The first fragments (found in Yemen at the Great Mosque of Sana’a) found of the Koran have been dated by German Arabic scholars and others to 100-200 years after the alleged death of Mohammad, much like the Christian bible. Prof. Andrew Rippin noted, “These manuscripts say that the early history of the Koran text is much more of an open question than many have suspected: the text was less stable, and therefore had less authority, than has always been claimed.” See: http://www.theatlantic.com/past/docs/issues/99jan/koran.htm. They show little veracity in the myths that grew around the alleged figure of a Mohammad. R. Stephens Humphreys, a professor of Islamic studies at University of California at Santa Barbara, noted that to historicized these fragments would effectively undo most modern claims for the Koran, and delegitimize Mohammad and the tales that evolved concerning his alleged sanctity.
There is no historical proof for the Koran any more than there is for the golden plates that Joseph Smith used to self-create his own Book of Mormon and his founding of the polygamist church of the Latter Day Saints, nor is there any historical proof that the Jesus of the New Testament ever visited the American continents north or south. Much of this came from loyal followers, as they did with Mohammad who had a difficult time converting his own family to what the family declared publicly as being “his lunacy.” Those charged with remembering the words of Mohammad were styled and titled “Remembrancer.”
The Remembrancers were men who Mohammad allegedly recited the words of the tribal Bedouin god Allah, commanding them to pass down the words exactly as he spoke (see: http://www.allamaiqbal.com/works/poetry/persian/javidnama/translation/06/26.htm) them. Mohammad was illiterate and could neither read nor write, as his interest was with warfare (for example, destroying the city of Yathrib to force it into becoming Medina, and later laying seige to Mecca) and marrying young girls, such as 7-year-old girl (Aisha bint Abu Bakr). A few defenders of Mohammad’s pedophilia argued that Aisha was 9 years of age: see: http://www.iol.ie/~afifi/BICNews/Sabeel/sabeel6.htm, and other excuse it claiming that she was “ripe” (menstruating) and thus capable of marriage). However strange, the “sacred writings” of Islam claim that the child wed the Prophet to fulfill a divine prophecy: Sahih Muslim, Vol.2, p. 285. The fact remains that she was underage even by Bedouin standards at that time. Today there remain are cases in Islamic controlled lands where older men and older male children marry girls as young as 4, as occurs frequently in Pakistan; see: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1082027/Pakistani-police-break-child-marriage-year-old-girl-seven-year-old-boy.html.
Christopher Hitchens recently noted that the Koran was plagiarized from numerous other books, including the Jewish Torah and Christian bible (www.youtube.com/watch?v=pveGeGjyMZM). Mohammad (like all Arabs) recognized angels and saints, accepted Jesus (as a prophet) while including the myths of Moses, Noah, Mary, Miriam, Joseph, and even the Trinity–an ancient Mycenae (c. 1585 BCE) myth that is far older than the Christian church (and is no where named in the Bible of antiquity). What can be considered “original” by the weakest standards in the Koran came when Mohammad suffered epileptic seizures which then were considered signs of divine favor and reception of divine knowledge, much as was the case in ancient Greece. However, Mohammad (unlike Moses) never talked directly with Allah, but Allah’s message was relayed to Mohammad through the Jewish angel Gabriel (who originally was a god: Gabri-El from ancient Babylon). What is surprising is this over-sexed angel (depicted with a 27 inch penis) was that Mohammad incorporated into the Koran native Arabian legends and folk-lore, the tales of Alexander the Great, and the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus (compare the Roman Catholic legend of these saints at http://www.breviary.net/martyrology/mart07/mart0727.htm with Koran “Al Kahf”).
The books of the Koran (the word literally means “book”) have no order. There is one book devoted to women; it is entitled “Cow.” The chapters in the Koran are known as “suras” (there are 114), and arranged in order of length, the first chapter being the longest (as with the Jewish Torah/bible: Genesis is first only because the word Genesis means “In the Beginning.” The entire Koran is only 77,639 words–not as long as the New Testament of most Christians. On this transmogrificated book all religious, civil, and social regulations are based. There is no freedom of or from religion, for those who oppose it or leave Islam (“submission to Allah”) are to be killed. But the Koran is neither unique nor the sole reason of the Islamic faith, for it is complemented by the “hadith” which is a body of tradition (much like the Roman Catholic church calls on to create its own mythology of saints, the assumption of Mary into heaven, the immaculate conception, and now the possibility of the German pontiff Benedict XVI declaring the forgery of the Shroud of Turin to be authentic).
Surprisingly the Koran enumerates twenty-five prophets, including three from earlier Arabic tales (all fiction), the patriarchs of the Old Testament, Jesus, and even the India original Abraham who was the original god Brahma (the letter “a” is removed from the front and taken to the end of the word). It is because of this mass plagiarism that Islam styled itself from the beginning as a world religion and required that all obey it or die. Unlike Christianity or other faiths, Islam always was monotheistic in word–however, the trip to Mecca was to toss stones at devils and gods entrapped in the Kaaba.
Polygamy was and is recognized, but prohibited men from marrying more than four women unless they were substantially wealthy. Adultery is punished by flogging; theft by cutting off the offending hand; and divorce easy for the man who had only to denounce his wife four times in front of others, while forbidden the woman to break the marriage. (See my book: “Marriage, Divorce, Remarriage Woman & the Bible,” Garland: Tangelwuld, 1995 with my “Qur’an on Woman, Marriage, Birth control and Divorce”, Tangelwuld, 1996). Such injunctions as “eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth” were retained, but debt was to be forgiven after a period of time.
The most common lie in Islam is that Mohammad was like the alleged Allah: very merciful. However, Mohammad was neither merciful nor generous. When they supported Mecca in its efforts to repel the rebel Mohammad, the Jews were slaughtered, their goods confiscated, and their names “erased” from memory–their bodies burned and buried without ceremony. While statues of the gods of the Kaaba were destroyed the temple was preserved.
After the death of Mohammad in the early 7th century, the legends of Mohammad multiplied–as they had with the Moses of the Torah who even recorded his own death and burial. Numerous drawings of Mohammad, especially ascending into heaven on Pegasus, appeared, leading the Remembrancers to declaring that images of Mohammad were forbidden–but they continued as late as the 19th century in the Islamic world (see my book: “Angels”, Dallas, Monument, 1997–complete with early and medieval images of Mohammad). The uproar over Danish cartoons never made sense, as Mohammad repeatedly justified the attack on all non-believers and encouraged the use of all weapons and to show no mercy. However, the current thought among illiterate Moslems that Mohammad promised all those who died in jihad (literally a “holy war” but in ancient Arabic meaning a spiritual cleansing) were to be rewarded with immediate entrance into paradise (a garden) and 72 virgins (the word is now corrupted from the original Arabic which reads: grapes–a choice and costly fruit in the days of Mohammad). Today most of the Koran is a mangled redaction of the original, yet no complete Koran exists until three centuries after the death of the Prophet. Islam, like Christianity, Judaism, and the Mormons, is a man-created, man-centered, mythology–with marginalized ties to reality, history, and verifiable data.