicism

Jesus, Crucifixion and Justin Martyr

I received a personal e-mail in response to an article I published on this blog. I wish the letter had come here (rather than to my private e-mail account) so I could address it for everyone. But the contents of the e-mail are noteworthy, and I am grateful that the author took time to write it. What that author wrote is a response to my line (in italics, below):      

“The myth of the cross does not appear in Christian lore until the fourth century CE.”     

He responded:     

But you might want to read the first Apology of Justin Martyr, which can be found numerous places on the Web. Here is one:     


Since it is addressed to the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius, it was written between 150 and 155 CE.      

Not only is this work full of references to the cross, it has long been of interest to freethinkers because many of Justin’s arguments are in the vein of, “we ALSO have a crucified savior, so we aren’t that different from you non-Christians.”      

 I am always grateful when someone replies, regardless if it is to praise or damn me, for true scholarship requires peer review and to know all opinions, reflect and research on them, and either acknowledge the opinions as better than my own, or to gently offer other information to substantiate what I wrote. My initial reply to this patient person of goodwill was:      

I appreciate your response. However, the editions we have of Justin Martyr are not the originals (especially the First Apology) written in 151-160 CE, and while the “cross” does appear frequently (especially Chapter 55) it is coupled with numerous historical inaccuracies as in chapter 60 on Moses being borrowed by Plato; but much of this matches bishop Eusebius’ Praepartio Evengelica II.571f. “Crux” appears in fifth century copies of Justin which is more in keeping with torment by hanging (abi in malam crucem) which even the one-time Christian Tertullian used in reference to a gallows; but, third century scrolls show “transversus” rather than “crura” (of a person/people crucified). The main problem here is that Justin’s writings are in Latin, while the scriptural accounts are in Greek and not all were completed thus disabling Justin’s Defense or “Apology”.
The original Greek text in the Gospels (all) is stauros which means “stake.”  Latin redactions appear as crux and crucis. But even Justin the Martyr confuses this (in later editions) with the Hebrew pereq which means “crossways” (chapter 60), which is a juxtaposition of gods (Justin uses the singular format) in the universe but universe was not a common term and then not as we understand today. Universe in Latin is universum, mundus, universitas which is closer to “beloved [in universum]” or “the whole [universitas]” as defined in Cicero, while “mundum”  is “earth” or “world”.
What I am proposing in my forthcoming book is the much of what the “Ancient Fathers” wrote are actually redactions from the 4th and 5th century and made to appear as if written in the first century CE. There numerous “Christian Classic Libraries” online (e.g. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf01.viii.ii.lv.html) but they either give a rendition or repeat a translation by a clergyman–but as with the NIV, which most biblical critics agree, there are addenda, amendments, add-ons, and glosses to cover “missing” parts, words, or phrases to make contemporary translations more agreeable.
… I have spent a lifetime discovering things I did not believe exist or was taught, and in blind faith, accepted as existing. …I find that reading original documents (some published by E J Brill of Leiden, others which can be ordered for various fees from “repositories” etc) and reading redactions and redactions of redactions, has changed my thinking. Back in the 1960s I actually wrote a thesis defending the Petrine Doctrine–which I firmly reject now. I have found too many errors (based on my own scholarship and interest in ancient languages) in Justin Martyr to accept the online editions or texts published in the last 200 years. Yes, I do own the entire Patrologia edited by Migne (all languages published in the 19th century), and I find even typos that missed readers. My book is to point out these problems.
As for “cross” appearing in Justin–yes–in contemporary (1890-present) editions, but not so in older incunabula or scrolls. But I do hope you added a comment or two to my blog site so I can respond more fully as I think other readers will be interested in our continuing discourse. For a bibliography consider: http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/hcc2.v.xv.xv.html?highlight=justin,martyr,latin#highlight
Thank you for the kindness of writing. Best to you and your group….
Justin Martyr frequently cited the Old Testament (OT)–but he knew neither Hebrew nor Aramaic. While most of the OT was originally written in Hebrew, there are a couple of small sections that were written in Aramaic (Ezra 4:8-6:18, 7:12-26; Daniel chapters 2-7, and one verse in Jeremiah), Justin Martyr neither knew nor used Aramaic or Hebrew (although he did, later in life, study Hebrew with a Jew who converted to Christianity).


Aramaic is similar but not identical to Hebrew.  Justin makes no reference to it, but it would have been the language of Jesus–which means the sayings of Jesus are redactions by later writers.  Jesus was not educated in Greek or Latin, and the parables and prayers are in Greek.
Some contemporary scholars claim that Church Father Papias argued that at least the Gospel of Matthew was written in Aramaic.  Papias wrote: “So then Matthew composed the oracles [in Aramaic “oracles” would be “sayings”] in the Hebrew [which can be, provisionally, translated as Aramaic] language, and each interpreted them as he could.”
Justin calls on the Gospels to support his theories–but Justin did not know early Greek and thus did not know specific words that he incorrectly used to build his own theology.  The Gospels were favourite citations, but the authorship of the Gospels is not even discussed.  Matthew was “a tax collector”.  To engage in such a business, Matthew would have had to known Aramaic to be able to speak to the Jews, but he also would had to have known Greek (and maybe Latin) to have spoken to the Roman officials.  How literate he was is a point of debate–with most evangelicals claiming that Matthew was a key writer (of the Gospel of Matthew).
The Apostle “Luke” is considered not only the author of the Gospel that carries his name, but also of the “Acts of the Apostles” or “Acts” and in Acts, Luke salutes or greets “most excellent Theophilus.” (Acts 23:26; 24:30) But Luke was not alone, for Philip, one of the apostles, was able to converse with Greeks, and according to the Gospel of John, he brought Greeks to Andrew and then to Jesus (John 12:20-23).
Peter is, allegedly, the key apostle (Matthew 16:18), but there are problems with his letters, which I consider to be forgeries from a far later date.  There is a startling difference between the Greek of Peter’s two epistles.  The first epistle is written in highly stylistic Greek.  The second is written in very simple Greek.  That indicates the first letter was written by someone very familiar with the Greek language, while someone (most likely “Silvanus, the faithful brother as I consider [him], through [whom] I wrote a few [words]”; 2 Peter 5:12) for whom Greek was a second language probably wrote the second.  Later redactors up to the publication of the NIV Bible by Zondervan of Michigan adds missing words that do not exist in the original documents.
What is known of the original New Testament shows the texts being composed in kione [common] Greek (Ελληνιστική Κοινή) which was known throughout the Mediterranean world and is an ancestor to modern Greek–but like all ancestors is not equal to the current generation (cf. Κοπιδάκης, Μ. Ζ. (1999) ed.,  “Εισαγωγή στην Ελληνιστική Κοινή”, in Ιστορία  της  Ελληνικής Γλώσσας, Athens, 1999, pp. 82-92). It was a “street language” spoken from Egypt to the fringes of India, and like most vulgar (common) languages did not follow any grammar rules or organisation. It was in this street language that the New Testament was set and written. The reason for this was that the teachings of the Testaments were aimed at the most common (uneducated/undereducated people), and for that reason the authors of the New Testament used the most popular language of the era.  (It is tantamount to contemporary publishers strangling the English language by printing in books such vulgar language as “gonna”, “wanna”, and so forth.)
Patristic Greek is sometimes used to describe the Greek written by the Church Fathers. These “Church Fathers” were early Christian theologians in late antiquity who tended to use a simple register of Koiné.  When it was later “purified” (cleaned-up) textual errors were found and changed to fit current ideas.  Justin shows no recognition of either form of Greek, any more than Hebrew or Aramaic. If that is the case, which I am convinced of, Justin would have had to read the Scriptures in Latin.   But the question becomes: which Latin edition of the Bible?
There are various “Vetus Latina” Bibles, before Jerome who was commissioned by Pope Damasus I in 382 to make a revision of the old Latin translations. These Bibles have numerous errors and equally as numerous variations within the texts. Because of this, most texts are suspect of not only being inaccurate but counterfit–a reality that Augustine of Hippo lamented in De Doctrina Christiana (2, 16).  For example one can compare a single bible verse (Luke 6:1) with the two forms of Latin. The verse in question is translated by modernists as “And it came to pass on the second first sabbath, that as he [Jesus] went through the corn fields, his disciples plucked the earns, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.” (Douai, 1609). In the Vetus Latina (Codex Bezae) we read:
Et factum est eum in Sabbato secundoprimo abire per segetes discipuli autem illius coeperunt vellere spicas et fricantes manibus…
But in the Vulgate we read:
Factum est autem in sabbato secundo, primo, cum transíret per sata, vellebant discípuli eius spicas, et manducabant confricantes manibus.
(cf. Wordsworth, I., White, H.I., Sparks, H.F.D., Novum Testamentum Domini Nostri Jesu Christi Latine secundum editione S. Hieronymi, Oxonii 1889-1954.)
As noted earlier, there are numerous grammatical idiosyncrasies and variations on words, the handwriting is frequently run-together, and without punctuation (there are no crosses separating sentences, for example) meanings can change (see illustration from the Codex Bezae)    

Codex Bezae for Luke 6:1

 and can be found easily in any writing for the christian communities before the third century CE. This practice and style continued through the thirteenth century CE.  Into this lot of errors falls the writings of Justin Martyr–who evangelical fundamentalist delight in citing in their defense of Christ being crucified on a cross, that he willingly surrendered his life at the command of his Heavenly Father, and that he released his spirit (soul/life) at the hour of his own chosing.   The on-line translations of Justin Martyr (originally known as Justin the Martyr) are, for the most part, supplied by Roman Catholics and Roman Catholic institutions/universities (e.g. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08580c.htm).   

Conservative Christians usually turn to particular manuscripts that they argue represent the writings of Justin Martyr, implying a large number of such manuscripts.  However, there are but two–and both are corrupt with glosses and addenda (cp. Opera quae feruntur omnia. Ad optimos libros MSS. nunc primum aut denuo collatos recensuit, prolegomenis et commentariis instruxit, translatione Latina ornavit, indices adiecit Io. Car. Th. eques de Otto. Wiesbaden, M. Sändig [1969]).
In a reading of any treatise by Justin Martyr, it is easily noticed that most of his ideas are borrowed from Plato and other Greek schools of philosophy. For example, Justin embellishes the ancient Egyptian and Mycenean concept of the Trinity and claims that Plato had a prefigured understanding of the Trinity of God and the redemptive Cross of Christ:
And the physiological discussing concerning the Son of God in the Timaeus of Plato, where he says, ‘He placed him crosswise in the universe,’ he borrowed in like manner from Moses.
(Quote from Roberts, Alexander Rev. and Donaldson, James (1867).  Translations of the Writings of the Fathers Down to A.D. 325. Edinburgh: L & T Clark, 1867, p. 58.) 
In his First Apology [it should be First Defense of Christianity], Justin pronounces a Trinitarian devotion to  “. . . the most true God, the Father of righteousness . . . and the Son (who came forth from Him and taught us these things, and the host of other good angels who follow and are made like to Him), and the Prophetic Spirit, we worship and adore . . . ” (cf. Placher, William (1988). Readings in the History of Christian Theology. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, p. 32.)  Not only does Justin again take his concept of a Trinity from ancient philosophers, but he makes many into proto-christians as well as christians.  This was a theologically-innovative suggestion that the “seeds of Christianity” (manifestations of the Logos acting in history) actually predated Christ’s incarnate existence, as can be seen in this tract he authored:
those who live according to the Logos are Christians, even though they may have been counted as atheists-such as Socrates and Heraclitus, and others like them, among the Greeks  
(rev. McGrath, Alister E. (2007).  The Christian Theology Reader, 3rd. ed. Malden, MA.: Blackwell Publishing, p. 3).  This  doctrine was later repudiated by the emerging state church (McGrath, Alister E. (1998). Historical Theology: An Introduction to the History of Christian Thought. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, p. 88.) 
Justin saw the Logos as a being separate from god and subordinate to god: “For next to God, we worship and love the Logos who is out of the unbegotten and ineffable God, since also He became man for our sakes, that, becoming a partaker of our sufferings, He might also bring us healing” (2 Apology 13).  To strengthen his claim that the Logos was separate from the unbegotten god, Justin wrote:
There is, and that there is said to be, another God and Lord subject to the Maker of all things who is also called an Angel, because He announces to men whatsoever the Maker of all things, above whom there is no other God, wishes to announce to them…. I shall endeavor to persuade you, that He who is said to have appeared to Abraham, and to Jacob, and to Moses, and who is called God, is distinct from Him who made all things, I mean numerically, not in will.
(cf. Dialogue with Typho 56; on-line at http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/justinmartyr-dialoguetrypho.html) (in time this was declared heresy)
From this point it is but a short leap of unguided faith that Justin introduces the novel idea of Jesus Christ dying on a cross (actually a “instrument of torture).  This was necessary to refute the arguments of various non-Christians who argued that their god(s) were also crucified and that Christianity was merely borrowing from established theologies/myths.  What is unique with Justin is that his crucified saviour was separate from the Father and subordinate to the Father. For example, in chapter 129 of his Dialogue with Trypho (a Jew), Justin makes a clear distinction, indicating that the “God” he refers to as Christ, is distinct from and subject to another, who is “Lord of the Lord”, and causes the “God” Christ to have his power and authority.  This is not the theme of any other early Christian writer: from the Apostles through the first two centuries, but did give credence to sects within christianity that debated on whether or not Jesus was the adopted son of God (a concept that made its way into Islam), or a ghost, or some other manifestation such as the theory put forth by the priest Sabellius who argued the nontrinitarian belief that the Heavenly Father, Resurrected Son and Holy Spirit are different modes or masks or aspects of one God (Greek πρόσωπα prosopa; Latin personae), as perceived by the believer, rather than three distinct persons in God Himself (which is the orthodox concept ultimately defined by the bishops of the early church)–and which the majority of early Christians accepted and believed in (see:  Tertullian, Against Praxeas, III, c.213 at  http://christiandefense.com/Tertullian.Prax.htm#3; cf. The Biblical Repository Andover: Gould and Newman, 1835; vol. V, No. XVII – XVIII, pp. 35-36 at ).   The early christian community was not united.  For example: Nestorianism taught that Jesus was two persons.  Monophysitism taught that Jesus had one nature, rather than two.  Docetism, conversely, taught that Jesus’ humanity was merely an illusion (that Jesus was a ghost).  This forced the Emperor Constantine to create a united imperial church and compel all sects into accepting his decision as what was a matter of faith and practice.


Tertullian, another Father of the Church (who also left the “communion of saints”) wrote in Adversus Praxean III, there was no separation between the Father and the Son, noting St. Paul’s admonition (that completely discredits Justin): “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ: for in Him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily” (Col. 2.8-9).   The idea of a tripartite God was utterly foreign to the universal [catholic] Church well into the third century, and issue of “the cross” a novel point that outside of Justin one cannot find elsewhere until it appears after the Emperor Constantine created the Christian church. 

When Justin Martyr was beheaded beside his students (cf. Birley, Anthony. (2000).  Marcus Aurelius: A Biography, London: Routledge, page 152ff.),  and although the actual record of the trial no longer exists, from his other writings, attacking the Jews on a no-longer existing tract in a Midrash, condemning Greeks for worshipping gods he rejected, and calling on the Roman Senate and the emperor to convert, he was definitely seen as a threat to law and order and the rule of the day.  The force of his convictions, especially in declaring his firm belief in a millennium and the overthrow of the established order overwhelmed basic sense when the empire was already being set upon by numerous revolutions and problems.  When he condemned the “anti-Christ” many assumed he was talking about the Emperor (Marcus Aurelius), and detailed a “second coming”:

“But if so great a power is shown to have followed and to be still following the dispensation of His suffering, how great shall that be which shall follow His glorious advent! For He shall come on the clouds as the Son of man, so Daniel foretold [7:9-28], and His angels shall come with Him.”  

This was easily construed as treason.  


Filed under Augustine of Hippo, Church history, crucifixon, Roman Catholicism

Jesus Did Not Die on a Cross

Jesus did not die on a cross.  According to Matt. 10:38 (καὶ ὃς οὐ λαμβάνει τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθεῖ ὀπίσω μου, οὐκ ἔστιν μου ἄξιος.), 16:24 (Τότε ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν τοῖς μαθηταῖς αὐτοῦ, Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι), 27:32 (Ἐξερχόμενοι δὲ εὗρον ἄνθρωπον Κυρηναῖον ὀνόματι Σίμωνα: τοῦτον ἠγγάρευσαν ἵνα ἄρῃ τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ), cp. 40:42; Mark 8:34 (Καὶ προσκαλεσάμενος τὸν ὄχλον σὺν τοῖς μαθηταῖς αὐτοῦ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς, Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἀκολουθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι), 10:21 uses “treasures in heaven” as an illusion toward his ultimate death (ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἐμβλέψας αὐτῷ ἠγάπησεν αὐτὸν καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ, Εν σε ὑστερεῖ: ὕπαγε ὅσα ἔχεις πώλησον καὶ δὸς [τοῖς] πτωχοῖς, καὶ ἕξεις θησαυρὸν ἐν οὐρανῷ, καὶ δεῦρο ἀκολούθει μοι), cf. 15:21 for the prophecy betrayal, and 30 crystalising the stake’s role (σῶσον σεαυτὸν καταβὰς ἀπὸ τοῦ σταυροῦ), and verse 32 which most likely is a later addition since it gives the Roman rule (ὁ Χριστὸς ὁ βασιλεὺς Ἰσραὴλ καταβάτω νῦν ἀπὸ τοῦ σταυροῦ, ἵνα ἴδωμεν καὶ πιστεύσωμεν. καὶ οἱ συνεσταυρωμένοι σὺν αὐτῷ ὠνείδιζον αὐτόν); Luke 9:3, 14:27, 23:26; and, John 19:17, 19, 25, 31, Jesus died on a stake (σταυροῦ), which even “St. Paul” agrees with (1 Cor. 1:17 (οὐ γὰρ ἀπέστειλέν με Χριστὸς βαπτίζειν ἀλλὰ εὐαγγελίζεσθαι, οὐκ ἐν σοφίᾳ λόγου, ἵνα μὴ κενωθῇ ὁ σταυρὸς τοῦ Χριστοῦ), 18 (Ὁ λόγος γὰρ ὁ τοῦ σταυροῦ τοῖς μὲν ἀπολλυμένοις μωρία ἐστίν, τοῖς δὲ σῳζομένοις ἡμῖν δύναμις θεοῦ ἐστιν); cp. Gal. 5:11, 6:12 and 14; Eph. 2:16; Phil. 2:8 and 3:18; Col. 1:20 and 2:14; and Heb 12:2).

While the Jehovah Witnesses are correct that the bible tract details a stake (for the word origin, see: Woodhouse, S. C (1910). English-Greek Dictionary; a vocabulary of the Attic language. London: Routledge, p. 185; reprinted 2001; the contemporary Greek word is διακυβεύονται), they are wrong in arguing that it was only a pagan symbol. Various early Christian groups (that antedate Christianity by as much as 3300 years) used the symbol as a way to mix water with wine.

The myth of the cross does not appear in Christian lore until Continue reading


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