Alberto & Keiko Fujimori’s war on democracy in Perú

General Salinas Sedo

Talk about courage! The man’s voice trembled when he spoke, seeking refuge in the embassy of Japan the night of the failed coup of General Salinas Sedo.  (; for the transcript concerning the incarceration of Salinas Sedo, see: But was that man courageous? Was that man honorable? He was Alberto Fujimori. Here was a political unknown agricultural engineer owned and controlled by the most unscrupulous sectors of the elite Lima society, who surprisingly defeated the centre-right coalition candidate, author, and 2010 Noble Lauriat in Literature Mario Vargas Llosa (See: “Fujimori: Decline and fall,” BBC News (20 November 2000), online at

Mario Vargas Llosa opposed Fujimori, and lost--but won in 2010 the Nobel Prize for Literature

Llosa was forced into a runoff race, but realizing that Fujimori was the overwhelming favorite, Vargas Llosa went to Fujimori with an offer to bow out, as he noted in his 1994 memoir: A Fish in the Water. Llosa wrote that he was “surprised to discover, in this modest neighborhood, enclosed by high walls, a Japanese garden with miniature trees . . . small wooden bridges and lanterns, and an elegant residence with Asian furnishing. I felt as if I were in a Chinese restaurant or a traditional home in Kyoto or Osaka, not Lima” (See: Rotella, Sebastian, “Fujimori: Study in Solitude of Power at the Top; Peru: Ex-president at times showed an appealing, caring side. But the autocrat alone called the shots,” The Los Angeles Times (26 November 2000) 5 pages; on-line at Fujimori never became a Peruano (there had been speculation whether or not he was born in Perú but those questions were ignored and, even though he hold dual citizenship with Perú and Japan, he is accorded the privilege of being considered a Peruano; see:, and never represented the people of Perú any more than did (or does) his daughter Keiko.

Fujimori claimed “It was Perú that I had to rescue.” In saving Perú, Alberto Fujimori destroyed it, shredded then rewrote the Constitution, imprisoned and tortured—and murdered—men, women, children, the elderly, and destroyed the reputation of Perú internationally (See:

Alberto Fujimori in Lima, Perú on trial for Crimes Against Humanity -- He was convicted and given a 25 year prison sentence.

Salinas led an aborted coup attempt on Nov. 13, 1992: seven months after Fujimori suspended the constitution (April 6, 1992; Calmet, José, “Foes Reject Fujimori’s Blueprint for Perú; Chicago Sun-Times April 23, 1992; at and sent tanks to surround Congress and the Supreme Court. Twenty-five officers participated in the plan to overthrow Fujimori and reopen the opposition-controlled Congress.

Courageous judges who opposed Fujimori for years cried out for his removal, in the same was as the Iowa (USA) neo-Nazi Bob Vander Plaats has cried out for the removal of the Iowa Supreme Court Judges who voted unanimously against his wish to marginalize many Iowans in 2010; but Fujimori won and removed the judges “for violating the Constitution (which Alberto suspended in 1992, and then tightened his grip on Perú’s judiciary by barring scores of fired judges and prosecutors from appealing their dismissals on April 29, 1992, at and exceeding authority by signing a document on behalf of the full constitutional tribunal without [sic] the power to do so,” and the venal and corrupt Perú congress now stuffed with Fujimoristas voted 52 to 33 subservient to the wishes of the dictator and his radical daughter Keiko (See: “Judges Who Opposed Fujimori Removed,” The Los Angeles Times  May 30, 1997, at; cp. With Fujimori’s autoglope of April 5, 1992, which was recognized two weeks later by the corrupt presidency of George W. Bush, although the Organization of American States and international financiers rejected it, with Argentina, Chile, Venezuela and other nations severing all ties with the Andes nation, at ).

Perú’s Congressional victory was short-lived as were the lives of many of its supporters. While many thought Fujimori would bring economic stability and the growth of Perú’s GDP, the opposite occurred: with the GDP declining from 3.76% in to 2.47%, and the number of Peruvians living in poverty decreased by only 1%. A few stalwart sentries of the Constitution moved to impeach the tyrant on April 9, 1992, with 137 of the 240-member Congress voting to name Carlos Carcia-Garcia (Perú’s Second Vice President) as the new head of state. While not all members of both houses were present, a quorum did exist and the vote was unanimous (Nash, Nathaniel C. (1992), “Peru’s Leader Impeached by Congress He Dissolved,” Los Angeles Times  (10 April 1992), at, further angering Keiko Fujimori who vowed an unrelenting vengeance  and retribution against those who assailed her tyrant-father.

Keiko Fujimori, running for President of Perú to pardon her father Alberto

It is strange to talk about honor, as Keiko frequently does when referring to her delinquent father, especially when one recalls who that man was and is to this day: a pathological liar, a mass murderer, a man who forcibly sterilized more than 200,000 poor indigenous people in the rural areas of Perú as if he were trying to beat Adolf Hitler’s genetic program and mass sterilization. As Health Minister Fernando Carbone admitted, Fujimori’s government gave misleading information, offered food incentives and threatened to fine men and women if they had more children. In this he was supported not only by his children, but by numerous high-ranking ministers who agreed to the human rights violations.

Alberto Fujimori ordered the sterilization of over 200,000 poor Peruanos

Alberto Fujimori, with the acquiescence of his daughter Keiko, had barely skilled to unskilled “surgeons sterilize 215,227 women and performed 16,547 vasectomies on men. The result of this genetic cleansing program was that demographics dropped dramatically in certain areas, leaving an older population and with it the economic disadvantages which result from fewer people being able to earn a living. While the nonconsensual operations left a permanent psychological scar on

Hilaria Supa Huaman was forcibly sterilized by Fujimoristas, wrote about it, and is now a Congresista in Perú

millions of Peruanos, the worse aspects of the butchery of the sexual organs of many were more nefarious, for not only was their inadequate evaluation before surgery that was carried out and less than half of the operations had no proper or trained anesthetist. Many of the sterilizations of females in Perú (ranging from the age of 10 to 50) were done even by dentists while their patients were waiting to have their teeth cleaned. Frequently women, and most men, had to be tied down into the dental chairs or on operating tables before “the procedure” took place–more so to protect those performing the operation than to steady those being operated upon–as seldom were medications given to those selected for sterilization. After the mutilation assault by ill-trained “medicos” there was little to no after-care, resulting in additional deaths and maiming. Those who refused were required to pay a fine to Fujimori and were forbidden to seek or receive any subsequent medical care or help for their children (See: “Mass sterilisation scandal shocks Peru,” BBC News (24 July 2002) online at Surprisingly, both the United Nations (UN) and the USA both supported the forced sterilization of unwilling, and frequently unsuspecting/unknowing Peruanos (See: for the UN’s role; for the USA, see:; cp.

Alberto Fujimori was the titular head of the Armed Forces of Perú, the man who single-handedly made the Congress of Perú a pigsty. He abolished constitutional order invented chaos more grotesque than any twisted mind could conjure, and ignored the people of Perú while his cronies and chief spy stole millions of Soles (Perú dollars) and his daughter who he had made First Lady of Perú (—a woman who never had a job—made off like a common bandit to fly to the USA to further her own never-used education. Even his signature fingerprint was used nefariously so that he would never have to pay a debt to the mother of his children—a woman who now sits in the Perú Congress as does the daughter, Keiko, who betrayed her. Many Peruanos today realize that Keiko Fujimori mishandled millions of dollars in charitable donations while acting as First Lady during Alberto’s term in office in 1998. If a Peruvian judge tries Keiko, and convicts her of this crime, the charges would lead to her being held in prison or jail for five years. The charges alleged that Ms. Fujimori redirected donated clothing to the Government palace rather than being sent to intended flood victims  (See: “Fujimori daughter accused in Peru; A prosecutor in Peru has filed charges against the daughter of the disgraced ex-President, Alberto Fujimori,” BBC News (25 June 2004), online at

Alberto Fujimori speaks with pride on the subject he held secret from many: that the Japanese wanted him to be a senator in the Japanese government, and that many powerful heads of the Japanese government offered him political and personal immunity so as to free him from the scope of the laws of Perú. Japan cared little about the crimes of Fujimori, and laughed at how he was able to dupe a “gullible, backward” people—the people of Perú.

There was little talk of Fujimori’s credibility, veracity, or even responsibility. He was the man who had 45 bags filled with incriminating videos 45 bags, plus money and a host of “trinkets” that he openly looted from many. Not content from stealing from the poor, the homeless, and the hungry that suffered under his dictatorship, Fujimori took the presidential plane and went first to Brunei and then continued his flight to Tokyo where he sought asylum and from where he resigned the presidency of the

Luisa María Cuculiza supporter of Alberto Fujimori and Congresista

Republic of Perú by fax. It was, at best, a most cynical insult to Fujimori’s strongest supporters Luisa María Cuculiza Torres (Minister of Women’s Affairs; see slide 10 on; Sra Cuculiza Torres belongs to the Alliance for the Future party. She was Minister of Women’s Promotion and Social Development from 1999 to 2001, during Alberto Fujimori’s administration and technically was responsible for the rights of all women in Perú but said nothing when the illegal sterilization progam of Fujimori was carried out by the untrained and unqualified who ruined the lives of over 200,000 women. A strong supporter of Fujimori, Cuculiza Torres was the candidate to First Vice-President on the Fujimori-led Sí Cumple ticket in the 2006 election, which was rejected due to a ban on the former president, and thus returned as a member of Congresss (serving until 2011).  Her record in office is anything

José Barba Caballero (Congresista)

but exemplary, and in many ways as opportunistic as that of  José Barba Caballero (a lawyer and the founder of Cambio Radical  [Party of Radical Change]) who lived in constant fear of terrorism, and when Uruguay released Perú prisoners that Caballero claimed were terrorists, these terrorists released the Uruguay ambassador, without a resulting bloodshed that Caballero predicted. Caballero was deep in the pay of Fujimori and among his most vocal supporters. Tthere is little information about him, and what is available on-line is not reliable; see:; cp. and Congresistas (Congressional representatives) who had been claiming that their hero would never do such a thing. What is known is that he played a role in the Japanese embassy crisis. Although the official version says that the terrorists fell while fighting in combat, there are reasons to believe that some of them were extrajudicially executed.  The exhumation of the bodies of the MRTA members was conducted in March 2001 by the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team. Eight of the bodies had gunshots to the back of the head, which is atypical of a wound suffered in battle.  According to this expert opinion, the moment that the victims were shot they were either not moving at all or moving very little (See:  Today there is scant doubt that Fujimori ordered the execution of those who had surrendered, and that some of those who were found among the dead had been bullied into accompanying the terrorists because of personal threats and threats against their families.

Vladimiro Montesinos carried out the murders and tortures ordered by the Fujimoris

Talk about love of country! Alberto Fujimori was the leader of a gang of hardened self-enriching thieves and thugs without a soul or conscience but only an ever opening purse to steal from the poor, to destroy education, to lessen the brilliance of a future that they want only for themselves: from the Fujimoristas in Congress to his children, even to those in the Perú military who were sworn to uphold, protect and defend the Constitution of Perú, with none less than Vladimiro  Montesinos, the former head of Perú secret service who was known as “Fujimori’s Rasputin” (See:  Many are serving prison time, unfortunately Keiko is not as of yet.  But together they looted the treasury accounts for a more conservative value estimated at two billion dollars. (See:  and the secret documents that are not to be released to the general public so that the people stay gullible are at; USA Embassy in Lima documents are at 

Talk of the verdict of history the subject who was fishing in Iquitos when police DINCOTE, without any help from Montesinos, captured Manuel Rubén Abimael Guzmán Reynoso, who was also known by the name of Presidente Gonzalo, a former professor of philosophy, and was the leader of the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) during the Maoist insurgency, put in Perú known as the internal conflict. He fled Perú after learning how Vladimiro Ilyich Montesinos Torres. The long-lasting head of Perú’s intelligence service, Servicio de Inteligencia Nacional (SIN), under President Alberto Fujimori and with the full knowledge of Alberto and his First Lady/Daughter Keiko bought corrupt congressmen willing to destroy the Constitution for purses of Perú gold. Montesinos was videotaped paying

Luis Alberto Kouri claimed the money was a loan to buy a truck to take food to the poor.

$15,000 to an opposition legislator, Luis Alberto Kouri, a man with little emotion save when it suits to better his own selfish interests at the expense not only of his family and himself, but to get a stronger foothold in the sewage that has become the national past-time robbing the National Treasury while the poor do without so he can have more. For this end, it was no major sacrifice or pain of conscience for this freeloading despot to switch to Fujimori’s party (See: “The video that shocked Peru,” BBC News (22 November 2000), with full transcript between Montesinos and Kouri, online at—after it came to light that he was involved in selling weapons to Colombian guerrillas (, “Beginning in April 2000 money was diverted from the state to the National Intelligence Service to create a fund to finance corruption.

The National Intelligence Service of Perú was far more corrupt than the Roman Catholic Inquisition in Spain in the fifteenth century, and more diabolical than the renegades and sadists operating Hitler’s death camps in Germany—but on par with George W. Bush’s clandestine secret tribunals and CIA torture centers from Poland to Romania and South America where water boarding was not only endorsed by George W. Bush on the advice of University of California at Berkeley law professor John Yoo and urged by Halliburton CEO and USA Vice President Dick Cheney, but applauded by the most hate-filled US Senators from DeMint of South Carolina, Imhofe of Oklahoma, Grassley of Iowa, and Congressional Representatives King (Iowa, and the other from New York), Bachmann (Minnesota), media personalities Rush Limbaugh, Glenn Beck, Sarah Palin, and others who have never found a torture they did not approve of. Fujimori ordered the creation of six underground cells used for secret detention and interrogation of prisoners (a prototype to George W. Bush’s Abu Ghraib; see: “The Abu Ghraib Files” which shares  279 photographs and 19 videos from the USA Army’s internal investigation of  torture, at In instances, rape, sodomy, psychological warfare, threats, beatings, and worse took place, with Fujimori present at times. Fujimori did not stop with mere Peruanos, but on the advice of his daughter, Keiko, who he made First

Susana Higuchi Fujimori (Alberto's first wife and mother of Keiko)

Lady, his former wife, Susana Higuchi who is a trained and educated engineer who know sits in Perú’s Congress in opposition to everything that her former husband did and destroyed. Susana paid a terrible price, for Albert ordered her to be tortured without mercy, his orders–the commands of her form husband who felt no remorse for her any more than the children he had butchered was easily consigned to his own special spy and assassin: Montesinos. This gave to Perú one of the worst human rights records in history, barely passed by George W. Bush’s USA record (See: “Secret dungeons found in Peru,” BBC News (15 November 2000) online at The greatest tragedy is that Fujimori pardoned (four times) the worse gangsters—those in the Perú military—who committed the most unspeakable crimes including the rape and sodomy of small children, the assassination of teachers and their students, and the drugging (and forcing drug addiction on) of hundreds of thousands of youth in Perú (Jonathan Fryer, “High tension in Peru,” BBC News (24 October 2000) online at

One of many massacres ordered by the Fujimoris

It was not just the poor or political opponents that suffered under the hands and demands of Alberto and Keiko Fujimori. A few wealthy and many journalists were also arrested late at night, incarcerated without cause and tortured. This was the case of the kidnapping and torture of journalist Fabian Salazar in 2000 at the hands of retired police colonel and mass murderer Manuel Aivar. Salazar was not only tortured but almost killed after the intelligence services discovered he had uncovered evidence of government corruption (See: Paez, Angel, “Peru Prosecutors Prepare Cases Against Fujimori,” Albion Monitor (9 November 2005) online at:

The funds removed from the Perú Treasury were used to make illegal payments to several congressmen who were elected in the 2000 elections—none who had any noticeable qualifications save their promise to support Alberto and his daughter Keiko. Alberto Fujimori and his advisor, Vladimiro Montesinos, organized to pay bribes to recently elected congressmen from the opposition parties to switch over to the ruling party once sworn into office. The purpose of this bribery was to obtain a solid majority for the ruling party within Congress. The politicians who accepted the bribes and made the sudden switch of parties became widely known in Peru as the congresistas tránsfugas, or turncoat congressmen. Bribes were also paid to some congressmen who were instructed to continue to be formally aligned with the opposition but to vote with ruling party. These congressmen became known as the topos, or moles. The Minister of Defense, the Minister of the Interior, and the Chiefs of the Armed Forces have confirmed that Fujimori and Montesinos organized to carry these acts out.” (See:; on the corruption rampant throughout the Perú military see: “Peru lifts lid on corruption,” BBC News (13 June 2001) online at

Worse yet, far worse than anything concocted in the twisted mind of Richard M. Nixon and his tapes, Alberto Fujimori, after consultation with Keiko Fujimori, planned a detailed method to spy on Peruanos in Perú and abroad. The interception and eavesdropping on telephone conversations of politicians, journalists (especially those affiliated with El Comercio—Perú largest paper of record–and others who opposed the Fujimori regime persisted at a national level throughout Fujimori’s government. This criminal activity was systemized from July 28, 1990 to November 17, 2000 under “Plan Emilio” (See:  To implement this plan, Alberto Fujimori illegally used state funds. (See: Peruvian Penal Codes 162, 317, 387.)

José Villanueva Ruesta leader of Perú's rogue military

To commit this crime, Fujimori formed a criminal organization with his advisor Vladimiro Montesinos Torres and the high command and officers of the armed forces (the Army’s José Villanueva Ruesta, the Navy’s duplicity dragon Américo Ibárcena Amico, and the commanders, en toto, of Perú’s Air Force led by the opportunist and political whore Elesvan Bello Vásquerz) as there was not one honest military leader in all of Perú as their loyalty was to the money shoveled into their pockets by the Fujimori family who charged the Perú military officers with carrying out the plan. The execution of the interception of phone calls was overseen by Peruvian Army Commander Roberto Huamán, who acted under the supervision of Montesinos.

Barrios Altos massacre ordered by the Fujimoris

The military under Fujimori was used to assassinate all opponents. On 3 November 1991, members of the death squad Grupo Colina, planned and carried out the Barrios Altos massacre, killing fifteen people, including an eight-year-old child, and injuring four more at a neighborhood barbecue held at 840 Jirón Huanta to collect funds to repair the building—all were executed on the suspicion that they were members of the Shining Path—although it was quickly learned that none were terrorists. The victims were partygoers. The military executioners used sub-machine guns with silencers, and spent 111 cartridges and 33 bullets—all found by the police after the cold-blooded killings (See:

La Cantuta victims of Fujimori's "Cleansing"

On 18 July 1992, Fujimori’s hand-picked elite of assassins entered, kidnapped and killed nine students and a professor of Lima’s La Cantuta University (See:; the actual name of the university is Enrique Guzmán y Valle National Education University (Universidad Nacional de Educación Enrique Guzmán y Valle; the students fingered for execution were: Bertila Lozano Torres, Dora Oyague Fierro, Luis Enrique Ortiz Perea, Armando Richard Amaro Cóndor,

Gisela Ortiz sister of Enrique Ortiz Perea was 21 years old when he was kidnapped from the Universidad Enrique Guzmán y Valle (also known as "La Cantuta") and assassinated by a death squad on July 18, 1992.

Robert Édgar Teodoro Espinoza, Heráclides Pablo Meza, Felipe Flores Chipana, Marcelino Rosales Cárdenas, and Juan Gabriel Mariños Figueroa; later, in April 1993, a group of Peru military officers anonymously released a document detailing the events at La Cantuta: the kidnapping, torturing and murder, all noting that the order came from Vladimiro Montesinos and close advisor to Alberto and Keiko Fujimori. The students at the university were accused of reading “communist literature” and of having listened to socialist “doctrines” and not giving their full attention to furthering the goals of the Perú dicator Alberto Fujimori and not “respecting” the tyrant’s daughter who was to be treated as an equal with her father. Everyone knew that the act would not have taken place without the expressed orders from the Fujimoris). As late as 2010, the USA ambassador to Lima noted that “remnants of the Montesinos narco-corruption web still exist within the [Peruvian military” (See: Riveros Cayo, Jorge (2010). “U.S. apologizes to Peru over WikiLeaks cables,” Living in Peru (29 December 2010) online at; cp. When the

Fujimori looks at bodies of those executed after the seige was over

Japanese embassy hostage crisis was foiled, it was learned that no less than three and possibly as many as eight of the insurgent were summarily executed by commandos after surrendering—the commandos in direct communication with Alberto Fujimori who walked on the corpses of those slain.

“Plan Emilio” was a deliberate attack on a free press in Perú—a plan that Keiko Fujimori still supports and want when she is elected President in 2011. Initially, it was learned at Alberto’s trial, that he had illegally “purchased” the Cable New Channel (CCN; Montesinos Rorres paid CCN USA$2 million, representing 75% of its shares) and paid exorbitant amounts of money to then director of the local discredited newspaper Expresom Eduardo Callmel del Solar (more corrupt than Australian Robert Murdoch of Fox News; Callmel del Solar was amply bribed with USA$1,750,000), to ensure complimentary and complementary publicity for his reelection campaign. To achieve this end, Alberto, Keiko and Eduardo continued to bribe venal congresistas (Roger Cáceres, María Huamán (the Mata Hari of Perú)—who, unfortunately, was not executed nor was any other woman whose duplicity compromised the rights and freedoms of Perú, Waldo Ríos, Jorge D’Aucña, Jorge Polack, Edilberto Canales, José Luna, and a myriad or cornucopia of even more vile members of Congress—especially those from Lima and northern provinces) and illegally listen in on the conversations of his political adversaries and opposition journalists—journalists that Keiko Fujimori wanted assassinated (See:

“Plan Emilio” was not the only attack Alberto and Keiko Fujimori launched on dissent leading to the spread and propagation of further untruths and outright lies. Using government funds, the Fujimoris created a special web page to discredit, weaken the prestige of various important opposition leaders, by establishing APRODEV (Association for Defense of the Truth). It was not even a Perú invention, but the brainchild of Argentinean Héctor Ricardo Faisal Fracalosi, whose long criminal past enabled him to command a monthly payment of USA$6,000 for two years—as well as “other monies”. (See: Peruvian Codes 317 and 387).

Even government agencies, such as SUNAT (Superintendencia Nacional de Administracion Tributaria has heavily funded all past Peruvian dictatorships and is the official Perú taxing authority. It remains among the most corrupt of all government entities; its website is “translated” into a rudimentary and inaccurate form of street/vulgar English (I teach English in Perú and it took me no less than one hour to decipher the English put online by SUNAT), and it is located at; the Spanish site is at were involved in the corruption schemes of Alberto and Keiko Fujimori—with the most notorious being the SUNAT-Borobio Payment Case (named after Daniel Borobio of Argentina), for crimes of illicit association to commit a crime and embezzlement (Borobio & Asociados SAC still maintain ties with SUNAT; see: The chiefs of SUNAT were eager to rake in bribes and better their families, sending their children to USA universities, buying expensive cars, and living as if medieval sovereigns. (See Peruvian Penal Codes 317 and 387).

To entrench himself into absolute dictatorial power surpassing that of Adolf Hitler, Alberto Fujimori illegally purchased Chinese tractors without going through proper legal procedures, exempting the transactions from all public bidding, and acquiring in one contract 3,000 tractors among other implements for the price of USA$23,220,865, and in a second contract 1,100 tractors and other machinery for USA$34,767,313, that he would distribute in agricultural communities within Perú that were loyal to him and perpetuate his rule over all of Perú (See:

The Chinese government sent 454 tractors that were inoperative upon receipt, and then shorted the government of Fujimori another 231 that were paid for—but the Chinese have since stated that Fujimori requested the money for those tractors to be channeled back to his supporters and no delivery made. The value of the inoperative (and in some cases broken) tractors along with the missing tractors was USA$10,560,000. When what tractors did arrive, Fujimori exercise powers never granted them to him by law and directly took control of the tractor distribution: sending most to his colleagues and supporters. This situation continued until 1999.

How pathetic are Alberto and Keiko Fujimori. All powers attributed to these thugs were things that went well and with the connivance of a corrupt church have painted this dastardly duo with a broad brush as saints and saviours—but these two nefarious Neanderthals who were and remain uninformed about basic poverty and dearth of education and with a gay abandonment of responsibility or honor ignore the murders committed by the criminals who congratulated father and daughter knowing that they would be pardoned and granted amnesty for their crimes. Many times, it is reported, Keiko promised that if she would rule she would grant absolute pardons to all those who butchered Fujimori opponents.

Peru (in red)

Alberto Fujimori excused his crimes at his trial in Lima, lamenting, “I was commander of the Armed Forces in the sense that a football coach commands the team,” (see: Anthony Faiola, “Peruvian Armed Forces Pledge Loyalty to Fujimori Government,” The Washington Post September 22, 2000, p. 3, on-line at distilling the essence of his legendary cowardice and bring disrepute and disrespect upon a national military force that became lackeys to a tyrant and a criminal element in society (the Perú military crimes ranged from gang-rapes of dissidents (both genders) to murder, theft, kidnapping of young males who were forced into uniform and prepare for war, as one of Fujimori’s goals was to conquer South America and turn it into a Fujimori empire). This rank and rogue cowardice, however, did not appear when he was climbing his way into being an absolute dictator equal to Adolf Hitler or Josef Stalin. While in power his underlings attributed all the successes of the anachronistic army to the rudderless leader and expressed that the entire nation was available to do all his bidding as if he were more than the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces—praising him, with the support of the churches, as if he were a god.

There are many today, in the ten years since the misrule of the Fujimori junta, who claims all Peruanos should praise him for having “commanded” the armed forces that defeated the Shining Path (although it continues to this day). At the same time proclaim that Peruanos should exonerate him and his dastardly daughter from their joint liability when those same armed forces more in character of Frankenstein’s monster than any civil patriot killed more than 70,000 the elderly, children and women in the highlands of Ayacucho when it came to light. (Pilar Olivares, “Years after slaughter, Peru opens giant burial pit,” Reuters May 29, 2008 at In Putis, perched on the barren slopes of the Andes at 11,400 feet, survivors say young women were taken aside and raped by more than 700 troops.

Alan Garcia Perez fled Perú in disgrace allowing for Fujimori to take over

The better-off, the economically enabled, the educated few continue to thank Fujimori for pulling the country out of economic crisis in which Perú sank during the infamous first term of Alan Garcia Perez (who leaked WikiLeak’s revelations points out Garcia’s numerous adulterous encounters, sexual escapades, and proneness to accepting bribes) but this came at the exorbitant expense. Worker rights were abolished, all semblance of fairness was chased away as jobs were awarded to Fujimori’s supporters—especially in the area of teaching where any half-wit, anyone even without an education but a strong voice to sing the praises of Fujimori and belong to the utterly corrupt and contemptible SUTEP could get a teaching job that was protected for life (or until they crossed a Fujimorista), while the privatization process stole lands from the poor and once-emerging middle class to the enrichment of a few. Under Alberto and Keiko all was for sale: Including heirlooms that belonged to others, so that it became a common saying that the richness of a woman’s grandmother in memories was as empty as the grandmother’s chest. Now under the Fujimoris, everything was in the hands of the corrupt.

We have to say thanks for peace with Ecuador-Tiwinza including (see:, Ecuador navigation rights in Peru including rivers, but can not remember his disgusting role in defeating Peruvian Cenepa (, when our soldiers lacked logistics, communications and, in many cases, ranch and shoes and even worse to hide the delivery of 42 km2 in area and Yaupi Bumbuisa Cucumaza Santiago. (See: “Así Empezó el Conflicto”, Caretas magazine, Perú (in Spanish). See:

We must be grateful to his regime because he claimed that he “refound[ed] the country” (Fujimori dixit), but we have to forget that fifteen of his Ministers who pulled off this raw coup are in prison or are under orders to be hunted down and captured as thieves and blackguards that they have always been. Alberto and Keiko were fully briefed on rampant civil and human rights abuses, but laughed at those who would speak out for the poor and down forgotten. (USA National Security Archives, at To this end, he withdrew from public participation and withdrew into himself (see:, heeding only the advice of his daughter Keiko who cried out for a greater show of force against the people of Peru. As the USA National Security Archives show: “”Montesinos and Hermoza have dropped from sight. He is not talking to the Americans or the British or most of the Asians.””

Fujimori must be recognized for helping to create FONADE (Fondo Naccional de Desarollos [Financiamiento de la Actividad]: National Development Fund; cp. cf. , but we must recall his abuse of a once free press and the filth he accepted as news to libel, slander and cast aspersions on opponents. With a cavalier demeanor he claimed that his attack on legitimate journalism was “raising the cultural level.” (Burt, Jo-Marie (2007). Political Violence and the Authoritarian State in Peru: Silencing Civil Society. New York: Palgrave Macmillan; cf.

Fujimoristas in Perú's Congress in support of the Fujimoris

Perú’s puppet Congress deep in the pay of the Fujimoris closed this once honorable institution that with the rise of the Fujimoris and Fujimoristas allowed the largest bird of prey to be devour democracy and freedom aware of what it was doing and caring nothing for the people of Perú. This less than exemplary citizen and his draconian daughter assisted to a medieval prosecutor to enter the chamber of government to illegally enter involved the home of the wife of his former aide Vladimiro Montesinos, where videotapes incriminating Fujimori in wrongdoing were taken, having a military officer, a corrupt lieutenant colonel, pose as an investigator to steal bags of incriminating evidence that was the property of Trinidad Becerra and could expose Alberto and his evil daughter Keiko to Perú and the world.

Supporters of Fujimori turn to violence

While Fujimori attempted to deny the evidence, Fujimori received six-year prison sentence, and the Supreme Court of Perú also upheld a 135,000-dollar fine against Fujimori for civil rights violations during the home invasion. He is also barred from holding public office for two years (See: By the time of the Trinidad Bercera the entire Perú military and the police of Perú had degenerated to a point lower than that of the goon squads of Adolf Hitler and no one was safe from the murderous military leaders in league with the dictator (See: part 9; cf. Peruvian Penal Code 317, 387, 427, and 428). The acts occurred on November 7, 2000. After the operation ended, the seized materials were transferred in official vehicles to Air Group Nº 8 and later to the Presidential Palace in order to be handed over to Fujimori. Fujimori then manipulated the contents of the materials and pulled out the materials that could incriminate him before he handed over the remainder of the materials to the Forty-First Special Criminal Court of Lima. Fujimori, on the advice of his daughter Keiko, was determined to assassinate all those who had incriminating evidence and to rule for life—with the expressed desire that he would be succeeded by daughter Keiko who promised to exact the most horrible of vengeance against the enemies of her father, noting that in time she would succeed him as President of “The Republic” of Perú. (See: [in Spanish] cp. Peruvian Penal Codes 361 and 376).

Frustration over Fujimori's raid of private home

 What Fujimoristas ignore is that this decent woman, Trinidad Becerra, who was to partner with the vile Montesinos, this statesman who nearly singlehandedly defended Saravá subjects from the sores of vermin that were hosted by Keiko and Alberto Fujimori, this exemplary man who organized an aborted coup when his wife, in a fit of holy madness, denounced the assault on his sister Rosa and brother Aritomi Apenkai, a proven fact even to Miyagusuku, who when the read about it had one desire: to forget the Peruvians that suffered, as Alberto Fujimori, in short, remains exactly the same miserable wretch he always was–and misery loves company.

The secret is that Fujimori has become socially successful which is the worst vice in Perú, and in the tumult reeks his cruelty, cynicism and methodology of extermination, intimidation, and, especially, cowardice which he has uniquely upgraded to a vital function.

Keiko Fujimori’s triumph, in the 2011 election, will be the colorful summary of the domestic tragicomedy and a proof that there is little economic or moral hope that remains viable. Keiko Sofía Fujimori Higuchi (藤森 恵子 (Fujimori Keiko); born May 25, 1975) is a Peruvian politician, daughter of former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori and Susana Shizuko Higuchi Miyagawa (who had four children, all who have become rich at the expense of the people of Perú: Keiko Sofía, Hiro Alberto, Sachi Marcela and Kenji Gerardo). The mother was trained as an engineer but now sits in Perú’s Congress.

After her father’s resignation, Keiko Sofia stayed in Peru until 2004 when she flew to New York to pursue an education at Columbia Business School (financed with Perú tax dollars) to earn a Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree. This did not materialize, but she found it easier to obtain at Boston University (she never completed her studies, program or obtained a degree from Columbia University in Manhattan to the contrary of what is on the internet on the Wikipedia site: the link cited by Wikipedia has been withdrawn: which was originally claimed to be at NorthJersey.Com. “FPeruvian candidate Fujimori courts votes in North Jersey”, NorthJersey.Com (2010-07-22): “Fujimori, who holds a master degree in business administration from Columbia University”). Her education was financed via a student loan from Sallie Mae that was cosigned by the government of Perú. However, in 2005, Keiko interrupted her studies and returned to Peru after an extradition process was initiated against her father. Returning to Lima, Keiko became the leader of the Fujimorista Political Group. In April 2006, she was elected Congresswoman even though she had no political experience and no direct meetings with those who cast their ballots for her–yet she received the highest number of votes in the history of the country. Not surprising, many observers noticed that beer flowed freely to those entering and leaving the voting places.

Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori's family, son Kenji (L-R), daughter congresswoman Keiko and son-in-law Mark Vito Villanella, attends Fujimori's trial at the Special Police Headquarters in Lima April 7, 2009.

In 2004, Fujimori married Mark Villanella, a natural-born citizen of the USA and a former wrestler from New Jersey who went to a small school and made his fame and name for himself not for any studiousness or educational prowess but was known far more for his muscles (and according to some admirers “his boyish good looks”) than his intelligence, but one who was able to score a decent job given his record as a reputed athlete. Because of the USA’s love affair with athletes (similarly matched in Perú where the citizens actually elected a volleyball player to Congress, such as Gabriela (“Gaby”) Lourdes Pérez del Solar Cuculiza is a Peruvian female volleyball player and politician who was elected on 27 July 2006; Cenaida Cebastiana Uribe Medina whose career was playing volleyball and won a silver metal in the 1988 Olympics; Cecilia Roxana Tait Villacorta is a former Afro-Peruvian volleyball player

Congresista Susy Diaz

from Lima who finished fourth in the 1984 Olympics; and, Susy Díaz is a Peruvian Vedette (female dancer, singer and actress) who became popular after obtaining a place in Parliament from 1995 until 2000–see especially he was able to gain employment and work as an IBM consultant–but what he consulted on or with what company or within what group within IBM remains a mystery that he does not easily share.  (See: who also acquired Peruvian citizenship in 2009. After over a year of residence in the United States, she returned to Peru to announce her father’s candidacy in the April 2006 Peruvian presidential election, though he was forbidden to participate in any political activity until 2011 under a congressional ban. Keiko openly admits she has no real experience and does not know the people of Perú but relishes “being in power.” (

Keiko has a keen nose for money and the power it brings. She has no hesitancy to seek out money from any source, regardless of tactics or agony it causes others. She is a woman with out principle and without ethics or values. She openly expresses disdain and contempt for Perú law and the Perú judiciary.

Supreme Court of Perú presiding at trial of Alberto Fujimori

The judiciary Perú, in limited fashion and strength has returned with a modicum of dignity and resolve, but is still basically spineless and unwilling to risk the wrath of the top 1% of the people who control the nation, much as the elite have destroyed the nation of Honduras. While many have claimed that it would have been nice (although inconvenient) for the Perú Supreme Court to also investigate and repatriate all the millions of dollars stolen by the Fujimoris and deposited in Japanese and Swiss banks (See: Páez, Angel (2005), “Fujimori Family Secret Bank Accounts Uncovered,” IPS (2 December 2005) online at, that is not possible given the corruption of the Japanese government that still seeks Fujimori to sit in its Senate because “of his experience fighting terrorists” (See: “Still wanted in Peru. Alberto Fujimori runs for office in Japan,” The Christian Scientist Monitor (25 July 2007) online at In part this is because of Alberto’s new wife, Satomi Kataoka, who is an opportunistic Japanese woman without scruples or a conscience and owns and operates a hotel in Tokyo (See:

Satomi Kataoka (Fujimori's second wife who lives in Japan)

Money laundering, an international crime, has been a stock action of the Fujimori family. It is noted by

“Bank documents recording the movements of the money in question emerged during the liquidation of Norbank, a bank used between 1990 and 2000 by Fujimori and his closest relatives for large-scale financial transactions in Lima.

Among the papers turned up by Norbank’s liquidators were requests for withdrawals of up to a million dollars made by Mutsue Inomoto de Fujimori, the mother of the man who ruled Peru from 1990 to 2000 and is currently in prison in Chile, while Peru is preparing a request for his extradition.

“Mrs. Mutsue withdrew the money between 1995 and 1998, when she was between 83 and 86 years old, which indicates that they used her as a front to cover up the illegal origins of these funds,” a source connected to the Norbank liquidation told IPS.”

“Mrs. Mutsue withdrew the money between 1995 and 1998, when she was between 83 and 86 years old, which indicates [sic] that they used her as a front to cover up the illegal origins of these funds,” a source connected to the Norbank liquidation told IPS.

When the first indications of Mutsue de Fujimori’s sizeable accounts at Norbank came to light in 2003, her son Alberto maintained that this money represented “the savings of a lifetime devoted to selling flowers and Christmas trees, honest work.”


The case of the embezzled donations prompted the Peruvian courts to order the arrest of Víctor Aritomi and Rosa Fujimori, but as the former president himself had done in 2000, the couple fled to Japan, which refuses to extradite them.

In 2003, Norbank documents revealed that Rosa Fujimori had written a cheque for 150,000 dollars to her brother Alberto on Sept. 26, 1996. At the time, the former president stated that the cheque involved the “repayment of a family loan” to a friend. He never explained where his sister had acquired the money.

The bank records turned over this week provide an answer: the 150,000 dollar cheque was part of the money diverted from the Japanese donations, which also proves that Fujimori profited from the money skimmed off by his sister.

To cover the trail of the true origins of the money in their accounts, Rosa Fujimori and Víctor Aritomi used not only the former president’s elderly mother, but also the names of their own children, Yayoi and Gledy.

It would be really a national shame to let Keiko Sofia Fujimori to run as a presidential candidate. Keiko Fujimori is a woman with no work experience, who has basically done little to better the country, and has shown neither compassion nor respect for the worker. Her only knowledge of finances surrounds the graft contributed to her while in New York by a doting father who was a dictator of the worse caliber. Never once has Keiko Fujimori earned a legitimate Soles Nuevo (the Perú dollar) by the sweat of hers brow, and this does not mention her supine ignorance of the geopolitical situation in a maritime dispute and the ongoing dispute in The Hague, or the perception of the democratic management of the state, without any program and with only one intention to grant amnesty to her father.

If elected, Keiko Fujimori will be ten times worse than her father, and democracy will be undone and lay dead for centuries as the nation of Perú stumbles blindly backward into a world of assassinations, hatred, and total ignorance. Keiko Fujimori will be the latest, but not the last, of tyrants in Perú, but has the potential to be the worse of all.



Filed under Perú

12 responses to “Alberto & Keiko Fujimori’s war on democracy in Perú

  1. Sharon Treinen

    Very interesting and the inside truth on many ruthless leaders–not only in Peru, but happening all over the world I fear. I think of the poor in many places and so helpless with their lack of education and ability to fight against such corruption. Where but for the Grace of God go I?

  2. Tuomo

    Very interesting, I didn’t know that, have to read more…

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  4. Daniel Hidalgo

    Fujimori is the better example of how a political campaign can be won: is not necessary to have good ideas, innovations, etc. To win in politics is necessary to have a nice song, a big flag, some shows and be in company of some artists. Interesting article,
    Two recommendations for Dr. Frederick:
    1) complement a little more about the theory that Fujimori was the intellectual author of the 1995 war against Ecuador, just to improve his possibilities to win in the presidential elections of that year.
    2) as a new topic: is real democracy what is going on in Latin America? Greeks created democracy as a resource of intellectuals to choose their rulers, but now the democracy is a “right” of everybody (no only intellectuals) and that is one of the reasons why persons like Fujimori won, because they seduce the uneducated people with flags, shows, songs and presents.

  5. ML

    A lot of this information is add upon the truth. This is an exaggeration version and stretch of the truth. Peruvian people are no more stupid and naive compared to the USA and any other country. This is the type of article that people write thinking that readers don’t understand or read Spanish. Unfortunately for you, I know Spanish very well and read and watch the news of Peru. Only an ignorant person who doesn’t know what is like to live in Peru and how the people of Peru are would believe every word of this article. This article could not undermine, insult and underestimate the people of Peru. And, the worst part is that some people here actually believed it.

    Is true that the Peruvian government has corrupts and that Fujimori did do some illegal unconstitutional acts. However, which country doesn’t have such leaders? Let’s look at this country. We have leaders in congress who are behind human trafficking, drug trafficking and more illegal acts. We have leaders, congressman, congresswoman and many more who represent this country who do money laundering as well, so that the USA government won’t know how much money they make. PLEASEEE, if you really want to get into those things write about your country, our country which is the USA.

    Maybe you will actually do some good in investigating the criminals of this country instead of over stretching the truth or writing stuff you read here and there and making an opinion on events you really don’t know much about. Much of your sources are not concrete and if they are concrete you over stretch the truth to make your ideas or opinions sound right. And, that is unethical. This article is one of the most opinionated articles I ever read.

    • I live in Perú. I teach in Perú schools and universities. I write books in Perú and on Perú. Unlike many teachers who claim to have a PhD or other doctorate, I actually have earned mine, including from Carnegie-Mellon University and other reputable schools. Not one of Perú’s universities rank above 378 (that is the Pontifical university in Lima, while national universities rank below 5000). Perú education is so bad that Minister of Education Antonio Chang tested the teachers of Perú (300,000) and only 151 passed. I work daily at helping Peruanos write letters for admission to USA and European universities (usually to enter into an MBA program, but one into a Master of Laws degree program) and their English is not only weak but bad–because the schools in Perú do not teach well. In my classes, my students could not name the president of Perú who quit in 1985. Not one knew that there were pyramids outside of Egypt. Most still believed in Enoch and other myths, and few could tell me what social life of the Inkas consisted of. As for criminals in Perú, there are way too many as unfortunately Perú abandoned the death penalty so there is no reason not to kill in the commission of a robbery or rape. I will continue to expose the crime and corruption in Perú, from the majority of the Fujimoristas, to the swelling tide of the Acuñas who want to replace them–the same as I have written books, articles and blogs against Sarah Palin, Glenn Beck, Bob Vander Plaats, John McCain of the Keating 5, and other gangsters who sit in the Congress of the USA from Rand Paul to Issa of California.

      It might help you to buy a dictionary, for a blog is to be opinionated. What I do that is different than most blog writers, is I site my sources regardless of what language they are in (I am fluent in 36) and will give the citation and if it is in a language other than English, I will present the source I took my information from. In Perú I have found MA thesis that are 20 pages written by 5 authors–that would not count as a term paper in the USA. In Perú I have had more than 80% of all my classes plagiarize their works directly from the internet and become upset when I fail them. If a person uses material that is not his or her material, the laws of Perú and the USA and the world requires attribution. I left the USA because of the crime, the dishonesty, the abortion of education and the bad government of George W. Bush and his WMDs that never existed. I wrote about them while in the USA, and I will continue to expose the charlatans from Ronald Reagan to Sarah Palin and Terry Branstadt, the vile racism of people like my own mother to the KKK that cannibalized my state of Iowa–but I will do the same here in Perú and name names and give addresses be the pillar of darkness is to be found in Miraflores or Trujillo or anywhere. I have condemned Islam and Shaira law and my writings are read in Iran, Iraq, etc. Where do you light your torch, in what country are you making an impact, what change for the better do you seek? I do not have to stretch the truth–it is there. Maybe you will have the goodness of spirit to tell me what sources you find to be valid. What is unethical is to use another’s work without citing the author; what is unethical is to condemn without offering a concrete reprisal; what is unethical is hiding behind a pseudonym–as I use my real name and my real photograph and do not pretend to be an objective bystander. Why are you so ashamed of yourself that you hide behind initials? As Plato wrote in The Republic, Book X, Socrates enjoined his students to come out into the light and learn. You continue to hide in the shadows and believe in the images of puppeteers.

    • Having done research on you, I find that you live in Virginia Beach, Virginia, and are not a Peruano. You are an American whose zip code is 23450, area code 757, and who has never been to Perú. It would be nice if you had the courage to identify yourself, as I can do it for you, for now I know a great deal about you, and you are a strong supporter of Fujimoristas dictatorship and dictatorships in general.

      You argue that my sources are not complete, but your letter is incomplete as you give no valid sources to support your erroneous arguments. Before condemning any article, I heartily recommend you take a course in ethics and honesty for you represent the worse commentators. I have no problem with any comment or objection but I do not hide behind anonyminity as you do. Be proud of yourself and stop pretending to be who you are not, or I will list your name, photograph, and address, and all other statistics about you–some I find startling and doubt you want the world to see. Support the Tea Baggers and radical right, but do not pretend to be someone who you are not. Your account with Verizon Online LLC gives a lot of private information as Verizon has long supported your GOP ideology.

  6. ana


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  8. (Ignore the first comment, I found the comment box. Sorry.)
    Seeing the strength of your response to “ML”, I’ll just state somethings plainly before I start:
    -I am just a student living in England. However, I am originally American (from NYC.)
    -I have never been to Peru.
    -My Spanish is decent, but I’ve only been studying for a year.

    Areas that I’m particularly interested in include Latin American Politics and Political Philosophy. Recently, I’ve been researching the Alberto Fujimori case for a paper I will write.

    I see Fujimori as a tyrannical ruler, but I also feel that you discredit any good he did do. Is halting hyperinflation and if nothing defeating, severely reducing the operational capacity of Sendero Luminoso and MRTA worthy of merit?
    It is horrible what happened at Barrios Altos, La Cantuta University, and probably many other places, and by all means, I do not think that a leader who has directly or implicitly allowed such abuses to pass should go unpunished.
    However, as an academic (a PhD nonetheless!) I don’t see it as good practice to give what came across as a very opinionated article. It will promote (what I think is) a misconception and readers will not have the option of making a judgment on their own. Perhaps a blog is not the place for doing such things, but I feel as though it is good practice for highly educated persons such as yourself to do the truth justice.
    I could be completely mistaken. My research so far, I imagine, is no where as detailed as yours. If you disagree with the above points, I’d appreciate it very much if you could point me in the direction of more resources that would give me a better picture of what actually happened during his presidency. (Though please understand, I do read news articles with a skeptical mind. I’m simply trying to find the objective facts of the case.) You seem like an expert in the area, and I would be immensely grateful if you could offer me advice/help.

    • A true scholar must master the language(s) that he or she must use; this not meant to be offensive (as I am grateful for your comments), but you need to work on your use of the English language (or any language). Misuse of words and phrases have long led to wars, conflicts, murders, assassiantions, and so forth.

      Alberto Fujimori was a professor of agriculture at the national university in La Molina. While he did curb (not stop) the runaway inflation that came with the misguided presidency of Alan Garcia Perez (who also fled Peru in disgrace: first flying to Costa Rica, then to France), Fujimori was tyrant not only in politics but in his home life. He savaged his wife, who now sits in Peru’s Congress, elevated his daughter (who has never worked one day in her life) to the position of First Lady, and stealing from the Peru Treasury sent all four of his children to American schools. Kenye only went to a community college in Kansas and did poorly. All four of the children cost Peru citizens nearly $1 million USD–whereas the average Peru worker today makes less than $225 a month.

      Fujimori invited major American firms, such as Georgia Pacific owned and operated by the Koch Brothers of Kansas, to plunder the forests, strip mine the land, and soil the water. If you would come to Peru and visit San Miguel (a suburb of Lima) and go to the ocean, the stench would be so strong of rotting fish and feces that you would gag–and this has continued since the days of Fujimori through Garcia in quest of immediate wealth. Visit the Peru Andes that once had a large ice mass–today the ice that covers the Andes promises drinkable water only until 2030, at which time Peru will have to import water and most people will assuredly migrate to other nations. Fujimori, in this regard, is like those who deny global warming in the USA, and showed open contempt for Peru’s limited but valuable natural resources.

      I was born in Iowa (USA) and was educated at many of its schools, but today education is spiraling downward at the rate of 7000 students a day dropping out of USA high schools. Education is basically a joke, but not as bad as the evil that has been the curse in Peru where Fujimori allowed those with wealth to open private universities (for profit) and the students are impoverished daily by the absence of good books, qualified teachers, and real academic inquiry. Instead schools are buying into the bankrupt International Baccalaureate (IB) Programme as institutions that register with it are given a “kick-back” of 50% on each book sold–the average cost being S/.150–almost two weeks of pay.

      I teach in Peru by choice. I hear teachers defend street English as Fujimori wanted everyone to “learn English no matter how bad it was” and he accomplished that goal. I barely understand university professors of English when they speak with me. Grammar is a lost art, yet because Fujimori pushed for a unique Peru, there are those who seek to create a Spanish dictionary that uses colloquialisms, jargon, and slang (“Peru-Spanish) which only locals will understand. It is that way as well with English, for I may have a flat in London where I may hang my clothing, but in the USA it is a tire without air.

      A blog is a good tool to use to offer opinions, as traditional media (that I write for, as well) does not welcome that which is neither popular nor raise currency. It is for that reason that most blogs and other media (such as e-mail sites) have advertisements.

      To learn more of any subject requires the research to pursue knowledge by turning to source material–not just one entry but every available entry. No single book, blog, or commentary is infallible–that would be tantamount to claiming that the Bible is the only word of a god–which it is not–for Muslims turn to the Qur’an (which has as many errors of fact, translation, and so forth as the Bible, the Torah, or any other book). A fact materializes only when it can be repeatedly proven by additional scholarship: it is the handmaiden of science. For that reason, I can and have written about the natural causes of the “plagues” Moses allegedly launched in Egypt although neither his name nor the name Hebrews can be found in any record anywhere any more than a recounting of the plagues. The Egyptians were meticulous in keeping records: those both favorable and unfavorable, and they would not have been shy about discussing such a cataclysm–one that never took place. You can be in Alabama or West Texas and also watch waters turn blood red–but there is no divine hand.

      In all of my searches, in all of the papers, books, and other material I have studied, I cannot find a single shred of evidence that Fujimori did anything to help the people of Peru. It is true he rewarded his friends generously (Montesinos did get $15 million USD), but then his daughter was part of a plot to denude Machu Pichu, and millions of dollars from Peru now rest in Japan. Your quest to find a saintly Alberto Fujimori is laudable, but it reminds me of a young woman in Arkansas who wrote to me that she was upset with me after reading my book on Kay Bailey Hutchison. She lamented: “You said nothing good about her.” My sole response was an acknowledgement that I could not find anything good about the woman who would become a US Senator for Texas. I still am unable to find anything good about Hutchison–or Alberto Fujimori.

      • Thank you for your reply, it’s been quite helpful.
        To tell the truth, I’m not trying to find a saint in Fujimori. I’m considering seeing how far he could be justified using the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes or John Stuart Mill. (Unfortunately, I think the exam board I am doing this for would prevent me from receiving input from you. I would very much like to hear what you have to say nonetheless, so I may get in touch with you once I have finished with it.)
        What I am trying to find, in a sense, is an alternative to democracy. Democracy, arguably, may not be the best possible system of government. However, I read a book recently called “In Defence of Politics” by Bernard Crick, and came to that conclusion that though it isn’t perfect, it’s the best we have.
        I was still curious about non-democratic regimes, particularly in Latin America. I happened to pick Alberto Fujimori for this paper because a very close find of mine is a Peruana, and I was interested Peruvian political history.
        Just a comment to the Peru-Spanish: There’s a theory that at some point in the future, English will have evolved into so many different dialects that none will be able to understand each other. A bit like Latin and the Roman Empire–I doubt French and Spanish people can understand each other. ¿Tal vez lo mismo pasará a español? A veces no entiendo español de America del Sur porque he aprendido Castellano.

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