Category Archives: Leo X (Pope)

Francis cardinal George and pedophiles in the Roman Catholic Church’s clergy

Francis cardinal George (Chicago, 2012)

Francis cardinal George (Chicago, 2012)

Chicago’s Cardinal Francis George has issued a letter (read here and here) stating same-sex marriages are “a legal fiction” and that gay people must live celibate lives or risk the vengeance of a hate-filled, holocaust sanctioning and murderous God whose idea of love is sadistic: complete with the killing of babies and fetuses, denial of education to the masses, and demands that the poor give the godhead their wealth in exchange for salvation gained only by caving into eternal extortion, robbery, and mutilation.  Among the most biblically ignorant men in the Roman Catholic Church who possesses no stellar academic credentials, Cardinal George, published the abhorent birlling letter New Year’s Day in advance of an upcoming Illinois bill that would make same-sex marriages legal.  The craven cardinal added that the Church will refuse to bow to the will of the majority on marriage equality, but falsely foreswears that the Roman Catholic Church is not anti-gay—it cannot be—as there are too many priests, nuns, bishops, cardinals, and popes throughout history who have been homosexuals and lesbians—and are today.

Francis cardinal George of Chicago

Francis cardinal George of Chicago

“Civil laws that establish ‘same-sex marriage’ create a legal fiction,” George wrote. “The State has no power to create something that nature itself tells us is impossible,” the Cardinal schizophrenically stated, apparently forgetting that corporations are people and states are corporations and therefore can perform marriages at will.  George argued that marriage between a man and a woman follows “natural law”.  Six auxiliary bishops: Francis J. Kane (two bachelor degrees) Vicariate II, John R. Manz (M. Div.), Vicariate IV, Joseph Nathaniel Perry (M. Div. with coursework in canon or church law) Vicariate VI, George J. Rassas (MA) Vicariate I, Alberto Rojas, Vicariate III (originally educated in seminaries in Mexico); Andrew P. Wypych (M.Th, Poland), Vicariate V), none with any exemplary education or respectable publications showing in-depth research or investigation, and their sermons being plagiarized for the most part, penned: “Marriage comes to us from nature [sic; animals mate and plants cross-pollinate, but nothing in nature but mortal beings marry; read here and here and here and here for a legal challenge]. The human species comes in two complementary sexes, male and female. Their sexual union is called marital. It not only creates a place of love for two adults but also a home for loving and raising their children [sic: not all of nature cares for its young, as with salmon spawning, as do turtles, cukkoos, butterflys, frogs, flys, worms and rattle snakes, etc.]. It provides the biological basis for personal identity [sic]”.

University of Chicago law professor Geoffrey R. Stone wrote in The Huffington Post: Cardinal George insists that same-sex marriage is incompatible with ‘nature.’ One might just as easily say the same about celibacy. There is such a thing as right and wrong, but invocations of what ‘nature’ commands is no way to get there.” 

Bishop Thomas John Paprocki (Chicago)

Bishop Thomas John Paprocki (Chicago)

Chicago’s auxiliary bishops quickly sided with the cardinal, as their own tarnished history of removing pedophile (defined as any adult who is sexually attracted to children (male or female) priests has dulled any luster their ministry might have had. Thomas J. Paprocki, one of George’s auxiliary bishops in Chicago who heads the Springfield diocese, wanted to be a bishop as a child and played at saying Mass, had a priest Father Tom Donovan from Springfield, Illinois, an outspoken opponent of same-sex marriages, get caught gagged and in handcuffs in his rectory.  Paprocki, who has a degree in secular law degree and a church license in canon law, gave a sermon October 15, 2007, for the Red Mass: a gathering of lawyers and jurists, in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The bishop scorned the church’s escalating financial losses to victims of predatory priests. “The church is under attack,” Paprocki declared, comparing the civil litigation to Henry VIII’s seizure of “church property and kill[ing] those who did not accept his notion of the supremacy of the crown” and warned all listeners of “intrinsic evils” in the Democratic Platform.  Paprocki also examined the Republican Party platform and found that it has “nothing in it that supports or promotes an intrinsic evil or a serious sin.”  The platform’s support for allowing courts the option of imposing the death penalty in capital murder cases is not inherently opposed to Church teaching, the bishop claimed in agreement with Thomas Aquinas’ stand (following the Holocausts prescribed in the bible, especially the bloodthirsty Ps. 100:8, Aquinas argued that the death penalty (Summa Theologiae, II, II, q. 64, art. 2) was merited in cases of heresy (Summa contra gentiles, Book III, chapter 146) in the same manner as Sharia law mandates death for heretics, apostates and unbelievers, following Augustine (De Civitate Dei contra Paganos, Book 1, chapter 21), that would be used by Pope Pius V in his demonic Horrendum illud scelus (August 30, 1568, in Bullarium Romanum, Roma:  Typographia Reverendae Camerae Apostolicae, Mainardi, 1738, chapter 3, p. 33) that demanded that all homosexual priests be put to death (cp. Fifth Lateran Council chap. 4, X, V, 31), and would be followed my Martin Luther (Vom Schem Hamphoras und vom Geschlecht Christi), and other “reformers”), and cravenly cited the Catechism of the Catholic Church’s teaching that the death penalty is permissible if it is the only possible way to defend human life that has nothing in common with any teaching by the Jesus of the New Testament, but fulfills Pauline Christianity as invented by the Emperor Constantine I in 325 CE. Jesus of the New Testament was forgotten by the end of the First Century CE.

Catholic League president Bill Donohue

Catholic League president Bill Donohue

Priests who sexually molest little boys and little girls are not defrocked unless there is sufficient public outcry, an arrest, and a trial—but even these civil and criminal actions do not always lead to the Roman Catholic Church exiling, expelling, defrocking, or denying pedophile priests access to children because, as Bill Donohue of the Catholic League stated: “The refrain that child rape is a reality in the Church is twice wrong: let’s get it straight—they weren’t children and they weren’t raped … the most common abuse has been inappropriate touching (inexcusable though this is, it is not rape).” Those who are “post-puberty”, according to Bill Donohue’s definition, is that they are “young adults” who seek to entrap priests, bishops and cardinals in carnal knowledge and satanic sex (read here and here in following and defending despotic denials by Father Benedict Groeschel

Father Benedict Groeschel claims children seduce priests for sex (2012)

Father Benedict Groeschel claims children seduce priests for sex (2012)

Groeschel told the National Catholic Register that in a “lot of the cases, the youngster — 14, 16, 18 — is the seducer.”).  Little girls are especially dangerous as the Daughters of Eve who lead the Sons of Adam into sin (read here and here). Priests, bishops, and cardinals actually molest more little girls than boys (read here and here and here and here and here and here for Father Uriel Ojeda confessed to sexually molesting a teenage girl:  while Father Jaime Duenas admitted to giving “massages” to teenage girls; the Transportation and Security Administration (TSA) hired a priest (Thomas Harkins) who was accused of sexually assaulting two school girls in the Philadelphia archdiocese) convicted of molesting girls to pat down” children before it completed a thorough background check. 

Father Felix Owino (West Virginia)

Father Felix Owino (West Virginia)

Father Felix Owino, originally from Nairobi, Kenya, is a member of the Apostles of Jesus missionary congregation, an African congregation of priests and brothers and a philosophy teacher at Wheeling Jesuit University in West Virginia and as an associate pastor at St. Paul Roman Catholic Church in Weirton, West Virginia attacked an eleven-year-old girl who reported the assault to her parents.  Young boys receive more news coverage (read here for a conservative response that disagrees and here for more information).

Bishop Paprocki with John Paul II

Bishop Paprocki with John Paul II

Displaying the callousness that has cursed so many Catholic bishops for so long, Paprocki insulted the victims of the scandals, as well as the attorneys and judges in their cases, with these words: “We must use our religious discernment to recognize that the principal force behind these attacks is none other than the devil.”  It was as if Paprocki was living in the cloistered world of Umberto Eco’s Name of the Rose and is even more vile than John Paul II.  The speeches match those of Roman Catholic bishops who supported Adolf Hitler, as when Hitler greeted Ludwig Müller the “[Protestant/Lutheran] Bishop of the Reich” and the Roman Catholic bishops, led by Michael cardinal Faulhaber, praised Hitler “as a man of peace” (October 2, 1938)  in the Völkischer Beobachter, the official newspaper of the Nazi Party (cf. Billig, Joseph (1964).  Alfred Rosenberg dans l’action idéologique, politique et administrative du Reich hitlérien, Paris: Editions du Centre; Piper, Ernst (2005).  Alfred Rosenberg: Hitlers Chefideologe. Munich: Blessing).

Bishop Juan Arzuba (d. January 11, 2008)

Bishop Juan Arzuba (d. January 11, 2008)

Chicago underground papers list three of the auxiliaries in Chicago as being frequent visitors to gay bars within the city. Interestingly, as of 2009 the bishops who have been publicly alleged for sexually abusing minors include Juan A. Arzube of Los Angeles was accused of molesting an 11-year-old boy and forced the Church to pay out one of its greatest settlements.  Tod D. Brown of Orange, CA repeatedly sexually abused a 12-year-old boy in the name of giving the juvenile “faith”. Robert Brom from Duluth MN to San Diego CA,  molested a seminarian to teach the consequences of sin.  Paul Dudley was accused of molesting a woman in Florida. 

Bishop John McCormack (Manchester) and NH Attorney General pressing charges

Bishop John McCormack (Manchester) and NH Attorney General pressing charges

John McCormick of NH won a distinction from the NH GOP leader who referred to the bishop as a “pedophile pimp”.  Thomas Dupré, himself a pedophile, introduced his victims to pornography prior to sex; he retired a day after being accused of sexually assaulting 12- and 13-year-old boys.  Joseph Ferrario of Hawaii who covered up Rev. Arthur O’Brien, the pedophile pastor’s penchant for ten-year-old boys (read here and here).  Louis E. Gelineau of Providence RI, similarly ignored accusations against pedophile priests including one suffering from schizophrenia.  Francis Joseph Green of Tucson, Arizona, had a keen fondness for youth as did Timothy Harrington (read here and here

Bishop Joseph Hart

Bishop Joseph Hart

Bishop Joseph Hart of Cheyenne, Wyoming had six sexual assault charges filed against him, filed by victims who were attacked when they were pre-teenagers, with at least one assault taking place at St. Regis Church in Kansas City, Mo.  There were at least two charges officially launched against the bishop.

Bishop Joseph Hart (1975-1976 at the time of the sexual assault)

Bishop Joseph Hart (1975-1976 at the time of the sexual assault)

Hart also molested three children while bishop of Wyoming and though retired still has access to small children.  Hart’s crimes were covered up from 1977 – 2004 by Diocese of Kansas City-St. Joseph Bishop Raymond J. Boland, and its Vicar General the Rev. Patrick Rush.

Howard Hubbard of Albany, NY molestation led to the exposure of Edward cardinal Egan whom Father Robert Hoaston, a priest, declared was an “active homosexual” and consistently covered up pedophile priests.  Anthony J. O’Connell (10 May 1938 – 4 May 2012, last diocese was Palm Beach, FL) allowed known pedophiles to serve on vocation committees, and admitted to molesting boys at St. Thomas Seminary in Hannibal, MO, where he served as rector or more than two decades, before resigning his bishopric in 2002.

Bishop James Rausch

Bishop James Rausch

James Rausch, bishop of Phoenix was named with two priests in pedophile cases and molested Brian F. O’Connor (whose drug addiction was halted by Msgr. Robert C. Trupia).  Later O’Connor and Trupia had a sexual relationship while O’Connor was growing into adulthood.

Msgr. Robert C. Trupia

Msgr. Robert C. Trupia

 Trupia had a history of child sexual abuse that Rome covered-up for eighteen years at the demand of John Paul II.  John Paul II sought “forgiveness” for pedophiles and only toward the end of his pontificate began to feel any pain for the suffering of the victims of pedophile priests that preyed upon young boys and girls from Ireland to South America, the USA to the Philippines.

Rev. Paul R. Shanley entering San Diego courtroom.

Rev. Paul R. Shanley entering San Diego courtroom.

The Rev. Paul R. Shanley, who was indicted for child rape, kept quiet until recently about his own experience of being raped by a cardinal (Bernard Law).  George E. Rueger an Auxiliary Bishop of Worchester MA was the subject of a civil suit for running a pedophile ring and covering for pedophile priests (read here and and here.  It is claimed that Rueger was especially adept at getting young boys to go to clerical cottages and homes to offer “services” to “desperate priests”.  Rueger expected to get a “kickback” from any revenues the young received for their time and talents.

Bishop Daniel L. Ryan

Bishop Daniel L. Ryan

Bishop Daniel L. Ryan of Springfield, IL (read here and here) was especially active.  He liked males of any age, especially priests and male prostitutes.  He had no fondness for females and was always willing to pay using donations ot the church or save as funds for the poor.

 

Bishop William S. Skylstad greets students

Bishop William S. Skylstad greets students

William Skylstad, had been a parish priest since 1974 where he had been a co-pastor with Father Patrick O’Donnell.  Father O’Donnell was accused of sexually abusing young children, and some of O’Donnell’s victims claim that they had informed then-Father Skylstad in the 1970s that they were sexually abused by Father O’Donnell.  Skylstad took no action, but the memories and whispers about the abuse grew and filtered out of the parish and across the state. 

When sex abuse became common knowledge in the Spokane diocese where Skylstad was its fifth bishop, and had taken an active role in reaching a financial settlement with the victims, Skylstad was asked to resign by prominent Spokane, WA,  Roman Catholics Donald Herak, Thomas Tilford, James Workland, and Ronald Caferro.  The four pillars sustaining the church of Spokane informed the prelate that they refused to pay “one dime to this unfortunate, costly and mistaken mediated settlement of $48 million dollar settlement” that led the diocese into bankruptcy for covering-up pedophile priests in the diocese. Skylstad claimed that the laity were the blame for the “sins of the clergy”.
 

Iowans want answers from Catholic Church

Iowans want answers from Catholic Church

Iowa’s Roman Catholic clergy and bishops have a long history of sexual abuse of little boys and little girls, and of women almost exceeds that of Pentecostal pastors in the state. Laurence (also spelled Lawrence) Soens of Sioux City, IA, himself a pedophile (read here and here). 

Bishop Lawrence Soens (Sioux City, Iowa)

Bishop Lawrence Soens (Sioux City, Iowa)

Bishop Lawrence Soens was charged with 31 cases of sexual abuse against young boys (read here page 2 middle of chart with allegations of sexually abusing students at Iowa City Regina High School in the 1950s and 1960s, and at St. Ambrose Seminary).  

Joseph Keith Symons of Palm Beach, FL, resigned his diocese after admitting to sexually abusing five boys during his 40 year ministry.   Many in the diocese stood behind him and claimed that the accusastions were false, despite testimony from the youths that the bishop attacked.  There was the mentality that youth encourage priests and nuns to abuse them as another means of demonstrating their own vulnerability to sin.

Bishop Christopher J. Weldon

Bishop Christopher J. Weldon

Christopher J. Weldon, Springfield, MA, abused William E. Burnett three times when Burnett was between ten- and 13-years-old at St. Michael’s Cathedral before Burnett committed murder and accused the bishop of molestation when he was nine years old.  There is a problem with the Burnett account, as the molestation occured in the 1950s, and was by more than one priest.  Other priests named include Revs. Bernard L. Doheny, George A. Berthiaume [deceased 12/3/1985], James T. Walsh and Oscar Gatineau, and a relative: Msgr. Raymond Page who, it was alleged, introduced him to the other priests.   J. Kendrick Williams of Lexington, KY, abused no less than 100 under-age males. 

Archbishop Rembert Weakland

Archbishop Rembert Weakland

Archbishop Rembert Weakland, Milwaukee, resigned over sex scandals on May 23, 2002, paying $450,000 in hush money to cover up long-term abuse allegations and resigned. He admitted to being gay in 2009 and did nothing to stop pedophile priests in Milwaukee (read: Weakland, Rembert (2009). A Pilgrim in a Pilgram Church: Memoirs of a Catholic archbishop. Grand Rapids, Mich. : William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co; Weakland is also the author of Faith and the Human Experience: a Post-Vatican II Vision. Maryknoll, N.Y. : Orbis Books, 1992), and three books on Catholic teaching and US economic policy).

Father Francisco Xavier Ochoa-Perez ministered to Latino Catholics in Sonoma County (2000-2006).

Father Francisco Xavier Ochoa-Perez ministered to Latino Catholics in Sonoma County (2000-2006).

Daniel F. Walsh brought to his Santa Rosa, CA, diocese a self-admitted pedophile priest:  Jesuit Father Xavier Ochoa.  Ochoa told the bishop he had engaged in rape and oral sex with young boys.  He had given full details of the encounters, but did not state that the youngest was age 5 or the oldest age 14–and he had been arrested with child pornography and cocaine.  They did not bother Bishop Walsh, who worried more about the priest than the victims.  Instead of turning the priest over to the legal authorities, Bishop Walsh allowed Ochoa to flee to Mexico. Lawrence Welsh spent most of his energy in protecting pedophile priests whom he ordered to undergo counseling and prayer. 

Bishop Bad Boy (cover)

Bishop Bad Boy (cover)

George Patrick Ziemann, who was known in gay circles known as Bishop Bad Boy and was arrested for “shaking down a priest for sex” in Santa Rosa, CA, has been considered for higher offices in the Roman Catholic Church by the Vatican and John Paul II, even after stepping down for several other dioceses.  A police report reveals that Ziemann had a young priest orally copulate him on the eve of their joint celebration of a special Sunday Mass, while continuing to have the support of San Francisco Archbishop William J. Levada and Los Angeles Cardinal Roger M. Mahony who was elevated to the cardinalate by John Paul II in 1999. In clerical circles of pedophiles Ziemann, Levada and Mahony, who all went to St. John’s Seminary College in Southern California, were known as the Tricking Trinity, with Ziemann passing on to his South American toy boys who he took to seminaries in California to study for the priesthood while he was plagued with venereal infections. 

Bishop G. Patrick Ziemann (before resigning 1999)

Bishop G. Patrick Ziemann (before resigning 1999)

Carefully plotting, in order to cover up seductions, Ziemann began to pay out, on a grand scale, to those who threatened to report the preying prelate to the authorities.  One-night trysts were rewarded with $50 or $100 notes, despite having a long-time lover: Father Jorge Hume Salas who he brought into California from South America and raised to the priesthood. Father Hume Salas won a settlement from the diocese of Santa Rosa in the amount of $535,000 when Father Jorge Hume Salas claimed that Bishop G. Patrick Ziemann demanded sex in return for covering up Salas’ theft from his Ukiah church.  Hume Salas’ theft was ignored.

When professionals put together a learned study on how to end pedophilia in the clergy, the Doyle Manual was ignored.  Instead bishops, archbishops, and cardinals throughout the USA began to clamor against gay marriages since, homosexuality was only considered “friendship with benefits” as intoned by Chicago’s pseudo-primordial primate Francis cardinal George while letting pedophiles stay in his house, with the claim that the unsaintly John Paul II (read here and for the Amnesty International report here and on the connection with Pope John Paul II here and Benedict XVI here).  More vile, vitriolic  and criminal than Opus Dei founder Jeanmarie Escrivá or his pathetic pandering protégé Juan Luis cardinal Cipriani Thorne of Lima (Perú), John Paul II did nothing, and appeared to have approved of his actions (read here and here and here).  On Benedict XVI’s connection, read here.

Cardinal George declared that gays “invited obvious comparison” with the KKK since they did not follow the Roman Catholic Church’s objections. George told Chicago Fox affiliate: “You don’t want the gay liberation movement to morph into something like the Ku Klux Klan, demonstrating in the streets against Catholicism.”  The Chicago cardinal wrote:

the organizers invited an obvious comparison to other groups who have historically attempted to stifle the religious freedom of the Catholic Church. One such organization is the Ku Klux Klan which, well into the 1940′s, paraded through American cities not only to interfere with Catholic worship but also to demonstrate that Catholics stand outside of the American consensus. It is not a precedent anyone should want to emulate

The Chicago Church’s handling of priestly cases with cardinal George ignoring complaints from parents (read here and here) . This short survey does not include bishops accused of sexual misconduct with adults, such as Archbishops Robert F. Sanchez, Eugene Marino, or Theodore Mc Carrick nor Bishops Manuel D. Moreno or James F. McCarthy (read here and here and here and here and here). The crass cavernous of Christianity in general reflects, embeds, and reduces homophobic religion to an absurdity that many will leave. The greatest error is the lack of knowledge of pedophilic overtures, actions, and results, as most victims and their abusers are unwilling to discuss their afflictions and inflictions. This must stop. The Roman Catholic Church’s regular release of statements on pedophile priests and pedophile nuns and protecting the young of the church are worthless (read here and here with the Irish government’s Commission report here:  cp. here and here).

What has not been said or printed by the mainstream media is the number of gay and lesbian “confessors and martyrs” who have been raised to the altar by popes as saints within the Roman Catholic Church.  This goes back to the original founding of the Christian Church (Paulinity) in the fourth century with recognition of same-sex marriages back to the first century CE.

The youth protection charter says that a priest accused of child abuse must be removed until his case is resolved. For bishops who conceal or move or condone such priests, there is no penalty. Bishops, archbishops, cardinals and auxiliaries serve at the pleasure of the pope. The problem has been that many popes throughout the history of the Roman Catholic Church have been pedophiles and/or homosexuals (i.e. John XII (r. 955-964) , Benedict IX: (r. 1033-1045; 1047-1048), Paul II (r. February 23 – August 30, 1471 who died in a homosexual activity (he was being sodomized by a teenage page in the Vatican); Deschner, Karlheinz (2007). Storia criminale del cristianesimo (tomo VIII), Ariele, Milano, p. 216.  Cawthorne, Nigel (1999).  Das Sexleben der Päpste. Die Skandalchronik des Vatikans, Benedikt Taschen Verlag, Köln, p. 171. Kühner, Hans (1977). Das Imperium der Päpste, Classen Verlag, Zürich 1977, p. 254. Rendina, Claudio (1983)  I Papi, Storia e Segreti, Newton Compton, Roma, 1983, p. 589), Sixtus IV (Francesco Della Rovere, 1414-84; reigned 1471-84; his nephew, who was his lover, persauded the pope to build the Sistine Chapel that, ultimately Michelangelo would paint passages from the Bible on the ceiling and walls).

Pope Benedict IX, age 20

Pope Benedict IX, age 20

Benedict IX (c. 1012 – c. 1056), born in Rome as Theophylactus of Tusculum, he was a nephew of Pope Benedict VIII and Pope John XIX and was Pope on three occasions between 1032 and 1048, the first time being a gift from his father,  Alberic III, Count of Tusculum.  One of the youngest popes in the official list ofpopes (he was 18 or 20, in the Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913–although some records have him being age 11 or 12 (Russel, Bertrand (1945).  History  of Western Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster, p. 412)–the first time he was enthroned).  Benedict was known for repeated sodomies that he “forced him” to proclaim it was proof of his election as a superior man given his “staying power”, and “other irregularities” that included the actual sale of the papacy.  The pope had a desire for any one who was sufficiently “ample”; cf. Damian, Liber Gomorrhianus; “Cuius vita quam turpis, quam freda, quamque execranda extiterit, horresco referre”), Pope Victor III (1934). Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Libelli de lite (Dialogi de miraculis Sancti Benedicti Liber Tertius auctore Desiderio abbate Casinensis ed.). Hannover: Deutsches Institut für Erforschung des Mittelalters. pp. 141, cf. Bishop Benno, “Post multa turpia adulteria et homicidia manibus suis perpetrata, postremo, etc.” Dümmler, Ernst Ludwig (1891). Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Libelli de lite. I (Bonizonis episcopi Sutriensis: Liber ad amicum ed.). Hannover: Deutsches Institut für Erforschung des Mittelalters. pp. 584).  He flaunted his homosexuality and delighted in orgies in churches, “adulteries and murders” making himself unwelcomed everywhere (“Post multa turpia adulteria et homicidia manibus suis perpetrata, postremo, etc.”Dümmler, Ernst Ludwig (1891) (in Latin), Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Libelli de lite, I (Bonizonis episcopi Sutriensis: Liber ad amicum ed.), Hannover: Deutsches Institut für Erforschung des Mittelalters, pp. 584).
 

Pope Benedict XII

Pope Benedict XII

Benedict XII (de Rosa, Peter (1988/2000). Vicars of Christ: The Dark Side of the Papacy. Dublin:  Poolbeg Press, pages 211-215), like other Pope Benedicts, Benedict XII preferred to hide his sexual excesses.  Born at Saverdun in the province of Toulouse, France, and christened with the name of Jacques Fournier (he is also known as Jacques Bertrand de Got).  Son of Pope John XXII and grandson of Pope Clement V, Jacques became a Cistercian, and ultimately the third of the Avignon Popes, when his father Pope John XXII died on December 4, 1334.  Jacques the younger was made Pope by the now dominant French Cardinals fourteen days later on December 20th 1334 at the age of 27 and reigned from 1334 to 1342, dying at the age of 35.  Benedict XII  issue papal bulls that were heretical on previous well established doctrine of the Catholic Church including a Papal Bull (since destroyed) denouncing the concept of Immaculate Conception since it has no biblical foundation. Contemporary records note that he opened churches for sexual orgies, and enjoyed the torture of children as an entertainment while he dined and was known for sexual exploitation of very young girls and boys. In  1337, Benedict XII sent soldiers into Bavaria, Austria and Poland to attack 51 Jewish towns. 

Pope Julius II (by Titian)

Pope Julius II (by Titian)

Julius II (r. 1503-1513) the warrior Renaissance pope who commissioned Michelangelo and other artists, sculptors and silverworkers (read here and here) had a fondness for soldiers in uniform. Julius was universally known as a passive sodomite and the quickest way to rise in both the armed forces of the Vatican states or in the hierarchy of the church was to be active in all things, especially in bed. Most of the cardinals he appointed “came from the papal bedchamber” after “suitable and audible” groaning.  One characteristic that most pedophiles have had in the past and today, is Julius always kept a choir of young male voices in his bedroom to sing to him when he was weary or wanted company.

Pope Leo X

Pope Leo X

Leo X (r. 1513-1521; Falconi, Carlo (1987).  Leone X: Giovanni de’ Medici, Milano: Rusconi, 1987) who was pope at the time of Martin Luther (who also had at least one male friend), and believed Luther to be a “mad monk” who could be enticed with Vatican “appeal” to denounce his own theses.  Leo X was convinced that he could win the allegiance of Luther with well-placed gifts.  He was the last “non-priest” (he was not a priest at the time of his election, only a deacon) to be elevated to the papal throne.  Francesco Guicciardini, considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance (cf. Gilbert, Felix (1985). Machiavelli and Guicciardini: Politics and History in Sixteenth-Century Florence (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press), wrote, “At the beginning of his pontificate most people deemed him very chaste; however, he was afterwards discovered to be exceedingly devoted – and every day with less and less shame – to that kind of pleasure that for honour’s sake may not be named”.  Bishop and writer, Paolo Giovio, explained that Leo seemed to have “an improper love for some of his chamberlains” especially the very young and those with a “well turned [muscular] thigh” (McCabe, Joseph (1939). History of the Popes. London, UK: Watts & Co., p. 409).

Pope Julius III

Pope Julius III

Julius III (1550-1555; Burkle-Young, Francis A., and Michael Leopoldo Doerrer. The Life of Cardinal Innocenzo del Monte: A Scandal in Scarlet, Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen, 1997) was a a homosexual pedophile who  preferred males 11 to 13 year of age, unlike many of his crony heterosexaul pedophile cardinals who preferred young girls.  One notable scandal surrounded his adoptive nephew (“nephew” was a title, not a family distinction in the Renaissance), Innocenzo Ciocchi Del Monte, a 13 or 14-year old beggar-boy whom the future Pope had picked up off the streets of Parma some years earlier and with whom he had allegedly fallen in love.  The pope showered the youth with gifts and found no place too sacred to have sex.  Julius III ultimately making Innocenzo a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church and primary pimp in the Vatican.

Throughout the sordid history of the papacy, the popes have protected themselves by protecting other pedophiles. While traditional marriage advocates cite Scripture as the basis of their objections to civil unions and gay marriage (while in the Bible there is no rule that marriage is reserved for one man + one woman; read here and here), Roman Catholic leaders have been highlighting their belief that same-sex relationships violate natural law, which it does not as more than 1500 species practice homosexuality regularly and repetitively (read here and here and here; cp. Sommer, Volker & Paul L. Vasey (2006). Homosexual Behaviour in Animals, An Evolutionary Perspective. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press) and is especially common among herding animals (where both genders are available). According to the tradition of “natural law”, every human being must seek a fundamental “good” that corresponds to the natural order to flourish and propagate, that Francis George bases on Tomas Aquinas Dark Ages ideology (Summa Theologica IaIIae 91, 2, 94, 4; 94, 6, but were modified by Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan, xv, ¶35, ¶36, ¶41).  Natural-law proponents say heterosexual intercourse between a married man and a woman serves two intertwined good purposes: to procreate and to express a deep, abiding love. Based on that absurd definition and there are species that experience “virgin births” (parthenogenesis: παρθενος, “virgin”, + γενεσις, “birth”.  The primary objection by religion is that it takes away the necessity of there being a male in the birth cycle; theologically it means that no man would have been necessary any more than any deity for Mary to conceive and give birth as it would be a dividing and evolution of cells), they say, homosexual relationships are not equal to heterosexual ones.  That fact is that there are fewer gay divorces than there are straight divorces. “It is physically impossible for two men or two women to consummate a marriage, even when they share a deep friendship or love,” George writes in psychological and intellectual ignorance (Kurdek, Lawrence A.; Schmitt, J. Patrick (1986). “Relationship quality of partners in heterosexual married, heterosexual cohabiting, and gay and lesbian relationships”. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.51.4.711 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 51(4), October, pp. 711-720; the stagnation between differences (heterosexual and homosexual) are the focal point of Greenberg, Leslie S. Goldman, Rhonda N. , (2008). “Emotion-focused couples therapy: The dynamics of emotion, love, and power,” (pp. 111-134), in Greenberg, Leslie S.; Goldman, Rhonda N. Culture and Gender. doi: 10.1037/11750-006 Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, x, 405 pp.  Cp. Kurdek, Lawrence A. (1992). “Assumptions versus standards: The validity of two relationship cognitions in heterosexual and homosexual couples”. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.6.2.164. Journal of Family Psychology, Vol 6(2), December, pp. 164-170) in his letter, meant for inclusion in parish bulletins distributed on the weekend.  At the same time, Chicago’s cardinal George, President of the US Council of Roman Catholic bishops in 2007 (he retained the post until 2010 when Timothy Dolan was elected because of his open denunciation and extreme denunciations that are reminiscent of the speeches of senior NAZIS from 1933-1945 of the LGBT community (Rector, Frank. Nazi Extermination of Homosexuals. New York: Stein and Day, 1981. pp. 105-107; Giles, Geoffrey J. (1992), “‘The Most Unkindest Cut of All’: Castration, Homosexuality and Nazi Justice,” Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 27 (1992): pp. 41–61; Giles, Geoffrey J. (2002). “The Denial of Homosexuality: Same-Sex Incidents in Himmler’s SS”, Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 11, No. 1/2, Special Issue: Sexuality and German Fascism (January – April), pp. 256–290 and cp. here and here and here); on Dolan’s lack of canonical qualification for the episcopacy and contempt for those who report pedophile priests, read here), continues to cover up the increasing number of cases against pedophile priests.

When Father Andrew D. McCormick of Philadelphia was arrested for molesting one boy and later confessed to molesting five boys, the cardinal of Philadelphia did nothing, but followed precedent. McCormick made a number of trips to Poland with parish boysMcCormick made a number of trips to Poland with parish boys, and it is believed he molested several.

Father Patrick G. McCormick of Philadelphia was arrested for “patronizing a prostitute.”  The priest tried to bully parishioners into “forgiving” abusive clergy, but many would not.

The same is true when Father Daniel McCormick of Chicago was arrested in 2007, for molesting boys (plural), but in the case with the cardinal of Chicago involved, George fired the principle, Barbara Westrick (read here and here and here), who reported the abuses to the police since the cardinal refused to do anything (but later said he was not informed of the molestation), and changed the name of the school from Our Lady of the Westside School to St. Agatha’s School (named after a lesbian saint).  Daniel McCormick was ultimately transferred to a mental health center as a sexually violent person in Rushville, IL. This came after October 2005, when George ignored his own archdiocesan review board’s recommendation to remove McCormack.

George allowed the self-admitted pedophile priest to continue teaching and coaching. George’s ever increasing ignorance and pretense of lack of knowing what was going on in schools to his own house cost the Chicago archdiocese $3.2 million to one victim, another $1.5 million to pay off one of the young male victims, with some declaring that the cardinal was in bed with an altar boy while the money from congregations continued to hemorrhage for more than 186 victims from the torn tithing extorted from ignorant faithful who supported their cavorting cardinal.

George’s payoffs were quickly matched or exceeded by other bishops throughout the USA, including Bishop Tod Brown of Orange County paying $100 million to 90 victims, Cardinal Roger Mahoney of Los Angeles paying $660 million to settle 500 cases, Bishop Robert Brom of San Diego paying $198 million to 140 cases, Bishop William Skylstad of Spokane paying $48 million to settle a non-disclosed number of victims, Bishop Martin Amos of Davenport, Iowa, paying $37 million for 157 cases, and the Society of Jesus in Oregon paying $50 million for 110 cases (read: Jason Berry “Is the Church really this blind?” Los Angeles Times. 11-11-07 on-line.  Paul A. Likoudis (2002).  Amchurch Comes Out – The U.S. Bishops, Pedophile Scandals and the Homosexual Agenda,” Petersburg, Illinois: Roman Catholic Faithful, Inc, inside cover. The New York Times online, February 2, 2005). George still refuses to admit the seriousness of the problem of pedophile priests, and even invited several to stay in his house in Chicago over the protest of parishioners who knew what the guests had done in previous. “People live out their sexual identity in different ways, but the Church offers the means to live chastely in all circumstances, as the love of God both obliges and makes possible,” George’s letter states, meaning gay people should live celibate lives or risk going to Hell.  John Paul II rejected the existence of a literal (real) hell. On July 28, 1999, Pope John Paul II noted that the Scriptural references to hell and the images portrayed by Scripture are only symbolic and figurative of “the complete frustration and emptiness of life without God. ” He added, “Rather than a physical place, hell is the state of those who freely and definitively separate themselves from God, the source of all life and joy.” He said hell is “a condition resulting from attitudes and actions which people adopt in this life.”  Benedict XVI brought back a physical hell to further intimidate dissenters.

Curiously, Cardinal George’s letter, which was also signed by six Illinois Bishops, adds that if same-sex marriage becomes legal in Illinois, it will be challenging for him and, supposedly, all Catholics, to maintain their respectability. George is worried same-sex marriage equality will make the public label Catholics who don’t support the new law “bigots.” The dictionary defines “bigot” as “a person who is utterly intolerant of any differing creed, belief, or opinion.” (Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition 2009). “We will all have to pretend to accept something that is contrary to the common sense of the human race. Those who continue to distinguish between genuine marital union and same sex arrangements will be regarded in law as discriminatory, the equivalent of bigots. This proposed legislation will have long term consequences because laws teach; they tell us what is socially acceptable and what is not, and most people conform to the dictates of their respective society, at least in the short run.” George, mocking the very concept of civil rights, also pretends that the Bible gives him this authority (this is a rank misreading of Matthew 16:18: κἀγὼ δέ σοι λέγω ὅτι σὺ εἶ Πέτρος καὶ ἐπὶ ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρᾳ οἰκοδομήσω μου τὴν ἐκκλησίαν καὶ πύλαι ᾅδου οὐ κατισχύσουσιν αὐτῆς, a verse that was transmogrified in a ninth century monastery in Dark Europe with a papal reinforement of the nineteenth verse: καὶ δώσω σοι τὰς κλεῖς τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν καὶ ὃ ἐὰν δήσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται δεδεμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς καὶ ὃ ἐὰν λύσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται λελυμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς), and that his bigotry is merely “God’s law,” and the law of nature: “If we ignore in law the natural complementary of man and woman in creation, then the natural family is undermined. Our individual lives become artificial constructs protected by civil “rights” that destroy natural rights. Human dignity and human rights are then reduced to the whims of political majorities. When the ways of nature and nature’s God conflict with civil law, society is in danger. It is to that danger that we direct your attention.” He adds: Marriage [defined as a social union or legal contract] comes to us from nature (but animal: fowl, beast, fish, etc. do not marry, and 90% of all observed birds (especially trumpeter swans) do mate for life as a source of sex and because of altricial offspring, which require large amounts of parental care for survival (like humans), demand the efforts of two parents and therefore are more likely to be found in monogamous species, but marriage is not natural as there is no record of any observation of a ceremony being performed by or for any animals, save the one case in Lima, Peru, where former Congresista and erotic dancer Suzy Diaz married had her dog marry another dog. Marriage is manmade). The human species comes in two complementary sexes, male and female. Their sexual union is called marital [sic; it actually means “married man”. Haviland, William A.; Prins, Harald E. L.; McBride, Bunny; Walrath, Dana (2011). Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge (13th ed.). Cengage Learning. Bell, Duran (1997). “Defining Marriage and Legitimacy”. Current Anthropology 38 (2): 237–254. Bell describes marriage as “a relationship between one or more men (male or female) in severalty to one or more women that provides those men with a demand-right of sexual access within a domestic group and identifies women who bear the obligation of yielding to the demands of those specific men.” This inbreeds the ignorance of the writers of the Letters of “Paul” and early misogynism as in Colossians 3:18 Αἱ γυναῖκες ὑποτάσσεσθε τοῖς ἰδίοις ἀνδράσιν ὡς ἀνῆκεν ἐν κυρίῳ, cp. mulieres subditae estote viris sicut oportet in Domino and Nevestelor, fiţi supuse bărbaţilor voştri, cum se cuvine în Domnul, and Жены, повинуйтесь мужьям своим, как прилично в Господе] or the 1569 version of the Sagradas Escrituras Casadas, estad sujetas a vuestros propios maridos, como conviene en el Señor. It not only creates a place of love for two adults but also a home for loving and raising their children. It provides the biological basis for personal identity.” Exposing extreme ignorance of the reality of psychology and science, George finalized: “It is physically impossible for two men or two women to consummate a marriage, even when they share a deep friendship or love.’ George ignores that LGBT people engage in sexual intercourse and have the same commitment and emotions as heterosexual couples (Herek, Gregory M. (2007). “Science, public policy, and legal recognition of same-sex relationships”. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.7.713b. American Psychologist, Vol 62(7), October, pp. 713-715; Thyer, Bruce A. (2007). “Psychologists’ advocacy for the legal recognition of same-sex relationships”. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.7.713a. American Psychologist, Vol 62(7), October, p. 713.; Herek, Gregory M. (2006). “Legal recognition of same-sex relationships in the United States: A social science perspective”. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.61.6.607.  American Psychologist, Vol 61(6), September, pp. 607-621; Solomon, Sondra E.; Rothblum, Esther D.; Balsam, Kimberly F. (2004).  “Pioneers in Partnership: Lesbian and Gay Male Couples in Civil Unions Compared With Those Not in Civil Unions and Married Heterosexual Siblings”. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.18.2.275. Journal of Family Psychology, Vol 18(2), Jun 2004, 275-286; and on relationship interchange, read Kurdek, Lawrence A.; Schmitt, J. Patrick (1986). “Relationship quality of partners in heterosexual married, heterosexual cohabiting, and gay and lesbian relationships”.  doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.51.4.711.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 51(4), October, pp. 711-720).  There is no substantative evidence or information by psychologists or psychiatrists that support the Chicago cardinal Frances George after 1979, except among reparative therapists all of which are discredited by the American Psychological Association, the American Psychiatric Association, the American Pediatric Association and numerous other professional groups that require peer review of articles before publishing, unlike the Regenerus Report published in the Journal of Marriage and Family that was printed without peer review (read here and here where studies show that gay parents tend to be more motivated that heterosexal parents, and here on studies showing that academic scores are higher in same-sex parents’ households, and Kate Kendell Esq.’s comments “It was financed by a staggering $785,000 in grants from two far-right foundations, the Witherspoon Institute and the Bradley Foundation. Even Regnerus himself acknowledges he wasn’t comparing apples to apples: “I realize that one same-sex relationship does not a lesbian make, necessarily. But our research team was less concerned with the complicated politics of sexual identity than with same-sex behavior.”‘ are elaborated here).

What the Roman Catholic Church in the USA is doing, is what is happening in Germany today–with the German hierarchy stopping all investigations into child abuse by its religious leaders: priests, nuns, bishops, archbishops and cardinals.  In an interview with public broadcaster “Deutschlandfunk,” Christian Pfeiffer, the head of the KFN institute accused Church officials of hampering his team’s research efforts by continually attempting to intervene in and control the investigation. In an interview with the Süddeutsche Zeitung newspaper he spoke of censorship.In an interview with public broadcaster “Deutschlandfunk,” Christian Pfeiffer, the head of the KFN institute accused Church officials of hampering his team’s research efforts by continually attempting to intervene in and control the investigation. In an interview with the Süddeutsche Zeitung newspaper he spoke of censorship.

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Fig leaves, popes, and genitalia

Before 1500, one seldom finds the fig leaf at all. In the few cases that it appears, it is to denote modesty, but it is not used with the first “man” or “woman” except in rare instances to mark the fall of mortals from divine grace.

The Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Eden

…in the light of the Bible, there is no sin in nudity itself; but if a person uses the nudity for lustful or immoral purposes he has misused it, and this constitutes a sin. The Bible does not speak against nudity nor does it teach that the body is shameful. There is reference to shame in nudity, but this shame was produced in the mind of man, not by divine ordination. Carpocrates, in the second century A.D., advocated that the glories of God should not be hidden. He urged Christians, both male and female, to look upon the natural body with gratitude for the creative force of God-love. His disciples suffered ridicule and sometimes severe persecution but continued their practices into the fourth century A.D. Records indicate that nude statues and a museum were created to honor this sect. It was the Carpocrations who first portrayed Christ’s body in the exposed form commonly seen to this day. The Adamianis existed in the second and third centuries A.D. They were a group that hoped to regain the innocence mankind lost in the Garden of Eden and worshiped in a state of nakedness and lived as a nudist community. Encratites were vegetarians and many, if not all, practiced nudism. Marcosians were well established in the Rhone Valley by the third century. The Adamites (no connection with the Adamianis) were an active sect in Bohemia during the fifteenth century A.D. They were part of the Hussite Reformation. This group set up numerous religious nude communities. http://www.primitivism.com/nudity.htm

Temptation of Adam and Eve by Masolino

 

Michelangelo followed this custom and was known for his nude portrayals, with few objecting until the Vatican was overcome by those who feared exposure of their own personal vices (such as Pope Alexander VI who openly lived with his mistress and their children Lucretia Borgia and Cesar Borgia). It was the exuberance for the arts the Michelangelo brought down upon his head and the heads of other masters the hatred of the church for their depiction of the human body. (The leaves [though very rarely fig leaves] are sometimes seen in Northern Renaissance art, but most of such paintings date after 1500. Curiously, in quite a few paintings made between 1500 and 1530, Adam has a leaf, but Eve does not (e.g., http://www.abcgallery.com/G/gossaert/gossaert7.html)

Michelangelo was a sculptor of nudes, a painter of nudes, and a poet who praised all forms of reality. While pontiffs saw the Great Master as an artist, Michelangelo saw himself first as a man and then as a sculptor, but the popes differed, and the blood-stained warrior pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo to decorate the decaying Sistine Chapel. While Michelangelo’s ceiling caused consternation, the heaviest condemnation came for his great wall fresco The Last Judgment. It was Michelangelo’s The Last Judgment that became a cause célèbre and an object of a heavy dispute between Cardinal Carafa and Michelangelo. The wily and venal cardinal accused Michelangelo of gross immorality and intolerable obscenity. He denounced the artist for having depicted naked figures, with genitals in evidence, inside the most important church of Christianity (a church that was falling apart, in a world wrecked with division), so a censorship campaign (known as the “Fig-Leaf Campaign”) was organized by Carlo cardinal Carafa (Pope Paul IV’s “nephew”) and Monsignor Sernini (Mantua’s ambassador) to remove the frescoes.

The Last Judgment by Michelangelo

 

Biagio da Cesena, the Pope’s Master of Ceremonies, spat out (in recorded history) “it was mostly disgraceful that in so sacred a place there should have been depicted all those nude figures, exposing themselves so shamefully,” and that it was no work for a papal chapel but rather “for the public baths and taverns,” and demanded it be removed. Michelangelo found the comments, and the Master of Ceremonies to be a great buffoon, and worked Cesena’s face into the scene as Minos, judge of the underworld (far bottom-right corner of the painting) with Donkey ears (a common pictograph for foolishness and vanity) while Biagio da Cesena’s nudity is covered by a coiled snake (symbolic of the sovereign of the underworld: Lucifer).  While da Cesena complained to the pontiff of the “outrage”, to the surprise of many in the curia of cardinals, the pope allowed the image to be retained, along with the genitalia in the fresco until they were covered 24 years later when the Council of Trent condemned nudity in religious art while most of the bishops and cardinals maintained pornography in their personal collections.

What the church missed was the hidden message in The Last Judgment. Michelangelo was making a statement that few would discover. He was denouncing the antiquated Ptolemaic system plotted for the sun to move around the earth, but changed it in keeping with the innovative and iconoclastic heliocentric cosmology of Copernicus for the setting is one of a universe where the sun (Jesus) is at the center and the rest of the orbs personages revolve around it. Even the figure of Christ himself is a breakaway from the staid and ossified definition of theology current in both the Roman Catholic and emerging Protestant confessions. Jesus is no longer wearing a beard (quite out-of-place for a carpenter) and without the customary dress and tenderness usually depicted only of women, as Michelangelo paints a beardless and muscular warrior (in keeping with the definition of the original meaning of “Messiah”), surrounded by light. Scholars, later, have aptly compared this Christ to the Christ-like (anointed) Greek sun-god Apollo. The full splendor of The Last Judgment by Michelangelo was not recovered and uncovered until the end of the twentieth century (Fabrizio Mancinelli, “The Painting of the Last Judgment: History, Technique and Restoration”, In Loren Partridge, Michelangelo : The Last Judgment – A Glorious Restoration. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2000) in part because of the constant stranglehold of the Council of Trent upon the Roman church.

The Council of Trent condemned nudity in art, Jews, and Protestants. In 1555, Pope Paul IV (1555-1559) issued a papal canon (law), Cum nimis absurdum, by which the Roman church created the first official ghetto for Jews. Jews were then forced to live in seclusion in a specified area of the rione Sant’Angelo, locked in at night, and the pope decreed, all Jews were required to wear a distinctive sign, yellow hat for men and veils or shawls for women. Jewish ghettos existed in Europe for the next 315 years and would not be mandated until the rise of Nazi Germany, when Pius XII would issue no objection.

While the Jews were considered as bad as the Protestants (branded heretics; Paul IV codified the Catholic Law excluding heretics and non-Catholics from receiving or legitimately becoming Pope, in the bull Cum ex apostolatus officio), Paul IV was more concerned with nudity. He was totally ignorant that nudity, in the bible he claimed to preach from, noted it as being a part of the initial quality of creation: for “Adam” and “Eve” were “created in the image of god”(s)/goddesses [the original word is elohim, which is a plural noun]. Using the rules laid down by the Council of Trent, Pope Paul IV mandated the use of concealing fig leaves, promulgating the church’s attack on nudity in art in a papal bull dated 1557.

 Most of the fig leaves that we see were put in place on the personal initiative of Pope Innocent X (1644-1655).  Pope Clement XIII (1693 –1769), Pope from 16 July 1758 to 2 February 1769, he had the classical sculptures in the Vatican provided with mass-produced fig leaves).

Pope Pius IX (1846-1878) were especially diligent at defacing and destroying works of art. Marble nudes of classical antiquity had their phalluses whacked off because of Pius IX’s fear that the sight of a penis would arouse passion and lust among those housed in the Vatican (allegedly all males), and demanded that thong-size fig leaves of plaster and marble attached to their gaping wounds.

Pope Pius IX

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Errors of Pope Gregory XIII and His Epoch

Gregory XIII, born Ugo Buoncompagni, was Pope from 1572 to 1585; he ascended the papal throne in 1572, with the death of Pope Pius V.  A man of mediocre intelligence in most things, but with a keen eye to legalities while showing little concern for the average congregant, Gregory was at best a rake.  While studying jurisprudence at the University of  Bologna, a bastard son, named Giacomo, was born to him of an unmarried woman [See: Borromeo, Agostino. “Gregorio XIII”, Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Rome : Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 2000, III, 180-200; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 41, 70 and 332. Ugo Buoncompagni had Giacomo legitimated on July 5, 1548, by the bishop of Feltre].   He was worldly-minded and fond of display even after entering the ranks of the clergy, although some claim that he had a spiritual epiphany when he assumed the papacy–although records indicate his fascination with young women was as acute and strong as before his conversion and acceptance of clerical status (unfounded, unsubstantiated gossip does award him three more bastards born to various women).

Gregory XIII was keenly interested in money, especially the ever-increasing treasury of the Roman Catholic Church which he used for his personal wars against local barons and distant rulers, establishing and funding seminaries, and bankrolling the Jesuits in their quest Continue reading

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